- National Trust for Historic Preservation
The National Trust for Historic Preservation is an American member-supported organization that was founded in 1949 by congressional charter to support preservation of historic buildings and neighborhoods through a range of programs and activities, including the publication of Preservation magazine.
Its mission statement states:
- "The National Trust for Historic Preservation provides leadership, education and advocacy to save America's diverse historic places and revitalize our communities."
- 1 History
- 2 National Trust Historic Sites
- 3 National Trust Main Street Center
- 4 Historic Hotels of America
- 5 National Trust Community Investment Corporation
- 6 "America's 11 Most Endangered Places"
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
In 1947, a meeting convened by David E. Finley, Jr. culminated in the creation of the National Council for Historic Sites and Buildings. This group was able to obtain the congressional charter for the National Trust for Historic Preservation, which President Harry S. Truman signed on October 26, 1949. Finley served as the National Trust's first chairman of the board, remaining in the position for 12 years.
National Trust Historic Sites
Twenty-nine sites are designated as National Trust Historic Sites. Most are owned by the National Trust for Historic Preservation and operated by other non-profit organizations (e.g., Farnsworth House); some are not owned by the Trust but are still operated by the Trust (e.g., President Lincoln's Cottage) some are owned and operated by the National Trust for Historic Preservation (e.g., Drayton Hall); and some are owned and operated by other non-profit organizations and hold a long-term cooperative agreement with the National Trust for Historic Preservation (e.g., Lower East Side Tenement Museum). These sites currently include:
- Acoma Sky City, Acoma Pueblo, New Mexico
- The African Meeting House and Abiel Smith School, Boston, Massachusetts
- The African Meeting House, Nantucket, Massachusetts
- Carpenter Theater, Richmond, Virginia
- Belle Grove Plantation, Middletown, Virginia
- Brucemore, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
- Chesterwood, Stockbridge, Massachusetts
- Cliveden, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Cooper-Molera Adobe, Monterey, California
- Decatur House, Washington, DC
- Drayton Hall, Charleston, South Carolina
- Farnsworth House, Plano, Illinois
- Filoli, Woodside, California
- Gaylord Building, Lockport, Illinois
- Glass House, New Canaan, Connecticut
- Hotel de Paris, Georgetown, Colorado
- Kykuit, Tarrytown, New York
- Lincoln Cottage, Washington, DC
- Lower East Side Tenement Museum, New York, New York
- Lyndhurst, Tarrytown, New York
- James Madison's Montpelier, Orange, Virginia
- Oatlands Plantation, Leesburg, Virginia
- Pope-Leighey House, Alexandria, Virginia
- Frederick C. Robie House, Chicago, Illinois
- Shadows-on-the-Teche, New Iberia, Louisiana
- Touro Synagogue, Newport, Rhode Island
- Woodlawn Plantation, Alexandria, Virginia
- Woodrow Wilson House, Washington, D.C.
- Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio, Oak Park, Illinois
- Villa Finale, San Antonio, Texas
National Trust Main Street Center
The National Trust Main Street Center leads a coast-to-coast movement of 1,200 state, regional, and local programs, linked through a preservation-based strategy for rebuilding downtown areas. The Main Street Four-Point Approach is a community-driven, comprehensive strategy used to revitalize downtown and neighborhood business districts throughout the United States.
Historic Hotels of America
The National Trust has also compiled a list of hotels registered as "Historic Hotels of America"  because they are at least 50 years old and have faithfully maintained their historic character and ambiance.
National Trust Community Investment Corporation
National Trust Community Investment Corporation better known as "NTCIC", the for-profit subsidiary of the National Trust, makes equity investments in real estate projects that qualify for federal historic tax credits and when available, state historic and New Markets Tax Credits.
"America's 11 Most Endangered Places"
Each year since 1988, the National Trust for Historic Preservation has compiled a list of "America's 11 Most Endangered Places" in an effort to protect America's architectural, cultural, and natural heritage.
