Features removed from Windows Vista

Features removed from Windows Vista

While Windows Vista contains many new features, a number of capabilities and certain programs that were a part of Windows XP are no longer present or changed, resulting in the removal of certain functionality. The following is a list of features which were present in Windows XP but which have been removed in Windows Vista.

Windows Shell

* Active Desktop functionality has been removed. As a result, animated GIF files can no longer be set as the desktop background. No other dynamic web content such as HTML or HTA files can run on the desktop, although Windows DreamScene (only released for Windows Vista Ultimate) allows using videos as the background and dynamic web content can run as part of Sidebar gadgets.
* The "File Types" tab has been removed from "Folder Options". This feature was available from Windows 95 up to Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. The "File Types" tab allowed users to change the file associations for various types of files. It allowed configuring which application would open when a user clicked on a certain type of file, or allowed manually defining a new file extension, defining/editing custom secondary actions, showing extensions only for specific file types, or customizing the file icon. While there is a more simplified option to change the file associations, called "Default Programs" in the Windows Vista Control Panel, this option only allows users to change the default action that occurs when they double click a file. It does not allow users to choose which application would load if the user were to right click on a file and then choose a secondary option such as "Edit". Add-on software like [http://www.creativelement.com/powertools/ File Type Doctor] is now required to choose default programs, change file type icons, and other advanced tasks. The "Open With" dialog box in Windows Vista also uses the corresponding "Default Programs" API which limits only one registered application to be set as the default program. [ [http://shellrevealed.com/blogs/shellblog/archive/2006/09/11/Managing-Defaults-in-Windows.aspx File types tab removed] ] It is also not possible to navigate/jump to a particular extension using the alphanumeric keys on a keyboard; scrolling is required.
* The configuration tab to quickly associate with media file types has also been removed from Windows Media Player 11 options in Windows Vista.
* It is not possible to override AutoPlay by pressing the SHIFT key as was possible in previous versions, though it can still be disabled through Control Panel. [ [http://windowshelp.microsoft.com/Windows/en-US/Help/7e1fe788-0747-4e00-895b-c3461b1ddd971033.mspx#E3H AutoPlay FAQs] ]
* AutoPlay settings cannot be configured per-device; they are set globally. [ [http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/cc162493(TechNet.10).aspx TechNet Magazine - Windows Confidential: Looking Smart by Being Stupid] ]
* It is not possible to list fonts by similarity based on PANOSE information or hide font variations such as "Bold", "Italic" etc in the Fonts folder.
* Menus cannot be set to slide anymore using the user interface. Only the fade effect is available.
* The taskbar cannot be dragged to the bottom of the screen to hide it manually.
* Toolbars such as "Quick Launch" can no longer be "dragged off" the taskbar as floating minibars or docked to another edge of the screen, though physical folders can be dragged onto the desktop edge in a similar manner. The Language Bar is the only toolbar that can float on the desktop.
* Some functions such as Shell execute hooks [cite web|publisher=Microsoft|url=http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb775101(VS.85).aspx|title=IShellExecuteHook Interface|accessdate=2008-07-25] and named exports have been deprecated or removed from shell32.dll. [ [http://peter.hahndorf.eu/blog/PermaLink,guid,d7430964-f75c-45e8-aca8-0586efc7c48a.aspx File Manager doesn't run in Vista] ]
* The Windows Script Host WshShell.SendKeys() method, as well as the SendKeys() function in development environments such as Visual Basic 6, no longer work on Vista when UAC is enabled. Version 3.0 of the .Net Framework has been updated to work around the issue. [cite web|url=http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms171548(VS.80).aspx|title=How to: Simulate Mouse and Keyboard Events in Code|publisher=Microsoft|accessdate=2008-08-11]

Windows Explorer

* It is not possible to display the full path in the title bar when Aero Glass is enabled. When Aero Glass is disabled, the full path can be displayed in the title bar. The full path can be shown in the address bar regardless of the status of Aero, by clicking to the right of the breadcrumbs or pressing Alt+D.
* The Toolbar button in Explorer to go up one folder from the current folder has been removed. This is now accomplished by selecting a folder in the breadcrumbs bar or by pressing together "Alt" + "Up" keys.
* The ability to customize the standard toolbar's layout and buttons was removed.
* Users can no longer make the menu above all other toolbars. [ [http://geeksaresexy.blogspot.com/2006/11/moving-your-ie7-menu-bar-back-to-top.html Registry hack allows menubar to be top toolbar in IE7, not available for Explorer] ]
* Ability to add a password to a zip file (compressed folder) has been removed. (This has no effect on third-party compression tools, such as WinZip or 7Zip.)
* The Common Tasks pane (renamed 'Favorite Links') and the Details pane can be removed only through the 'Organize' button.
* "Filmstrip view" is replaced by the icon view feature which supports multiple sizes, and a new full-screen slideshow mode.
* The ability to view and edit metadata stored in a file's secondary stream through the "Summary" tab of the file's "Property" dialog was removed. [ [http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa969361.aspx MSDN: Property System] ]
* The Web Publishing Wizard is no longer available.
* Support for enabling a folder for web sharing with Internet Information Services via the Windows Explorer interface was removed.
* The Desktop Cleanup Wizard is no longer available.
* The "Computer Description" field is no longer shown on the Explorer view of a workgroup.
* The IColumnProvider shell extension interface has been removed. Shell extensions that display information in Explorer's columns will therefore fail to work. [ [http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb776147.aspx IColumnProvider Interface on MSDN] ]
* The "Status" bar no longer shows the total space used by a folder when displaying a folder's contents or free space remaining on the disk.
* The drive mapping dialog box no longer allows a network path to be mapped without assigning a local drive letter to it.
*It is no longer possible to add a background to folders via a desktop.ini.
*It is not possible to view the "Properties" of an item in the left pane of Windows Explorer using "Alt+Enter".

