- David Gross
David J. Gross
David Jonathan Gross
Born February 19, 1941
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Residence United States Nationality United States Fields Physics, String Theory Institutions University of California, Santa Barbara
Alma mater Hebrew University
University of California, Berkeley
Doctoral advisor Geoffrey Chew Doctoral students Frank Wilczek
William E. Caswell
Known for Asymptotic freedom
Notable awards Dirac Medal (1988)
Harvey Prize (2000)
Nobel Prize in Physics (2004)
David Jonathan Gross (born February 19, 1941) is an American particle physicist and string theorist. Along with Frank Wilczek and David Politzer, he was awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics for their discovery of asymptotic freedom. He is currently the director and holder of the Frederick W. Gluck Chair in Theoretical Physics at the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics of the University of California, Santa Barbara.
He was born in Washington, D.C. to a Jewish family and raised in the United States. His father was Bertram Myron Gross (1912–1998). Gross received his bachelor's degree and master's degree from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, in 1962. He received his Ph.D. in physics from the University of California, Berkeley in 1966 under the supervision of Geoffrey Chew.
He was a Junior Fellow at Harvard University and a Professor at Princeton University until 1997. He was the recipient of a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship in 1987, the Dirac Medal in 1988 and the Harvey Prize in 2000.
In 1973, Gross, working with his first graduate student, Frank Wilczek, at Princeton University, discovered asymptotic freedom, which holds that the closer quarks are to each other, the less the strong interaction (or color charge) between them; when quarks are in extreme proximity, the nuclear force between them is so weak that they behave almost as free particles. Asymptotic freedom, independently discovered by Politzer, was important for the development of quantum chromodynamics.
Gross's hobby is fishing. He once caught a two and three quarters pound bluegill in Florida's Crystal Lake, narrowly missing that state's record.
Honors and awards
- Dirac Medal (1988)
- Harvey Prize (2000)
- Nobel Prize in Physics (2004)
- List of Jewish Nobel laureates
- Nobel citation
- ArXiv papers
- Webpage at the Kavli Institute
- Scientific articles of David Gross (SLAC database)
- BBC synopsis on the award
Nobel Laureates in Physics (2001–2025)
- Cornell / Ketterle / Wieman (2001)
- Davis / Koshiba / Giacconi (2002)
- Abrikosov / Ginzburg / Leggett (2003)
- Gross / Politzer / Wilczek (2004)
- Glauber / Hall / Hänsch (2005)
- Mather / Smoot (2006)
- Fert / Grünberg (2007)
- Nambu / Kobayashi / Maskawa (2008)
- Kao / Boyle / Smith (2009)
- Geim / Novoselov (2010)
- Perlmutter / Riess / Schmidt (2011)
- Complete list
2004 Nobel Prize laureates Chemistry: Economic Sciences: Literature: Peace: Physics: Physiology or Medicine:
- Nobel Prize winners: 02
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.