- Macomb County, Michigan
Infobox U.S. County
county = Macomb County
state = Michigan
largest city = Warren
map size = 200
founded = January 15, 1818 [http://www.macombcountymi.gov/history.asp]
seat = Mt. Clemens | area_total_sq_mi =570
area percentage = 15.68%
census yr = 2000
pop = 788149
web = macombcountymi.gov
Macomb County is a county in the
U.S. stateof Michigan. The 2000 census recorded its population to be 788,149. In 2007, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated that its population had reached 831,077. The county seatis Mt. ClemensGR|6. Macomb County is part of the Detroit metropolitan area, though the actual the city of Detroit is located south of 8 Mile Roadin neighboring Wayne County. Macomb County contains 28 cities, townships and villages. These communities range from mature, inner-ring suburbs like the cities of Warren and Roseville to newer, wealthier locales such as Sterling Heights, Macomb Township, Shelby Charter Township, and Washington Township. The county is named for Alexander Macomb, Jr., an early U.S. Armycommander.
According to the
U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 570 square miles (1,476 km²)—480 square miles (1,244 km²) of it is land and 89 square miles (231 km²) of it (15.68%) is water.
Lake St. Clair borders the county on the east.
Far northern parts of the county, such as Richmond and Armada can be considered to be in
Lake St. Clairlies Chatham-Kent(east) and Essex County (south), Ontario, Canada
St. Clair County, Michigan- northeast
Lapeer County, Michigan- northwest
Oakland County, Michigan- west
Wayne County, Michigan- south
1900 = 33244
1910 = 32606
1920 = 38103
1930 = 77146
1940 = 107638
1950 = 184961
1960 = 405804
1970 = 625309
1980 = 694600
1990 = 717400
2000 = 788149
estimate=831077As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 788,149 people, 309,203 households, and 210,876 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 1,640 people per square mile (633/km²). There were 320,276 housing units at an average density of 667 per square mile (257/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.66% White, 2.71% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 2.14% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 1.77% from two or more races. 1.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.1% were of German, 17.1% Polish, 13.6% Italian, 7.5% Irish and 5.5% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 87.6% spoke English, 1.7% Italian, 1.4% Polish, 1.2% Spanish, 1.1% Arabic and 1.1% Syriac as their first language.
Two Native American tribes had over 1000 people who self-identified with the tribe in Macomb County in 2000. 1781 county residents indicated that they were Cherokee on the census form. 1038 did the same for being Chippewa. [http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-context=dt&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U&-CONTEXT=dt&-mt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_PCT007&-mt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_PCT010&-mt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_PCT011&-mt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_PCT003&-tree_id=4001&-redoLog=true&-all_geo_types=N&-_caller=geoselect&-geo_id=05000US26099&-geo_id=05000US26125&-geo_id=05000US26127&-geo_id=05000US26163&-search_results=01000US&-format=&-_lang=en Detailed Tables - American FactFinder ] ] This is the tribe known as the Ojibwa. It should be kept in mind that whether someone marked "Ojibwa", "Chippewa" or "Anishabaag" it was all grouped together in the reported counts.
Among Asians groups, Macomb County has six with over 1000 people. The most numerous were the 5713 Asian Indians. Filipinos came in a close second numbering 4155, this includes many children who are Filipino on their mother's side and European-American on their father's side. Chinese number 2489. Koreans numbered 1853, while Vietnamese numbered 1557. There were 1103, the only Asian group without a nation to be so recognized. It should be remembered that people from Iran and further west are classed as whites.
There were 309,203 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 31.50% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $52,102, and the median income for a family was $62,816. Males had a median income of $48,303 versus $30,215 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $24,446. About 4.00% of families and 5.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.00% of those under age 18 and 6.40% of those age 65 or over.
The years 2000-2005 saw the African American population in Macomb County more than double. This growth largely resulted from an exodus of African Americans from Detroit. By 2005 Census estimates for Macomb County showed it was 5.6% African American, meaning that the growth of the African-American population in the county had been well over 100% in the last 5 years. The percentage of Asians had risen to 2.9%, largely fueled by the exodus of the eastside Detroit Hmong population northward into Warren. The American Community Survey showed 1.5% of Macomb County's population reporting two or more races.
According to the
2006 American Community Surveythe average family size is 3.15. The population of 25 and over is 571,463. 86.9% of that population has graduating from High school, 21% of that population has a Bachelor's degreeor higher. About 14.3 of that population is disabled. 12.5% of Macomb's population can speak another language at home.
Ojibwawere the first settlers in the area. The first Europeans arrived in the area during the 17th century. A Moravian colony was established in the county in the late 18th Century. They included French fur trappers and missionaries. In addition to the original French and English, later settlers included Germans, Belgians and others who came directly from Europe.
Macomb County was formally organized on January 15, 1818 as the third county in the Michigan territory. At that time, it covered a much larger area than it does today. In 1819 and 1820, large portions of the county were removed to form the counties of Oakland, Lapeer, Genesee and St. Clair. The county was named in honor of General Alexander Macomb a highly decorated veteran of the
War of 1812.
The county gained fame in the 1980s and '90s as a
bellwetherof state and national politics. Macomb's large cohort of working-class, socially conservative whites gave it one of the nation's most prominent concentrations of " Reagan Democrats", and outsider candidates with a conservative-populist bent have done well there in the past (e.g. George Wallacein 1968 and Pat Buchananin 1992).