Internet Explorer

* The ability to customize the toolbar layout is removed. The position of the address bar and the 'command bar' cannot be readjusted.
* Internet Explorer is no longer integrated with Windows Explorer. This can also be seen in Internet Explorer 7 on Windows XP and Windows Server 2003.
* Several old and little-used technologies have been removed: [http://msdn.microsoft.com/archive/default.asp?url=/archive/en-us/dnarmulmed/html/msdn_directan.asp DirectAnimation] support, XBM images (removed from IE 6), CDF, view-source protocol handlers and 40-bit SSL ciphers.
* Image toolbar has been removed. Most of the commands that were on this floating toolbar—Save Picture, E-mail Picture, Set as Background, etc—are now in the context menu that appears when an image is right-clicked.
* Offline Favorites, a feature that automatically synchronized and stored web pages for later perusal when not online, was removed in favor of using RSS feeds. [cite web
title=Release Notes for Internet Explorer 7
* The maximum size for the "Temporary Internet Files" folder (downloaded files cache) is limited to 1024 MB in Internet Explorer 7. This is also true for Internet Explorer 7 on other Windows versions.

User account rights and logon

* 16-bit applications launched with administrator-level privileges always run in their own memory space, even if launched via "Start /Shared" on the command line or if the CREATE_SEPARATE_WOW_VDM flag is specified with the CreateProcess() API; 16-bit inter-process communication therefore only works for non-elevated processes, as these can still be configured to run in the same memory space.
* The RunAs feature in the shell has been replaced with "Run as administrator". The RunAs command line feature does not allow a local administrator-equivalent command shell to be started. [cite web|url=http://technet2.microsoft.com/windowsserver2008/en/library/7b710f79-d28a-4297-b5fc-0c1868d236fc1033.mspx?mfr=true|title=Runas|publisher=Microsoft|date=September 28, 2007|accessdate=2008-03-28]
* Internet Explorer can no longer be launched from a command prompt started with alternate credentials using RunAs. This is also true for Internet Explorer 7 running under Windows XP.
* When User Account Control is enabled, any process started with Administrator-level privileges does not inherit the drive mappings of the interactively logged on user, despite the same account being used.
* The GINA library and support for GINA-based authentication has been replaced with Credential Providers so that authentication plug-ins are moved out of the Winlogon process space to the fullest extent possible in order to provide more reliability and consistency. [cite web|url=http://blogs.msdn.com/windowsvistasecurity/archive/2006/08/25/724271.aspx|title=New Authentication Functionality in Windows Vista: GINAs Replaced with New Credential Providers|date=August 25, 2006|accessdate=2008-03-18|publisher=Microsoft] [ [http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/cc163489.aspx Credential Providers in Windows Vista] ] Consequently, third-party GINA modules do not work. However, the Credential Provider model is also pluggable.
* The logon screen does not show the number of running programs or unread email messages, when using Fast User Switching.
* The "All Users" wallpaper can no longer be changed. All Windows Vista machines now show the same wallpaper at the logon screen.
* Due to security concerns, the "All Users" screen saver can no longer be changed. (Replacing the screen saver was a common method of unauthorized privilege escalation in earlier versions of Windows.)
* Due to security concerns, system services can no longer natively interact with the user's desktop in Windows Vista. This is a change from all previous NT releases. [ [http://itsvista.com/2007/04/interactive-services-detection/ Vista's Interactive Services Detection Service | ITsVISTA ] ]
* Cached roaming profiles cannot be deleted directly from the file system as this renders the account unable to logon to the workstation again, even if the account is also removed from "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindows NTCurrentVersionProfileList". The only supported method of manually deleting a roaming profile is via the System applet of the Control Panel or via the commandline DelProf utility, which uses the DeleteProfile() API. [cite web|url=http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb762273(VS.85).aspx|title=DeleteProfile Function|accessdate=2008-08-24|publisher=Microsoft] [cite web|publisher=Microsoft|url=http://support.microsoft.com/kb/953529|title=The folder redirection process fails on a computer that is running Windows Vista or Windows XP when you change the user name in Active Directory|date=2008-07-02|accessdate=2008-08-27]
* The "Network Configuration Operators" built-in group no longer delegates permissions to manage system network connections; only administrator-level permissions can now be used to achieve this.

