- Red-bellied Macaw
Red-bellied Macaw In Goiânia, Brazil Conservation status Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves Order: Psittaciformes Family: Psittacidae Subfamily: Psittacinae Tribe: Arini Genus: Orthopsittaca
Species: O. manilata Binomial name Orthopsittaca manilata
It is a resident bird in tropical Amazonian South America, from Colombia and Trinidad south to Amazonian Peru and Bolivia, and central Brazil as far as the northwestern cerrado of Brazil. Its habitat is forest and swamps with Moriche Palms (Mauritia flexuosa). Their life revolves solely around this species of palm tree. Although locally common, in places it has been adversely affected by clearing of the palms for use as posts, or to allow cattle ranching; also by capture for the pet trade.
The Red-bellied Macaw a mainly green medium-sized macaw about 300 g in weight and about 46 cm (18 in) in length including its long pointed tail. Male and female have similar external appearances, and the adults have dark-grey beaks. The cere and much of the face are covered with bare mustard-yellow skin, and the irises are dark brown. The forehead is bluish. The chin, throat and upper chest are greyish with some green scalloping, and the lower abdomen is brownish-red. The underwings and undertail are dull yellow. The legs are dark grey. Juveniles are duller in colour than adults and have a grey beak that has conspicuous white mid-line stripe running along the length of the top of the upper beak (along the culmen). The Spix's Macaw is the only other macaw that has a similar white culmen in the juveniles.
Red-bellied Macaws make reedy, high-pitched screams. They eat the fruit and seeds of palm trees, especially the Moriche Palm. They roost communally in these palms, and large numbers can be seen at the roost sites at dawn and dusk; (see crepuscular).
The Red-bellied Macaw nests in a hole in a tree, their primary choice being the Moriche Palm. There are usually two to four white eggs in a clutch. The female incubates the eggs for about 27 days, and the chicks fledge from the nest about 77 days after hatching.
In the Amazon Basin, the North Region, Brazil, the Red-bellied Macaw is throughout, except in the northwest quadrant centered on a large region of the Rio Negro flowing from Colombia-Venezuela; it ranges through the Guianas including the Guiana Highlands into eastern Venezuela, the lower Orinoco River Basin and across to the island of Trinidad.
- BirdLife International (2008). Orthopsittaca manilata. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 23 January 2010.
- ffrench, Richard (1991). A Guide to the Birds of Trinidad and Tobago (2nd edition ed.). Comstock Publishing. ISBN 0-8014-9792-2.
- Hilty, Steven L (2003). Birds of Venezuela. London: Christopher Helm. ISBN 0-7136-6418-5.
- Forshaw, Joseph M. (2006). Parrots of the World; an Identification Guide. Illustrated by Frank Knight. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691092516.
- Captive Reproduction of the Peculiar Red-bellied Macaw
- Illustration of a Red-bellied Macaw
- Red-bellied Macaw videos on the Internet Bird Collection
- Red-bellied Macaw photo gallery VIREO-(includes picture of "Lick") Photo-High Res
- Photos and Article www1.nhl.nl—"Suriname Birds"--(with 1-Close-up of Breast; 2-"RangeMap" of S. America)
Macaws GenusSpecies (extinctions: † indicates a species confirmed to be extinct, ₴ indicates evidence only from sub-fossils) Anodorhynchus Cyanopsitta Ara OrthopsittacaRed-bellied Macaw Primolius Diopsittaca Hypothetical extinct macaws
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