Mississippi State University XV-11 Marvel

Mississippi State University XV-11 Marvel
XV-11 Marvel
Role STOL research aircraft
National origin United States of America
Manufacturer Mississippi State University
First flight 1 December 1965
Primary user United States Army
Number built 1
Developed from AZ-1 Marvelette

The Mississippi State University XV-11A Marvel was an experimental American STOL research aircraft of the 1960s. The MARVEL (Mississippi Aerophysics Research Vehicle with Extended Latitude) was a single-engined pusher monoplane fitted with a boundary layer control system. The first all-composite aircraft, it carried out its initial programme of research on behalf of the US Army in the late 1960s, and was rebuilt in the 1980s as a proof-of-concept for a utility aircraft.


Development and design

The Department of Astrophysics and Aerospace Engineering at the Mississippi State University had been involved in a programme of research into boundary layer control on behalf of the Office of Naval Research and the US Army since the early 1950s, carrying out trials on a modified Schweizer TG-3 glider, a Piper L-21 and a Cessna O-1.[1][2] Based on the results of these studies, the US Army awarded the Department a contract to develop a new STOL research aircraft the XV-11 MARVEL ("Mississippi Aerophysics Research Vehicle, Extended Latitude").[3]

The resultant design was a shoulder-winged monoplane powered by a single Allison T63 turboprop engine driving a pusher ducted propeller. The aircraft's structure was made completely of fiberglass, making the Marvel the first example of an all composite aircraft.[4] The boundary layer control system used a blower driven by the engine to draw suction through more than one million tiny holes in the wings and fuselage, while instead of conventional flaps the Marvel used a form of wing warping to deflect the wing trailing edges to vary the wing's camber.[1] The aircraft's tail surfaces were attached to the duct around the propeller, extending behind the duct. The undercarriage, of the so called "Pantobase" configuration, with tandem wheels fitted within two sprung wooden pontoons, was meant to allow operation from rough surfaces, or even from water.[3][5][6] It was constructed mainly of glassfibre, with steel used for reinforcement and as heat shields around the engine.[7]

Operational history

The XV-11 Marvel on display in August 2000

The aircraft's wing and ducted propeller were tested on a piston-engined test bed, the XAZ-1 Marvelette.[2][8] The full sized Marvel was built by the Parsons Corporation based at Traverse City, Michigan,[1] making its first flight on 1 December 1965.[5] It successfully completed a 100 hour flying programme for the US Army in 1969, where it demonstrated good STOL performance, taking off within 125 ft (38 m), and although the boundary layer control system was not as effective as hoped, it still provided a large amount of test data. Following the completion of the US Army testing in 1969, it was sent to storage awaiting further tests.[3][6][9]

The Marvel was brought out of storage as a proof-of-concept demonstrator of a STOL utility aircraft for Saudi Arabia.It was fitted with a more powerful (420 hp (313 kW)) engine and longer span (36 ft 10½ in (11.24 m) wings, first flying in this form as the Marvel II on 17 August 1982. After initial tests in the United States, the Marvel II was shipped to Ta’if, Saudi Arabia, carrying out a short test programme which showed that its landing gear was unsuitable for operating from soft sand and it was still underpowered, after which it returned to Mississippi.[3][10]

In 2000, the aircraft was displayed at EAA Airventure promoting Mississippi State Department of Aerospace Engineering. In 2004, the XV-11A was donated to the Southern Museum of Flight at the Birmingham International Airport in Alabama.[11]

Specifications (XV-11A)

Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1969–70[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 2 passengers[7]
  • Length: 23 ft 3.75 in (7.1057 m)
  • Wingspan: 26 ft 2.5 in (7.988 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 8.25 in (2.6480 m)
  • Wing area: 106 sq ft (9.8 m2)
  • Aspect ratio: 6.48
  • Airfoil: NACA 63615 (modified)
  • Empty weight: 1,958 lb (888 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 2,620 lb (1,188 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Allison T63-A-5A turboprop, 316 shp (236 kW)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed Aeroproducts Model 272 ducted fan, 5 ft 6 in (1.68 m) diameter


