Vitis palmata

Vitis palmata


Catbird grape
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Vitales
Family: Vitaceae
Genus: Vitis
Species: V. palmata
Binomial name
Vitis palmata
Vahl [1][2]
Synonyms

V. rubra Michx. ex Planch., in DC.[3][4]

Vitis palmata (common names are Catbird grape,[1] Cat grape,[4] and Missouri grape[3]) is a New World species of tall, climbing liana in the grape family native to the US south, southeast, east and midwest[1] and southeastern Canada[4]. It is reported from at least fifteen states (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Florida (panhandle), Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas[2] and Virginia[1]). Wetlands[1] (forested floodplains or along streams[4]) are its natural habitat, multiplying abundantly where conditions are optimal, but adaptable enough to occasionally take root in higher-ground habitats.[1] It is sometimes found at the edges of fences.[4]

Description

The epithet "palmata" notes its characteristic, palmately lobed leaves (3–5 lobes per leaf, acuminate with rounded sinuses). These are ovate, and typically about 10–15 cm long and wide, usually lacking hairs.[4]

Its tendrils are branched.[4]

Its flowers appear in late Spring. The inflorescences are densely compound panicles measuring 5–15 cm in length.[4]

Its dark purple or blackish berries measure 5–8 mm in diameter, and come into ripeness late in the Summer. They are consumed by many birds and animals, and can be made into wild grape jelly, although not all are juicy or particularly flavorful.[4]

Leaves and tendrils, flowers and fruit all spring from herbaceous, crimson branches[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Vitis palmata was originally published in Symb. Bot. 3: 42. 1794.
    R.P. Wunderlin; B.F. Hansen (2008). "Vitis palmata". Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants. Tampa, Florida: Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida. http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=3439. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Profile for Vitis palmata (catbird grape)". PLANTS Database. USDA, NRCS. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=VIPA7. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b  Accessed here through Google books Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown. An Illustrated Flora Of The Northern United States, Canada And The British Possessions. Vol. II. pp. 507—511. http://books.google.com/books?pg=PA508&lpg=PA508%22&sig=fEatzcogP8n8e7ogBvKJqn4G8h0&ei=Tr_mS8OYGIWglAf4n6WcBw&ct=result&id=RZUCAAAAYAAJ&ie=ISO-8859-1&ots=EEHs3jWEFq&output=html_text. Retrieved May 9, 2010. "Mon. Phan. 5: 354. 1887" 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Vitis palmata, cat grape". Oklahoma Biological Survey. University of Oklahoma. September 22, 1999. http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/shrub/vipa7.htm. Retrieved May 7, 2010. 

External links



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vitis palmata — Vitis palmata …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Vitis palmata —    La vitis palmata est une espèce de vigne de la famille des vitaceae …   L'Abécédaire du Vin

  • Vitis palmata — ID 88626 Symbol Key VIPA7 Common Name catbird grape Family Vitaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, AR, CT, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MO, MS, NJ, OK, TN, TX Growth Habit Vine …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Vitis palmata Vahl — Symbol VIPA7 Common Name catbird grape Botanical Family Vitaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Vitis — Vitis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vitis — vinifera …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vitis riparia —   Vitis riparia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vitis — Taxobox name = Vitis fossil range = fossil range|60Paleocene Recent image width = 240px image caption = Vitis californica with fruit regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Vitales familia = Vitaceae genus = Vitis… …   Wikipedia

  • Vitis — «Parra» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Parra (desambiguación). «Vid» redirige aquí. Para la editorial mexicana, véase Grupo Editorial Vid.   Vid …   Wikipedia Español

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