- David Eccles, 1st Viscount Eccles
The Right Honourable
The Viscount Eccles
CH KCVO PC
Paymaster General and Minister for the Arts In office
Preceded by Harold Lever (Paymaster General)
Jennie Lee (Minister for the Arts)
Succeeded by Maurice Macmillan (Paymaster General)
Norman St John-Stevas (Minister for the Arts)
Minister of Education In office
President of the Board of Trade In office
13 January 1957 – 14 October 1959
Prime Minister Harold Macmillan Preceded by Peter Thorneycroft Succeeded by Reginald Maudling Minister of Education In office
Minister of Works In office
Member of Parliament
Preceded by Victor Cazalet Succeeded by Daniel Awdry Personal details Born 18 September 1904 Died 24 February 1999(aged 94) Nationality British Political party Conservative Spouse(s) The Hon. Sybil Dawson (1929-1977)
Mary, Viscountess Eccles (1984-death)
Children Selina Petty-FitzMaurice, Marchioness of Lansdowne
The Hon. Simon Eccles
The Hon. John Eccles; later 2nd Viscount Eccles
Alma mater New College, Oxford Occupation Politician and Businessman Religion Church of England
Eccles was educated at Winchester College and New College, Oxford. He worked with the Central Mining Corporation in London and Johannesburg. During the Second World War he worked for the Ministry of Economic Warfare from 1939 to 1940 and for the Ministry of Production from 1942 to 1943 and was Economic Adviser to the British ambassadors at Lisbon and Madrid from 1940 to 1942.
Eccles was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for Chippenham in a wartime by-election in 1943, a seat he held until 1962. He served in the Conservative administrations of Churchill, Eden and Macmillan respectively as Minister of Works from 1951 to 1954 (in which position, he helped organise the 1953 Coronation), as Minister of Education from 1954 to 1957 and again from 1959 to 1962 and as President of the Board of Trade from 1957 to 1959. Eccles was also President of the Board of Trade in January 1957.
In 1962 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Eccles, of Chute in the County of Wiltshire, and in 1964 he was created Viscount Eccles, of Chute in the County of Wiltshire. Lord Eccles returned to the government in 1970 when Edward Heath appointed him Paymaster-General and Minister for the Arts, a post he held until 1973. As Minister for the Arts he clashed with the Chairman of the Arts Council of Great Britain Arnold Goodman over the funding of controversial plays and exhibitions and introduced mandatory admission charges at public museums and galleries. Lord Eccles was made a Doctor of Science (DSc) in 1966 by Loughborough University.
Eccles married, firstly, the Hon. Sybil Frances Dawson (1904–1977), daughter of Bertrand Dawson, 1st Viscount Dawson of Penn, on 1 October 1929. They had three children:
- The Hon. Selina Eccles; m. George Petty-FitzMaurice, 8th Marquess of Lansdowne; became The Marchioness of Lansdowne
- The Hon. Simon Dawson Eccles
- The Hon. John Dawson Eccles; later 2nd Viscount Eccles (born on 20 April 1931)
Widowed, he married again, this time to the book collector and philanthropist Mary Morley Crapo Hyde (1912–2003) on 26 September 1984. He died at age 94 at home of natural causes leaving an estate of approximately £2.4 million.
Styles and Honours
- Mr David Eccles (1904–1943)
- Mr David Eccles MP (1943–1953)
- Sir David Eccles KCVO MP (1953–1962)
- The Rt. Hon. The Lord Eccles KCVO PC (1962–1964)
- The Rt. Hon. The Viscount Eccles KCVO PC (1964–1984)
- The Rt. Hon. The Viscount Eccles KCVO CH PC (1984–1999)
- ^ List of Presidents/Secretaries of State (2007), Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform, London, UK, viewed 8 May 2008, http://www.berr.gov.uk/about/about-berr/history/presidents-secretaries/page13935.html
- ^ Honorary Graduates and University Medallists since 1966 (2008), Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK, viewed 29 April 2008, http://www.lboro.ac.uk/service/publicity/degree_days/hon_grads_66to79.html
- ^ http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/71965
- Mary, Viscountess Eccles: obituary, The Independent, 5 September 2003
- The Times House of Commons 1945. 1945.
- The Times House of Commons 1950. 1950.
- The Times House of Commons 1955. 1955.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by David Eccles
Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Chippenham
1943 – 1962
Political offices Preceded by
1970 – 1973
Minister for the Arts
1970 – 1973
Norman St John-Stevas
Peerage of the United Kingdom New creation Viscount Eccles
1964 – 1999
John Dawson Eccles
1962 – 1999
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First Lord of the TreasurySir Winston Churchill (1951–55)
Lord Chancellor Lord President of the Council Lord Privy Seal Chancellor of the ExchequerRab Butler (1951–55) Foreign SecretarySir Anthony Eden (1951–55) Home Secretary
Minister of Agriculture and FisheriesDavid Heathcoat-Armory (1954–55) Secretary of State for the Colonies Minister for Coordination of Transport, Fuel and PowerThe Lord Leathers (1951–53) Minister of Defence Minister of EducationSir David Eccles (1954–55) Minister of HealthHarry Crookshank (1951–52) Ministry of Housing and Local Government Minister of Labour and National ServiceSir Walter Monckton (1951–55) Chancellor of the Duchy of LancasterThe Lord Woolton (1952–55) Minister of MaterialsThe Lord Woolton (1953–55) Paymaster GeneralThe Lord Cherwell (1951–53) Secretary of State for ScotlandJames Stuart (1951–55)
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