Geography of French Guiana

Geography of French Guiana
Geographic map of French Guiana

French Guiana is an overseas region of France, located on the northern coast of South America between Suriname and Brazil.



Northern South America and part of Caribbean South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname

Geographic coordinates

4°00′N 53°00′W / 4°N 53°W / 4; -53

Map references

South America


total: 91,000 km²
land: 89,150 km²
water: 1,850 km²

Land boundaries

total: 1,183 km
border countries: Brazil 673 km, Suriname 510 km (disputed)
Coastline: 378 km

Maritime claims

exclusive economic zone: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi) territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi)


Tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation, dry summers, rainy winters


low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains, see Guiana Shield

Elevation extremes

lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Bellevue de l'Inini 851 m
other mountains: Montaigne d'Argent, on the edge of Oiapoque river regions: 432 m

Natural resources

bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), cinnabar, kaolin, fish, shrimp

Land use

arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 0%
forests and woodland: 0%
other: 10% (1996 est.)
irrigated land: 20 km² (1993 est.)
natural hazards: high frequency of heavy showers and severe thunderstorms; flooding
environment - current issues: NA
geography - note: mostly an unsettled wilderness

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • French Guiana — French Guianese, French Guianan. /gee an euh, gee ah neuh/ an overseas department of France, on the NE coast of South America: formerly a French colony. 49,200; 35,135 sq. mi. (91,000 sq. km). Cap.: Cayenne. * * * French Guiana Introduction… …   Universalium

  • Demographics of French Guiana — Historical population Historical population 1790 estimate 1839 estimate 1857 estimate 1891 estimate 1946 census 1954 census 1961 census 1967 census 1974 census 1982 census 1990 census 1999 census 2006 estimate 14,520 20,940 25,561 …   Wikipedia

  • French Guiana — Infobox French region native name = Région Guyane common name = Guyane image flag size = 130px image logo size = 100px Region flag Region logo capital = Cayenne area = 83,534 area scale = 10 Regional president = Antoine Karam (PSG) (since 1992)… …   Wikipedia

  • Mana, French Guiana — Mana Location of the commune (in red) within French Guiana Administration Country …   Wikipedia

  • Clément, French Guiana — For other uses, see Clement Clément is a town in French Guiana. Coordinates: 3°23′N 52°21′W / 3.383°N 52.35°W …   Wikipedia

  • French language — French La langue française Pronunciation [fʁɑ̃sɛ] Spoken in See below Native speakers 68 million (2005) …   Wikipedia

  • French Polynesia — Polynésie française (French) Pōrīnetia Farāni (Tahitian) …   Wikipedia

  • Geography of the Netherlands Antilles — before the secession of Aruba in 1986 …   Wikipedia

  • French West Africa — Afrique occidentale française Federation of French colonies ↓ …   Wikipedia

  • French Mandate of Syria and Lebanon — Mandat français en Syrie et au Liban Mandate of France ← …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”