  • Maximum speed: 225 mph (362 km/h; 196 kn) at 15,000 feet (4,600 m)
  • Cruise speed: 184 mph (160 kn; 296 km/h) range cruise at 15,000 feet (4,600 m)
  • Stall speed: 60 mph (52 kn; 97 km/h)
  • Never exceed speed: 287 mph (249 kn; 462 km/h)
  • Range: 265 mi (230 nmi; 426 km)
  • Service ceiling: 15,000 ft (4,572 m)
  • Rate of climb: 1,880 ft/min (9.6 m/s)

See also

Related development
  • AZ-1 Marvelette
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists


  1. ^ a b c d Taylor 1969, pp. 388–389.
  2. ^ a b Matt, Paul R. "Anderson Greenwood AG-14 and the MARVEL program". Retrieved 31 December 2009.
  3. ^ a b c d "History: XV-11A Marvel". Department of Aerospace Engineering, Mississippi State University. Retrieved 31 December 2009.
  4. ^ "Flight lab loaning vintage aircraft". http://www.msstate.edu/web/media/detail.php?id=2584. Retrieved 10 Feb 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Heyman 1990, p.52.
  6. ^ a b Harding 1990, pp. 184–185.
  7. ^ a b Heyman 1990, p.51.
  8. ^ Heyman 1990, pp. 50–51.
  9. ^ Heyman 1990, pp. 52–53.
  10. ^ Heyman 1990, p.53.
  11. ^ "Flight lab loaning vintage aircraft". http://www.msstate.edu/web/media/detail.php?id=2584. Retrieved 10 Feb 2011. 
  • Harding, Stephen. U.S. Army Aircraft Since 1947. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1990. ISBN 1-85310-102-8.
  • Heyman, Jos. "The Mississipi Marvel". Air Enthusiast, Forty-one, Midsummer 1990. Bromley, UK: Tri-Service Press. ISSN 0143-5450. pp. 49–53.
  • Taylor, John W. R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1969–70. London:Jane's Yearbooks, 1969.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mississippi State University XV-11 — Mississippi State University XV 11 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mississippi State University XAZ-1 Marvelette — XAZ 1 Marvelette Role Experimental aircraft National origin United States of America …   Wikipedia

  • Marvel Comics — This article is about the comic book company using that name after 1961. For the earlier comic book series, see Marvel Mystery Comics. Marvel Comics Type Subsidiary of Marvel Entertainment Industry …   Wikipedia

  • Wesleyan University people — This is a list of notable people affiliated with Wesleyan University.Administration and facultyAcademia* Hannah Arendt, Fellow 1962 1963, Political theorist * Wilbur Olin Atwater, 1865 (Wesleyan B.S.), first Professor of Chemistry; known for his… …   Wikipedia

  • Features of the Marvel Universe — The comic book stories published by Marvel Comics since the 1940 s have featured several noteworthy concepts besides its fictional characters, such as unique places and artifacts. The following lists detail many of them.PlacesCertain places, some …   Wikipedia

  • Concord High School (North Carolina) — This article is about Concord High School in North Carolina. For others of a similar name, see Concord High School (disambiguation). Concord High School Location 481 Burrage Road Concord, NC, 28025 United States …   Wikipedia

  • List of aircraft (M) — This is a list of aircraft in alphabetical order beginning with M . pre 1914 3 20 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Gliders HPA UAV s Engines M M Squared Aircraft M Squared Sport 1000 M Squared Sprint 1000 FP M Squared Sprint 10 …   Wikipedia

  • List of military aircraft of the United States — This list of military aircraft of the United States includes prototype, pre production and operational types. For aircraft in service, see the List of active United States military aircraft. Prototypes are normally prefixed with X and are often… …   Wikipedia

  • Conclusion of the American Civil War — The McLean house where Lee surrendered to Grant on April 9, 1865. This is a timeline of the conclusion of the American Civil War which includes important battles, skirmishes, raids and other events of 1865. These led to additional Confederate… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert E. Lee — This article is about the Confederate general. For other uses, see Robert E. Lee (disambiguation). Robert Edward Lee …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”