- Metropolitan Police Department of the District of Columbia
Metropolitan Police Department Abbreviation MPD Patch of the Metropolitan Police Department Motto Justitia Omnibus "Justice For All" Agency overview Formed 1861 Legal personality Governmental: Government agency Jurisdictional structure Legal jurisdiction District of Columbia General nature
- Law enforcement
- Civilian agency
Operational structure Headquarters Judiciary Square
Henry J. Daly Building
300 Indiana Avenue NW
Officers 4050 Civilians 600 Agency executive Cathy L. Lanier, Chief of Police Website mpdc.dc.gov
The Metropolitan Police Department, also known as the DC Police, DCPD, MPD, and MPDC is the municipal police force in Washington, D.C. It is one of the ten largest police forces within the United States.
The modern-day Metropolitan Police Department was officially formed on August 6, 1861, in accordance with the personal wishes of President Abraham Lincoln, who had taken a personal interest in the establishment of regular police for the nation's capital.
The department's duties include the provision of police services to the city and its inhabitants and to supplement the various uniformed federal law enforcement agencies, primarily the United States Secret Service, United States Park Police, Federal Bureau of Investigation Police, and United States Capitol Police in the city. Additionally, due to its location within an independent federal city, the department must exercise the standard functions of a local police force and also handle certain activities normally considered within the domain of a county police or state police agency such as a sex offender registry.
The current Chief of Police is Cathy L. Lanier, who began her career as a Metropolitan Police patrol officer, and is the first female chief of the department. She assumed her post on January 2, 2007, replacing Charles H. Ramsey, who had served under former Washington, D.C., Mayor Anthony A. Williams and is now the commissioner of the Philadelphia Police Department.
There are eleven ranks in the Metropolitan Police Department:
Title Insignia Chief of Police Executive Assistant Chief Assistant Chief Commander Inspector Captain Lieutenant Sergeant Master Patrol Officer Patrol Officer First Class Patrol Officer / Detective
- First District 
- Second District 
- Third District 
- Fourth District 
- Fifth District 
- Sixth District 
- Seventh District 
The department maintains 4,050 sworn officers and 600 civilian support staff, making it one of the ten largest police forces within the United States. The department historically has been known for hiring a large number of African American police officers during times when African American police officers were uncommon in other police departments. In 1968, African Americans constituted 25% of the department's force and in 1970 constituted 35% of the department's force the highest percentages of African American police on a large police department at the time. In 1978, the department became the first police department in a major city in the United States to become majority African American. The department currently has one of the highest percentages of African American officers amongst United States Police Departments, at 66%. The remainder of the department is 28% White, 5% Hispanic, and 1% Asian. Males account for 76% of the force, while females make up 24%.
Vehicle Country of Manufacture Type Notes Picture Ford Crown Victoria United States Cruiser Chevrolet Impala United States Cruiser Ford Taurus United States Cruiser Ford E-350 United States Van Ford F-550 United States Truck Used by the MPD Special Operations Division
The TV series NCIS has several references to Metropolitan PD, with several interactions with local law enforcement and NCIS.
The 2009 season of the TV series 24 on Fox starring Kiefer Sutherland has featured the MPD in a few episodes which centers around a terrorist plot against the White House. The MPDC are shown working with the FBI and other major government agencies.
In the Film The Invasion Nicole Kidman's character is caught in an altercation with an infected MPD officer.
Since the establishment of the Metropolitan Police Department, 121 officers have died in the line of duty.
The cause of deaths are as follows:
Cause of death Number of deaths Accidental 2 Aircraft accident 2 Animal related 1 Automobile accident 9 Bicycle accident 1 Drowned 3 Duty-related illness 2 Fall 3 Gunfire 61 Gunfire (Accidental) 7 Heart attack 4 Motorcycle accident 12 Stabbed 1 Struck by streetcar 1 Struck by vehicle 4 Vehicle pursuit 2 Vehicular assault 6
- List of law enforcement agencies in the District of Columbia
- Metropolitan Police Department of the District of Columbia Chiefs
- ^ a b About the MPDC
- ^ a b Brief History of the MPDC
- ^ POLICE: THE THIN BLUE LINE
- ^ What the Police Can--And Cannot--Do About Crime
- ^ Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics, 2000: Data for Individual State and Local Agencies with 100 or More Officers
- ^ Metropolitan Police Department, District of Columbia Fallen Officers
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