- Nikolai Andrianov
Nikolai Andrianov Full name Nikolai Yefimovich Andrianov Country represented Soviet Union Born 14 October 1952
Vladimir, Russian SFSR
Died 21 March 2011(aged 58)
Vladimir, Russian Federation
Discipline Men's artistic gymnasticsMedal record Olympic Games Gold 1972 Munich Floor exercise Gold 1976 Montreal All-around Gold 1976 Montreal Floor exercise Gold 1976 Montreal Rings Gold 1976 Montreal Vault Gold 1980 Moscow Team competition Gold 1980 Moscow Vault Silver 1972 Munich Team competition Silver 1976 Montreal Team competition Silver 1976 Montreal Parallel bars Silver 1980 Moscow All-around Silver 1980 Moscow Floor exercise Bronze 1972 Munich Vault Bronze 1976 Montreal Pommel horse Bronze 1980 Moscow Horizontal bar World Championships Gold 1974 Varna Still rings Gold 1978 Strasbourg Still rings Gold 1978 Strasbourg All-around Gold 1979 Ft. Worth Team competition Silver 1974 Varna Team competition Silver 1974 Varna All-around Silver 1974 Varna Pommel horse Silver 1974 Varna Horizontal bar Silver 1974 Varna Parallel bars Silver 1978 Strasbourg Team competition Silver 1978 Strasbourg Vault Silver 1978 Strasbourg Parallel bars European Championships Gold 1971 Madrid Pommel horse Gold 1971 Madrid Vault Gold 1973 Grenoble Floor exercise Gold 1973 Grenoble Vault Gold 1975 Bern All-around Gold 1975 Bern Floor exercise Gold 1975 Bern Still rings Gold 1975 Bern Vault Gold 1975 Bern Parallel bars Gold 1975 Bern Horizontal bar Silver 1971 Madrid Still rings Silver 1971 Madrid Parallel bars Silver 1973 Grenoble All-around Silver 1973 Grenoble Still rings Silver 1973 Grenoble Parallel bars Silver 1975 Bern Pommel horse Bronze 1971 Madrid All-around Bronze 1971 Madrid Floor exercise
Nikolai Yefimovich Andrianov (Russian: Никола́й Ефи́мович Андриа́нов) (14 October 1952 – 21 March 2011) was a Soviet/Russian gymnast. He held the record for men for the most Olympic medals at 15 (7 gold medals, 5 silver medals, 3 bronze medals) until Michael Phelps surpassed him at the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics. Andrianov is the third athlete (male or female) in cumulative Olympic medals after Phelps's 16 and Larisa Latynina, who earned 18 Olympic medals and holds the overall medal record. Andrianov was the most medaled athlete at the 1976 Summer Olympics. Within the sport of Men's Artistic Gymnastics, he also holds the men's record for most individual Olympic medals (12) and shares the male record for most individual Olympic Gold medals in gymnastics (6), tied with Boris Shakhlin and Dmitry Bilozerchev (the latter of which only if you count the 1984 Alternate Olympics). In many other rankings among all-time medal winners at the Olympic, World, and European levels, he ranks very high, (for example, he is second only to Vitaly Scherbo in total individual medal counts at either the gold level or any level at the combined Olympic and World levels as well as at the combined Olympic, World, and European levels) – easily making him one of the most decorated gymnasts of all-time.
Early life and Olympic career
Andrianov entered the Children and Youth Sports School of the Burevestnik sports society in Vladimir at age 11. His trainer was the Honoured Trainer of the USSR Nikolai Tolkachyov. Andrianov's first international success was in 1971 at the European Championships in Madrid, where he won two gold medals. Between 1971 and 1980 he won many international gymnastics competitions, including the Olympic Games, world championships and European championships.
