- Pott's fracture
Pott's fracture Classification and external resources ICD-10 S82.6 ICD-9 824.4-824.5
Pott's fracture, (not to be confused with Pott's disease), also known as Pott’s syndrome I and Dupuytren fracture, is an archaic term loosely applied to a variety of bimalleolar ankle fractures. The injury is caused by a combined abduction external rotation from an eversion force. This action pulls on the extremely strong medial (deltoid) ligament, often tearing off the medial malleolus. The talus then moves laterally, shearing off the lateral malleolus or, more commonly, breaking the fibula superior to the tibiofibular syndesmosis. If the tibia is carried anteriorly, the posterior margin of the distal end of the tibia is also sheared off by the talus. A fractured fibula in addition to detaching the medial malleolus will tear the tibiofibular ligament. The combined fracture of the medial malleolus, lateral malleolus, and the posterior margin of the distal end of the tibia is known as a "trimalleolar fracture."  Note that in a "trimalleolar fracture" that the posterior distal end of the tibia is erroneously labeled as a malleolus. A real life example of this would be the foot everting in a football tackling sport's injury. In this injury, a person's ankle receives a lateral force pushing the fibula towards the tibia. The player, on the ground, responds with the force of eversion force from the calcaneous to lesson the initial lateral force. The eversion of the foot twists the fibula from its rest position into the plane where the lateral force originated. To come out of its plane, it must pivot from a certain point to accomplish this rotation. That pivot point is where the fracture would occur. This pivot point, since it is above the anterior tibiofibular ligament, would consequently tear. Better imagine this was as two hands on a clock, one hand facing 12, the other facing 6. Both hands are the fibula of the person's right leg. The lateral force approaches from 3 o'clock. The hand pointing at the 6 everts to the position at 5 (thus laterally) to compensate and thus must in order to occur fracture at its pivot point.
- ^ Hunter, T., Peltier, L.F. Lund, P. J. (2000). Radiographics. 20:819-736.
- ^ a b Moore and Agur. Essential Clinical Anatomy. Lippincotts Williams and Wilkins. 2007
- ^ Moore and Dalley. Clinically Oriented Anatomy. 2006
- ^ Wilson FC (2000). "Fractures of the ankle: pathogenesis and treatment". Journal of the Southern Orthopaedic Association 9 (2): 105–15. PMID 10901648. http://www.medscape.com/viewpublication/137_toc?vol=9&iss=2.
- ^ Pott, P. (1769). Some Few General Remarks on Fractures and Dislocations. London, Howes. Clarke. Collins.
- ^ synd/1126 at Who Named It?
- ^ Sartoris DJ (1993). "Eponymic fractures of the ankle". The Journal of foot and ankle surgery : official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons 32 (2): 239–41. PMID 8318982.
- ^ Dupuytren, G. (1819). Mémoire sur la fracture de l’extremité inferieure du peroné, les luxations et les accidents qui en sont la suite. Ann med.-chir Hôp. Paris, 1: 2-212.
Pott did not describe disruption of the tibio-fibular ligament, whereas Dupuytren did.
Injury : Fractures and cartilage injuries (Sx2, 800–829) General Head Vertebral Ribs Shoulder, arm
Hip, leg and footHip/femurLegFoot
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