Win32 console

* The Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM) does not support all DOS video modes and therefore DOS-based and Win32 console programs cannot run in full screen mode. [ [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/926657 Some 16-bit DOS-based Programs and the Command Prompt will not run in full-screen mode in Windows Vista] ]
* In previous versions of Windows, it was possible to save different settings for each console window. Windows would ask the user whether to apply settings for the current window or the shortcut that started the window. Windows Vista however saves settings for all console windows without asking the user. [ [http://www.vistax64.com/vista-general/80745-re-command-prompt-properties.html Command Prompt Properties] ]
* Dragging and dropping a folder or file into a Win32 console window no longer pastes the path of the folder or file. [ [http://www.petri.co.il/missing_drag_and_drop_vista_command_prompt.htm Missing Drag and Drop in Vista Command Prompt] ] The functionality has been disabled due to privilege escalation concerns.


* The "Network Setup Wizard" has been removed.
* Windows Vista uses the strong host model for networking, instead of the weak host model used by all previous Windows versions. A weak host model can accept locally destined unicast packets from any network and transfer them to other interfaces on that network. In a multihomed network setup, a strong host model can considerably limit connectivity although it improves security against multihome-based network attacks. [ [http://www.microsoft.com/technet/technetmag/issues/2007/09/CableGuy/ Strong and Weak Host Models] ]
* A single icon in the notification area (system tray) represents network connectivity through all network adapters, whether wired or wireless and for all different types of connections. It is not possible to set individual connection status icons on the taskbar or hide some or all network icons altogether.
* Changing the "KeepRasConnections" registry key to remain connected after logging off from a RAS client is not supported in Windows Vista. [ [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/158909/ How to keep RAS connections active after logging off in Windows versions prior to Windows Vista] ]
* The Direct cable connection feature is not supported in Windows Vista. [ [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/930086/en-us Direct incoming connections over serial, infrared or parallel ports are not supported in Windows Vista] ]
* Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) and POP3 servers have been removed from the IIS component in Windows Vista. [ [http://weblogs.asp.net/steveschofield/archive/2006/12/19/iis7-post-23-vista-and-smtp-server-where-is-it.aspx IIS7 Vista and SMTP server. Where is it?] ]
* The Gopher protocol is no longer supported.
* The Messenger service and the Alerter service are no longer available. [ [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa370242(VS.85).aspx Alert functions (Windows): MSDN] ]
* Rarely used protocols such as Bandwidth Allocation Protocol and X.25 support for SLIP have been removed. SLIP connections are automatically upgraded to use PPP.
* The SPAP, EAP-MD5-CHAP, and MS-CHAP v1 protocols are no longer supported for PPP-based connections, in favor of MS-CHAP v2. [ [http://www.activewin.com/reviews/previews/vistarc1tech/#Sidebar MS-CHAPv1 support dropped] ]
* Unlike Outlook Express, Windows Mail has no support for HTTP mail via the WebDAV protocol (used by older Hotmail accounts and Yahoo! Mail); the addition of Windows Live Mail is likely to be required for similar functionality and there is a link to this from the Welcome Center. Also, unlike Outlook Express, Windows Mail does not allow users to switch "Identities" or manage multiple identities within one running instance of the program. Instead, identities are now tied to the "user account" and to create additional users or identities, a new "user account" has to be created. [ [http://windowshelp.microsoft.com/Windows/en-US/Help/98c039d9-78d1-41c7-8ece-b505780d68701033.mspx E-mail identities in Windows Mail] ]
* The NWLink IPX/SPX/NetBIOS Compatible Transport Protocol is no longer supported.
* rexec, rsh, finger, and some other command-line tools primarily used to communicate with UNIX-based systems have been removed from the default installation. The Subsystem for Unix-based applications (SUA) (previously known as Windows Services for Unix) still provides them as an optional component.
* Windows Messenger has been removed in favor of a link to Windows Live Messenger. Windows Messenger support has also been dropped from Windows Media Center. [http://windowshelp.microsoft.com/Windows/en-US/Help/ee71263b-9430-49e5-9cee-20ba55f464941033.mspx What happened to Messenger in Windows Media Center?] ]
* The RTC Client API 1.3 is not included in Windows Vista. [ [http://blogs.technet.com/uc/archive/2006/11/30/rtc-client-api-s-and-windows-vista.aspx RTC Client APIs and Windows Vista] ]
* Support for built-in H.323 Voice Over IP (VOIP) capabilities has been removed. NetMeeting, H.323 and IP Multicast Conference TSPs, and HyperTerminal all are no longer included. Windows Meeting Space is the replacement for NetMeeting, however, features like microphone support, and ability to set up audio or video conferences, are now removed. [ [http://www.microsoft.com/windows/netmeeting Migrating from NetMeeting] ]
* IP over 1394 (FireWire networking) support has been removed.cite web
title=Discontinued Support for IP over 1394
date=December 8 2004
work=Microsoft Hardware Database Compatibility
* Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) has been removed.
* The NetBEUI protocol is no longer supported.
* The Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routing protocol component in Routing and Remote Access was removed.
* The basic firewall/filtering functionality and static IP filter APIs in Routing and Remote Access are not available.
* Services for Macintosh, which provided file and print sharing via the now deprecated AppleTalk protocol, has been removed.
* NetDDE, a technology that allows applications using the DDE transport to transparently exchange data over a network, is no longer supported. [ [http://blogs.msdn.com/nickkramer/archive/2006/04/18/577962.aspx NetDDE is not present in Windows Vista] ]
* The NT LAN Manager Security Support Provider service has been removed in favor of the newer Kerberos authentication protocol.
* Users can no longer browse a domain structure. All computers on the network are displayed in a unified list. The list can be "filtered" to display only computers from the desired domain, but the list is still populated with all computers on the network, slowing the process.


