Blue-winged Macaw

Blue-winged Macaw

name = Blue-winged Macaw

image_width = 250px
image_caption =
status = NT | status_system = IUCN3.1
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Psittaciformes
familia = Psittacidae
genus = "Primolius"
species = "P. maracana"
binomial = "Primolius maracana"
binomial_authority = Vieillot, 1816

The Blue-winged Macaw ("Primolius maracana"), in aviculture more commonly known as Illiger's Macaw, is a species of macaw found in central and eastern South America. It was previously placed in the genus "Ara" or "Propyrrhura". Blue-winged Macaws have been known to reach an age of 50-60 years.


It has a total length of approximately 40 cm (16 in). It has a heavy black bill, a long tail and a mainly green plumage. The upperside of the remiges and primary coverts are blue, as indicated by its common name. The underside of the wings is yellowish, the tail-tip, crown and cheeks are bluish, and the tail-base and small belly-patch are red. The iris is amber. It and the Red-bellied Macaw are the only macaws where the bare facial-skin is yellowish, but this often fades to white in captivity. Unlike the Red-bellied Macaw, the Blue-winged has a red lower abdomen and a red lower back.cite web| publisher =BirdLife International (2008) |url = |title = Species factsheet: "Primolius maracana" |accessdaymonth = 24 July | accessyear = 2008]

Habitat and food

The Blue-winged Macaw occurs in eastern and southern Brazil (with a remnant population north-east), eastern Paraguay and, at least formerly, in far north-eastern Argentina. It occurs in evergreen and deciduous forests, with a preference for gallery forest. They mainly feed on seeds of Cnidoscolus phyllacanthus, Jatropha, Guazuma ulmifolia and the non-native Melia azederach. However, the birds also feed on fruits and nuts.


The Blue-winged Macaw attain sexual maturity between 2 and 4 years after they are born. Adult females usually produce two eggs which take approximately 29 days to hatch. Young Blue-winged Macaws learn to fly about 11 weeks after they have hatched. They stay with their parents for about a year after learning to fly. Relatively little information exists on its reproduction in the wild, but the breeding season in north-eastern Brazil is apparently from December to February.


These birds are affected mostly by deforestation. They were also captured for the cagebird trade - from 1977 to 1979, 183 birds arrived to the United States from Paraguay. It has declined in the southern part of its range, and there are no recent records from the Misiones Province in Argentina. Therefore, it was previously considered vulnerable. Information from Brazil suggests it remains widespread and even has re-colonised areas in its historical range in southern Rio de Janeiro. This has led to it being downlisted to near threatened.


* [ ANIMAL BYTES - Illiger's Macaw]

External links

* [ Blue-winged Macaw videos] on the Internet Bird Collection
* [ of a captive Blue-headed Macaw]
* [ Blue-winged Macaw photo gallery] VIREO
* [] ; [ Aticle & synopsis] arthurgrosset–"South American Birds"
* [ Res] ; [ Article] tropicalbirding

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • blue-winged macaw — mėlynsparnė arara statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Ara maracana; Propyrrhura maracana angl. blue winged macaw vok. Maracana, f rus. красноспинный ара, m pranc. ara d Illiger, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – araros …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Blue-winged — may refer to:* Blue winged Goose, large sheldgoose * Blue winged Kookaburra, bird of Australia * Blue winged Leafbird, leafbird of Southeast Asia * Blue winged Macaw, a specie of bird from South America * Blue winged Teal, small dabbling duck *… …   Wikipedia

  • Green-winged Macaw — Taxobox name = Green winged Macaw image caption = image width = 300px regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Psittaciformes familia = Psittacidae subfamilia = Psittacinae tribus = Arini genus = Ara species = A. chloroptera… …   Wikipedia

  • Macaw — Not to be confused with Macau. Not to be confused with Macaque. This article is about the bird. For other uses, see Macaw (disambiguation). Macaw A Hyac …   Wikipedia

  • Spix's Macaw — Conservation status Critically endangered, possibly extinct in the wild ( …   Wikipedia

  • Mini-macaw — The Red shouldered Macaw, at 12 14 inches long is sometimes called a mini macaw. Mini macaws are a loosely defined group of small to medium sized macaw species within the tribe Arini. The term has no fixed taxonomic meaning and is principally… …   Wikipedia

  • Military Macaw — At London Zoo, England Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Cuban Red Macaw — Watercolor painting by Jacques Barraband (1800 approx) Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Red-shouldered Macaw — Hahn s Macaw (D. n. nobilis) Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Chestnut-fronted Macaw — At Southwick s Zoo, Massachusetts, USA Conservation status …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”