HLA-DRB3 (gene)

HLA-DRB3 (gene)

Major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 3, also known as HLA-DRB3, is a human gene.cite web | title = Entrez Gene: HLA-DRB3 major histocompatibility complex, class II, DR beta 3| url = http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=gene&Cmd=ShowDetailView&TermToSearch=3125| accessdate = ]

Function

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the HLA class II beta chain paralogues. The class II molecule is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha (DRA) and a beta chain (DRB), both anchored in the membrane. It plays a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from extracellular proteins. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (APC: B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages).

Gene struture and polymorphisms

The beta chain is approximately 26-28 kDa. It is encoded by 6 exons, exon one encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains, exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain and exon 5 encodes the cytoplasmic tail. Within the DR molecule the beta chain contains all the polymorphisms specifying the peptide binding specificities. Within the DR molecule the beta chain contains all the polymorphisms specifying the peptide binding specificities. Typing for these polymorphisms is routinely done for bone marrow and kidney transplantation.

Gene expression

DRB1is expressed at a level five times higher than its paralogues DRB3, DRB4 and DRB5. DRB1 is present in all individuals. Allelic variants of DRB1 are linked with either none or one of the genes DRB3, DRB4 and DRB5. There are 4 related pseudogenes: DRB2, DRB6, DRB7, DRB8 and DRB9.

ee also

* HLA-DR

References

Further reading

PBB_Further_reading
citations =
*cite journal | author=Germain RN |title=Binding domain regulation of MHC class II molecule assembly, trafficking, fate, and function. |journal=Semin. Immunol. |volume=7 |issue= 6 |pages= 361–72 |year= 1996 |pmid= 8775462 |doi= 10.1006/smim.1995.0041
*cite journal | author=Piatier-Tonneau D, Gastinel LN, Amblard F, "et al." |title=Interaction of CD4 with HLA class II antigens and HIV gp120. |journal=Immunogenetics |volume=34 |issue= 2 |pages= 121–8 |year= 1991 |pmid= 1869305 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Nong Y, Kandil O, Tobin EH, "et al." |title=The HIV core protein p24 inhibits interferon-gamma-induced increase of HLA-DR and cytochrome b heavy chain mRNA levels in the human monocyte-like cell line THP1. |journal=Cell. Immunol. |volume=132 |issue= 1 |pages= 10–6 |year= 1991 |pmid= 1905983 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Ress SR, Rousseau J, Ratanjee B, "et al." |title=HLA class II induction by interferon-gamma in K562 variant cell line: inhibition by serum lipid. |journal=Hum. Immunol. |volume=31 |issue= 1 |pages= 57–66 |year= 1991 |pmid= 1908841 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Rosenstein Y, Burakoff SJ, Herrmann SH |title=HIV-gp120 can block CD4-class II MHC-mediated adhesion. |journal=J. Immunol. |volume=144 |issue= 2 |pages= 526–31 |year= 1990 |pmid= 1967269 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Callahan KM, Fort MM, Obah EA, "et al." |title=Genetic variability in HIV-1 gp120 affects interactions with HLA molecules and T cell receptor. |journal=J. Immunol. |volume=144 |issue= 9 |pages= 3341–6 |year= 1990 |pmid= 1970352 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Bowman MR, MacFerrin KD, Schreiber SL, Burakoff SJ |title=Identification and structural analysis of residues in the V1 region of CD4 involved in interaction with human immunodeficiency virus envelope glycoprotein gp120 and class II major histocompatibility complex molecules. |journal=Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. |volume=87 |issue= 22 |pages= 9052–6 |year= 1991 |pmid= 1978941 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Gorski J |title=HLA-DR beta-chain polymorphism. Second domain polymorphism reflects evolutionary relatedness of alleles and may explain public serologic epitopes. |journal=J. Immunol. |volume=143 |issue= 1 |pages= 329–33 |year= 1989 |pmid= 2471740 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Kao HT, Gregersen PK, Tang JC, "et al." |title=Molecular analysis of the HLA class II genes in two DRw6-related haplotypes, DRw13 DQw1 and DRw14 DQw3. |journal=J. Immunol. |volume=142 |issue= 5 |pages= 1743–7 |year= 1989 |pmid= 2493052 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Jonsson AK, Andersson L, Rask L |title=A cellular and functional split in the DRw8 haplotype is due to a single amino acid replacement (DR beta ser 57- asp 57). |journal=Immunogenetics |volume=29 |issue= 5 |pages= 308–16 |year= 1989 |pmid= 2497068 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Clayton LK, Sieh M, Pious DA, Reinherz EL |title=Identification of human CD4 residues affecting class II MHC versus HIV-1 gp120 binding. |journal=Nature |volume=339 |issue= 6225 |pages= 548–51 |year= 1989 |pmid= 2543930 |doi= 10.1038/339548a0
*cite journal | author=Diamond DC, Sleckman BP, Gregory T, "et al." |title=Inhibition of CD4+ T cell function by the HIV envelope protein, gp120. |journal=J. Immunol. |volume=141 |issue= 11 |pages= 3715–7 |year= 1988 |pmid= 2846691 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Angelini G, de Preval C, Gorski J, Mach B |title=High-resolution analysis of the human HLA-DR polymorphism by hybridization with sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes. |journal=Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. |volume=83 |issue= 12 |pages= 4489–93 |year= 1986 |pmid= 3012569 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Didier DK, Schiffenbauer J, Shuman S, "et al." |title=Characterization of two distinct DR beta chain alleles at the beta III locus of the DR5 haplotype: beta III alleles are highly conserved. |journal=J. Immunol. |volume=137 |issue= 8 |pages= 2627–31 |year= 1986 |pmid= 3020126 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Young JA, Wilkinson D, Bodmer WF, Trowsdale J |title=Sequence and evolution of HLA-DR7- and -DRw53-associated beta-chain genes. |journal=Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. |volume=84 |issue= 14 |pages= 4929–33 |year= 1987 |pmid= 3110774 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Horn GT, Bugawan TL, Long CM, "et al." |title=Sequence analysis of HLA class II genes from insulin-dependent diabetic individuals. |journal=Hum. Immunol. |volume=21 |issue= 4 |pages= 249–63 |year= 1988 |pmid= 3372263 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Gorski J, Mach B |title=Polymorphism of human Ia antigens: gene conversion between two DR beta loci results in a new HLA-D/DR specificity. |journal=Nature |volume=322 |issue= 6074 |pages= 67–70 |year= 1986 |pmid= 3459965 |doi= 10.1038/322067a0
*cite journal | author=Gregersen PK, Moriuchi T, Karr RW, "et al." |title=Polymorphism of HLA-DR beta chains in DR4, -7, and -9 haplotypes: implications for the mechanisms of allelic variation. |journal=Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. |volume=83 |issue= 23 |pages= 9149–53 |year= 1987 |pmid= 3466180 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Bell JI, Denney D, Foster L, "et al." |title=Allelic variation in the DR subregion of the human major histocompatibility complex. |journal=Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. |volume=84 |issue= 17 |pages= 6234–8 |year= 1987 |pmid= 3476943 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Andrieu JM, Even P, Venet A |title=AIDS and related syndromes as a viral-induced autoimmune disease of the immune system: an anti-MHC II disorder. Therapeutic implications. |journal=AIDS research |volume=2 |issue= 3 |pages= 163–74 |year= 1986 |pmid= 3489470 |doi=

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