Journalism News · Writing style
Ethics · Objectivity
Values · Attribution
Areas Arts · Business
Fashion · Medicine
Politics · Science
Sports · Technology
Trade · Traffic
Weather · World
Genres Advocacy · Analytic · Broadcast
Citizen · Civic
Collaborative · Community
Database · Gonzo
Investigative · Literary
Muckraking · Narrative
Online · Opinion
Peace · Photojournalism
Scientific · Visual · Watchdog
Social impact Fourth Estate
Freedom of the press
Infotainment · Media bias
News media Newspapers · Magazines
TV and radio
Roles Journalist · Reporter
Editor · Columnist
A newsroom is the place where journalists—reporters, editors, and producers, along with other staffers—work to gather news to be published in a newspaper or magazine or broadcast on television, cable or radio. Some journalism organizations refer to the newsroom as the city room.
Print publication newsrooms
In a print publication's newsroom, reporters sit at desks, gather information, and write articles or stories, in the past on typewriters, then after the early 1980s, on computers. These stories are submitted to editors, who usually sit together at one large desk, where the stories are reviewed and possibly rewritten. Reporters generally used the inverted pyramid method for writing their stories, although some journalistic writing used other methods; some of the work of Tom Wolfe is an example of reporting that did not follow that style.
Once finished, editors write a headline for the story and lay it out (see publishing) on a newspaper or magazine page. Editors also review photographs, maps, charts or other graphics to be used with a story. At many newspapers, copy editors who review stories for publication work together at what is called a copy desk, supervised by a copy desk chief, night editor, or news editor. Assignment editors, including the city editor, who supervise reporters' work, may or may not work with the copy desk.
How a newsroom is structured and functions depends in part on the size of the publication and when it is published, especially if it is a daily newspaper, which can either be published in the morning (an a.m. cycle) or the evening (a p.m. cycle). Most daily newspapers follow the a.m. cycle.
In almost all newspaper newsrooms, editors customarily meet daily with the chief editor to discuss which stories will be placed on the front page, section front pages, and other pages. This is commonly called a "budget meeting" due to the fact that the main topic of the meeting is the budgeting or allocation of space in the next issue.
Newsrooms often have an assignment desk where staffers monitor emergency scanners, answer telephone calls, faxes and e-mails from the public and reporters. The assignment desk is also responsible for assigning reporters to stories or deciding what is covered and what isn't. In many newsrooms, the assignment desk is raised a step or two above the rest of the newsroom, allowing staffers who work at the desk to see everyone in the newsroom.
Broadcast newsrooms are very similar to newspaper newsrooms. The two major differences are that these newsrooms include small rooms to edit video or audio and that they also exist next to the radio or television studio.
Changes in newsrooms
The modern American newsroom has gone through several changes in the last 50 years, with computers replacing typewriters and the Internet replacing teletype terminals, and more from ethnic minority groups as well as women are working as reporters and editors, including many managerial positions. Many newspapers have internet editions, and at some, reporters are required to meet tighter deadlines to have their stories posted on the newspaper website, even before the print edition is printed and circulated. However, some things haven't changed; many reporters still use reporter's notebooks and the telephone to gather information, although the computer has become another essential tool for reporting.
Newsrooms in popular culture
- The American newsroom has been a location of many books, movies and television shows about the newspaper and magazine business, especially movies like His Girl Friday, All the President's Men or The Paper, and television shows like Lou Grant and Murphy Brown.
- A Canadian newsroom is the location of the CBC Television comedy The Newsroom. It is also shown on some public television stations in the United States.
- The 2004 film Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy, is set around a newsroom.
- "Newsroom" is also a television series on UWW-TV and You Tube.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.