Diet Pepsi

Diet Pepsi
Diet Pepsi
Diet Pepsi Logo.svg
Type Diet Cola
Manufacturer PepsiCo, Inc.
Country of origin United States
Introduced 1964[1]
Variants Caffeine Free Diet Pepsi
Diet Pepsi Lime
Diet Pepsi Vanilla
Diet Pepsi Wild Cherry
Related products Diet Coke, Pepsi ONE, Pepsi Max

Diet Pepsi is a no-calorie carbonated cola soft drink produced by PepsiCo, introduced in 1964 as a variant of Pepsi-Cola with no sugar. First test marketed in 1963 under the name Patio Diet Cola, it was re-branded as Diet Pepsi the following year, becoming the first diet cola to be distributed on a national scale in the United States. In the 1960s and 1970s its competition consisted of Tab soda, produced by The Coca-Cola Company, and Diet Rite soda, produced by Royal Crown. Diet Coke was a later entrant to the diet cola market; though shortly after entering production in 1982 it became the primary competing diet cola to Diet Pepsi.

While the U.S. represents the largest single market for Diet Pepsi, it was launched in the U.K. in 1983 and has since become available on a global scale. The beverage composition, flavor variations and packaging varies based on the country of production. In some countries - primarily in Eastern Europe - the product is labeled and sold under the name Pepsi Light. In the UK it is called Pepsi Diet.



Diet Pepsi was originally created in the U.S. under the name Patio in 1963. Following a positive reception attributed to the shifting dietary habits and preferences among the Baby Boom Generation at the time, the drink was re-branded as Diet Pepsi the following year. It became the first diet cola to be distributed on a national scale in the United States.[1] Distribution was extended to the U.K. in 1983,[2] where it is also referred to as Diet Pepsi.[3] Distribution has since expanded to other countries around the world; though an alternate name is used in certain countries. In Italy,[4] Czech Republic,[5]Poland[6] Argentina,[7] Spain[8] Greece,[9] Turkey,[10] Ukraine,[11] and Brasil,[12] the beverage is known as Pepsi Light.

Diet Pepsi competed primarily with another diet cola named Tab in the 1960s and 1970s; however the Coca-Cola Company introduced Diet Coke in 1982 and this product has since been the principal competing product to Diet Pepsi. As of 2010, Diet Pepsi represented a 5.3 percent share of all carbonated soft drink sales in the United States, and was ranked as the #7 soft drink brand by volume. In the same year, Diet Coke was recorded as having a 9.9 percent market share.[13]

Flavor variations

Additional variations of Diet Pepsi have been introduced over the years, wherein other flavors (such as wild cherry, vanilla, lemon, and lime) have been added to the cola. A caffeine-free version of Diet Pepsi is also produced. The availability and brand identification of Diet Pepsi flavor variants varies by country. In addition to Diet Pepsi, PepsiCo produces other low-calorie colas known as Pepsi Max and Pepsi ONE. These products, however, are marketed separately, and are not labeled under the Diet Pepsi brand.[14]


Nutrition facts
Serving size 12 fl oz (355 ml)
Servings per container 1
Amount per serving
Calories 0 Calories from fat 0
% Daily value*
Total fat 0 g 0%
   Saturated fat 0 g 0%
   Trans fat 0 g
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Sodium 25 mg 1%
Potassium 0 mg 0%
Total carbohydrate 0 g 0%
   Dietary fiber 0 g 0%
   Sugars 0 g
Protein 0.1 g
Vitamin A 0%      Vitamin C 0%
Calcium 0%      Iron 0%
*Percent daily values are based on a 2,000-calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.

In the United States, Diet Pepsi is marketed as having zero calories, as FDA guidelines categorize products with fewer than five calories per serving to be labeled as containing “zero calories”.[15] It is also positioned as having no carbohydrates, as represented in the primary slogan, which as of 2011 is “0 carbs. 0 calories. It's the diet cola.”[16]

Though Diet Pepsi is represented worldwide as a low- or no-calorie beverage, the ingredients comprising its makeup vary in some cases by the country of origin. In the U.S., its ingredients are recorded as “carbonated water, caramel color, aspartame, phosphoric acid, potassium benzoate (preserves freshness), caffeine, citric acid, natural flavor; phenylketonurics: contains phenylalanine.”[16] In Canada, the ingredient listing reads: “carbonated water, caramel color, phosphoric acid, aspartame (124 mg/355 ml, contains phenylalanine), sodium benzoate, caffeine, flavor, acesulfame potassium (32 mg/355ml), citric acid, dimethylpolysiloxane.”[17] Comparatively in the U.K., Diet Pepsi is listed as consisting of “carbonated water, colour (caramel E150d), flavorings (including caffeine), phosphoric acid, sweeteners (aspartame, acesulfame K), acidity regulator (sodium citrate), preservative (sodium benzoate), citric acid, contains a source of phenylalanine.”[2]

