Grand Junction, Colorado

Grand Junction, Colorado

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Grand Junction, Colorado
other_name =
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settlement_type = City
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mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in Mesa County and the State of Colorado


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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = USA
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = flag|Colorado|name=State of Colorado
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Mesacite web | url = http://www.dola.state.co.us/dlg/local_governments/municipalities.html | title = Active Colorado Municipalities | format = HTML | publisher = State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs | accessdate = 2007-09-01]
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government_type = Home Rule Municipality
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Jim Doody
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established_title =
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established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date2 = July 22, 1882cite web | url = http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/muninc.html | title = Colorado Municipal Incorporations | format = HTML | publisher = State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives | date = 2004-12-01 | accessdate = 2007-09-02]
established_title3 =
established_date3 =
named_for = Confluence of Grand River and Gunnison River
area_magnitude = 1 E9
unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 = 80.5
area_land_km2 = 79.8
area_water_km2 = 0.7
area_total_sq_mi = 31.1
area_land_sq_mi = 30.8
area_water_sq_mi = 0.3
area_water_percent =
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population_as_of = 2006
population_footnotes =cite web | date = June 21 2006 | url = http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2005-04-08.csv | title = Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Colorado | format = CSV | work = 2005 Population Estimates | publisher = U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division | accessmonthday = November 17 | accessyear = 2006]
population_total = 45299
population_density_km2 = 526.2
population_density_sq_mi = 1362.6
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timezone = MST
utc_offset = -7
timezone_DST = MDT
utc_offset_DST = -6
latd = 39 |latm = 03 |lats = 53 |latNS = N
longd = 108 |longm = 33 |longs = 52 |longEW = W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 1397
elevation_ft = 4593
postal_code_type = ZIP codescite web | url = http://zip4.usps.com/zip4/citytown.jsp | title = ZIP Code Lookup| format = JavaScript/HTML | publisher = United States Postal Service | accessmonthday = September 24 | accessyear = 2007]
postal_code = 81501-81507
area_code = 970
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info =
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0204662
blank2_name = Highways
blank2_info = I-70, US 6, US 50, SH 340 SH141 SH 139
website = [http://www.ci.grandjct.co.us/ City of Grand Junction]
footnotes =
The most populous city of western Colorado

area_rank =
latitude = 39°3′53″ N
longitude = 108°33′52″ W

The City of Grand Junction is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous city of Mesa County, Colorado, United States.GR|6 Grand Junction is situated convert|197|mi|km|0|sp=us west-southwest of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 45,299. Grand Junction is the 15th most populous city in the State of Colorado and the most populous city on the Colorado Western Slope. Grand Junction serves as a major commercial and transportation hub within the large area between the Green River and the Continental Divide. It is the principal city of the Grand Junction Metropolitan Statistical Area which had a population of 139,137 in 2007.

The city is located along the north side of the Colorado River, where it receives the Gunnison River from south. The name "Grand" refers to the historical name of the upper Colorado River until renamed in 1921, and the word 'junction' is from the joining of the Colorado and Gunnison rivers. The city sits near the mid-point of a 30-mile (48 km) arcing valley, known as the Grand Valley, a major fruit-growing region, historically home to the Ute people and settled by white farmers in the 1880s. In recent years, several wineries have been established in the area as well. The Colorado National Monument, a series of canyons and mesas similar to the Grand Canyon overlook the city, while most of the area is surrounded by public lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management. Interstate 70 connects the city eastward to Glenwood Springs and Denver.

Geography

Grand Junction is located at coor dms|39|03|53|N|108|33|52|W|city (39.080531, -108.559097)GR|1. It is 20 miles east of the Utah State Line on Interstate 70. It is about 4,597 feet above sea level in what is called 'high desert' country.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.1 square miles (80.5 km²). 30.8 square miles (79.8 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.7 km²) of it is water. The total area is 0.87% water.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 41,986 people, 17,865 households, and 10,540 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,362.6 people per square mile (526.2/km²). There were 18,784 housing units at an average density of 609.6/sq mi (235.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.78% White, 0.60% African American, 0.94% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 3.81% from other races, and 1.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.86% of the population.

There were 17,865 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.0% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 11.9% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males.

The population figures are for Grand Junction only; the city abuts smaller towns and unincorporated county areas which contribute to area commerce.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,152, and the median income for a family was $43,851. Males had a median income of $31,685 versus $22,804 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,692. About 7.5% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

Economic history

Since settlers arrived in the 1880s until the 1960s, the main economic activity in the region was farming and cattle. Vast oil shale reserves were known to exist near Parachute, Colorado in the Piceance Basin. The oil embargoes of the 1970s and high gas prices resulted in major financial interest in the region. Exxon purchased rights and used Grand Junction as its seat of operations.

