 50 (number)

This article discusses the number fifty. For the year 50 CE, see 50. For other uses of 50, see 50 (disambiguation)
50 Cardinal fifty Ordinal 50th
(fiftieth)Numeral system quinquagesimal Factorization Divisors 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50 Roman numeral L Unicode symbol(s) ↆ Binary 110010_{2} Octal 62_{8} Duodecimal 42_{12} Hexadecimal 32_{16} 50 (fifty) is the natural number following 49 and preceding 51.
Contents
In mathematics
Fifty is the smallest number that is the sum of two nonzero square numbers in two distinct ways: 50 = 1^{2} + 7^{2} = 5^{2} + 5^{2}.^{[1]} It is also the sum of three squares, 50 = 3^{2} + 4^{2} + 5^{2}. It is a Harshad number.
There is no solution to the equation φ(x) = 50, making 50 a nontotient. Nor is there a solution to the equation x  φ(x) = 50, making 50 a noncototient.
The aliquot sum of 50 is 43 and its aliquot sequence is (50,43,1,0). Fifty is itself the aliquot sum of 40 and 94.
In science
 The atomic number of tin
 The fifth magic number in nuclear physics
In religion
 In Kabbalah, there are 50 Gates of Wisdom (or Understanding) and 50 Gates of Impurity^{[citation needed]}
 The traditional number of years in a jubilee period^{[citation needed]}
In sports
 The jersey number 50 has been retired by a number of North American sports teams in honor of past playing greats or other figures.
 In Major League Baseball:
 The Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, for coach Jimmie Reese, who served with the team when it was known as the California Angels.
 In the NBA:
 The San Antonio Spurs, for Hall of Famer David Robinson.
 In the NFL:
 The New York Giants, for Hall of Famer Ken Strong.
 No NHL team has retired the number, which is not frequently issued.
 In Major League Baseball:
 The jersey number 50 has also been retired by the men's basketball program of the University of North Carolina for Tyler Hansbrough.
In other fields
Fifty is:
 There are 50 states in the United States of America. The TV show Hawaii FiveO is so called because Hawaii is the 50th state^{[citation needed]}
 5O (FiveOh)  Slang for police officers and/or a warning that police are approaching. Derived from the television show Hawaii FiveO^{[citation needed]}
 A calibre of ammunition (0.50 inches: see .50 BMG)
 In millimeters, the focal length of the normal lens in 35 mm photography
 The percentage (50%) equivalent to one half, so that the phrase "fiftyfifty" commonly expresses something divided equally in two; in business this is often denoted as being the ultimate in equal partnership
 In years of marriage, the gold or "golden" wedding anniversary
 Nickname 50 Cent, a rapper.
 A Canadian brand of beer called 50 Ale created in 1950 by Labatt breweries to commemorate 50 years of partnership. It is a popular brand still sold today.
References
 ^ de Koninck, J.M. (2009). Those fascinating numbers. AMS Bookstore. p. 18. ISBN 0821848070.
Categories: Integers
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.