- Cats (musical)
Cats Music Andrew Lloyd Webber Lyrics T. S. Eliot
Book Andrew Lloyd Webber
Basis Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats by T. S. Eliot Productions 1980 Concert
1981 West End
1998 video version
2003–Present US tour (Non-Equity)
Awards Laurence Olivier Award for Best Musical and Choreography
Tony Award for Best Musical
Tony Award for Best Book
Tony Award for Best Original Score
Cats (stylized as CATS) is a musical composed by Andrew Lloyd Webber, based on Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats by T. S. Eliot. It introduced the song standard "Memory". Cats first opened in the West End in 1981 and then on Broadway in 1982, each time directed by Trevor Nunn and choreographed by Gillian Lynne; it won numerous awards, including both the Laurence Olivier Award and the Tony Award for Best Musical. The London production ran for twenty one years and the Broadway production ran for eighteen years, both setting long-run records. Actresses Elaine Paige and Betty Buckley became particularly associated with the musical. One actress, Marlene Danielle, performed in the Broadway production for its entire run (from 1982 until 2000).
Cats is the second longest-running show in Broadway history, and the fourth longest-running West End musical. It has been performed around the world many times and has been translated into more than 20 languages. In 1998 Cats was turned into a made-for-television film.
- 1 Production history
- 2 Detailed synopsis
- 3 Musical numbers
- 4 Characters
- 5 Notable casts
- 6 Other notable professional casts
- 7 Awards
- 8 Revisions to the show
- 9 In popular culture
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Composed by Andrew Lloyd Webber, Cats is based on Eliot's Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats (1939), which the composer recalled as having been a childhood favorite. The songs of the musical comprise Eliot's verse set to music by the composer, the principal exception being the most famous song from the musical, "Memory", for which the lyrics were written by Trevor Nunn after an Eliot poem entitled "Rhapsody on a Windy Night". Also, a brief song entitled "The Moments of Happiness" was taken from a passage in Eliot's Four Quartets. Andrew Lloyd Webber began composing the songs in late 1977 and premiered the compositions at the Sydmonton festival in 1980. The concert was attended by T.S. Elliot's wife, Valerie Elliot and she loved the songs that Webber had composed. She gave her blessing for the songs to be adapted into a musical stage play. Rehearsals for the musical began in early 1981 at the New London Theatre. Due to the Elliot estate asserting that they write no script and only use the original poems as the text, the musical had no identified plot during the rehearsal process, causing many actors to be confused about what they were actually doing. An unusual musical in terms of its construction, the overture incorporates a fugue and there are occasions when the music accompanies spoken verse. The set, consisting of an oversized junk yard, remains the same throughout the show without any scene changes. Lloyd Webber's eclecticism is very strong here; musical genres range from classical to pop, music hall, jazz, rock and electro-acoustic music as well as hymnal songs such as "The Addressing of Cats".
Cats premiered in the West End at the New London Theatre on 11 May 1981. There was trouble initially as Judi Dench, cast in the role of Grizabella, snapped a tendon during rehearsals prior to the London opening. The role of Grizabella was subsequently taken over by Elaine Paige. The role was beefed up for Paige and the song "Memory" (originally to be sung by Geraldine Gardner in the role of the red cat Bombalurina) was given to Paige. The musical was produced by Cameron Mackintosh and Lloyd Webber's Really Useful Group, directed by Trevor Nunn, with associate director and choreographer Gillian Lynne, design by John Napier, and lighting by David Hersey. It played a total of 8,949 performances in London. Its final performance in London's West End was on its 21st birthday, 11 May 2002, and broadcast on a large screen in Covent Garden to the delight of fans who could not acquire a ticket for the final performance. It held the record as London's longest running musical until 8 October 2006, when it was surpassed by Les Misérables.
The show made its debut on Broadway on 8 October 1982, at the Winter Garden Theatre with the same production team. On 19 June 1997, Cats became the longest-running musical in Broadway history with 6,138 performances. It closed on 10 September 2000, after a total of 7,485 performances. Its Broadway record was surpassed on 9 January 2006 by The Phantom of the Opera. It remains Broadway's second longest-running show in history. Lloyd Webber stated that when the original show was produced, it cost £900,000, but on Broadway, it cost $5,000,000.
