Bakal

Bakal

Bakal ( _ru. Бакал) is a town in Satkinsky District, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Western slopes of the Ural Mountains 264 km west from Chelyabinsk, on the railroad branch Chelyabinsk–Ufa. Population: 22,314 (2002 Census); 24,101 (1989 Census).

Bakal was founded in 1757 as a settlement of serfs resettled to man new Bakal iron ore mines owned by the association of Ivan and Yakov Tverdyshev (Иван & Яков Твердышевы) and Ivan Myasnikov (Мясников Иван Семе­нович).

Town was granted to Bakal on October 25, 1951.

The main enterprise is public company "Bakal Mining Administration" (ОАО "Бакальское рудоуправление", commonly referred by its abbreviation, "БРУ"). The bureaucratic-style name is inherited from Soviet times.

During 1941-1943 a gulag labor camp existed in the area known as Bakal ITL ("Bakal Corrective Labor Camp"), Bakallag (Бакаллаг, abbr. for "Bakal camp") or Bakalstroy of USSR NKVD (Бакалстрой, abbr. for "Bakal construction"), with headquarters in Chelyabinsk. Main occupations: construction of a metallurgic, coke, and other plants, logging, mining. Peak inmate count: about 4,200. In addition, Bakalstruy was manned by Germans (peak count: over 27,000 (January 1942)).

External links

* [http://www.bakal.net/ Bakal portal]
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=54.93333,58.8&spn=0.1,0.1&t=k&hl=en Bakal aerial image] from Google maps
* [http://www.memo.ru/history/NKVD/GULAG/index.htm Bakal ITL] (a "Memorial" site)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bakal — Бакал Coordonnées  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bakal — Stadt Bakal Бакал Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bakal — Original name in latin Bakal Name in other language BAKAL, Bakal, БАКАЛ, Бакал State code RU Continent/City Asia/Yekaterinburg longitude 54.9417 latitude 58.8083 altitude 597 Population 21762 Date 2012 01 17 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Bakal — Sp Bakãlas Ap Бакал/Bakal L ež. P Ukrainoje ir mst. RF Čeliabinsko sr …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Bakal (disambiguation) — Bakal may refer to one of the following ( not to be confused with Baikal ): *Bakal, a town in Russia. *Bakal, Crimea *Bakal, Mali, a village in Gao District, Mali *Bakal, Bangladesh * Captain Bakal , a fictional character from Dragonlance who… …   Wikipedia

  • Bakal, Crimea — Bakal is the name of several places in Crimea *Bakal Spit (коса Бакал, Бакальская коса) is a sandy spit, partially marshland, which enters the Karkinitsky Bay (Karkinitsky Bight) (Каркинитский залив) near the settlement Steregushcheye, Стерегущее …   Wikipedia

  • Bakal, Mali — Bakal is a Tuareg settlement (formed around a like named waterhole) in the Gao district of Mali.Approximate location *Latitude (DMS): 15° 7 60 N *Longitude (DMS): 0° 1 0 EReferences* [http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dpd/parasites/dracunculiasis/wrapup/w… …   Wikipedia

  • Bakal, Bangladesh — Infobox Settlement official name = Bakal, Bangladesh other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = motto = imagesize = image caption = flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = image blank emblem = blank emblem type =… …   Wikipedia

  • bakal — <fr.> İri qədəh, içki piyaləsi. <Semyon:> Yenə də səslənir gümüş bakallar. . . S. V.. // Qədəhə tökülmüş içki mənasında; badə. <Kassir:> Bu bakalı içək, yoldaş, necə ki, mən xahiş eləyirdim, . . içilsin. M. C …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • Igor Bakal — Verband Moldawien  Moldawien Geburtstag …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”