* In Windows XP, essentially, audio would be "broadcast" to all the audio endpoints at once. However, the new audio engine in Windows Vista changes this behaviour. Basically, audio can be sent only to the specific endpoint that the system has set by default, or which the user has configured via the "Control Panel" setting. Although this new audio behavior provides more flexibility and separate Digital Signal Processing (DSP) capabilities, it is limiting in cases where audio has to be streamed locally or across the network to multiple devices (analog to one and digital to another). [ [http://thegreenbutton.com/forums/thread/183405.aspx Output of analog and digital audio in Windows Vista and Media Center] ]
* Since Windows Vista features a rewritten audio stack and does not inherit the Hardware Abstraction Layer for audio that was present under prior versions of Windows, there is no hardware acceleration of "DirectSound" and "DirectSound3D" APIs. DirectSound is emulated entirely in software. As a result, hardware acceleration and 3D spatialization utilizing "DirectSound3D" is no longer supported.
* The ability to choose a different hardware or software MIDI synthesizer other than the default "Microsoft GS Wavetable Software synth" has been removed from the user interface for audio configuration in Windows Vista. A different output MIDI synth or output device port can be selected only by editing the registry. [ [http://forums.creative.com/creativelabs/board/message?board.id=Vista&message.id=7749 MIDI and Windows Vista] ] [ [http://windowsvistablog.com/blogs/windowsvista/archive/2006/12/06/audio-improvements-in-windows-vista.aspx Audio improvements in Windows Vista] ]
* Windows Media Player 10, which is downloadable for Windows XP and part of Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005 includes the Fraunhofer MP3 ACM codec. Because of licensing restrictions, Windows Vista only includes an MP3 decoder, not an ACM encoder. [ [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/937141 You cannot use the Fraunhofer IIS MPEG Layer-3 codec to create MP3 content] ]
* It is not possible to back up and restore licenses in Windows Media Player 11. [ [http://www.microsoft.com/windows/windowsmedia/player/faq/drm.mspx#q11_2 Windows Media DRM FAQs] ]
* The ability to customize the Windows startup sound has been removed, although the logon and logoff sounds can still be customized.
* Windows Media Center drops support for the Caller ID and Windows Messenger features. [ [http://windowshelp.microsoft.com/Windows/en-US/Help/d0110d17-369c-49ae-9e44-f18b52e400891033.mspx What happened to caller ID in Windows Media Center?] ]
* In the "Sound" Control Panel applet, the ability to preview a sound from the "Browse" dialog box has been removed.
* While playing a VCD in Windows Media Player, it is no longer possible to choose the left or right audio channel alone, which is sometimes used for "bilingual" function (stereo audio where the left and right channels contain different audio tracks).
* The option to enable or disable digital CD audio is not available in the CD/DVD drive's properties in Device Manager.