In 1998, Lloyd Webber produced a video version of Cats, based upon the stage version, starring Elaine Paige, who originated the role of Grizabella in London; Ken Page, who originated Old Deuteronomy on Broadway; Sir John Mills as Gus; Michael Gruber as Munkustrap; John Partridge as The Rum Tum Tugger; Jo Gibb as Rumpelteazer with many of the dancers and singers drawn largely from various stage productions of the show. It was directed by David Mallet, with choreography and musical staging by the show's respected original creator Gillian Lynne in London's Adelphi Theatre, and was released on VHS and DVD, as well as broadcast on television worldwide. Andrew Lloyd Webber and others on the production team for the film wanted to keep the feeling that viewers watching the film could still get the sense of seeing the show live, by having all views be facing the stage, therefore, getting multiple views of the set, but still feel like the viewer is part of a live audience, with several close-ups. Beyond the productions in Britain, the U.S., Canada, and Australia, the musical has been produced professionally in Hungary, Austria, and Japan, 1983; Sydney and Toronto, 1985; Germany, 1986; France, 1989; Mexico, 1991; Netherlands, 1992; Argentina, 1993; Hong Kong, 1994; Spain, 2003; Poland and Czech Republic, 2004; Russia and Estonia, 2005; Israel, Taiwan, Thailand, South Korea, China and Finland, 2007; Singapore, Hong Kong, Dominican Republic, Norway, Sweden, South Africa, China, Italy, Bulgaria and Japan, 2009; and Brazil and the Philippines, 2010. Cats has been translated into over 20 languages.
Act I — When Cats Are Maddened by the Midnight Dance
After the overture, the Cats gather on stage and explain the Jellicle tribe and their purpose (Jellicle Songs for Jellicle Cats). The Cats (who constantly break the fourth wall, in the musical) spot the human audience and explain how the different Cats of the tribe are named (The Naming of Cats). This is followed by a dance from Victoria the White Cat that signals the beginning of the Jellicle Ball (The Invitation To The Jellicle Ball) and Munkustrap tells us that tonight is the night when Old Deuteronomy will choose a cat to be reborn into a new life on the Heaviside Layer.
Munkustrap appears and introduces Jennyanydots (The Old Gumbie Cat), a large tabby cat. She "sits and sits and sits" all day, while at night she rules over the mice and cockroaches, teaching various activities to them. Jennyanydots finishes, greets the other cats, but is interrupted. The music instantly changes, and The Rum Tum Tugger makes an extravagant entrance (The Rum Tum Tugger). The Tugger is a Tom with a wild mane and leopard spots on his chest. He is very fickle and unappeasable, "for he will do as he do do and there's no doing anything about it".
A shabby old grey cat stumbles out and looks around. It is Grizabella. All the cats back away. The cats sing of her saddened, unfortunate state (Grizabella: The Glamour Cat). Grizabella leaves and the music changes to a cheerful upbeat. Bustopher Jones, a fat cat in "a coat of fastidious black", appears (Bustopher Jones: The Cat About Town). Bustopher Jones is among the elite of the cats, and visits prestigious gentleman's clubs. A loud crash startles the tribe. Could this be Macavity? The cats run off the stage in fright. Hushed giggling signals the entrance of Mungojerrie and Rumpelteazer, a pair of near-identical cats. They are petty burglars, very mischievous, and they enjoy causing trouble for human families (Mungojerrie and Rumpelteazer).
Finally, the Jellicle patriarch, Old Deuteronomy, shows up (Old Deuteronomy). He is a large old Cat that "has lived many lives" and "married nine wives (And more, I am tempted to say – ninety-nine)". He is the one who will choose which Jellicle cat will go to the Heaviside Layer. In most productions, at this point, the cats perform a song (The Awful Battle of the Pekes and the Pollicles) for Old Deuteronomy. It is a story about two dog tribes clashing in the street and subsequently being scared away by the Great Rumpus Cat, a cat with flashing red eyes. After a few words from Old Deuteronomy on the destiny of Jellicle Cats and Pollicle Dogs, a second loud crash, presumably from Macavity, sends the alarmed cats scurrying. But Old Deuteronomy calls them back and the main celebration begins (The Jellicle Ball), in which the cats sing, dance and display their "terpsichorean powers".
After the Ball, Grizabella reappears and tries to dance, but her age and decrepit condition prevent her from doing so. Once again, she is shunned by the other cats, but that does not stop her from singing a short version of Memory.
Act II — Why Will the Summer Day Delay — When Will Time Flow Away?
After the Jellicle Ball, Old Deuteronomy sings of "what happiness is", referring to Grizabella. This message naturally goes over everyone's heads, so he sends the message again and Jemima (or Sillabub, depending on the production) sings it for everyone to hear, (The Moments of Happiness). Gus — short for Asparagus — shuffles forward ('Gus: The Theatre Cat'). He is the cat that once was a famous actor but now he is old and "suffers from palsy which makes his paws shake". He is accompanied by Jellylorum, who tells of his exploits. Gus then remembers how he once played the infamous Growltiger, Terror of the Thames (Growltiger's Last Stand). He tells the story about the pirate's romance with Griddlebone and how he was overtaken by the Siamese and forced to walk the plank.