Parks and recreation
Macomb County is home to more than 130 parks covering 12,000 acres (49 km²) managed by the state, regional, county, and local government. There are four major public parks in the County - [http://www.freedomhillcountypark.com/ Freedom Hill County Park] , [http://www.macomborchardtrail.com/ Macomb Orchard Trail] ,
Metro Beach Metropark, and Stony Creek Metropark. The county also has 31 miles of shoreline and over 100 marinas.
The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains
vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.
May 2008, Macomb County voters approved the inclusion of a County Executivein a new charter to be submitted to the voters by 2010.
Macomb County Elected Officials
* Prosecuting Attorney: Eric J. Smith (Democrat)
Sheriff: Mark A. Hackel(Democrat)
County Clerk/ Register of Deeds: Carmella Sabaugh(Democrat)
* County Treasurer:
Ted B. Wahby(Democrat)
* Public Works Commissioner:
Anthony V. Marrocco(Democrat)
* County Commission or Board of Commissioners: 26 members, elected from districts (17 Democrats, 9 Republicans)
* Circuit Court: 12 judges (non-partisan)
* Probate Court: 2 judges (non-partisan)
(information as of February 2006)
Noted people from Macomb County
Adrienne Frantz, actress/singer, Mount Clemens, Michigan
Dave Coulier, actor/comedian, St. Clair Shores
Dean Cain, actor, Mount Clemens
Faye Grant, actress, St. Clair Shores
Ellen Burstyn, actress Detroit, Michigan
Derian Hatcher, NHL player, Sterling Heights
Kevin Hatcher, NHL player, Sterling Heights
Matt Hunwick, NHL player, Warren
Craig Kowalski, ECHL player, Warren
Denny Felsner, NHL player, Warren
Dick Enberg, sports announcer, Armada
Michele Van Gorp, WNBA player from Duke University
Shirley Muldowney, race car driver, Armada
Bryan Herta, race car driver, Warren
Johnny White, race car driver, Warren
John Smoltz, MLB player, Warren
Steve Phillips, MLB coach, Warren
Jim Sorgi, NFL player, Fraser
Craig Krenzel, NFL player, Sterling Heights
Brian Rafalski, NHL player
John DiGiorgio, NFL Player, Macomb,Shelby Township
David Bonior, politician, Mt. Clemens
Candice Miller, politician, Harrison Township
Alex Groesbeck, politician, Warren
Butch Hartman, creator of the cartoon show " The Fairly OddParents", New Baltimore
Martha Griffiths, Lieutenant Governorof Michigan (1983-1991), Armada
Jerry M. Linenger, NASA astronaut, Eastpointe
Cities, villages, and townships
* Center Line
* Mount Clemens (county seat)
* New Baltimore
* St. Clair Shores
* Sterling Heights
* Grosse Pointe Shores (partial)
* New Haven
*Clinton Charter Township
*Harrison Charter Township
*Lake Township (the part of Grosse Pointe Shores in Macomb County)
*Shelby Charter Township
Anchor Bay High School
Armada High School
Centerline High School
Chippewa Valley High School
Clintondale High School
Cousino High School
Dakota High School
De La Salle Collegiate High School
East Detroit High School
Dwight D. Eisenhower High School
Fitzgerald High School
Fraser High School
Henry Ford II High School
Lakeshore High School
Lakeview High School
L'Anse Creuse High School
L'Anse Creuse High School - North
Lutheran High School - North
Mount Clemens High School
New Haven High School
Richmond High School
Romeo High School
Southlake High School
Sterling Heights High School
Sterling Heights Parkway Christian
*Stevenson High School
Utica High School
Warren Connor Creek Academy West
Warren Mott High School
Warren Lincoln High School
Warren Woods Tower High School
*Coleman A. Young International Airport (DET) (Detroit) - General aviation only
*Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport (DTW) (Romulus) - Major commercial airport, hub for
Northwest Airlinesand Spirit Airlines
*Oakland County International Airport (PTK) Waterford Township) - Charter passenger facility
St. Clair County International Airport(near Port Huron, Michigan) - A major international airport on the U.S. and Canadian Border.
*Selfridge Air National Guard Base (Mount Clemens) - Military airbase
Other Major Roads
*Jefferson Avenue is a scenic highway that runs parallel to the shore of the
Detroit Riverand Lake St. Clair. It is also the principal thoroughfare for the Grosse Pointes, where it is called Lake Shore Drive. Another important dividing line between Detroit and the city of Grosse Pointe Park is Alter Road, where portions of some intersecting streets have been reconfigured or walled-off in order to thwart vehicular and pedestrian movement from Detroit into Grosse Pointe Park.
*"Mile" roads: Surface street navigation in Metro Detroit is commonly anchored by "mile roads," major east-west surface streets that are spaced at one-mile intervals and increment as one travels north and away from the city center. Mile roads sometimes have two names, the numeric name (ex. 15 Mile Road) used in Macomb County and a local name (ex. Maple Road) used in Oakland County mostly. main|Mile Road System (Detroit)
Bibliography and further reading
* [http://www.clarke.cmich.edu/localhistory/Macomb.htm Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University, Bibliography on Macomb County]
* [http://www.macombcountymi.gov Macomb County - Official Website]
* [http://www.macombcountymi.gov/clerksoffice Office of Carmella Sabaugh] (County Clerk/Register of Deeds)
* [http://www.libcoop.net/mcl Macomb County Library]
* [http://www.macombcountyvoice.com Macomb County Voice]
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