In the composition of all no-calorie carbonated colas, an alternative sweetener is used in place of sugar, which if used would result in the product containing calories. The initial formulation of Diet Pepsi was sweetened with the artificial sweetener saccharin;[18] though concerns over saccharin emerged in the early 1980s, prompting a shift to an alternative sweetener, aspartame,[19] which was marketed as the brand NutraSweet, in 1983.[20] Aspartame, which as of 2011 is the primary sweetener in Diet Pepsi, has been the subject of controversy, most notably in 1996 amid a 60 Minutes report[21] on concerns alleging that aspartame might be linked to the development of brain tumors in humans. Critics of Aspartame have expressed concerns that numerous health risks may be associated with its consumption; however peer-reviewed comprehensive review articles and independent reviews by governmental regulatory bodies have analyzed the published research on the safety of aspartame and have described it as safe for consumption at current levels.[22][23][24] Aspartame has been deemed safe for human consumption by regulatory agencies in their respective countries,[24] including the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the U.K. Food Standards Agency,[25] the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)[26] and Canada's Health Canada.[27]

When it was first introduced in 1964, Diet Pepsi was packaged in glass bottles, and was also made available in can format. In 1994, Diet Pepsi became the first product to list a “freshness date” on each individual can and bottle,[28] a practice that would later become a widespread standard in the packaged food and beverage industry.[29] As of 2010, the product is distributed in plastic recyclable bottles, cans and glass bottles, as well as via soda fountains in retail operations such as restaurants and convenience stores.

The logo used in the packaging and advertisement of Diet Pepsi has changed multiple times since its original iteration. In October, 2008, PepsiCo announced it would be redesigning its logo and re-branding many of its products, including Diet Pepsi.[30] At this time the brand's blue and red globe trademark became a series of "smiles," with the central white band arcing at different angles depending on the product. The new imagery has started to be used. In the case of Diet Pepsi, the logo consists of the small "smile".[31]

Starting in mid-2010, all Pepsi variants, both regular and diet, began using the medium-sized "smile" logo.

Advertising and promotion

While it was initially advertised alongside Pepsi, Diet Pepsi began to be promoted independently in the late 1960s. The first television advertisement to feature Diet Pepsi as a standalone product was “Girlwatchers,” which placed focus on the cosmetic aspects of the beverage. The musical jingle from this ad generated popular culture appeal to the extent that it was eventually recorded and played on the radio, and later became a Top 40 hit.[32]

Since its inception, musicians, professional athletes, actors and actresses have been featured prominently in the promotion of Diet Pepsi. In 1985, immediately following Super Bowl XIX, the game's respective quarterbacks, Joe Montana and Dan Marino, met in a hallway of what appeared to be a football stadium. Montana of the winning team, buys Marino a Diet Pepsi, and Marino promises to buy the drink the next time.[33] A Diet Pepsi advertisement in the same year featured Geraldine Ferraro, the first woman to run for vice-president in the U.S.[34] When the feature film Top Gun was released on home video cassette in 1987, it was promoted via television advertisements – consisting of a Top Gun pilot flying upside down while holding a can of Diet Pepsi – which were paid for by Pepsi.[35] In exchange, the film’s production studio, Paramount Pictures, included a 60-second Diet Pepsi advertisement on all Top Gun VHS tapes.[36] The resulting cross-promotion was the first of its kind, and after it set record videocassette sales, it was described as “the beginning of a trend” by the Los Angeles Times.[37]

During the early 1990s, R&B singer Ray Charles was featured in a series of Diet Pepsi ads featuring the brand's then-current tagline, "You got the right one, baby!"[38] Supermodel Cindy Crawford became a recurring celebrity endorser for the Diet Pepsi brand at this time as well, beginning with a 1991 television ad in which she purchases a can of the drink from a vending machine on a hot summer day. Cindy Crawford was also brought back in 2002 to introduce a new packaging design for Diet Pepsi, and again in 2005 to promote the revised slogan "Light, crisp, refreshing" with an ad which debuted during Super Bowl XXXIX.[39] In 2005 and 2006, recording artists Gwen Stefani appeared in advertisements related to a campaign in which codes printed underneath Diet Pepsi bottle caps could be redeemed for music downloads on the Apple iTunes music store.[40]