File system, drivers, memory and hardware

* Windows Vista arbitrarily restricts the amount of memory DPMI programs can have to 32 MB (33,554,432 bytes). The limitation applies to DPMI programs running inside NTVDM. [ [http://www.trnicely.net/misc/vista.html Windows Vista restricts non-Win32 apps to 32 MB of memory] ] The same is not true for previous versions of Windows.
* Installing Windows Vista on a volume with a FAT32 file system is no longer supported. Windows Vista can be installed only on an NTFS volume. [ [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/926069 Windows Vista can only be installed on an NTFS volume] ] Reading from and writing to FAT and FAT32 volumes is still supported.
* In the Windows Vista implementation of EFS, apparently there is no longer support for the WebDAV protocol.Fact|date=March 2008 In Windows XP, encrypted files copied from or to WebDAV shares would remain encrypted "on the wire" (which contrasts with the decryption that occurs when copying from or to SMB aka CIFS shares). In Windows Vista, encrypted files copied from or to WebDAV shares would be decrypted "on the wire".
* For Plug-and-play hardware, it is not possible to choose from a list of available device drivers in the "Found new hardware" wizard which starts automatically. Only the "Update Driver" wizard which can be invoked from Device Manager allows manually choosing a driver from a list.
* Windows Management Instrumentation Driver Extensions to WDM are no longer supported. cite web
title=Deprecated components in Windows Vista
* Unsigned 64-bit kernel-mode device drivers can no longer be installed. [cite web|url=http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/winlogo/drvsign/drvsign.mspx|title=Driver Signing Requirements for Windows|publisher=Microsoft|accessdate=2008-07-06] [cite web|publisher=Microsoft|url=http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa906239.aspx|title=Kernel-Mode Code Signing Policy (Windows Server 2008 and Windows Vista)|accessdate=2008-07-08] [cite news|url=http://www.theregister.co.uk/2007/08/10/ati_driver_snafu/|title=ATI driver flaw exposes Vista kernel|date=2007-08-10|date=2008-07-08|publisher=The Register|author=John Leyden]
* Advanced settings for PS/2 mice such as "sample rate", "input buffer length" and "fast initialization" are not available in Mouse properties in Device Manager. [ [http://www.vistaheads.com/forums/microsoft-public-windows-vista-hardware-devices/91114-overclock-ps2-usb-mouse.html Overclock PS2 or USB Mouse] ]
* Offline Files (Client Side Caching) has been rewritten for Vista, dropping API support for various support tools such as CscCmd [cite web|title=Features and functions in version 1.1 of the Client-Side Caching Command-Line Options command-line tool|date=2006-10-30|accessdate=2008-08-24|publisher=Microsoft|url=http://support.microsoft.com/kb/884739] in the process. Furthermore, if the cache is encrypted (per the default setting), then multiple users of a machine can no longer make the same file available offline, as the cache is now encrypted by user-specific EFS. [cite web|url=http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749610.aspx|title=Encrypting File System|date=2008-05-01|accessdate=2008-08-15|publisher=Microsoft]

Boot, shutdown, power management

* There is no progress bar indicating the hibernation status on Windows Vista. After users choose to hibernate, Windows Vista simply turns off the screen before saving the data to disk and turning off the computer. [ [http://www.adopenstatic.com/cs/blogs/ken/archive/2006/12/26/919.aspx Vista Annoyances 2] ] [ [http://forum.notebookreview.com/showthread.php?t=112641 Vista & Hibernate Status] ] Also, when resuming, Windows Vista displays an "indeterminate" progress bar instead of the "determinate" progress bar used in previous versions of Windows.
* Although it is possible to customize the action Windows takes when the hardware "Power" button is pressed, it is no longer possible to set power options "to ask the user every time" what action to take upon pressing it. Therefore, selecting a different power action "in each case" is not possible. [ [http://nlbeck.dk/PleaseAskMeWhatToDo.aspx "Ask me what to do" no longer a configurable option in each case when user presses power button] ]
* The Shutdown menu has been removed from Windows Task Manager.
* The NTLDR boot loader, NTDETECT.COM and BOOT.INI boot files used in previous versions of the NT kernel have been replaced by the BOOTMGR boot loader and BOOT folder; the NTFS boot sector has also been updated to support these changes, [cite web|url=http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749177.aspx|title=Bootsect Command-Line Options|publisher=Microsoft|accessdate=2008-09-24] breaking boot compatibility with earlier versions of Windows for some scenarios.
* The uninterruptible power supply (UPS) service which monitors a UPS connected through a COM port is no longer available. [ [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms789316.aspx Writing UPS Minidrivers: MSDN] ]

