- Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle
His mother was a daughter of
William Byron, 4th Baron Byronand his wife Hon. Frances Berkeley, a descendant of John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton. She was also a sister of William Byron, 5th Baron Byronand a great-aunt of George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron, the poet. In 1798, Carlisle was appointed guardian to George Gordon Byron who lampooned him in "English Bards and Scotch Reviewers".
During his youth Carlisle was mentored by George Selwyn and was chiefly known as a man of pleasure and fashion. He was created a
Knight of the Thistlein 1767. After he had reached thirty years of age, his appointment on a commission sent out by Frederick North, Lord Northto attempt a reconciliation with the Thirteen Coloniesduring the American Revolutionary Warwas received with sneers by the opposition. The failure of the embassy was not due to any incapacity on the part of the earl, but to the unpopularity of the government from which it received its authority. He was, indeed, considered to have displayed so much ability that he was entrusted with the viceroyalty of Irelandin 1780.
The time was one of the greatest difficulty; for while the calm of the country was disturbed by the American rebellion, it was drained of regular troops, and large bands of volunteers not under the control of the government had been formed. Nevertheless, the two years of Carlisle's rule passed in quietness and prosperity, and the institution of a national bank and other measures which he effected left permanently beneficial results upon the commerce of the island. In 1789, in the discussions as to the regency, Carlisle took a prominent part on the side of the prince of Wales.
In 1791 he opposed
William Pitt the Younger's policy of resistance to the dismemberment of the Ottoman Empireby Imperial Russia; but on the outbreak of the French Revolutionhe left the opposition and vigorously maintained the cause of war. He resigned from the Order of the Thistle and was created a Knight of the Garterin 1793. In 1815 he opposed the enactment of the Corn Laws; but from this time till his death, he took no important part in public life.
Carlisle was the author of some political tracts, a number of poems, and two tragedies, "The Father's Revenge" and "The Stepmother", which received high praise from his contemporaries.
Marriage and children
Frederick married Margaret Caroline Leveson-Gower. Margaret was a daughter of
Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Staffordand his wife Louisa Leveson-Gower, Countess Gower. Louisa was in turn daughter of Scroop Egerton, 1st Duke of Bridgewater.
They were parents to ten children:
*Isabella Caroline Howard (1771–1848). She married
John Campbell, 1st Baron Cawdor.
George Howard, 6th Earl of Carlisle( September 17, 1773– October 7, 1848).
*Charlotte Howard. (Both born and deceased in 1774).
*Susan Howard (1776–1783).
*Louisa Howard (1778–1781).
*Elizabeth Howard (
November 13, 1780– November 29, 1825). She married John Manners, 5th Duke of Rutland.
*William Howard (
December 25, 1781– January 25, 1843).
*Gertrude Howard (1783–1870). Married William Sloane Stanley.
*Frederick Howard (
December 6, 1785– June 18, 1815). Married Frances Susan Lambton. He was among the casualties of the Battle of Waterloo.
Henry Edward John Howard( December 14, 1795– October 8, 1868). He married Henrietta Elizabeth Wright.
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