- Hawthorne, California
official_name = City of Hawthorne
mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location of Hawthorne in Los Angeles County,
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Los Angeles
leader_name = Larry Guidi [cite web | url = http://www.cityofhawthorne.com/city_offices/mayorcitycouncil/councilmembers/mayor.asp | title = City of Hawthorne, CA - Mayor | accessdate = 2007-01-18]
established_title3 = Incorporated (city)
1922-07-12[cite web | url = http://www.cacities.org/resource_files/20457.IncorpDateLO.doc | title = Incorporation Dates of California Cities | accessdate = 2007-01-18]
area_total_km2 = 15.70
area_total_sq_mi = 6.06
area_land_km2 = 15.70
area_land_sq_mi = 6.06
area_water_km2 = 0.00
area_water_sq_mi = 0.00
area_water_percent = 0.00
population_as_of = 2005
population_footnotes = [cite web | url = http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=&_cityTown=Hawthorne&_state=04000US06&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010 | title = Hawthorne city, California - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder | accessdate = 2007-01-18]
population_total = 100754
population_density_km2 = 5358.9
population_density_sq_mi = 13879.4
timezone = PST
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
latd = 33 |latm = 55 |lats = 2 |latNS = N
longd = 118 |longm = 20 |longs = 55 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 22
elevation_ft = 72
postal_code = 90250, 90251 [cite web | url = http://zip4.usps.com/zip4/zcl_1_results.jsp?visited=1&pagenumber=0&state=ca&city=Hawthorne | title = USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results | accessdate = 2007-01-18]
area_code = 310/424 [cite web | url = http://www.nanpa.com/nas/public/npa_city_query_step2.do?method=displayData&cityToNpaModel.stateAbbr=CA&cityToNpaModel.city=Hawthorne | title = Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results | accessdate = 2007-01-18]
website = [http://www.cityofhawthorne.com/ http://www.cityofhawthorne.com/]
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 06-32548
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1652717
Hawthorne is a city in southwestern
Los Angeles County, California. The city in 2000 had a population of 84,112.
Hawthorne is at coor dms|33|55|2|N|118|20|55|W|city (33.917214, -118.348607)GR|1. According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 15.7 km²(6.1 mi²), all land.
To the north of Hawthorne is the unincorporated community of Lennox and the city of Inglewood. To the east is the unincorporated community of Athens and the city of Gardena. To the south is the unincorporated community of El Camino Village, and the cities of Lawndale and Redondo Beach. Manhattan Beach is at the southwest corner of Hawthorne, and the city of El Segundo is to the west of Hawthorne. The unincorporated community of Del Aire is surrounded on three sides by the city of Hawthorne along western edge of Hawthorne.
Century Freeway( Glenn Anderson Freeway, I-105) runs along the northern boundary of Hawthorne, with the LACMTA Green Line light railline running down the center of the Century Freeway. The San Diego Freeway(I-405) runs along the western boundary of Hawthorne. Major east-west streets in Hawthorne include Rosecrans Ave., El Segundo Ave.. and Imperial Highway. Major north-south street include Aviation Blvd., Inglewood Ave., Hawthorne Blvd., Prairie Ave., Crenshaw Blvd., and Van Ness Ave.
Hawthorne is five miles from the
Los Angeles International Airport. [http://maps.google.com/maps?num=100&hl=en&safe=off&client=safari&rls=en&um=1&ie=UTF-8&q=international+airport&near=Los+Angeles,+CA&fb=1&cid=0,0,9285121272480581238&sa=X&oi=local_result&resnum=1&ct=image]
ZIP codes, 90250, 90251, and the 310 Area Code.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 84,112 people, 28,536 households, and 19,775 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 5,359.0/km² (13,879.4/mi²). There were 29,629 housing units at an average density of 1,887.8/km² (4,889.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 29.27% White, 39.02% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 6.73% Asian, 0.86% Pacific Islander, 24.16% from other races, and 5.22% from two or more races. 44.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 28,536 households out of which 43.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.6% were married couples living together, 23.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.50.
In the city the population was spread out with 31.7% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 34.9% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 6.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,887, and the median income for a family was $35,149. Males had a median income of $29,481 versus $27,427 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $15,022. About 18.4% of families and 20.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.6% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.