Andrianov's first Olympic medal was a gold in the 1972 floor competition. He dominated the 1976 gymnastics competition, winning four golds, including the all-around, two silvers, and a bronze. These medals included golds in the floor exercises, rings, and vault, as well as a prized gold in the 1976 all-around. His record of four gymnastic golds at a single games stood until Vitaly Scherbo won six in 1992.
Andrianov took the Olympic Oath for athletes at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. In the gymnastics competition, he won two more golds, two silvers, and a bronze. Andrianov's golds in that Olympics were in the vault and team competition, his silvers were in the all-around and floor exercises, and his bronze medal was in the horizontal bar. He retired shortly after that year's Olympics.
Andrianov married another famous Soviet gymnast, two-time Olympic champion Lyubov Burda. In 2001, Andrianov was inducted into the International Gymnastics Hall of Fame. Between 1994 and 2002 he coached the Japan Olympic gymnastics team, on the invitation of his former rival, Mitsuo Tsukahara. Andrianov coached Tsukahara's son, Naoya Tsukahara, and both father and son credit him with raising Naoya's skills and confidence to equip him to compete at the international level. In 2002 he became the director of gymnastics at the N.G. Tolkachyov Specialized Children and Youth sports school in Vladimir, where he first began the sport as a youth.
Illness and death
In his final years, Andrianov developed the degenerative neurological disorder multiple system atrophy and in his final months was unable to move his arms or legs or talk. Andrianov died on 21 March 2011 at the age of 58, in his hometown of Vladimir. Russia's national gymnastic team coach, Alexander Alexandrov, called the death "tragic", but stated that he had been ill for a long time.
Year Event AA Team FX PH RG VT PB HB 1971 European Championships 3rd 3rd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd USSR Championships 1st 1972 USSR Championships 1st 1st 2nd 2nd 2nd 2nd 1st USSR Cup 1st 1973 European Championships 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd University Games 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st USSR Championships 1st 1974 World Championships 2nd 2nd 2nd 1st 2nd 2nd USSR Championships 1st 1st 1st 3rd 1st USSR Cup 1st 1975 World Cup 1st 2nd 2nd 1st European Championships 1st 1st 2nd 1st 1st 1st USSR Championships 1st 1st 1977 World Cup 1st 1st 1st 2nd 1st 1978 World Championships 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 2nd USSR Cup 3rd 1979 World Championships 1st 2nd USSR Championships 3rd 3rd
- List of multiple Olympic medalists
- List of multiple Olympic gold medalists
- List of multiple Olympic medalists at a single Games
- List of multiple Olympic gold medalists at a single Games
- ^ London 2012 – Olympic legend Andrianov dies – Yahoo! Eurosport. Uk.eurosport.yahoo.com. Retrieved on 2011-03-22.
- ^ a b c Fyodorov, Gennady (21 March 2011). "Olympics-Gymnastics great Andrianov dies after long illness". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/03/21/olympics-gymnastics-andrianov-idUSLDE72K21220110321. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
- ^ Eskenazi, Gerald (August 3, 1992). "BARCELONA: Gymnastics; On Scherbo's Night, Dimas Also Sparkles". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1992/08/03/sports/barcelona-gymnastics-on-scherbo-s-night-dimas-also-sparkles.html?scp=2&sq=Nikolai%20Andrianov&st=cse. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
- ^ Pursuit of excellence, the Olympic story. Grolier Enterprises. 1983. pp. 373. ISBN 978-0717281718. http://books.google.com/books?id=fAsPAQAAMAAJ&q=%22Nikolai+Andrianov%22&dq=%22Nikolai+Andrianov%22&hl=en&ei=gw6ITarBHvOO0QGgh8GGDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9&ved=0CFAQ6AEwCA.
- ^ Strom, Stephanie (September 5, 2000). "OLYMPICS; For a Japanese Gymnast, Honor Thy Father". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9804E1D61E30F936A3575AC0A9669C8B63&scp=5&sq=Nikolai+Andrianov&st=cse&pagewanted=all. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
- ^ Amanda Turner. "Legendary Olympian In Fight For His Life". International Gymnast. http://intlgymnast.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1893:olympic-legend-andrianov-in-fight-for-life&catid=2:news&Itemid=166. Retrieved 2010-09-07.