Windows applications and features

* The graphical representation and progress indicator of the defragmentation process or its analysis have been removed from Windows Disk Defragmenter. [ [http://www.geekzone.co.nz/freitasm/529 Windows Vista Defrag: Dumbed-Down Interface] ] It is also not possible in the RTM release to manually specify which drives to defragment from the GUI without using the command line "defrag.exe" utility. Windows Vista Service Pack 1 includes the ability to control which volumes the disk defragmenter runs on. cite web
title=Notable changes in Windows Vista SP1
] The ability to view any volume-related information such as its file system, capacity, free space, percentage of free space, cluster size, contiguous files, file and volume fragmentation information in the "analysis report" of a volume is also absent. It is also impossible to save or print the analysis report or pause and resume the defragmentation mid-way.
* In the Windows Vista version of the Backup application, it is not possible to specify what files and folders to back up and what files and folders are to be excluded. Users can select only "document categories" to back up. Files from a specific path or over the network also cannot be backed up due to this reason. Backup also does not present a list of files that will be backed up. Also, Encrypting File System (EFS) files are skipped over and not backed up. [ [http://blogs.technet.com/filecab/pages/452232.aspx Windows Vista Backup Chat] ] [ [http://blogs.msdn.com/spatdsg/archive/2007/03/01/efs-and-vista-and-backup.aspx EFS and Windows Vista Backup] ] Windows Vista Service Pack 1 adds support for backing up EFS-encrypted files. [http://download.microsoft.com/download/d/3/b/d3b63d2f-8016-4abe-9e76-cbd2fe89631e/Notable_Changes_in_Windows_Vista_SP1_%20Release%20_Candidate.doc Notable changes in Windows Vista SP1] ] Also, tape drives cannot be used to backup data.
* Windows Vista Backup does not have all the features and command line parameters supported by NTBackup. [ [http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb490952.aspx Ntbackup Command line Reference] ]
* Sound Recorder in Windows Vista can no longer open audio files. Moreover, it cannot save in lossless (uncompressed) WAV format when run without using any switches; instead, it saves in lossy 96 kbit/s WMA format. Only the version of Sound Recorder from the "N" editions of Windows Vista saves audio in WAV format by default. [ [http://www.jakeludington.com/windows_vista/20060524_windows_vista_sound_recorder.html Sound Recorder in Windows Vista cannot open existing files] ] Also, all the basic audio processing features such as format conversion, sample rate conversion, adding echo, reversing the audio, changing volume and playback speed, splitting, inserting and mixing audio have been removed. The graphical viewing of the sound wave spectrum has been replaced with a level meter.
* Version 6.4 of Windows Media Player (mplayer2.exe) is no longer included. It was also dropped previously from Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005 but was present in other Windows XP editions.
* Support for Microsoft Office Word documents (*.DOC) has been removed from WordPad. [ [http://www.windowswatch.co.uk/2007/03/no-word-support.html Windows Watch: No Word support in Wordpad] ] Microsoft recommends the freely downloadable "Word Viewer" for viewing these documents.
* The wizard for transferring photos from the camera had some of its functionality removed in Windows Photo Gallery such as the ability to choose which images to transfer from the camera; users had to copy all images even if they had been previously downloaded. However, the previous behavior with options to choose and automatically organize photos into folders is available in Windows Live Photo Gallery. [ [http://blogs.msdn.com/pix/archive/2007/09/05/import.aspx Changes to Photo/Video Import in Live Photo Gallery] ] Also, users can still manually copy specific images from the camera by exploring the connected camera from "Windows Explorer".
* Support for animated .gif files has been removed in Windows Photo Gallery which replaced the Windows Picture and Fax Viewer. Only the first frame of the GIF animation is shown in Windows Photo Gallery. Animated GIF files display properly in Internet Explorer. Support for WMF and EMF formats has also been removed from Windows Photo Gallery.
* It is not possible to share Microsoft Office Outlook contacts with Windows Contacts, whereas in Windows XP, configuring the "UseOutlook" value in the registry allowed sharing Outlook contacts with the Windows Address Book.
* The ability to send email as plain text (without HTML) only to a specific contact is not available in Windows Contacts.
* The following MDAC/Windows Data Access Components have been deprecated: 16-bit ODBC, Jet and Replication Objects (JRO), Remote Data Services (RDS), AppleTalk and Banyan Vines SQL Network Libraries, OLEDB Simple Provider (MSDAOSP), ODBC Setup, ODBC Cursor Engine and OLE DB Interface Remoting. [cite web|publisher=Microsoft|accessdate=2008-07-25|url=http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms692882(VS.85).aspx|title=Windows DAC/MDAC Deprecated Components]
* The Faxing components (Fax Console, Cover Page Editor and wizards) have been removed). Windows Fax and Scan is their replacement, however it is only included in Windows Vista Business, Enterprise and Ultimate editions. [ [http://windowshelp.microsoft.com/Windows/en-US/help/c54448ec-b3ec-4fab-ad6b-fe24abe5346b1033.mspx What happened to Fax Console?] ]

