Courland Governorate

Courland Governorate
Курляндская губерния
Courland Governorate
Governorate of the Russian Empire

Coat of arms of Courland

Coat of arms

Location of Courland
Courland Governorate, Livonia Governorate, Estonia Governorate of the Russian Empire
Capital Jelgava
 - Partition of Poland March 28 1795
 - German occupation 1915
 - Treaty of Brest-Litovsk 1918
 - (1897) 674,034 
Political subdivisions 9
History of Latvia
Coat of Arms of Latvia
This article is part of a series
Ancient Latvia
Kunda culture
Narva culture
Corded Ware culture
Amber Road and Aesti
Baltic Finns: Livonians, Vends
Latgalians, Curonians, Selonians, Semigallians
Middle ages
Principality of Jersika, Principality of Koknese
Livonian Crusade, Livonian Brothers of the Sword, Livonian Order
Archbishopric of Riga, Bishopric of Courland
Terra Mariana
Early modern period
Livonian War
Kingdom of Livonia
Duchy of Livonia, Duchy of Courland and Semigallia
Polish–Swedish war (1600-1629), Second Northern War
Swedish Livonia, Inflanty Voivodeship
Great Northern War
Governorate of Livonia, Courland Governorate
Modern Latvia
Latvian National Awakening, New Current
German occupation, Latvian Riflemen, United Baltic Duchy, Latvian Socialist Soviet Republic
War of Independence
Soviet occupation of Latvia in 1940, Occupation of Latvia by Nazi Germany, Occupation of Latvia by Soviet Union 1944–1945
Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic
Popular Front of Latvia
Singing Revolution
Restoration of Independence
Republic of Latvia

Latvia Portal
v · d · e

Courland Governorate, also known as the Province of Courland,[1] Governorate of Kurland[2] (Russian: Курля́ндская губерния), and Government of Courland (German: Kurländisches Gouvernement), was one of the Baltic governorates of the Russian Empire, that is now part of the Republic of Latvia.

The governorate was created in 1795 out of the territory of the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia that was incorporated into the Russian Empire as the province of Courland with its capital at Jelgava (called Mitau at the time), following the third partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Until the late 19th century the governorate was not ruled by Russia but was administered independently by the local Baltic German nobility through a feudal Regional Council (German: Landtag).[3]

The governorate was bounded in north by the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Riga and the Governorate of Livonia; west by the Baltic Sea; south by the Vilna Governorate and Prussia and east by the Vitebsk Governorate and Minsk Governorate. The population in 1846 was estimated at 553,300.[1]

It ceased to exist during the World War I after the German Empire took control of the region in 1915. Russia surrendered the territory by the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk on March 3, 1918.


List of governors

Between 1800 and 1876 overall authority in Courland was handed to the governor-general of the Baltic Provinces (German: Generalgouverneur der Ostseeprovinzen).

  • 1795 - 1796 Peter Ludwig Freiherr von der Pahlen (temporary governor-general of Courland and Pilten)
  • 1796 - 1798 Gustav Matthias Jakob von der Wenge
  • 1798 - 1800 Carl Wilhelm Heinrich von der Osten
  • 1800 - 1808 Nikolay Ivanovich Arsenyev
  • 1808 Jakob Maximilian von Brieskorn (acting governor on 18-21 May 1812)
  • 1808 - 1811 Johann Wilhelm Baron von Hogguer
  • 1811 Jakob Maximilian von Brieskorn (acting governor in August-September 1812)
  • 1811 - 1816 Friedrich Wilhelm Graf von Sievers (in exile in Riga during Napoleonic invasion of Courland in July-December 1812)
  • 1812 Jules de Chambaudoin and Charles de Montigny (French intendants of Courland, Semigallia and Pilten on 1 August-8 October 1812)
  • 1812 Jacques David Martin (French governor-general of Courland on 8 October-20 December 1812)
  • 1816 - 1824 Emannuel von Stanecke
  • 1824 - 1827 Paul Baron von Hahn
  • 1827 - 1853 Christoph Engelbrecht von Brevern
  • 1853 Aleksandr Petrovich Beklemishev (acting governor on 10 May-14 June 1853)
  • 1853 - 1858 Pyotr Aleksandrovich Valuyev
  • 1858 Julius Gustav von Cube (acting governor on 10-21 May 1858)
  • 1858 - 1868 Johann von Brevern
  • 1868 - 1885 Paul Fromhold Freiherr von Lilienfeld
  • 1885 Aleksandr Alekseyevich Manyos
  • 1885 - 1888 Konstantin Ivanovich Pashchenko
  • 1888 - 1891 Dimitriy Sergeyevich Sipyagin
  • 1891 - 1905 Dimitriy Dimitriyevich Sverbeyev
  • 1905 - 1906 Woldemar von Böckmann
  • 1906 - 1910 Leonid Mikhailovich Knyazev
  • 1910 Nikolay Dmitriyevich Kropotkin
  • 1910 - 1915 Sergey Dimitriyevich Nabokov
  • 1915-1917 Tatishchev, Pyotr Vasilyevich Gendrikov, Strakhov (in exile in Tartu after German invasion of Courland in July 1915).

