Roselands, New South Wales

Roselands, New South Wales

Infobox Australian Place | type = suburb
name = Roselands
city = Sydney
state = NSW


caption = King Georges Road, Roselands shopping centre entrance
lga = City of Canterbury
postcode = 2196
est = 1987
pop =
area =
propval =
stategov = Electoral district of Lakemba
fedgov = Division of Watson
near-nw = Wiley Park
near-n = Lakemba
near-ne = Belmore
near-w = Punchbowl
near-e = Kingsgrove
near-sw = Riverwood
near-s = Narwee
near-se = Beverly Hills
dist1 = 16
dir1 = south-west
location1= Sydney CBD

Roselands is a suburb, in south-western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Roselands is located 16 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district in the City of Canterbury.

Location

Roselands lies in the Cooks River watershed. The soil is clay, based on Wianamatta shale and is on the eastern edge of the great Cumberland Plain which extends westward to the Hawkesbury River and into the Blue Mountains. The topography is low rolling hills. Before settlement, the vegetation was open eucalypt woodland.

History

Aboriginal

The first inhabitants of surrounding areas were Australian Aboriginals who arrived about 40,000 years ago. At the time of British settlement in 1788 the inhabitants were Aborigines of the Darug language group (a way of defining tribe) and they called themselves, and were known as Kuri or Koori. Land grants by the new colonial government began in about 1810.

European

This area was originally part of the suburb of Punchbowl and still shares it's postcode of 2196. H.R. Morgan was granted land in the area in 1842. John Fenwick bought 100 acres in about 1880 in the area between Canterbury, Canarys and Bonds Roads. He built Belmore House on this land, which was demolished for the construction of the Roselands Shopping Centre. The closest railway line was built to the neighbouring suburb of Belmore in 1895 and extended to Bankstown in 1909.

The suburb takes its name from the plant nursery that originally occupied the land. Later a golf course was built with same name which was taken over to build the shopping centre.

It became a suburb on the 9th February 1987, after some years of agitation by local residents and members of parliament.

Roselands Shopping Centre

Roselands Shopping Centre was one of the first shopping malls built in Australia, and opened in 1965 (predated by Top Ryde (1957), Warringah Mall (1961), Chadstone (1964) and Miranda Fair (1964)). It was built on the site of a golf course. It boasted a large Grace Bros. (now Myer), a movie cinema, an indoor rainfall water feature (the 'raindrop fountain'), tennis courts and the first food court in Australia (the Four Corners, demolished in 2000, remade as the Raindrop Food Court in December 2000). Many local bus services were diverted to service the new shopping centre upon its opening, but the centre was primarily designed for the age of the motor-car, being distant from any railway stations. It has since had many upgrades although it remains smaller than most other Sydney shopping centres. It is currently owned and operated by Centro. It currently features a large 3 floor Myer store, Target, Coles, Food For Less, Lincraft, a large food court and many specialty stores.

Transport

King Georges Road is the main road through Roselands. It is a ring road which connects the northern suburbs of Sydney and the north coast motorways of New South Wales to the southern beaches of Sydney and the south coast motorways of New South Wales.

King Georges Road also connects Roselands to the M5 South Western Motorway which links to Sydney's International Airport (15 minutes drive east) and west to Canberra and Melbourne.

port and Recreation

Roselands Bowling Club is located in Roselands Avenue. Roselands Aquatic Centre is located in Centre Avenue, opposite the shopping centre. Roselands soccer club is located at Bennett Park.

Population

According to the 2001 Census, 35.1 per cent of Roseland residents (3,467 persons) stated they had been born overseas. This is higher than the Australian average of 23.1 per cent but considerably less than in the adjacent suburb of Lakemba where over two-thirds of the population were born overseas. Lebanon was the birthplace of the most foreign-born residents in Roselands at 5.1 per cent (509 persons), followed by those born in Greece at 4.0 per cent (397) and those born in the People's Republic of China at 2.7 per cent (266 persons).

In terms of ethnicity, the largest group in 2001 were those claiming "Australian" ancestry with 15.4 per cent of the responses or 1,749 persons, followed by those claiming English background at 14.6 per cent or 1,656 persons, and thirdly by those claiming Greek descent with 13.3 per cent or 1,505 persons.

Census data reveal that English only is the most common home language in Roselands, used by a plurality of 42.9 per cent of residents (4,273 persons), followed by Greek — the home language of 13.6 per cent (1,353 persons) — and Arabic spoken by 13.5 per cent at home (1,349 persons). The English language was spoken exclusively or "very well" or "well" by 80.6 per cent of the suburb's overseas-born in 2001.

According to the census, Christianity was the most followed faith in Roselands with 69.2 per cent of residents reporting that they were Christian (6,898 persons). However, Christians in the area belong to many sects, with the largest proportions being Catholic at 28.8 per cent or 2,874 persons, Orthodox with 17.8 per cent or 1,773 persons, and Anglican with 12.0 per cent or 1,200 persons. Islam is the fourth largest religious group, accounting for 11.4 per cent of residents or 1,139 persons. The census does not differentiate between Sunni and Shi'a.

Politics

Roselands is in the state Electoral district of Lakemba, which is replesented by current Premier of New South Wales, Morris Iemma. It is considered to be a safe Labor (Australian Labor Party) seat.

External links

* [http://www.canterbury.nsw.gov.au/history/histrose.htm History of Canterbury suburbs - Roselands]


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