Legacy applications and features

* ClipBook Viewer is not included. [ [http://www.winvistaclub.com/t72.html Unable to find Clipboard Viewer (Clipbrd.exe) in Vista] ]
* Object Packager, a legacy tool for packaging non-OLE objects and embedding/linking them inside OLE objects, is not included. [ [http://www.vistax64.com/vista-general/94946-alternative-object-packager-removed-vista.html Alternative for Object Packager (Removed in Vista)] ]
* Built-in support for the 32-bit .HLP (WinHelp) help format has been removedcite web
url = http://support.microsoft.com/kb/917607/
title = WinHlp32.exe is no longer included in Windows Vista
accessdate = 2006-08-31
publisher = Microsoft
] to discourage software developers from using the obsolete format and encourage use of newer 32-bit help formats such as Compiled HTML Help. When starting an application which uses the 32-bit .HLP format, Windows will display a warning saying that the format is not supported any more. The viewer for viewing .HLP files is available from the Microsoft Download Center, though features present in previous versions are disabled. [ [http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=6ebcfad9-d3f5-4365-8070-334cd175d4bb&displaylang=en Download WinHelp Viewer for Windows Vista] ] [ [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/917607 WinHelp and Windows Vista] ] . Support for the 16-bit .HLP format remains.
* Context-sensitive help is not available in Windows Vista as it was dependent on WinHelp. Although the HTML Help technology also supports context-sensitive help, Windows Vista dialogs remove the "What's this" button and context sensitive help functionality. [ [http://digital.ni.com/public.nsf/allkb/3203A98657F7E8708625725F006EEABD Using What's This? Help on Windows Vista with Visual Basic 6.0] ]
* SerialKeys, an accessibility feature for augmentative communicative devices is no longer supported. [ [http://www.microsoft.com/enable/products/windowsvista/default.aspx Serial Keys support removed.] ]
* The Dr. Watson application debugger and crash analysis tool has been removed. It is intended to be replaced by the Problem Reports and Solutions control panel. [ [http://windowshelp.microsoft.com/windows/en-us/help/6c8431c2-8cac-4ff5-b210-4dceb3fd88331033.mspx/ What happened to Dr. Watson] ] However, its functionality is different.
* The DirectX Diagnostic tool (DxDiag) only shows information; it is no longer possible to test the hardware and the various DirectX components. [ [http://blogs.msdn.com/al_msft/archive/2006/03/20/555065.aspx XNA Framework Goals] ]
* Internet Backgammon, Internet Hearts (not to be confused with Hearts), Internet Reversi, Internet Spades, and Internet Checkers have been removed.cite web | url = http://windowsitpro.com/article/articleid/75780/jsi-tip-4471-what-games-are-included-with-windows-xp.html | title = JSI Tip 4471. What games are included with Windows XP? | date=2001-11-20 | accessdate = 2008-07-22 | publisher = Penton Media Inc. ] cite web | url = http://windowshelp.microsoft.com/windows/en-US/Help/a0061a8f-0c03-4520-812c-7ab16389c95a1033.mspx | title = Windows Vista Help: Learn about Windows games | date=2008-07-22 | accessdate = 2008-07-22 | publisher = Microsoft ] They are freely playable online on MSN Games, however they require signing in to a Windows Live ID. Pinball has also been removed.
* Program Manager has been removed altogether. Previously, in Windows XP Service Pack 2, running the executable did not launch it, however it stored several old icons.
* Many of the screen savers introduced in earlier versions of Windows are not included with Windows Vista, this includes most of the OpenGL screen savers introduced since Windows 95b and classics such as the Flying Windows screen saver.

Graphics, DirectX and video

* When using Windows Aero, all GDI and GDI+ applications run in the new Compositing window manager known as Desktop Window Manager. In that case the GDI render path is redirected through DWM; however GDI is not hardware-accelerated when it is redirected. [ [http://blogs.msdn.com/greg_schechter/archive/2006/03/10/549310.aspx GDI is not hardware accelerated in Windows Vista] ] But, due to the nature of desktop composition (internal management of moving bitmaps and transparency and anti-aliasing of GDI+ being handled at the DWM core), operations like window moves and resizes can be faster or more responsive because underlying content need not be re-rendered. [ [http://www.fernicola.org/loquitor/index.php?/archives/2005/08/26.html WPF - Graphics under the hood] ]
* Obsolete Video for Windows and ACM codecs (Indeo Video, Microsoft H.261, H.263, ACELP.net, G.723.1) are not included.
* Direct3D Retained Mode (D3DRM) has been removed. [ [http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb490276.aspx Addressing Application Compatibility in Windows Vista] ]
* DirectPlay Voice and DirectPlay's NAT Helper have been removed. [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb219721.aspx#What_changes_were_made_to_the_DirectX_runtime_for_Windows_Vista DirectX FAQs] ]
* Some DirectInput functionality (action-mapper UI) has been removed as well. [ [http://forums.microsoft.com/msdn/showpost.aspx?postid=1198467&siteid=1 DirectInput ConfigureDevices in Windows Vista] ]
* DirectPlay has been deprecated. [ [http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb318767(VS.85).aspx DirectPlay deprecated] ]
* The DirectMusic kernel mode synthesizer that supplies the DirectMusic components with a high-resolution timer has been removed. [ [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/943253 Timing jitter and clock drift when editing or playing MIDI in Windows Vista] ]
* Support for the DirectX 7 and DirectX 8 interfaces for Visual Basic 6.0 is not available on Windows Vista.
* Video content support is removed from Windows Image Acquisition for Windows Vista in favor of the newer "Windows Portable Devices" API. [ [http://blogs.msdn.com/wpdblog/archive/2007/02/13/migrating-from-wia-to-wpd.aspx Migrating from WIA to WPD] ] As a result, the Windows Vista version of Windows Movie Maker no longer supports importing video from an analog video source such as a VCR, an analog camcorder or from a Web camera. [ [http://windowshelp.microsoft.com/Windows/en-US/Help/1a1f1e2f-a62f-4e9a-967b-c074548924aa1033.mspx Windows Movie Maker no longer supports analog capture or webcam capture] ]

