Mount Bartle Frere

Mount Bartle Frere
Mount Bartle Frere
Mount Bartle Frere is located in Queensland
Mount Bartle Frere
Location in Queensland
Elevation 1,622 m (5,322 ft)
Location
Location Queensland, Australia
Range Bellenden Ker Range
Coordinates 17°23′S 145°49′E / 17.383°S 145.817°E / -17.383; 145.817Coordinates: 17°23′S 145°49′E / 17.383°S 145.817°E / -17.383; 145.817
Climbing
First ascent Christie Palmerston, 26 October 1886
Easiest route Western side

Mount Bartle Frere is the highest mountain in Queensland at an elevation of 1622 metres. The mountain was named after Sir Henry Bartle Frere, a British colonial administrator and then president of the Royal Geographical Society by George Elphinstone Dalrymple in 1873. Bartle Frere was British Governor of Cape Colony at the outset of the Zulu Wars. The Aboriginal name for the mountain is Chooreechillum.

It is located 51 km[1] south of Cairns in the Wooroonooran National Park southwest of the town of Babinda on the eastern edge of the Atherton Tablelands. Mount Bartle Frere is part of the Bellenden Ker Range and the watershed of Russell River.

The foothill to summit is entirely covered by rainforest, ranging from typical tropical rainforest in the lowlands to low cloud forest at the cooler summit, where temperatures are up to 10°C (18°F) lower than on the coast. Despite the treacherous climb, reaching the top offers an expansive view of the surrounding area.

Contents

History

The first European to scale the mountain was Christie Palmerston in 1886. He blazed a tree at the summit "'P' October 26,'86." Reference: 'The Diary of a Northern Pioneer' Christie Palmerston's Experiences published in Queensland Figaro 23/4/1887. Its immediate neighbour Mount Bellenden Ker is the second highest mountain in Queensland at 1593 metres.

USAAC national "star" insignia still clearly visible in this 1983 photograph of the wreckage.

On 21 April 1942 an American Air Corp B-25 Mitchell medium range bomber (41-12455), from the 3rd Bomb Group, 90th Bomb Squadron crashed on the mountain with the loss of all seven crew members. This particular aircraft had only recently returned from the Royce Raid against Japanese forces in the Philippines.[2]

Climbing

The summit of Mount Bartle Frere, when it is not covered in cloud, offers the chance to view both the coastal lowlands and the Atherton Tablelands.[3] The climb can be quite steep in places with some rock scrambling required. Sudden weather changes have been known to occur in the area. The ascent to the summit can be quite treacherous and many tourists have become lost, some for several days, while climbing the mountain.[3] The main reasons for this are the unpredictable weather, poor preparation and occasionally obscure track markers. Nonetheless, an experienced climber should have no problem summiting after an early start from the Josephine Falls car park.

The total distance from Josephine Falls is 15 km return and would normally take between 10–12 hours. The vertical elevation gained is around 1500 metres. This area of Queensland records several metres of rain every year, so it is not usual for the peak to be covered in cloud. The best time to climb Bartle Frere is during winter when the weather is cooler and likelihood of rain is lower. There are orange markers every kilometre along the trail although several of these are difficult to spot.

An easier alternative is to approach from a small camp site at the western side. It is reachable by car via Topaz Road and Gourka Road. From this starting point (at an altitude of 700 m), it's relatively easy to complete the climb and descent in a day. It is a favourite with local bushwalking clubs and is best attempted in the dry winter months, from June to October. Walking during the wet season (December to April) brings with it the risks of torrential tropical downpours, poor visibility and leeches. Rock slips occur occasionally.

There is a shorter 10 km return trail to 'Broken Nose', a spur feature on the southern side from Josephine Falls. Although there is a large map at the Josephine Falls car park, there are no other maps or ranger station before the climb.

Climate

Although no rain gauge exists on the mountain, data at nearby Mount Bellenden Ker suggest an annual average rainfall of around 8,000 millimetres (310 in),[4] and an estimated potential maximum as high as 17,000 mm (670 in), both of which would make the mountain one of the wettest places in the world. Even in what constitutes the "dry" in most of tropical Australia, rainfall on the summit is very heavy at around 800 mm (31 in) in May and 350 mm (14 in) in August, whilst in the wettest month of March estimated averages are as high as 1,800 mm (71 in) and maxima around 6,000 mm (240 in). Calculations based on available lowland data (from Innisfail, Cairns and Port Douglas) would suggest daily rainfalls could have been potentially as high as 2,000 mm (79 in) during a cyclone in 1911 - which if accurate would be the highest daily rainfall in the world.