Back in the present, after Gus exits, Skimbleshanks is sleeping in the corner (Skimbleshanks: The Railway Cat), a cat who is unofficially in charge of the night train to Glasgow. He is very clever and very important because if he is gone "the train can’t start". Within his song, a whole locomotive train engine is assembled out of objects in the junkyard, with various cats spinning wheels, holding up the structure and lighting the headlights.
With a third crash and an evil laugh, the "most wanted" cat, Macavity appears. He is a "master criminal" and never is found at the scene of the crime. He is a horrifying looking cat and a "villain" of the Jellicle Tribe. Macavity's minions throw a net over Old Deuteronomy and capture him. As the other cats try to follow him, Demeter and Bombalurina sing what they know about Macavity, as they have had some sort of past with him (Macavity: The Mystery Cat). When they are finished, Macavity returns disguised as Old Deuteronomy. When revealed by Demeter, he fights with Munkustrap and Alonzo. Though he holds his own for a time, Macavity is overwhelmed by the two younger tomcats; as the rest of the tribe begins to gang up and surround him, he shorts out the stage lights and escapes in the confusion.
Rum Tum Tugger suggests that the cats find Mr. Mistoffelees (Magical Mr. Mistoffelees). Mr. Mistoffelees is black and small and can perform many feats of magic that no other cat can do. Mr. Mistoffelees performs his dance, which is often one of the most intricate and challenging dance solos in the show. The magical cat restores the lights and brings back Old Deuteronomy, earning praise from all the cats. The Jellicle choice can now be made.
Old Deuteronomy sits down and Grizabella appears for the final time. Old Deuteronomy allows her to have a chance to address the cats. Her faded appearance and lonely disposition have little effect on her song (Memory). With encouragement from Jemima and Victoria accepting her always, the appeal succeeds and she is chosen to be the one to go to the Heavyside Layer and be reborn to a new Jellicle Life. (Journey to the Heaviside Layer). A large tire rises up with Old Deuteronomy and Grizabella. Once at the top Grizabella finishes the journey herself. Old Deuteronomy gives his closing speech to the human audience (The Ad-dressing of Cats) and the show comes to a close.
- Act I
- Overture – Orchestra
- Prologue: Jellicle Songs For Jellicle Cats – The Company
- The Naming Of Cats – The Company
- The Invitation To The Jellicle Ball – Victoria, Quaxo, Munkustrap
- The Old Gumbie Cat – Jennyanydots, Munkustrap, Bombalurina, Jellylorum, Demeter
- The Rum Tum Tugger – Rum Tum Tugger, Company
- Grizabella: The Glamour Cat – Grizabella, Demeter, Bombalurina
- Bustopher Jones: The Cat About Town – Bustopher, Jennyanydots, Jellylorum, Bombalurina
- Mungojerrie And Rumpleteazer – Mungojerrie, Rumpleteazer
- Old Deuteronomy – Munkustrap, Rum Tum Tugger, Old Deuteronomy
- The Awefull Battle of The Pekes and the Pollicles – Munkustrap,Company
- The Song of the Jellicles – The Company
- The Jellicle Ball – Orchestra
- Grizabella, The Glamour Cat (Reprise) – Grizabella
- Memory – Grizabella
- Act II
- The Moments Of Happiness/Memory – Old Deuteronomy, Jemima
- Gus: The Theatre Cat – Asparagus, Jellylorum
- *Growltiger's Last Stand, incorporating either 'The Ballad Of Billy M'Caw' or the Italian aria 'In Una Tepida Notte' – Growltiger, Griddelbone, Ghengis/Gilbert, the Siamese, the Crew
- Gus: The Theater Cat (Reprise) – Asparagus
- Skimbleshanks: The Railway Cat – Skimbleshanks, the Company
- Macavity: The Mystery Cat – Demeter, Bombalurina
- Macavity Fight – Macavity, Munkustrap, Alonzo
- Mr. Mistoffelees – Quaxo, otherwise known as Mr. Mistoffelees, Rum Tum Tugger
- Memory/Daylight – Jemima
- Jellicle Choice – Munkustrap
- Memory (Reprise) – Grizabella, Jemima
- The Journey To The Heaviside Layer – The Company
- Finale: The Ad-Dressing Of Cats – Old Deuteronomy
* Not featured in 1998 video
These descriptions, in alphabetical order, are based on more recent versions of the show, although there are minor variations from production to production.
- Asparagus / Gus – The theatre cat. One of the oldest tribe members. He was once an actor.
- Bombalurina – A saucy red female. A Principal vocalist and dancer.
- Bustopher Jones – A fat cat, a "twenty-five pounder." Dresses in a snappy tuxedo and spats. Respected by all, as the upper class "St. James's Street Cat". In most productions, the actor playing Gus also plays Bustopher, though in early productions the part was handled by the actor playing Old Deuteronomy.