- ^ Amanda Turner. "Olympic Legend Andrianov Dies at 58". International Gymnast. http://intlgymnast.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2414:olympic-legend-andrianov-dies-at-58-&catid=2:news&Itemid=166. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
- ^ a b "London 2012 – Olympic legend Andrianov dies aged 58". Yahoo!. 21 March 2011. http://uk.eurosport.yahoo.com/21032011/58/london-2012-olympic-legend-andrianov-dies-aged-58.html. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
- This article contains information from the website http://www.gymnast.ru/, incorporated into the Wikipedia with permission from its author E.V.Avsenev.
- (English) Obituary in The Independent (UK)
- (English) International Federation of Gymnastics' Article on Nikolai Andrianov
- (English) A short biography and achievements
- (Russian) Biography
- IOC 1980 Summer Olympics
- ^ "Nikolai Andrianov". International Gymnastics Hall of Fame. http://www.ighof.com/honorees/honorees_andrianov.html. Retrieved 2006-12-01.
Olympic Champions in Artistic Gymnastics - Men's Individual All-Around
1896: not included | 1900: Gustave Sandras | 1904: Julius Lenhart | 1908: Alberto Braglia | 1912: Alberto Braglia | 1920: Giorgio Zampori | 1924: Leon Štukelj | 1928: Georges Miez | 1932: Romeo Neri | 1936: Alfred Schwarzmann | 1948: Veikko Huhtanen | 1952: Viktor Chukarin | 1956: Viktor Chukarin | 1960: Boris Shakhlin | 1964: Yukio Endo | 1968: Sawao Kato | 1972: Sawao Kato | 1976: Nikolai Andrianov | 1980: Alexander Dityatin | 1984: Koji Gushiken | 1988: Vladimir Artemov | 1992: Vitaly Scherbo | 1996: Li Xiaoshuang | 2000: Alexei Nemov | 2004: Paul Hamm | 2008: Yang Wei
Olympic Champions in Artistic Gymnastics - Men's Vault
1896: Carl Schuhmann | 1900: not included | 1904: George Eyser - Anton Heida | 1908 - 1920: not included | 1924: Frank Kriz | 1928: Eugen Mack | 1932: Savino Guglielmetti | 1936: Alfred Schwarzmann | 1948: Paavo Aaltonen | 1952: Viktor Chukarin | 1956: Helmut Bantz / Valentin Muratov | 1960: Boris Shakhlin / Takashi Ono | 1964: Haruhiro Yamashita | 1968: Mikhail Voronin | 1972: Klaus Köste | 1976: Nikolai Andrianov | 1980: Nikolai Andrianov | 1984: Lou Yun | 1988: Lou Yun | 1992: Vitaly Scherbo | 1996: Alexei Nemov | 2000: Gervasio Deferr | 2004: Gervasio Deferr | 2008: Leszek Blanik
Olympic Champions in Artistic Gymnastics - Men's Floor Exercise
1896 - 1928: not included | 1932: István Pelle | 1936: Georges Miez | 1948: Ferenc Pataki | 1952: William Thoresson | 1956: Valentin Muratov | 1960: Nobuyuki Aihara | 1964: Franco Menichelli | 1968: Sawao Kato | 1972: Nikolai Andrianov | 1976: Nikolai Andrianov | 1980: Roland Brückner | 1984: Li Ning | 1988: Sergei Kharkov | 1992: Li Xiaoshuang | 1996: Ioannis Melissanidis | 2000: Igors Vihrovs | 2004: Kyle Shewfelt | 2008: Zou Kai
Olympic Champions in Artistic Gymnastics - Men's Rings
