- Mowat-Wilson syndrome
Mowat-Wilson syndrome Classification and external resources
Mowat-Wilson Syndrome, clinical features of Patient 2 at age: (A) 1 year and 6 months; (B-C) 3 years and 5 months; (D-E) 8 years and 1 month.
OMIM 235730 DiseasesDB 32975
This autosomal dominant disorder is characterized by a number of health defects including Hirschsprung's disease, mental retardation, seizure disorder, delayed growth and motor development, congenital heart disease, genitourinary anomalies and absence of the corpus callosum. However, Hirschsprung's disease is not present in all infants with Mowat-Wilson syndrome and therefore it is not a required diagnostic criterion. Distinctive physical features include microcephaly, narrow chin, cupped ears with uplifted lobes with central depression, deep and widely set eyes, open mouth, wide nasal bridge and a shortened philtrum.
However, some of those affected by the disease do not have abnormalities of this gene that are currently detectable.
There is no cure for this syndrome. Treatment is supportive and symptomatic. All children with Mowat-Wilson syndrome required early intervention with speech therapy and physical therapy.
- ^ "Hirschsprung disease, microcephaly, mental retardation, and characteristic facial features: delineation of a new syndrome and identification of a locus at chromosome 2q22-q23 -- Mowat et al. 35 (8): 617 -- Journal of Medical Genetics". http://jmg.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/35/8/617. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
- ^ a b Todo A, Harrington JW. New-onset seizures in infant with square facies, hypospadias, and Hirschsprung disease. Consultant for Pediatricians. 2010;9:103-107.
- ^ "ZEB2 - zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 2". HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee. 11 January 2011. http://www.genenames.org/data/hgnc_data.php?hgnc_id=14881. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- Centre for Genetics Education in Sydney, Australia (PDF Information Sheet)
- Journal of Medical Genetics Vol 41, e16
- Journal of Medical Genetics Vol 40, 305-10
- Journal of Medical Genetics Vol 35, 617-23
- Documentary about a young man with Mowat-Wilson Syndrome
- extensive links page
- GeneReview of Mowat-Wilson syndrome
Genetic disorder, protein biosynthesis: Transcription factor/coregulator deficiencies (1) Basic domains (2) Zinc finger
2.1 (Intracellular receptor): Thyroid hormone resistance · Androgen insensitivity syndrome (PAIS, MAIS, CAIS) · Kennedy's disease · PHA1AD pseudohypoaldosteronism · Estrogen insensitivity syndrome · X-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita · MODY 1 · Familial partial lipodystrophy 3 · SF1 XY gonadal dysgenesis
2.2: Barakat syndrome · Tricho–rhino–phalangeal syndrome
2.3: Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome/Pallister-Hall syndrome · Denys–Drash syndrome · Duane-radial ray syndrome · MODY 7 · MRX 89 · Townes–Brocks syndrome · Acrocallosal syndrome · Myotonic dystrophy 22.5: Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1
(3) Helix-turn-helix domains
3.1: ARX (Ohtahara syndrome, Lissencephaly X2) · HLXB9 (Currarino syndrome) · HOXD13 (SPD1 Synpolydactyly) · IPF1 (MODY 4) · LMX1B (Nail–patella syndrome) · MSX1 (Tooth and nail syndrome, OFC5) · PITX2 (Axenfeld syndrome 1) · POU4F3 (DFNA15) · POU3F4 (DFNX2) · ZEB1 (Posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy 3, Fuchs' dystrophy 3) · ZEB2 (Mowat-Wilson syndrome)
3.3: FOXC1 (Axenfeld syndrome 3, Iridogoniodysgenesis, dominant type) · FOXC2 (Lymphedema–distichiasis syndrome) · FOXE1 (Bamforth–Lazarus syndrome) · FOXE3 (Anterior segment mesenchymal dysgenesis) · FOXF1 (ACD/MPV) · FOXI1 (Enlarged vestibular aqueduct) · FOXL2 (Premature ovarian failure 3) · FOXP3 (IPEX)3.5: IRF6 (Van der Woude syndrome, Popliteal pterygium syndrome)
(4) β-Scaffold factors
with minor groove contacts
4.2: Hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome
4.3: Holt-Oram syndrome · Li-Fraumeni syndrome · Ulnar–mammary syndromeCleidocranial dysostosis
(0) Other transcription factors0.6: Kabuki syndrome Ungrouped Transcription coregulators
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