In the state legislature Hawthorne is located in the 25th Senate District, represented by Democrat
Edward Vincent, and in the 51st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Curren D. Price Jr.. Federally, Hawthorne is located in California's 35th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +33 [cite web | title = Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest? | publisher = Campaign Legal Center Blog | url=http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html | accessdate = 2008-02-10] and is represented by Democrat Maxine Waters.
Hawthorne is known to
rock and rollfans as the home of Brian, Carl, and Dennis Wilsonof the Beach Boys. The Wilson brothers' boyhood home was demolished in the late 1980s during the construction of the Century Freeway, although it was honored by the dedication of the Beach Boys Historic Landmark(California Landmark 1041) in May 2005.
Marilyn Monroelived in the city as an infant until she was 6. [http://www.movielanddirectory.com/tour-location.cfm?location=18748] [http://www.experiencefestival.com/a/Marilyn_Monroe_-_Early_life/id/1203502]
Jim Thorperesided in Hawthorne during part of his life, and there is a park named after him.
*Brian, Dennis and Carl Wilson, of the
Beach Boys, were raised in Hawthorne.
*Jeff and Steve McDonald of the band
Redd Krosswere raised in Hawthorne.
Chris Montezgrew up in Hawthorne.
Curtis Conway, Jason Simmons, and Dennis Northcutthave all resided in Hawthorne.
Kuruptlived in Hawthorne after moving from Philadelphia.
Fred Dryerwas born in Hawthorne.
George Harrison's second wife, Olivia Harrison(née Olivia Trinidad Arias), graduated from Hawthorne High School, class of 1965. [http://www.geocities.com/SunsetStrip/Lounge/3117/olivia.html] [http://dondt.20megsfree.com/hhs75/]
Dorell Wrightof the Miami Heat grew up in Hawthorne.
Butch Patrickof TV's " The Munsters" also lived in Hawthorne for a short time.
MADtvcharacter Bunifa Latifah Halifah Sharifa Jackson currently lives in Hawthorne.
* Major League Baseball pitcher (
New York Metsand Houston Astros) and Cy Young Awardwinner, Mike Scottgrew up in Hawthorne and graduated from Hawthorne High School in 1973.
Primary and secondary schools
Centinela Valley Union High School District
*Hawthorne High School
Leuzinger High School( Lawndale, California); Hawthorne School District; Wiseburn School District
* [http://www.cabrillopta.org/ Juan Cabrillo Elementary School] (Kindergarten-2nd grade), Peter Burnett Elementary School (3rd-5th grade), Richard Henry Dana Middle School (6th-8th grade);
Lawndale Elementary School District
* [http://www.lawndale.k12.ca.us/schools/school_details.php?location_id=10 Franklin D. Roosevelt-Kit Carson Elementary School] (Hawthorne), [http://www.lawndale.k12.ca.us/schools/school_details.php?location_id=12 Will Rogers Middle School] (Lawndale);
Lennox School District; Los Angeles Unified School District
*Cimarron Elementary School (Hawthorne)
* [http://www.lausd.k12.ca.us/Clay_MS/ Clay Middle School] ("Unincorporated area")
Washington Preparatory High School("Unincorporated area")
Los Angeles County Office of Educationoperates Southwest Day(5th-12th grade). Hawthorne Math and Science Academyis a charter high school in Hawthorne associated with the Hawthorne School District. [http://www.hawthorne.k12.ca.us/Schools/HMSA/indexHMSA.htm]
Colleges and universities
Los Angeles Community College District
Los Angeles Southwest College(in an unincorporated area in Los Angeles County)
SpaceXhas its headquarters near Hawthorne Municipal Airport.
Hawthorne Plazashopping center
Mattel- the headquarters of Mattel was, for a long time, located in Hawthorne, but is now in nearby El Segundo.
*Walt Dixon, "Hawthorne, California (Images of America)", 2005 ISBN 0-7385-2971-0
Hawthorne Municipal Airport (California)
Beach Boys Historic Landmark
* [http://www.cityofhawthorne.com/ Hawthorne official website]
* [http://www.hawthorne-chamber.com/main.htm Hawthorne Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.wmof.com/ Western Museum of Flight]
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