See also


  1. ^ a b "The Pepsi-Cola Story". Retrieved 18 May 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Diet Pepsi UK". PepsiCo UK. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  3. ^ Burrows, David (25 March 2010). "Pepsi takes healthy alternative position". MarketingWeek UK. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  4. ^ "Pepsi Light Product Description". Pepsi Italy. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  5. ^ "Pepsi Light". Pepsi Czech Republic. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  6. ^ "Poland: Pepsi Light". Pepsi Poland. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "Argentina: Pepsi Light". Pepsi World Argentina. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  8. ^ "Pepsi Brand in Spain". PepsiCo Spain. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  9. ^ "Pepsi Light Product Description". Pepsi Greece. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  10. ^ "Pepsi Brand in Turkey". PepsiCo Turkey. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  11. ^ "History (of) PepsiCo in Ukraine". PepsiCo Ukraine. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  12. ^ "Pepsi Brands in Brasil". PepsiCo Brasil. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  13. ^ "Top 10 CSD Results for 2010". Beverage Digest 59 (5). 17 March 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2011. 
  14. ^ Newman, Andrew Adam (19 July 2010). "Pepsi Fires a Salvo to Restart the Cola Wars". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  15. ^ "Nutrition Labeling; Questions G1 through P8". U.S. Food and Drug Administration. October 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  16. ^ a b "Diet Pepsi Product Facts". PepsiCo, Inc.. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  17. ^ "Diet Pepsi Nutritional Information". Pepsi Canada. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  18. ^ Enrico, Roger; Kornbluth, Jesse (1986). The other guy blinked : how Pepsi won the cola wars. Tononto: Bantam. pp. 73, 160, 174. ISBN 978-0553051773. 
  19. ^ "Nutrasweet And Pepsi Reach Pact". The Chicago Tribune. 22 April 1992. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  20. ^ Gunther, Richard A. D'Aveni, with Robert (1994). Hypercompetition : managing the dynamics of strategic maneuvering. New York: The Free Press. pp. 192. ISBN 978-0029069387. 
  21. ^ Gotthelf, Josh (5 January 1997). "60 Minutes' Wallace grills Monsanto over sweetener". St Louis Business Journal. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  22. ^ "Food Additive Approval Process Followed for Aspartame". Food Additive Approval Process Followed for Aspartame GAO/HRD-87-46. United States General Accounting Office. June 18, 1987. 
  23. ^ Magnuson, B. A.; Burdock, G. A.; Doull, J.; Kroes, R. M.; Marsh, G. M.; Pariza, M. W.; Spencer, P. S.; Waddell, W. J. et al. (2007). "Aspartame: A Safety Evaluation Based on Current Use Levels, Regulations, and Toxicological and Epidemiological Studies". Critical Reviews in Toxicology 37 (8): 629–727. doi:10.1080/10408440701516184. PMID 17828671. 
  24. ^ a b Butchko, H; Stargel, WW; Comer, CP; Mayhew, DA; Benninger, C; Blackburn, GL; De Sonneville, LM; Geha, RS et al. (2002). "Aspartame: Review of Safety". Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 35 (2 Pt 2): S1–93. doi:10.1006/rtph.2002.1542. PMID 12180494. 
  25. ^ "Aspartame". UK FSA. 17 June 2008. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  26. ^ "Aspartame". EFSA. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  27. ^ "Aspartame". Health Canada. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  28. ^ Elliott, Stuart (31 March 1994). "Pepsi-Cola to Stamp Dates For Freshness on Soda Cans". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  29. ^ "Fresh strategy". The Chicago Tribune. 31 March 1994. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  30. ^ Lamb, Charles W.; Joseph F. Hair, Carl McDaniel. Essentials of marketing.. Cincinnati: South-Western. pp. 492. ISBN 978-0538478342. 
  31. ^ Helm, Burt (23 April 2009). "Blowing Up Pepsi". BusinessWeek. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  32. ^ McCarthy, Michael (17 April 2005). "Dieting's a laughing matter for Pepsi". USA Today. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  33. ^ Brady, Jim (27 February 1985). "The Hot News is Soft Drinks". Reading Eagle (Reading, Pennsylvania). Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  34. ^ Leo, Jon (1 April 1985). "Sexes: Pitching Motherhood and Pepsi". Time.,9171,964865,00.html. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  35. ^ Kanner, Bernice (25 May 1987). "A Word From Our Sponsor: Videocassette Pitches". The New Yorker: 22–23. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  36. ^ Masters, Kim (22 January 1987). "Diet Pepsi Will Pop Up As An Opening Act To `Top Gun`". The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  37. ^ Hunt, Dennis (23 January 1987). "'Top Gun': Pepsi Ad Fires First Shot". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  38. ^ Foltz, Kim (7 December 1989). "THE MEDIA BUSINESS; Diet Pepsi Song Upsets Diet Coke Agency". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  39. ^ Macarthur, Kate (4 February 2005). "Pepsi's Super Bowl Ad Strategy: Music and Celebrities". Advertising Age. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  40. ^ Gibson, Brad (1 February 2005). "Pepsi Unveils Super Bowl iTunes Commercials". The Mac Observer. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 

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