- Demeter – A very skittish female cat, principal vocalist.
- Grizabella – The former Glamour Cat who has lost her sparkle and now only wants to be accepted. Grizabella left the tribe when she was younger to see the world for herself; she has experienced the harshness of the world and is a pariah in the cats' society.
- Griddlebone – A fluffy white Persian cat. Growltiger's lover in Growltiger's Last Stand, where she sings The Ballad of Billy M'Caw or the mock Italian aria In Una Tepida Notte (depending on production) with Growltiger. Almost always played by the actress playing Jellylorum. She does not appear in productions which omit Growltiger's Last Stand.
- Growltiger – A theatrical character Gus recalls playing in his youth, and who appears in Gus' memory of the production of Growltiger's Last Stand. In some productions he is portrayed as a vicious pirate; in others he is more of a parody of a pirate. Does not appear in productions which omit Growltiger's Last Stand.
- Jellylorum – A female who watches out for the kittens, along with Jennyanydots. She has a close relationship with Gus. Named after T. S. Eliot's own cat. The actress who plays Jellylorum usually also plays Griddlebone in Growltiger's Last Stand.
- Jemima – A kitten interchangeable with Sillabub, though Jemima is used in most international productions. She is the kitten who sings the Memory refrain in The Moments of Happiness for Old Deuteronomy. Jemima sings the happier parts of Memory, while Grizabella sings the more sad parts. Jemima is the youngest kitten in the tribe, and she wants to be a glamour cat just like Grizabella was, before Grizabella left the tribe to explore the outside world. She also is the first cat/kitten to accept Grizabella by singing with her and not judge her.
- Jennyanydots – The old Gumbie cat. She sits all day and rules the mice and cockroaches at night, forcing them to undertake helpful functions and creative projects, to curb their naturally destructive habits.
- Macavity – the show's only real villain. The character is a literary allusion to the Sherlock Holmes character Professor Moriarty. Usually played by the same actor as Plato or Admetus.
- Mr. Mistoffelees – A young black tom with magical powers, which he doesn't fully control. His signature dance move is "The Conjuring Turn", twenty-four fouettés en tournant. He's sort of a rascal. He's a bit of a child prodigy of the tribe. Brilliant at what he does but a little wacky at the same time. He's not really an adult yet, but he's not a kitten. So he's in an in-between stage. He doesn't quite know how to use his magical powers yet, but he's learning. He has a lot of adolescent qualities. In the UK production, Mistoffelees has an alter-ego named Quaxo, who appears as a general chorus cat throughout the show, and is dressed slightly differently. Occasionally Quaxo is a separate character.
- Mungojerrie – Half of a pair of notorious cat-burglars, with Rumpleteazer. Mungojerrie and Rumpleteazer are most commonly remembered for their featured dance number where at the end, they do a "double windmill" across the stage.
- Munkustrap – The show's de facto narrator. A black and silver tom who is storyteller and protector of the Jellicle tribe. He is thought to be second in command after Old Deuteronomy.
- Old Deuteronomy – The lovable patriarch of the Jellicle Tribe. He is very old and dignified.
- Rumpleteazer – Female half of a pair of notorious cat-burglars, with Mungojerrie.
- The Rum Tum Tugger – The ladies' tom. His temperament ranges from clownish to serious, and often sexual depending on the production; however, he is always flirtatious, and usually portrayed as a feline equivalent of Mick Jagger or Elvis Presley, and recognisable by his wild mane.
- Skimbleshanks – The railway cat. An active orange tabby cat, who lives on the trains and acts as an unofficial chaperon to such an extent he is considered rather indispensable to the train and station employees.
- Victoria – A pure white kitten gifted in dancing. The "official" Jellicle Ball begins with her solo dance. She also does a Pas De Deux with Plato during the Jellicle Ball. She also is the second cat/kitten to accept Grizabella, but the first to touch her.
The more notable minor characters are as follows:
- Admetus - a shy, ginger and white tom. The actor usually also plays the Rumpus Cat or Macavity.
- Alonzo – A black and white tom cat in most productions; in the Broadway and early European productions, he was depicted as being a black and gold tabby. Sometimes considered the third in command after Munkustrap as he also fights Macavity.
- Bill Bailey – Bill Bailey is a london chorus kitten interchangeable with Tumblebrutus. He is a playful young kitten, often performing acrobatics as well as being a strong dancer. His costume is patchy browns on a white base, suggesting he is a Bi-colour tabby and white.
- Carbucketty – The name was one of T. S. Eliot's ideas for cat names for a "knockabout cat." Sometimes interchangeable with the character of Pouncival.