1896: Ioannis Mitropoulos | 1900: not included | 1904: Herman Glass | 1908 - 1920: not included | 1924: Francesco Martino | 1928: Leon Štukelj | 1932: George Gulack | 1936: Alois Hudec | 1948: Karl Frei | 1952: Grant Shaginyan | 1956: Albert Azaryan | 1960: Albert Azaryan | 1964: Takuji Hayata | 1968: Akinori Nakayama | 1972: Akinori Nakayama | 1976: Nikolai Andrianov | 1980: Alexander Dityatin | 1984: Koji Gushiken / Li Ning | 1988: Holger Behrendt / Dmitry Bilozerchev | 1992: Vitaly Scherbo | 1996: Jury Chechi | 2000: Szilveszter Csollány | 2004: Dimosthenis Tampakos | 2008: Chen Yibing
World Champions in Artistic Gymnastics – Men's Individual All-Around
1903: Joseph Martinez | 1905: Marcel Lalu | 1907: Josef Čada | 1909: Marco Torrès | 1911: Ferdinand Steiner | 1913: Marco Torrès | 1922: František Pecháček / Peter Sumi | 1926: Peter Sumi | 1930: Josip Primožič | 1934: Eugen Mack | 1938: Jan Gajdoš | 1950: Walter Lehmann | 1954: Viktor Chukarin | 1958: Boris Shakhlin | 1962: Yuri Titov | 1966: Mikhail Voronin | 1970: Eizo Kenmotsu | 1974: Shigeru Kasamatsu | 1978: Nikolai Andrianov | 1979: Alexander Dityatin | 1981: Yuri Korolev | 1983: Dmitry Bilozerchev | 1985: Yuri Korolev | 1987: Dmitry Bilozerchev | 1989: Igor Korobchinsky | 1991: Grigory Misutin | 1993: Vitaly Scherbo | 1994: Ivan Ivankov | 1995: Li Xiaoshuang | 1997: Ivan Ivankov | 1999: Nikolai Kryukov | 2001: Feng Jing | 2003: Paul Hamm | 2005: Hiroyuki Tomita | 2006: Yang Wei | 2007: Yang Wei | 2009: Kōhei Uchimura | 2010: Kōhei Uchimura | 2011: Kōhei Uchimura
European Champions in Artistic Gymnastics - Men’s Individual All-Around
1955: Boris Shakhlin | 1957: Joaquín Blume | 1959: Yuri Titov | 1961: Miroslav Cerar | 1963: Miroslav Cerar | 1965: Franco Menichelli | 1967: Mikhail Voronin | 1969: Mikhail Voronin | 1971: Viktor Klimenko | 1973: Viktor Klimenko | 1975: Nikolai Andrianov | 1977: Vladimir Markelov | 1979: Stoyan Deltchev | 1981: Alexander Tkachev | 1983: Dmitry Bilozerchev | 1985: Dmitry Bilozerchev | 1987: Valeri Liukin | 1989: Igor Korobchinsky | 1990: Valentin Mogilny | 1992: Igor Korobchinsky | 1994: Ivan Ivankov | 1996: Ivan Ivankov | 1998: Alexei Bondarenko | 2000: Alexander Beresch | 2002: Dan Potra | 2004: Marian Drăgulescu | 2005: Rafael Martínez | 2007: Maxim Deviatovski | 2008: no all-around | 2009: Fabian Hambüchen |
- 1952 births
- 2011 deaths
- People from Vladimir
- Soviet male artistic gymnasts
- Gymnasts at the 1972 Summer Olympics
- Gymnasts at the 1976 Summer Olympics
- Gymnasts at the 1980 Summer Olympics
- Olympic gymnasts of the Soviet Union
- Olympic gold medalists for the Soviet Union
- Olympic silver medalists for the Soviet Union
- Olympic bronze medalists for the Soviet Union
- World champion gymnasts
- Medalists at World Gymnastics Championships
- Burevestnik athletes
- Olympic medalists in gymnastics
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