David Gross

David Gross
David J. Gross

David Jonathan Gross
Born February 19, 1941 (1941-02-19) (age 70)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Residence United States
Nationality United States
Fields Physics, String Theory
Institutions University of California, Santa Barbara
Harvard University
Princeton University
Alma mater Hebrew University
University of California, Berkeley
Doctoral advisor Geoffrey Chew
Doctoral students Frank Wilczek
Edward Witten
William E. Caswell
Rajesh Gopakumar
Nikita Nekrasov
Known for Asymptotic freedom
Heterotic string
Notable awards Dirac Medal (1988)
Harvey Prize (2000)
Nobel Prize in Physics (2004)

David Jonathan Gross (born February 19, 1941) is an American particle physicist and string theorist. Along with Frank Wilczek and David Politzer, he was awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics for their discovery of asymptotic freedom. He is currently the director and holder of the Frederick W. Gluck Chair in Theoretical Physics at the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics of the University of California, Santa Barbara.



David Gross and his wife in Santa Barbara
Construction works at Kavli Institute

He was born in Washington, D.C. to a Jewish family and raised in the United States. His father was Bertram Myron Gross (1912–1998). Gross received his bachelor's degree and master's degree from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, in 1962. He received his Ph.D. in physics from the University of California, Berkeley in 1966 under the supervision of Geoffrey Chew.

He was a Junior Fellow at Harvard University and a Professor at Princeton University until 1997. He was the recipient of a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship in 1987, the Dirac Medal in 1988 and the Harvey Prize in 2000.

In 1973, Gross, working with his first graduate student, Frank Wilczek, at Princeton University, discovered asymptotic freedom, which holds that the closer quarks are to each other, the less the strong interaction (or color charge) between them; when quarks are in extreme proximity, the nuclear force between them is so weak that they behave almost as free particles. Asymptotic freedom, independently discovered by Politzer, was important for the development of quantum chromodynamics.

Gross, with Jeffrey A. Harvey, Emil Martinec, and Ryan Rohm also formulated the theory of the heterotic string. The four were to be whimsically nicknamed the Princeton String Quartet [1]

Gross's hobby is fishing. He once caught a two and three quarters pound bluegill in Florida's Crystal Lake, narrowly missing that state's record.

Honors and awards

See also

  • List of Jewish Nobel laureates


External links

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  • David Politzer — Hugh David Politzer (* 31. August 1949 in New York) ist ein US amerikanischer Physiker und Träger des Nobelpreises für Physik 2004. Politzer ging auf die Bronx High School of Science, welche er 1966 verließ, um an der University of Michigan zu… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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