- Cassandra – A mysterious brown and cream Abyssinian queen, with a braided tail.
- Coricopat – Male twin to Tantomile. Coricopat and Tantomile are often portrayed as psychic cats, as they sense the presence of danger before it becomes apparent to the other characters.
- Electra and Etcetera – Tabby kittens who are fans of Rum Tum Tugger. Electra is dark and quieter, Etcetera is paler and hyperactive.
- Exotica – Chorus cat made for the 1998 film. Appears in few scenes and dance numbers.
- Ghengis or Gilbert – The leader of the crew of Siamese cats who contribute to Growltiger's demise. Usually played by the actor who portrays Mungojerrie, Tumblebrutus or Coricopat.
- George – A male chorus cat. In London productions Goerge played Rumpus Cat in the junkyard performance of "Pekes and Pollicles". George was also featured as part of Growltiger's "Raffish Crew".
- Plato – Teenage male cat; the actor usually doubles as Macavity. He does a pas de deux with Victoria during the Jellicle Ball. Plato is somewhat interchangeable with Admetus.
- Pouncival – a playful, tom kitten sometimes interchangeable with Carbucketty and often first understudy to Mr. Mistoffelees
- Rumpus Cat – A spiky-haired cat with glowing red eyes, as mentioned in The Awefull Battle of the Pekes and the Pollicles, seen as a sort of superhero figure among the Jellicles. Does not appear in productions which omit the song The Awefull Battle of the Pekes and the Pollicles. Usually played by Alonzo or Admetus.
- Sillabub, the Broadway version of Jemima. Sillabub was a name created for the American productions due to possible racist connotations to "Jemima". The Japanese, Australian (in particular the Brisbane cast, who have Jemima as just a dancer) and Swedish casts include both Sillabub and Jemima as different characters.
- Tumblebrutus – A playful young adult cat. Tumblebrutus is a brown and white tabby, characterized by a large, flame-like brown patch over his left eye. This energetic young tom is featured in many dance numbers and has many featured solos throughout the show. He is the Broadway version of Bill Bailey.
- Tantomile – Female twin of Coricopat. The name was created by T.S. Eliot for a "Witch's Cat".
- Victor – Victor is a London chorus cat. He is cream and brown tabby markings and few distinguishing features. He featured as one of Growltiger's crew. The actor playing Victor was usually an understudy for Rum Tum Tugger and Munkustrap.
Original London cast
Actor Role Steven Wayne Admetus Roland Alexander Alonzo/Rumpus Cat/Tumblebrutus Peter Barry Bill Bailey Geraldine Gardner Bombalurina David Baxter Carbucketty Seeta Indrani Cassandra Donald Waugh Coricopat Sharon Lee-Hill Demeter Anita Pashley Electra Julie Edmett Etcetera John Chester George Elaine Paige Grizabella Stephen Tate Gus the Theatre Cat/Growltiger Sarah Brightman Jemima Myra Sands Jennyanydots Susan Jane Tanner Jellylorum/Griddlebone Wayne Sleep Quaxo/Mr. Mistoffelees John Thornton Mungojerrie/Macavity Jeff Shankley Munkustrap/Grumbuskin Brian Blessed Old Deuteronomy/Bustopher Jones Paul Nicholas Rum Tum Tugger Bonnie Langford Rumpelteazer Ken Wells Skimbleshanks Femi Taylor Tantomile Finola Hughes Victoria
Original Broadway cast
Actor Role Kenneth Ard Plato/Macavity/Rumpus Cat Betty Buckley Grizabella Rene Ceballos Cassandra Walter Charles Chorus Rene Clemente Coricopat/Mungojerrie Wendy Edmead Demeter Steven Gelfer Carbucketty / Admetus Harry Groener Munkustrap Stephen Hanan Bustopher Jones/Asparagus/Growltiger Robert Hoshour Tumblebrutus Janet L. Hubert Tantomile Reed Jones Skimbleshanks Whitney Kershaw Sillabub Donna King Bombalurina Christine Langner Etcetera/Rumpleteazer Terrence Mann Rum Tum Tugger Anna McNeeley Jennyandots Hector Jamie Mercado Alonzo Cynthia Onrubia Victoria Ken Page Old Deuteronomy Susan Powers Chorus Carol Richards Chorus Joel Robertson Chorus Timothy Scott Mr. Mistoffelees Herman W Sebek Pouncival Bonnie Simmons Jellylorum/Griddlebone
1998 Film cast