Installation and servicing

* Because of setup design changes for faster installation, it is not possible to slipstream service packs or hotfixes into the core operating system files as was possible with Windows XP, Windows Server 2003 and Windows 2000. [ [http://windowsvistablog.com/blogs/windowsvista/pages/windows-vista-service-pack-1-beta-whitepaper.aspx Windows Vista Service Pack 1 White Paper] ] Microsoft released an updated Windows Vista disc media that integrates Service Pack 1, however the updated media is only available to certain enterprise customers, MSDN subscribers and new customers who buy the operating system after the release of SP1; it is not available to pre-SP1 end-users of Windows Vista. As an alternative, Windows Automated Install Kit (WAIK) can be used to alter the image, however the process is rather complicated. [http://www.vistax64.com/tutorials/151606-vista-sp1-slipstream-installation-dvd.html]
* Windows Vista uses "Package Manager" ("Pkgmgr.exe") and "Windows Update Standalone Installer" ("Wusa.exe") to install software updates and hotfixes. However, these do not support the various command-line switches like Windows XP's "Package Installer" ("Update.exe") did. [ [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/262841 Command-line switches for Windows software update packages] ] Much of the functionality from "Update.exe" is missing. For example, there is no way to skip backing up uninstall information for hotfixes using the "/nobackup" or "/n" switch. [ [http://blogs.msdn.com/astebner/archive/2007/11/29/6608419.aspx#comments Update.exe switches and Package manager] ] Windows Vista backs up files before installing hotfixes to the "%Windir%WinSxS" folder. Since the backing up of files cannot be skipped, this folder can get considerably large and take up a lot of disk space.
* It is not possible to backup the activation state for the same computer in Windows Vista. In retail or OEM versions of Windows XP, upon reinstallation, it was not necessary to activate Windows on the same computer without making hardware changes, if the WPA.DBL file was backed up and later restored.


* Motherboard support for Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) is required for Windows Vista; as a result, older motherboards supporting only Advanced Power Management do not work as support for the following HALs has been dropped: "Standard PC", "MPS Uniprocessor PC" and "MPS Multiprocessor PC"
* ACPI 2.0 or later is preferred, as Windows Vista's support of technologies like AMD's Cool'n'Quiet power-saving technology is disabled on ACPI 1.0 enabled motherboards.
* Other "legacy" hardware technologies no longer supported include: EISA buses, game ports, MPU-401, AMD K6/2+ Mobile Processors, Mobile Pentium II and Mobile Pentium III SpeedStep; ISAPnPSee [http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms810030.aspx Microsoft Windows and the Plug and Play Framework Architecture] for a discussion on ISA PnP technology.] is disabled by default.

Start menu

* It is not possible to expand the "All Programs" menu in the Vista Start menu into flyout cascading menus.
* Subfolders inside the "All Programs" menu in the Vista Start menu cannot be opened in Windows Explorer by double clicking as was possible with the XP Start menu or Classic Start menu. They also do not expand automatically if the mouse hovers over them (unless working in Windows Classic mode).
* Holding down the SHIFT key while clicking an item to retain the Start menu is not possible in the Vista Start menu.
* The program list in the Vista Start Menu cannot be set to anything other than the "scroll programs" option seen in previous versions of Windows.
* The Vista Start Menu does not allow expanding "Connect To" and "Printers" for quick access to network connections or print/fax devices.
* Icons for Start menu items such as "Computer", "Documents", "Pictures", "Music", "Control Panel", "Network", "Connect To", "Run" and "Printers" have been removed from the right column in the Vista Start menu.
* Many of the above features function as expected when using the classic style start menu, however the classic style start menu emulates older versions of Windows, so new features from Windows Vista and Windows XP, such as the search box or most recent start menu items, are not available.

Other minor changes

* The Startup Hardware Profiles feature in "System Properties" has been removed.
* The Windows Classic theme colors (Brick, Eggplant, Rainy Day, Wheat, Pumpkin, etc.) have been removed.
* The graphical world map has been removed from the "Date and Time" control panel setting in Windows Vista.

ee also

* History of Microsoft Windows
* Windows Server 2008

Notes and references

External links

* [http://www.microsoft.com/windows/products/windowsvista/default.mspx Microsoft's Windows Vista homepage]

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