- Mackinac County, Michigan
Infobox U.S. County
county = Mackinac County
state = Michigan
map size = 200
founded = October 26, 1818 [http://www.mackinaccounty.net/comminfo9548159.asp]
seat = St. Ignace
area_total_sq_mi = 2101
area_total_km2 = 5440
area_water_km2 = 2794
area percentage = 51.37%
census yr = 2000
pop = 11943
density_km2 = 5
density_sq_mi = 12
web = www.mackinaccounty.net
Mackinac County is a county in the
Upper Peninsulaof the U.S. stateof Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the population was 11,943. The county seatis St. Ignace.GR|6 The county was formerly known as Michilimackinac County, and it was created as one of the first counties of the Michigan Territoryin 1818.
The county's name is claimed to be a corruption of the French term "Michilimackinac," which referred to the straits area as well as the French settlement at the tip of the lower peninsula. [ [http://clarke.cmich.edu/localhistory/Mackinac.htm Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University, Bibliography on Mackinac County.] ] "See and compare,"
List of Michigan county name etymologies, List of Michigan counties, and List of abolished U.S. counties.
Michilimackinac county was created by a proclamation of territorial governor
Lewis Casson October 26, 1818. The county originally took up the Lower Peninsulaof Michigan north of Macomb County and almost the entire present Upper Peninsula. At the time of founding, the county seat was the community of Michilimackinac Island on Michilimackinac Island, later known as Mackinac Island, Michigan. In 1882 the county seat was moved to St. Ignace. It was organized in 1849 as Mackinac County.
*According to the
U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,101 square miles (5,440 km²), of which, 1,022 square miles (2,646 km²) of it is land and 1,079 square miles (2,794 km²) of it (51.37%) is water.
*It is part of the
Roman Catholic Diocese of Marquette. [ [http://www.dioceseofmarquette.org// Diocese Of Marquette] ] [ [http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/diocese/dmarq.html Catholic Hierarchy: Diocese of Marquette] ]
St. Ignaceis the northern terminus of the Mackinac Bridge.
Mackinac Islandis within the county.
* runs through downtown St. Ignace
Michigan State Trunklines
* serves Mackinac Island. It is the only state highway where auto traffic is banned (with the exception of emergency vehicles).
Mackinac County Intercounty Highways
The nearest airports with scheduled passenger service are:
Chippewa County International Airportin Sault Ste. Marie in the eastern Upper peninsula;
Pellston Regional Airport[ [http://www.pellstonairport.com/ Pellston Regional Airport] ] , Traverse City Cherry Capital Airport and Alpena County Regional Airportin the Lower peninsula.
*Cheboygan County (south)
*Chippewa County (north & east)
*Emmet County (south)
*Luce County (northwest)
*Schoolcraft County (west)
Hiawatha National Forest(part)
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 11,943 people, 5,067 households, and 3,410 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 12 persons per square mile (5/km²). There were 9,413 housing units at an average density of 9/sq mi (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.07% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 14.21% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, and 4.92% from two or more races. 0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.7% were of German, 9.4% English, 8.1% Irish, 7.3% French, 6.0% American and 6.0% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.6% spoke English as their first language.
There were 5,067 households out of which 26.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.70% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.81.
In the county the population was spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 6.00% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 28.40% from 45 to 64, and 18.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $33,356, and the median income for a family was $39,929. Males had a median income of $30,805 versus $22,753 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $17,777. About 7.20% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.70% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over.
The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates themajor local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains
vital records, administers public healthregulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare andother social services. The county board of commissioners controls thebudget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most localgovernment functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, streetmaintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.
Mackinac County elected officials
* Prosecuting Attorney: W. Clayton Graham
Sheriff: Scott Strait
County Clerk: Mary Kay Tamlyn
* County Treasurer: Jane E. Hampton
Register of Deeds: Diane Frankovich
County Surveyor: Jeffrey M. Davis
(information as of September 2005)
There are 34 official state historical markers in the County: [ [http://www.michmarkers.com/Frameset.htm Michigan Historical markers] ]
* Across the Peninsula
American Fur CompanyStore
* Battlefield of 1814
* Bois Blanc Island
* British Cannon
* Early Missionary Bark Chapel
Fort de Buade
* Grand Hotel
Gros Cap Island& St. Helena Island
Lake View Hotel
* Little Stone Church
* Market Street
* Mission House
* Northernmost Point of
Old Agency House
Round Island Lighthouse
Sainte Anne Church
* St. Ignace Mission
* Skull Cave
Trinity Church (Mackinac Island)
Wawashkamo Golf Club[ [http://www.wawashkamo.com/ Wawashkamo Golf Club.] ]
Cities, villages, and townships
* Mackinac Island
* St. Ignace
* "None"Unincorporated communities
* Evergreen Shores
* Gould City
* Gros Cap
* Pointe Aux Pins
* Bois Blanc Township
* Brevort Township
* Clark Township
* Garfield Township
* Hendricks Township
* Hudson Township
* Marquette Township
* Moran Township
* Newton Township
* Portage Township
* St. Ignace Township
* [http://clarke.cmich.edu/localhistory/Mackinac.htm Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University, Bibliography on Mackinac County.]
* [http://www.mackinaccounty.net Mackinac County government]
* [http://www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=micounty;cc=micounty;q1=mackinac%20county;rgn=full%20text;idno=arw8562.0001.001;didno=ARW8562.0001.001;view=image;seq=54;page=root;size=s;frm=frameset; A History of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, Fuller, George N.]
* [http://www.stignace.com/ St. Ignace visitor's bureau]
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