Actor Role Bryn Walters Plato Jason Gardiner Alonzo Tony Timberlake Asparagus Fergus Logan Tumblebrutus Rosemarie Ford Bombalurina James Barron Bustopher Jones Karl Morgan Pouncival Rebecca Parker Cassandra Tommy Sliiden Coricopat Aeva May Demeter Leah Sue Morland Electra Jo Bingham Etcetera Femi Taylor Exotica Ron Berger Rumpus Cat/Admetus Elaine Paige Grizabella Sir John Mills Gus the Theatre Cat Suzie McKenna Jennyanydots Susan Jane Tanner Jellylorum Veerle Casteleyn Jemima Drew Varley Mungojerrie Michael Gruber Munkustrap Jacob Brent Quaxo.Mistoffelees Bryn Walters Macavity Ken Page Old Deuteronomy John Partridge Rum Tum Tugger Jo Gibb Rumpleteazer Geoffrey Garratt Skimbleshanks Kaye Brown Tantomile Phyllida Crowley Smith Victoria
Other Notable performers
Demeter: Jo Bingham
Electra: Veerle Casteleyn
Jellylorum/Griddlebone: Bonnie Simmons
Old Deuteronomy: Bill Nolte
Rum Tum Tugger: John Partridge
Rum Tum Tugger: Daesung
Bill Bailey: Drew Varley, Fergus Logan
Sillabub: Veerle Casteleyn, Anita Louise Combe
Victoria: Veerle Casteleyn
Coricopat: Jason Pennycooke
Mistoffelees: Louie Spence, John Partridge, Fergus Logan
Macavity: Bryn Walters
Other notable professional casts
Theatre Premiere Munkustrap Grizabella Old Deuteronomy Bustopher Jones Vienna Theater an der Wien 24 September 1983 Steve Barton Angelika Milster Gordon Bovinet Joachim Kemmer Ute Lemper, KrisTina Decker, Michael Reardon, Vlada Aviks, Monica Solem Los Angeles Shubert Theatre 7 January 1985 Mark Morales Kim Criswell George Anthony Bell George De La Pena, Rebecca Raider Sydney Theatre Royal, Sydney 1985 Anthony O'Keefe Debra Byrne John Bolton Woods Grant Smith Anita Louise Combe Zurich Musical Theatre Oerlikon 9 August 1991 Paul Hadobas Ruth Jacott / Manuela Felice Jan Polak Brian Carmack Tibor Kovats, Rory Campbell, Michael Fritzke,
Kristi Sperling, Nikki Bolen, David Kent, Leslie Wiesner, Lindsay Chambers, Jasna Ivir, Alexander Riff, Adam Jones, Rod Roberts, Daniella Bruenner, T.J Hee, Annetta Wimmer, Tina Decker, Angela Savage, Kati Farkass, Nikki Romaine, Ton Voogt, Leon Julian Taylor, Manfred Sieffert, Michael Larsen Disney, Gene Scheer, Laura Quin, Kevin Alvey, Niki Ankenbrand, Andie Mellom
Mexico City Teatro Silvia Pinal 19 April 1991 Manuel Landeta María del Sol Enrique del Olmo Susana Zabaleta Madrid Teatro Coliseum 17 December 2003 Jack Rebaldi Helen de Quiroga Pedro Ruy-Blas Enrique Sequero Edu del Prado, Teresa Cora, Raquel Grijalba, Guadalupe Lancho, Marta Malone, Gorane Markínez, Sandra Rausell, Alberto Sánchez, Paqui Sánchez Melchor, Víctor Ullate Warsaw Roma Music Theatre 10 January 2004 Damian Aleksander Izabela Zając Zbigniew Macias Wojciech Paszkowski Hobart Derwent Entertainment Centre 17 October 2007 Michael Lampard Debra Byrne Alan Bacon South Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong, Brisbane, China Various Theatres June 2008 Shaun Rennie Delia Hannah Han Lim / John Ellis Michael-John Hurney John O'Hara, Renee Burleigh, Adrian Ricks, Caleb Bartolo, Markham Gannon,
Brenton Wilson, Justine Puy, Emily Keane, Darren Tyler, Mischana Dellora- Cornish, Brent Osborne, James Cooper, Monique Chanel Pitsikas, Belinda Allchin, Ranjeet Starr, Alyse Jai Davies, Stephanie Silcock, Sam Marks, Brian Gillespie, Anthony Costanzo
Adelaide, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney Various Theatres 1 January 2010 Shaun Rennie Delia Hannah John Ellis Michael-John Hurney John O'Hara, Renee Burleigh, Adrian Ricks, Caleb Bartolo, Markham Gannon,
Brenton Wilson, Justine Puy, Emily Keane, Emma Waters, Darren Tyler, Mischana Dellora-Cornish, Brent Osborne, James Cooper, Monique Chanel Pitsikas, Belinda Allchin, Ranjeet Starr, Alyse Jai Davies, Stephanie Silcock, Brian Gillespie,
São Paulo Teatro Abril March 4, 2010 Julio Mancini Paula Lima Saulo Vasconcelos Adenis Vieira, Andreia Vitfer, Andre Saporetti, Andressa Mazzei, Anelita Gallo, Arthur Marques, Carla Cottini, Carol Puntel, Cesar Moura, Cleto Baccic, Daniel Monteiro, Ditto Leite, Fabiane Bang, Fernando Marianno, Fernando Palazza, Fernando Patau, Francine Lobo, Gabriel Brasilio, Gianna Pagano, Guto Muniz, Jhean Allex, Leonardo Wagner, Mariana Barros, Mariana Hidemi, Marina Costa, Max Oliveira, Natacha Travassos, Nick Vila Maior, Olivia Branco, Patricia Athayde, Paulo Borges, Alan Rezende, Sara Sarres, Sefora Araujo, Vanessa Costa Rio de Janeiro Vivo Rio October 16, 2010 Julio Mancini Paula Lima Fernando Palazza Manila Tanghalang Nicanor Abelardo July 2010 Shaun Rennie Lea Salonga John Ellis Michael-John Hurney Budapest/Hungary Madách Színház Éva Almási Péter Haumann Ildikó Hűvosvölgyi, Ildikó Kishonti, Péter Cseke, Béla Szerednyei
