History of display technology

History of display technology

Over the years, a variety of display devices and technologies have been used in order to display electronic data in a way that's legible to humans.


Early history

One of the earliest electronic displays is the cathode ray tube (CRT), which was made commercial in 1922. The CRT consists of an electron gun that forms images by firing electrons onto a phosphor-coated screen. The earliest CRTs were monochrome and were used primarily in oscilloscopes and black and white televisions. The first commercial colour CRT was produced in 1954.[1] CRTs were the single most popular display technology used in television sets and computer monitors for over half a century; it was not until the 2000s that LCDs began to gradually replace them.

A derivative of CRTs were storage tubes, which had the ability to retain information displayed on them, unlike standard CRTs which need to be refreshed periodically. In 1968, Tektronix introduced the Direct-View Bistable Storage Tube, which went on to be widely used in oscilloscopes and computer terminals.[2]

Cathode ray tube

Monochrome CRT

1922 Monochrome cathode ray tube:

Dual trace, showing different time bases on each trace.

Color CRT

1954 Color cathode ray tube for the display of color television[3]:

19" inch (48.3 cm tube, 45.9 cm viewable) ViewSonic CRT computer monitor.

Direct-View Bistable Storage Tube

1968[4] The Direct-View Bistable Storage Tube CRT retains static information displayed upon it, written using a steerable electron beam that can be turned off. In principle the DVBST is similar to an Etch-a-Sketch, and was used in vector displays of early computers and in oscilloscopes.

Tektronix 4014 with a "DVBST" storage display screen

Flip-flap/disc display

1957 Split-flap display:
Fallblattanzeigetafel ausschnitt ffm hbf.jpg

1961 Flip-disc display:


Monochrome plasma display

1964 Monochrome plasma display:

Plasma displays were first used in PLATO computer terminals. This PLATO V model illustrates the display's monochromatic orange glow as seen in 1988.

Light-emitting diode

1968 Light-emitting diode:

LED destination displays on buses, one with a colored route number.
Outdoor 4 x 3 m large LED screen in Jelgava, Latvia.

Eggcrate display

1968 Eggcrate display

Vacuum fluorescent display

1967 Vacuum fluorescent display as used in consumer electronics.

Vacuum fluorescent display used in a videocassette recorder.
VFD raster display

Twisted nematic field effect LCD

1972 Twisted nematic field effect LCD[5][6]:


Pin screen

Pin screen:

Pin art, Flickr.jpg

1969 Braille display:[7]

Refreshable Braille display

Thin film transistor LCD

1986 Color Thin film transistor liquid crystal display[8]:

An ASUS Eee PC netbook.

Full-color plasma display

1995 Full-color plasma display[9]:

A Samsung PN50B450 50-inch Plasma HDTV, an example of a modern Plasma television.

Organic light-emitting diode

2003 Organic light-emitting diode display (OLED) [10]

Sony XEL-1, the world's first OLED TV

2003 Active-matrix OLED (AMOLED):[11]

HTC smartphone

Electronic paper

2004 Electronic paper[12]:

iLiad E-book reader equipped with e-paper display
iLiad in sunlight

Electroluminescent display

1974 Electroluminescent display (ELD)[13]:

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Comparison of display technology — This is a comparison of various properties of different display technologies. Further information: Comparison CRT, LCD, Plasma and History of display technology Contents 1 General characteristics 2 Temporal characteristics 3 See also …   Wikipedia

  • Display device — Nixie tubes, LED display and VF display, top to bottom. A display device is an output device for presentation of information in visual or tactile form (the latter used for example in tactile electronic displays for blind people). When the input… …   Wikipedia

  • History of science — History of science …   Wikipedia

  • History of timekeeping devices — For thousands of years, devices have been used to measure and keep track of time. The current sexagesimal system of time measurement dates to approximately 2000 BC, in Sumer. The Ancient Egyptians divided the day into two 12 hour periods, and… …   Wikipedia

  • History of virtual learning environments — A virtual learning environment (VLE) is a system that creates an environment designed to facilitate teachers in the management of educational courses for their students, especially a system using computer hardware and software, which involves… …   Wikipedia

  • Technology of television — The technology of television has changed since its early days using a mechanical system invented by Paul Gottlieb Nipkow in 1884.Elements of a television system , 1957 1. power switch / volume 2. brightness 3. pitch 4. vertical synchro 5.… …   Wikipedia

  • History of submarines — The history of submarines covers the historical chronology and facts related to submarines , manned autonomous boats that operate underwater. It includes the history of submersibles , which were designed primarily to operate on the surface, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Technology of the 2000s — In general= * broadband internet usage in the US increases drastically, from 6% of U.S. internet users in June 2000 to what [http://news.com.com/Study+Broadband+penetration+to+surge+by+2010/2100 1034 3 5815756.html one study] predicts will be 62% …   Wikipedia

  • History of Portugal — This article is part of a series Prehistoric Iberi …   Wikipedia

  • Technology readiness level — (TRL) is a measure used by some United States government agencies and many of the world s major companies (and agencies) to assess the maturity of evolving technologies (materials, components, devices, etc.) prior to incorporating that technology …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”