Mississippi State Senate

Mississippi State Senate
Mississippi State Senate
Mississippi State Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type Upper house
Term limits None
New session started January 4, 2011
Leadership
President of the Senate Phil Bryant, (R)
since January 10, 2008
President pro Tempore Billy Hewes, (R)
since January 3, 2007
Structure
Members 52
Political groups Republican Party (27)
Democratic Party (24)
Length of term 4 years
Authority Article IV, Mississippi Constitution
Salary $10,000/year + per diem
Elections
Last election November 8, 2011
(52 seats)
Next election November 5, 2015
(52 seats)
Redistricting Legislative Control
Meeting place
Mississippi State Capitol building in Jackson.jpg
State Senate Chamber
Mississippi State Capitol
Jackson, Mississippi
Website
Mississippi State Legislature

The Mississippi Senate is the upper house of the Mississippi Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Mississippi. The Senate is composed of 52 Senators representing an equal amount of constituent districts, with 54,704 people per district (2000 figures). Senators serve four-year terms with no term limits.

Like other upper houses of state and territorial legislatures and the federal U.S. Senate, the Senate can confirm or reject gubernatorial appointments to the state cabinet, commissions and boards.

The Senate convenes in the State Capitol in Jackson.

Contents

Senate defined by law

According to the current Mississippi Constitution of 1890, the Senate is to be composed of no more than 52 members elected for four-year terms. Elections to the Senate are held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November during the state general elections.

Leadership of the Senate

The Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi serves as the President of the Senate, but only casts a legislative vote if required to break a tie. In his or her absence, the President Pro Tempore presides over the Senate. The President Pro Tempore is elected by the majority party caucus followed by confirmation of the entire Senate through a Senate Resolution. Unlike other upper houses in state legislatures, the President Pro Tempore's power is limited. The Lieutenant Governor has the sole ability to appoint the chairmanships or vice chairmanships of various Senate committees, regardless of party size. The other Senate majority and minority leaders are elected by their respective party caucuses.

The President of the Senate is Mississippi Lieutenant Governor Phil Bryant. The President pro tempore is Republican Billy Hewes III.

Composition

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Vacant
End of previous legislature 25 27 52 0
Begin 28 24 52 0
February 2008[1] 27 25
December 29, 2010[2] 26 26
January 3, 2011[3] 25 25 50 2
January 12, 2011[4] 25 26 51 1
February 17, 2011[5] 24 27 51 1
March 1, 2011[6] 25 52 0
May 7, 2011[7] 24 51 1
Latest voting share 47.1% 52.9%

Although the Democratic party retained their majority (27D to 25R) in the state Senate after the 2003 general election, a party switch by former Democratic Senator, James Shannon Walley of Leakesville threw control of the chamber to the Republicans. Walley was elected as a Democrat in 2003 to represent District 43, which includes George, Greene, Stone, and Wayne counties, then announced he was switching parties and won re-election as a Republican. Because the Lieutenant Governor at that time, Amy Tuck, was a Republican (and also a previous party switcher), this gave Republicans control of the Senate for the first time since Reconstruction and a defacto majority only on a tie vote.

Until January 2008, the Senate contained 25 Democrats and 27 Republicans. Democrats enjoyed a net gain of three seats in the November 6, 2007 statewide elections and won back control of the chamber by a 28-24 margin until Senator Nolan Mettetal announced his party switch in February, 2008. The Senate balance was 27-25, with the Democrats holding the slim majority until Cindy Hyde-Smith switched parties, giving the GOP a 26-26 de facto majority, with Lieutenant Governor Phil Bryant holding the tiebreaker vote. After the switch of Ezell Lee on February 17, 2011, the GOP expanded their majority to 27-24, with one vacancy.

Members of the Mississippi Senate (2008-2011)

District Name Party
1st Doug E. Davis Republican
2nd Bill Stone Democratic
3rd Nickey Browning Democratic
4th Eric Powell Democratic
5th J. P. Wilemon Democratic
6th Nancy Adams Collins Republican
7th Hob Bryan Democratic
8th vacant vacant
9th Gray Tollison Democratic
10th H. Nolan Mettetal Republican
11th Robert L. Jackson Democratic
12th Derrick Simmons Democratic
13th Willie Lee Simmons Democratic
14th Lydia Chassaniol Republican
15th Gary Jackson Republican
16th Bennie L. Turner Democratic
17th Terry W. Brown Republican
18th Giles Ward Republican
19th Merle Flowers Republican
20th Lee Yancey Republican
21st Kenny Wayne Jones Democratic
22nd Eugene S. Clarke Republican
23rd Briggs Hopson Republican
24th David Lee Jordan Democratic
25th J. Walter Michel Republican
26th John A. Horhn Democratic
27th Hillman Terome Frazier Democratic
28th Alice Harden Democratic
29th David Blount Democratic
30th Dean Kirby Republican
31st Terry Clark Burton Republican
32nd Sampson Jackson II Democratic
33rd Videt Carmichael Republican
34th Haskins Montgomery Democratic
35th Perry Lee Republican
36th Vincent Davis Democratic
37th Bob Dearing Democratic
38th Kelvin Butler Democratic
39th Cindy Hyde-Smith Republican
40th Sidney Albritton Republican
41st Joey Fillingane Republican
42nd Chris McDaniel Republican
43rd Tommy Dickerson Democratic
44th Thomas E. King, Jr. Republican
45th Billy Hudson Republican
46th David Baria Democratic
47th Ezell Lee Republican
48th Deborah Jeanne Dawkins Democratic
49th Billy Hewes III Republican
50th Thomas Arlin Gollot Republican
51st Michael Watson Republican
52nd Tommy O. Moffatt Republican

See also

References

  1. ^ Democrat Nolan Mettetal switches to the Republican party
  2. ^ Democrat Cindy Hyde-Smith switches to the Republican party.
  3. ^ Republican Alan Nunnelee resigns after assuming office in the 112th Congress, and Johnnie Walls, Jr. resigns the District 12 seat to become a district judge.
  4. ^ Republican Nancy Adams Collins elected to succeed Nunnelee.
  5. ^ Democrat Ezell Lee switches parties.
  6. ^ Democrat Derrick Simmons wins special election for the remainder of Johnnie Walls' (D) term (District 12). [1]
  7. ^ Democrat Jack Gordon dies (District 8). [2]

External links


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