Vegetation

Linospadix minor, a palm species on Mount Bartle Frere

The high altitude and rainfall of the mountain create conditions for a number of vegetation types growing on the poor granitic soils.[5] The lower slopes support lowland tropical rainforest (complex mesophyll vine forest) with a great diversity of large leaved trees, climbers, epiphytes, palms and ferns. With increasing elevation the rainforest changes to a less diverse smaller leaved notophyll type. At elevations above 1000 m Simple Microphyll Vine Fern Forest is found with species such as the purple Kauri Pine Agathis atropurpurea, Elaeocarpus ferruginiflora and Pimple Bark Balanops australiana. With further increases in altitude increasing exposure and cloud contact create conditions ideal for the formation of cloud forest (Simple Microphyll Vine Fern Thicket) many of the species are rare or endemic and most trees are shrouded in mosses and other bryophytes.[6]

The stunted tree Eucryphia wilkei found in the cloud forest above 1500 m elevation on Mount Bartle Frere exists nowhere else on earth and has relatives in the Cool Temperate Rainforests of Tasmania and Chile. Other notable species include the Mountain Aspen Acronychia chooreechillum, Trochocarpa bellendenkerensis, Polyscias bellendenkerensis, the vine Parsonsia bartlensis and Australia's only native rhododendron, Rhododendron lochiae which grows on top of the large granite boulders or as an epiphyte in the cloud forest canopy.[7] Eidothea zoexylocarya was initially discovered on the slopes of Mount Bartle Frere, which holds its main populations.

In some areas near the summit the granitic soil is so leached of nutrients by the very high rainfall that rainforest plants are replaced by heath plants such as Acrothamnus spathaceus, Acrotriche baileyana, ferns, (Gleichenia species), carnivorous sundews (Drosera species) and the orchid, Dipodium ensifolium.

Fauna

The Bartle Frere skink has only been found on the slopes of Mount Bartle Frere above 1400 m.

See also

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mount Bartle Frere — Bild gesucht  BWf1 Höhe 1.622 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mount Bartle Frere — noun the highest mountain peak in Queensland, Australia • Instance Hypernyms: ↑mountain peak • Part Holonyms: ↑Queensland …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bartle Frere — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Frère (homonymie). Bartle Frere Henry Bartle Edward Frere (29 mars 1815 29 mai 1884) est un …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bartle Frere — noun a living fossil or so called green dinosaur ; genus or subfamily of primitive nut bearing trees thought to have died out 50 million years ago; a single specimen found in 1994 on Mount Bartle Frere in eastern Australia; not yet officially… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bartle Frere, Mount — ▪ mountain, Queensland, Australia       mountain in Bellenden Ker Range, northeastern Queensland, Australia. It is the highest point in the state and rises to 5,287 ft (1,611 m) in an area reserved as a national park. Its slopes have the climate… …   Universalium

  • Bartle Frere — /ˈbatl frɪə/ (say bahtl frear) noun Mount, a mountain in north eastern Qld, in the Bellenden Ker Range; the south peak is the highest peak in Qld. 1622 m …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Henry Bartle Frere — Sir Henry Bartle Edward Frere, 1st Baronet, GCB, GCSI, (March 29, 1815–May 29, 1884) was a British colonial administrator.Early lifeBorn in Clydach (specifically Clydach House), home of the manager of Clydach Ironworks (Frere s Father) in… …   Wikipedia

  • genus Bartle-Frere — noun a living fossil or so called green dinosaur ; genus or subfamily of primitive nut bearing trees thought to have died out 50 million years ago; a single specimen found in 1994 on Mount Bartle Frere in eastern Australia; not yet officially… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Mount Kosciuszko — View of Mount Kosciuszko from the east Elevation 2,228 m (7,310 ft)  …   Wikipedia

  • Mount Bogong — from near Mount Beauty Elevation 1,986 m (6,516 ft)  …   Wikipedia

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