- Chamber of Deputies
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Chamber of deputies is the name given to a legislative body such as the lower house of a bicameral legislature, or can refer to a unicameral legislature.
Historically, France's "Chamber of Deputies" was the lower house of the French Parliament during the Bourbon Restoration, the July Monarchy, and the French Third Republic; the name is still informally used for the National Assembly under the nation's current Fifth Republic.
The term "chamber of deputies" — although it was used as the name of the lower house of parliament in Burma, a former British colony — is not widely used by English-speaking countries, the more popular equivalent being "House of Representatives". It was also the official description of Dáil Éireann (the lower house of the Irish parliament) during the period of the Irish Free State.
In Malta, the House of Representatives is known, in Maltese, as "Kamra tad-Deputati" (although "Kamra tar-Rappreżentanti" has also been used). In Lebanon, the literal Arabic name of that country's parliament is Majlis an-Nuwwab, or, "Chamber of Deputies" (although officially used French and English translations are "Assemblée Nationale" and "National Assembly", respectively).
A member of a "chamber of deputies" is generally called a "deputy", the definition of which is similar to that of "congressperson" or "member of parliament". The term "deputy" may be used to refer to any member of a legislative body or chamber; this usage is particularly common in those French- and Spanish-speaking countries whose parliaments or legislative chambers refer to themselves as "national assemblies"; the term is also used by Portugal's Assembly of the Republic, and often in Ireland as a form of address when referring to members of Dáil Éireann.
Lower house in bicameral legislature
Country Article Local name(s) Argentina Chamber of Deputies of Argentina Cámara de Diputados Bahrain Chamber of Deputies of Bahrain Majlis an Nuwab Bolivia Chamber of Deputies of Bolivia Cámara de Diputados Brazil Chamber of Deputies of Brazil Câmara dos Deputados Chile Chamber of Deputies of Chile Cámara de Diputados Czech Republic Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic Poslanecká sněmovna Dominican Republic Chamber of Deputies of the Dominican Republic Cámara de Diputados Haiti Chamber of Deputies of Haiti Chambre des Députés Italy Chamber of Deputies of Italy Camera dei Deputati Jordan Chamber of Deputies of Jordan Majlis al-Nuwaab Mexico Chamber of Deputies of Mexico Cámara de Diputados Paraguay Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay Cámara de Diputados Romania Chamber of Deputies of Romania Camera Deputaţilor Rwanda Chamber of Deputies of Rwanda Umutwe w'Abadepite
Chambre des Députés
Chamber of Deputies
Spain Congress of Deputies of Spain Congreso de los Diputados Uruguay Chamber of Deputies of Uruguay Cámara de Diputados
In the following countries, 'Chamber of Deputies' is the name given to the unicameral parliaments :
Country Article Local Name Lebanon Chamber of Deputies of Lebanon Assemblée Nationale (National Assembly) / مجلس نواب (Majles Nuweb) Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies of Luxembourg Chambre des députés (French) / D'Chamber (Luxembourgish) Tunisia Chamber of Deputies of Tunisia Majlis al-Nuwaab
Defunct Chambers of Deputies
- Venezuelan Chamber of Deputies2
1. Legislature disbanded
2. New constitution, unicameral system adopted
- List of national legislatures
- ^ "Kamra Tad-Deputati (Maltese Parliament) website". http://www.parliament.gov.mt.
- ^ "Department of Information (Malta - Maltese language only)". http://www.doi.gov.mt/EN/archive/Historyaudio/text2.asp.
- ^ Constitution de Luluabourg (1964 constitution of the Democratic Republic of the Congo) (French)
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