Miass (English)
Миасс (Russian)
-  City[citation needed]  -
Miass is located in Chelyabinsk Oblast
Coordinates: 55°00′N 60°06′E / 55°N 60.1°E / 55; 60.1Coordinates: 55°00′N 60°06′E / 55°N 60.1°E / 55; 60.1
Coat of Arms of Miass (Chelyabinsk oblast) (2002).png
Flag of Miass (Chelyabinsk oblast).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Chelyabinsk Oblast
Municipal status
Urban okrug Miassky Urban Okrug[citation needed]
Administrative center of Miassky Urban Okrug[citation needed]
Mayor[citation needed] Viktor Ardabyevsky[citation needed]
Area 111.9 km2 (43.2 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census,
151,812 inhabitants[1]
Rank in 2010 115th
Population (2002 Census) 158,420 inhabitants[2]
Rank in 2002 108th
Density 1,357 /km2 (3,510 /sq mi)[3]
Time zone YEKST (UTC+06:00)[4]
Founded 1773[citation needed]
Postal code(s) 456300[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 3513[citation needed]

Miass (Russian: Миа́сс) is a city in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located 96 kilometers (60 mi) west of Chelyabinsk, on the eastern slope of the southern Urals, on the bank of the Miass River. Population: 151,812 (2010 Census preliminary results);[1] 158,420 (2002 Census);[2] 167,839 (1989 Census).[5]



A building in Miass

Miass was founded in 1773 as a copper mining factory. During the 19th century, the development was driven by the discovery of the richest gold deposits in the Urals. Average annual extraction of gold from the Miass region was about 640 kilograms (1,400 lb). In the mid-19th century, the volume of gold mining went down, and the development of Miass also slowed. Town status was granted to Miass in 1923. In 1941, an automobile factory (which still operates as UralAZ) was built.

Economy and education

Currently Miass is a major machinery center. The truck manufacturer UralAZ is one of its most important factories.

There are 39 schools, 5 vocational training schools, 2 technical secondary schools, 5 colleges (including a branch of Chelyabinsk College of Law), four branches of universities, the Institute of Mineralogy of Ural Department of Russian Academy of Sciences, an art school, and 13 sports schools in Miass. A total of 260 businesses operate in Miass.[citation needed]


The enterprise produces three-axle, full-drive trucks of high cross-country passability and exports 8% of the trucks. "UralAZ" was included in the rating of 200 biggest Russian companies in 2000 in volume of sales, and employs 105,000 people. It was established in 1942, when the ZiS factory was evacuated from Moscow during World War II

The State Rocket Center "Makeyev Rocket Design Bureau"

This enterprise creates ballistic missiles for nuclear submarines. In 1955, it was moved from Zlatoust, where it was established at 1947, to Miass.


The old part of the city comprises 19th-century wooden houses with original balconies, jambs, and lintels. The house of the gold mine's administrator, Simonov, has also been preserved.

Lake Turgoyak is located near Miass and is a popular tourist location, with crystal clear water.

Miass has a rich mineralogical museum, as it is close to the Ilmensky Mineral conservation area.


  1. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2010). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  2. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  3. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication).
  5. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 

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