New Komeito Party

New Komeito Party
New Komeito Party

President Natsuo Yamaguchi
Secretary general Yoshihisa Inoue
Founded 1998 (1998)
Headquarters 17 Minamimoto-machi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-0012
Ideology Buddhist-influenced centrism,
Social conservatism
International affiliation None
19 / 242
21 / 480
Politics of Japan
Political parties

The New Kōmeitō (公明党?), New Kōmei Party, or NKP is a centre-right political party in Japan founded by members of the Nichiren Buddhist organization Sōka Gakkai. The leadership and financing of the two groups are currently independent.[1] However, many Sōka Gakkai members support NKP powerfully.

The three kanji characters 公明党 have the approximate meanings of "public/government" (公 kō), "light/brightness" (明 mei), and "political party" (党 tō). The combination "kōmei" (公明) is usually taken to mean "justice or fairness". The word "New" is not a part of the Japanese name, but is used in English to distinguish the party from its predecessor. The NKP was formed as a result of a merger between the Kōmeitō and the New Peace Party on November 7, 1998.



NKP's declared mission is to pioneer "people-centered politics, a politics based on a humanitarianism that treats human life with the utmost respect and care".[2] Domestically, the party proposals include reduction of the central government and bureaucracy, increased transparency in public affairs, and increased local (prefectural) autonomy with the private sector playing an increased role. With regard to foreign policy, the NKP wishes to eliminate nuclear arms and armed conflict in general. In so doing, it hopes to bring about the "dawn of a new civilization of mankind". Although most of the NKP politicians and core supporters are Sōka Gakkai members, NKP platform scarcely remarks on religious issues.


The NKP had a predecessor with a similar (though more to the left) ideology, but the current conservative, more moderate, party was formed in 1998, in a merger of the Kōmeitō and the New Peace Party. It supported the ruling LDP (Liberal Democratic Party), and did well in the 2000 and 2001 parliamentary elections.

In the 2003 and 2004 Diet elections, the NKP did well, thanks to an extremely committed and well organized voter base coming from Sōka Gakkai. The party shares its support base with the LDP, made up of white collar bureaucrats and rural populations, but also gains support from religious leaders. However, on July 27, 2005, NKP's Secretary General said that his party would consider forming a coalition government with the DPJ (Democratic Party of Japan) if, in a snap election, the DPJ gained a majority in the House of Representatives. On August 8, 2005, then-Prime Minister of Japan Junichiro Koizumi dissolved the Lower House and called for a general election, due to the rejection of efforts to privatize Japan Post. The opportunity for a NKP–DPJ coalition did not arise, as the LDP won a large majority in the 2005 general election. The NKP lost about a third of its seats in the 2009 upper house parliamentary election, and is no longer part of a governing coalition.

See also


  1. ^ "About Us: On Politics and Religion". KOMEITO. Retrieved 2 September 2010. 
  2. ^ (New Komeito, 2002)

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • New Renaissance Party — 新党改革 Shintō Kaikaku President Yōichi Masuzoe Secretary general Hiroyuki Arai …   Wikipedia

  • New Frontier Party — Die Neue Fortschrittspartei (jap. 新進党, Shinshintō, engl. New Frontier Party, NFP) war eine politische Partei in Japan von 1994 bis 1997 und in dieser Zeit die zweitstärkste Partei nach der regierenden Liberaldemokratischen Partei (LDP). Die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • New Komeito — Wahlplakate der Kōmeitō (2005) Die Neue Kōmeitō (jap. 公明党, engl. New Komeito oder New Clean Government Party; wörtlich: „Gerechtigkeitspartei“) ist eine politische Partei in Japan, die zur Zeit als kleiner Koalitionspartner mit der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • New Kōmeitō — Wahlplakate der Kōmeitō (2005) Die Neue Kōmeitō (jap. 公明党, engl. New Komeito oder New Clean Government Party; wörtlich: „Gerechtigkeitspartei“) ist eine politische Partei in Japan, die zur Zeit als kleiner Koalitionspartner mit der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • New Socialist Party (Japan) — Logo of the New Socialist Party Democratic Party …   Wikipedia

  • New Party Sakigake — Leader Masayoshi Takemura Founded June 22, 1993 Ideology Conservative, Ref …   Wikipedia

  • Komeitō — For the currently active political party, see New Komeito Party. The Kōmeitō (公明党), also known as Clean Government Party or CGP, was a political party in Japan. It was centrist, sometimes also classified as centre left. History Kōmeitō was… …   Wikipedia

  • Kōmeitō — New Komeito Partei­vorsitz (daihyō) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • New Party Nippon — 新党日本 Shintō Nippon Founded August 21st 2005 Ideology Centrist International affi …   Wikipedia

  • New Party Daichi — New Daichi Party 新党大地 Leader Muneo Suzuki Founded August 18th 2005 Ideology Conservati …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”