In March 1918 the Baltic provinces were transferred to German authority following the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.


  • By the Imperial census of 1897.[4] In bold are languages spoken by more people than the state language.

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ a b The English Cyclopaedia By Charles Knigh
  2. ^ The Baltic States from 1914 to 1923 By LtCol Andrew Parrott
  3. ^ Smith, David James (2005). The Baltic States and Their Region. Rodopi. ISBN 9789042016668. 
  4. ^ Language Statistics of 1897 (Russian)
  5. ^ Languages, number of speakers which in all gubernia were less than 1000

Livonian Confederation Terra Mariana Latvian SSR Duchy of Livonia (1721–1917) Duchy of Livonia (1629–1721) Duchy of Livonia (1561–1621) Courland Governorate Duchy of Courland and Semigallia EU Latvia History of Latvia

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Governorate of Livonia — Лифляндская губерния Governorate of Livonia Governorate of the Russian Empire …   Wikipedia

  • Governorate of Estonia — For the governorate from 1917 18, see Autonomous Governorate of Estonia. Эстляндская губерния Estlyandskaya guberniya Governorate of Estonia Governorate of the Russian Empire …   Wikipedia

  • Courland — This article is about the historical and cultural region of Kurzeme. For other uses, see Kurzeme. Coat of arms of Courland Details Courland (Latvian: Kurzeme …   Wikipedia

  • Duchy of Courland and Semigallia (1918) — Duchy of Courland and Semigallia Herzogtum Kurland und Semgallen (de) Kurzemes un Zemgales hercogiste (lv) Proposed Client state of the German Empire …   Wikipedia

  • Duchy of Courland and Semigallia — This article is about the 16th 18th century duchy. For the short lived state founded after World War I, see Duchy of Courland and Semigallia (1918). Duchy of Courland and Semigallia Ducatus Curlandiæ et Semigalliæ (la) Kurzemes un Zemgales… …   Wikipedia

  • Masovia Governorate — (Russian: Мазовская Губерния Polish: Gubernia mazowiecka) was an administrative unit (governorate) of the Congress Poland. It was created in 1837 from the Masovia Voivodeship; in 1844 it was merged into a larger Warsaw Governorate …   Wikipedia

  • Kherson Governorate — Херсонская губерния Херсонська губернія A historic map by cartographer Yuly Shokalsky. Capital city Nikolayev (1802 1803) Kherson (1803 1922) Area 70,600 km² (1920) …   Wikipedia

  • Mogilev Governorate — (English) Могилевская губернiя (Pre 1918 Russian) Магілёўская губерня (Belarusian) Gubernia mohylewska …   Wikipedia

  • Minsk Governorate — The Minsk Governorate (Russian: Минская губерния) or Government of Minsk was a governorate (guberniya) of the Russian Empire. The seat was in Minsk. It was created in 1793 from the land acquired in the partitions of Poland, and lasted until 1921 …   Wikipedia

  • Olonets Governorate — Олонецкая губернiя Aunuksen kuvernementti Olonets Governorate Governorate of Russian Empire, Soviet Russia …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”