1981 Award wins
- Best New Musical – Andrew Lloyd Webber and T. S. Eliot
- Outstanding Achievement of the Year in Musicals – Gillian Lynne
1983 Award wins
1983 Award nominations
Revisions to the show
Andrew Lloyd Webber revised the Growltiger's Last Stand sequence for the Broadway production of Cats. In the original London show, the duet for Growltiger and Griddlebone was a setting of an unpublished T.S. Eliot poem, "The Ballad of Billy M'Caw". For Broadway, he replaced the Ballad with a pastiche of Italian aria (reminiscent of Puccini's Madama Butterfly). This new version was subsequently incorporated into most productions of Cats worldwide (A notable exception was the Hungarian production at the Madách Színház in Budapest which opened in 1983 and is still running in repertory as of early 2008 celebrating its 25th anniversary on 25 March 2008, as the longest running musical in Hungarian theatre history. Production in Helsinki and Prague also used the original version.) The Ballad remained in the London production until some time in the early 1990s when it was replaced with the Italian aria pastiche. It was re-instated for the UK Tours, following the show's closure in London. Lloyd Webber has said that he is pleased with the reinstatement of The Ballad of Billy M'Caw as he didn't care for the "Italian aria" version. In the video version, the entire scene featuring Growltiger was cut out, due to John Mills' (Gus) old age.
The song "Mungojerrie and Rumpelteazer" has had three different versions in the past. In the original London production, Mungojerrie and Rumpelteazer sang their song in 12/8 time to a jazzy accompaniment. Andrew Lloyd Webber later wrote a new melody for the Broadway production, for Mr. Mistoffelees (also called Quaxo) to sing about Mungojerrie and Rumpelteazer in the third person. The point of the scene on Broadway was to entertain Bustopher Jones. Mungojerrie and Rumpelteazer were puppets being magically controlled by Mr. Mistoffelees/Quaxo. The tempo remained upbeat (now in 4/4 time, switching to 7/8 in the middle section) and the mood of the song was similar to the original version. Lloyd Webber's new version was used for all subsequent productions of Cats, although Mungojerrie and Rumpelteazer now sing their number themselves (making the Broadway and London productions identical). In the 1998 film, one stanza was cut out.
In recent productions, a lyric in "Growltiger's Last Stand" was changed in order to remove any racially insensitive language. "With a frightful burst of fireworks the Chinks they swarmed aboard!" became "with a frightful burst of fireworks, the Siamese swarmed aboard!", although the lyric "Heathen Chinese" remains in the tale of the Pekes and the Pollicles.
In the original London production Munkustrap and the Tugger sing an extra verse in Old Deuteronomy's song. This second verse was later cut in subsequent production.
In popular culture
In the popular sitcom The Nanny, one popular running gag, Maxwell Sheffield is repeatedly antagonized by Fran Fine for refusing to produce the play, which he now believes is the main reason his rival, Andrew Lloyd Webber, is as successful as he is.
In John Guare's Six Degrees of Separation, there are repeated references to Cats as a film to be directed by Sidney Poitier, with the clear implication that this project would be beneath him. Notable line: "You said, 'Aeschylus didn't invent theatre to have it end up a bunch of chorus kids wondering who will go to kitty heaven.'"
In several episodes of 'Family Guy', one of Peter Griffin's segways will be driving to somewhere and drive his car onto the stage during the 'Jellicle Ball' number, hitting one of the Cats. His line, "Oh God, I am so sorry. I didn't see it. It jumped out in front of me." 