In April 2010, the trust announced its list of 11 most endangered places to be:
- America's State Parks & State-Owned Historic Sites
- Black Mountain, Kentucky
- Hinchliffe Stadium, New Jersey
- Industrial Arts Building, Nebraska
- Juana Briones House, California
- Merritt Parkway, Connecticut
- Metropolitan AME Church, Washington, DC
- Pågat, Guam
- Saugatuck Dunes, Michigan
- Threefoot Building, Mississippi
- Wilderness Battlefield, Virginia
- Strand Historic District, Galveston, Texas
- Century Plaza Hotel, Los Angeles, California
- Ames Shovel Shops Easton, Massachusetts
- Dorchester Academy, Midway, Georgia
- The Manhattan Project's Enola Gay Hangar, Wendover Airfield, Utah
- Human Services Center, Yankton, South Dakota
- Lanai City, Hawaii, a plantation town
- Memorial Bridge, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, to Kittery, Maine
- Miami Marine Stadium, Virginia Key, Florida
- Mount Taylor (New Mexico), Grants, New Mexico
- Unity Temple, Oak Park, Illinois
Previous endangered places
In recent, previous years, this list has included:
- Burholme Park, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Antietam National Battlefield, Sharpsburg, Maryland
- 2 Columbus Circle, New York, New York
- Belleview Biltmore Hotel, Belleair, Florida
- Camp Security, York County, Pennsylvania
- Daniel Webster Farm, Franklin, New Hampshire
- El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro Historic Trail, New Mexico
- Eleutherian College, Madison, Indiana
- Ennis-Brown House, Los Angeles, California
- Finca Vigía: Ernest Hemingway House, San Francisco de Paula, Cuba
- Hangar One, Moffett Field, California
- Historic Buildings of downtown Detroit, Michigan
- Historic Catholic Churches of Greater Boston, Massachusetts
- Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- King Island, Alaska
- National Landscape Conservation System (NLCS), Western States
- Nine Mile Canyon, Utah
- President Lincoln and Soldiers' Home National Monument, Washington DC
- "The Journey Through Hallowed Ground" Corridor, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania
- The Doo Wop Motels of Wildwood, New Jersey
- Brooklyn's Industrial Waterfront
- State of Vermont
- Motels of U.S. Route 66
- Henry Hobson Richardson House, Brookline, Massachusetts
- Hialeah Park Race Track, Hialeah, Florida
- Minidoka Internment Camp, Hunt, Idaho
- Pinon Canyon, Colorado
- Philip Simmons Workshop and Home, Charleston, South Carolina
- The Statler Hilton Hotel, Dallas, Texas
- Stewarts Point Rancheria, Sonoma County, California
- Sumner Elementary School, Topeka, Kansas
- Trans World Flight Center, New York, New York
- Frank Lloyd Wright's Taliesin, Spring Green, Wisconsin
- Valley Forge National Historic Park, Valley Forge, Pennsylvania
- West Baden Springs Hotel, Indiana
- ^ Young, Dwight (November/December 2006). "Finley Was There: Recalling an arts leader". Preservaton: pp. 64
- ^ Deb Krajnak (April 28, 2009). "11 sites make new list of 'endangered historic places'". CNN.com /US. http://www.cnn.com/2009/US/04/28/endangered.places/.
- ^ Steve Vogel (April 28, 2009). "Preservation Group Lists 11 Sites in Need". Wall Street Journal. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/04/27/AR2009042703566.html?hpid=moreheadlines.
- ^ Robin Pogrebin (April 27, 2009). "Preservation Group Lists Most Endangered Places". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/28/arts/design/28enda.html.
- National Trust for Historic Preservation
- National Trust for Historic Preservation Historic Hotels of America
- National Trust Community Investment Corporation
- Preservation Magazine Online Archive Search the magazine's back issues (2006-1992)
- Preservation News, Vol. 1 (1961) - Vol. 35 no. 1 (Feb/March 1995). Monthly publication of the Preservation Press of the National Trust for Historic Preservation of the United States.
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