Grand Junction and the surrounding Grand Valley were prosperous in the 1970s and early 1980s largely because of oil shale. The United States, western Colorado in particular, has the largest known concentration of oil shale in the world, (according to the Bureau of Land Management) and holds an estimated 800 gigabarrels of recoverable oil, enough to meet U.S. demand for oil at current levels for 110 years. Known as the "Rock That Burns" the shale can be mined and processed to produce oil, although in the past it was significantly more expensive than conventional oil. Sustained prices above $95 per barrel, however, may make extraction economically attractive in the coming years. ExxonMobil was forced to pull out of the region because of lower oil prices, which led to economic hardship in the region.

The economic bust known as "Black Sunday" (May 2, 1982) to the locals started with a phone call from the President of Exxon to the then Governor of Colorado Richard Douglas Lamm stating that Exxon would cut its losses while retaining mining rights to the (then and currently) uneconomic oil. The economic bust was felt state wide, as Exxon had invested more than 5 billion USD in the state. Colorado historian Tom Noel observed "I think that was a definite turning point, and it was a reminder that we were a boom-and-bust state...There were parallels to the silver crash of 1893."

Today the economy of Grand Junction is more diverse and stable than it has been in the last 40 years. Currently, major contributors are health care, tourism, agriculture, livestock, and service. Major oil companies have once again invested large amounts of money recently (within the last two years), due to recent increases in oil and natural gas prices.

Grand Junction is being discovered by the "nation's elite business and leisure travelers," according to Cleveland-based Flight Options, a private jet service that named Grand Junction as one of its clients' top ten destinations during December 2007, citing nearby Powderhorn Resort as an attraction. [ [http://denver.bizjournals.com/denver/stories/2008/01/07/daily57.html "Colo. gets two spots on luxury-travel list"] . - "Denver Business Journal". - January 11, 2008. - Retrieved 2008-01-12]

Education

the Grand Junction area has five high schools: Fruita Monument High School, Grand Junction High School, Central High School, Palisade High School and R-5 High School.

Transportation

Grand Junction Regional Airport (formerly Walker Field Airport) serves as the major airport in the area. The airport is located in north Grand Junction on Horizon Drive. Two-way flights to Denver, Salt Lake City, Las Vegas, Dallas and Phoenix are available for air travelers.

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Grand Junction Station, operating its California Zephyr daily in both directions between Chicago and Emeryville, California across the bay from San Francisco.

Major Highways

* and other major cities.
*.
*

Weather

Overall, the area has a semi-arid continental climate.

*Spring & Fall: prolonged spring marked by much blossoming and the fall is very colourful.

*Summer: Usually warm and dry. The all-time record high temperature, set on July 21, 2005 is 106 Degrees Fahrenheit (41°C). Average highs in the mid to high 90s°F (near 35°C); average lows in the high 60s to low 70s (near 19°C), although average temperatures have been increasing recently. Precipitation events are uncommon before the monsoon, after that thunderstorms are common.

*Winter: Mostly mild. Frequent snows are light and usually melt away quickly. Even the rare heavy snows of 4 to 8 inches (10 to 20 cm) disappear quickly. Temperatures vary between the 20s and 50s (-5 to 15°C) and can go as low as -5°F (-20°C). The all time record low was -23°F recorded on January 13 1963.

ee also

*Grand Mesa
*Mesa State College
*Colorado municipalities
*Western Colorado Botanical Gardens

References

External links

* [http://www.ci.grandjct.co.us/ City of Grand Junction website]
** [http://www.dot.state.co.us/App_DTD_DataAccess/Downloads/CityMaps/Grand%20Junction.pdf CDOT map of the City of Grand Junction]
* [http://www.gjsentinel.com/ GJSentinel.com/The Daily Sentinel] (daily newspaper)
* [http://www.gjfreepress.com/ Grand Junction Free Press] (weekday daily newspaper)
* [http://community.gjsentinel.com/ Community.GJSentinel.com] (community forums and letters)
* [http://www.kafmradio.org/ KAFM Community Radio] (Non-profit, volunteer radio station)
* [http://www.visitgrandjunction.com/ Grand Junction VCB] (Visitor and Convention Information)Geographic Location (8-way)
Centre =Grand Junction
North =
Northeast =Clifton, Colorado
East =
Southeast =Delta, Colorado
South =
Southwest =Gateway, Colorado
West =Glade Park, Colorado
Northwest =Fruita, Colorado


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