In a season five episode of The Simpsons, Bart and Milhouse go to see a production of the musical and Bart shoots spit-balls at the actors on stage.
In the movie, Team America: World Police, The reason why Chris hated Gary at first is because he was mistreated really badly by the cast of the musical. How they mistreated him is Rumpus Cat and Macavity felt up his leg. And before he left, Rumpleteazer held him down and he was raped by Mr. Mistoffelees.
- ^  youtube.com
- ^ "Cats (video version) at Internet Movie Database". Internet Movie Database. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0173714/. Retrieved 23 April 2008.
- ^ "Cats homepage". Really Useful Website. http://www.reallyuseful.com/rug/shows/cats/show.htm. Retrieved 23 April 2008.
- ^ "A Brief History of the Poems". source: Cats playbill. http://www.theatre-musical.com/cats/poems.html. Retrieved 23 August 2008.
- ^ "Original London Cast List". Really Useful Group site. http://www.reallyuseful.com/rug/shows/cats/cast/origlondon1981.htm. Retrieved 23 August 2008.
- ^ "Original Broadway Cast List". www.ibdb.com. http://www.ibdb.com/production.php?id=4186. Retrieved 5 Sept 2010.
- ^ "1998 Video Cast List". Really Useful Group site. http://www.reallyuseful.com/shows/cats/shows-archive/cats-cast-lists/1998-film. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
- ^ "Cats UK Tour". Cats UK Tour. http://www.catstour.co.uk/introduction.html. Retrieved 23 April 2008.
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- Official Website
- The Official Site for the Cats UK Tour
- The Really Useful Group
- The Official Andrew Lloyd Webber site
- Cats at the Internet Broadway Database
- Gillian Lynne and Dance video
- "Rhapsody on a Windy Night" (text and notes)
- "Preludes" (text and notes)
- "Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats"
- Italy – Compagnia della Rancia production
- Pieter Toerien's 2009 South African production
Laurence Olivier Award for Best New Musical (1976–2000)
A Chorus Line (1976) · The Comedy of Errors (1977) · Evita (1978) · Songbook (1979) · Sweeney Todd (1980) · Cats (1981) · Poppy (1982) · Blood Brothers (1983) · 42nd Street (1984) · Me and My Girl (1985) · The Phantom of the Opera (1986) · Follies (1987) · Candide (1988) · Return to the Forbidden Planet (1990) · Sunday in the Park with George (1991) · Carmen Jones (1992) · Crazy for You (1993) · City of Angels (1994) · Once on This Island (1995) · Jolson (1996) · Martin Guerre (1997) · Beauty and the Beast (1998) · Kat and the Kings (1999) · Honk! (2000)
Complete list · (1976–2000) · (2001–2025) Tony Award for Best Musical (1976–2000)
A Chorus Line (1976) · Annie (1977) · Ain't Misbehavin' (1978) · Sweeney Todd (1979) · Evita (1980) · 42nd Street (1981) · Nine (1982) · Cats (1983) · La Cage aux Folles (1984) · Big River (1985) · The Mystery of Edwin Drood (1986) · Les Misérables (1987) · The Phantom of the Opera (1988) · Jerome Robbins' Broadway (1989) · City of Angels (1990) · The Will Rogers Follies (1991) · Crazy for You (1992) · Kiss of the Spider Woman (1993) · Passion (1994) · Sunset Boulevard (1995) · Rent (1996) · Titanic (1997) · The Lion King (1998) · Fosse (1999) · Contact (2000)
Complete list · (1949–1975) · (1976–2000) · (2001–2025) Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical (1976–2000)
A Chorus Line (1976) · Annie (1977) · On the Twentieth Century (1978) · Sweeney Todd (1979) · Evita (1980) · Woman of the Year (1981) · Dreamgirls (1982) · Cats (1983) · La Cage aux Folles (1984) · Big River (1985) · Drood (1986) · Les Misérables (1987) · Into the Woods (1988) · City of Angels (1990) · The Secret Garden (1991) · Falsettos (1992) · Kiss of the Spider Woman (1993) · Passion (1994) · Sunset Boulevard (1995) · Rent (1996) · Titanic (1997) · Ragtime (1998) · Parade (1999) · James Joyce's The Dead (2000)
Complete list · (1950–1975) · (1976–2000) · (2001–2025) Andrew Lloyd Webber musicals
The Likes of Us · Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat · Jesus Christ Superstar · Evita · Tell Me on a Sunday · Cats · Song and Dance · Starlight Express · Cricket · The Phantom of the Opera · Aspects of Love · Sunset Boulevard · By Jeeves · Whistle Down the Wind · The Beautiful Game · The Woman in White · Love Never Dies · The Wizard of Oz
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