- Beverly Hills, California
official_name = City of Beverly Hills, California
nickname = "Garden Spot of the World"
image_caption = Picture of Beverly Hills taken at Wilshire Boulevard
mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location of Beverly Hills in Los Angeles County,
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Los Angeles
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name1 = Frank M. Fenton
leader_name2 = Roderick J. Wood
established_title3 = Incorporated
established_date3 = October 22, 1906
area_total_km2 = 14.7
area_land_km2 = 14.7
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 5.7
area_land_sq_mi = 5.7
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
area_water_percent = 0
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 33784
population_density_km2 = 2298
population_density_sq_mi = 5927
timezone = PST
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
latd = 34 |latm = 4 |lats = 23 |latNS = N
longd = 118 |longm = 23 |longs = 58 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 79
elevation_ft = 259
postal_code = 90210, 90211, 90212
area_code = 310, 323, 424
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 06-06308
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1652672
website = http://www.beverlyhills.org
Beverly Hills is a city in the western part of Los Angeles County,
California, United States. Beverly Hills and the neighboring city of West Hollywood are together entirely surrounded by the city of Los Angeles. The area's "Platinum Triangle" of wealthy neighborhoods is formed by Beverly Hills and the Los Angeles neighborhoods of Bel-Air and Holmby Hills. The population was 34,980 as of the 2006 census.
Beverly Hills is bordered on the north by Bel-Air and the
Santa Monica Mountains, on the east by West Hollywood, the Carthayneighborhood of Los Angeles, and the Fairfax District of Los Angeles, and on the south by the Beverlywood.
Beverly Hills contains some of the largest homes in
Los Angeles Countyand the nation. These homes range from the extravagant and luxurious in size, to the more elegant and modern homes, and then to the many small duplex rental units and detached homes with less than 3,000 sq ft (280 sq meters). The city's average household income is just over $87,000. [ [http://www.laalmanac.com/employment/em12.htm Income in LA County Cities ] ]
Coldwell Bankerlists Beverly Hills as the most expensive housing market (second year in a row) in the United States, with a median home price of over $2.2 million. [cite news |first= Keisha|last= Lamothe|authorlink= |coauthors= |title= Most Expensive and Most Affordable Housing Markets|url= http://promo.realestate.yahoo.com/most_expensive_and_most_affordable_housing_markets.htmlhttp://promo.realestate.yahoo.com/most_expensive_and_most_affordable_housing_markets.html|work= |publisher= Yahoo! Real Estate(citing CNNMoney.com) |date= 2007-09-26|accessdate=2008-04-05 ]
Gaspar de Portolà's land expedition arrived in the area on August 3 1769. The group consisted of Portolà (the first governorof the province of California), some Franciscanpriests and a cavalcade of leather-jacket soldiers and horses. On September 27 1821, New Spainbecame Mexicoand the province of California quietly changed flags.
That same decade, retired Spanish soldier Vicente Ferrer Valdez and his wife, Maria Rita Villa de Valdez, settled on the convert|4500|acre|ha|1 "Rancho El Rodeo de las Aguas". Rita did not care for the name, however, and chose to call it "San Antonio". The Valdez
adobehome was built near what is the present day intersection of Sunset Boulevard and Alpine Drive. Valdez died in 1828, leaving Rita and eleven children.
California was ceded by Mexico to the United States in 1848 with the
Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo. It was admitted as a U.S. state on September 9 1850.
In 1852 Maria Rita Valdez De Villa asked to purchase a league of land for $4,000. She called the land Rancho Rodeo De Las Aguas. It was later purchased by Major Henry Hancock (of
Hancock Parkfame), a New Hampshire attorney. He had come to the state during the 1849 gold rush. He used the land as a farm until 1868 when Dr. Edward Preusss, a native of Louisville, Kentucky, bought the land. [ [http://www.pacificislandtravel.com/north_america/western_usa/california/la_beverlyhills.html History of Beverly Hills] ]
A brief oil boom raised interest in the area in 1865 when the Pioneer Oil Company bought the rights to drill wells.Fact|date=May 2008
On October 22, 1906, the community of Beverly Hills was declared open by the Percy H. Clark Co., managers of the tract of land. It was described as a "beautiful suburban residence between this city [Los Angeles] and Santa Monica." BEVERLY HILLS. (1906, October 21). Los Angeles Times,V1. Retrieved June 25, 2008] The community was designed to allow the buyers to build a custom house on the land they purchased in the new development. The Rodeo Land and Water Company(Burton Green)decided to name it Beverly Hills after the rolling hills in
Beverly, Massachusetts.Fact|date=June 2008 Prior to this, the land was known as the Hammel and Denker ranch, which was one of Southern California's most fertile lands growing lima beans. text] It was purchased by a syndicate of Henry E. Huntington, C. A. Canfield, W G. Karckhoff, W. S. Porter, Burton M. Green, M. W. Whittier. It lies in the old Morocco Junction of the Los Angeles Pacific road, where the Hollywood and Colgrove braches connect. The investment company marketed Beverly Hills as "between the city and the sea."
In September 1911, work began on the
Beverly Hills Hotel. The Los Angeles Times would call it a "monster hostelry" since it cost $300,000. [WORK STARTS WITH RUSH ON MONSTER HOSTELRY :Great Tourist Hostelry for Beautiful Site Between the City and the Sea.. (1911, September 23). Los Angeles Times,p. I14. Retrieved June 25, 2008] At the time, lots were selling for around $2,000 each. [BEVERLY HILLS SALES. (1911, December 17). Los Angeles Times,p. V28. Retrieved June 25, 2008]
Douglas Fairbanksand Mary Pickfordbought land on Summit Drive and built " Pickfair".Fact|date=May 2008 In 1921, they announced that they would build the home which they had been "dreaming" about in Beverly Hills. [THREE NEW HOMES FOR FAIRBANKS :Husband of Mary Pickford to Build at Beverly Hills, Santa Barbara, Lake Como.. (1921, January 11). The Los Angeles Times,II1. Retrieved June 25, 2008] Will Rogers, a wisecracking political humorist, wrote of the land boom in 1923, "Lots are sold so quickly and often out here that they put through escrow made out to the 12th owner... They couldn't possibly make out a separate deed for each purchaser; besides, he wouldn't have time to read it in the 10 minutes' time he owned the land." Fact|date=May 2008
The movie colony was well entrenched by 1928 when
Harold Lloyd, John Barrymore, Robert Montgomery and Miriam Hopkinsbuilt residences there. Fact|date=May 2008
The population in 1920 was 672Fact|date=May 2008; in 1924, it was 5,000Fact|date=May 2008; by 1930, it was 17,429Fact|date=May 2008.
The issuance of building permits in 1918 totaled $35,200Fact|date=May 2008; in 1919, $304,900Fact|date=May 2008; in 1921, $787,729Fact|date=May 2008; 1922, $1,838,994Fact|date=May 2008.
In early 1920, the
Beverly Hills Speedway, a convert|1.25|mi|km|1 wood oval track with turns banked 35 degrees was opened. Joe Boyer ran his race car convert|110|mph|km/h|1 during the exhibition run Fact|date=May 2008. The races drew huge crowds and radio broadcasts were on a par with today's Indianapolis 500. There were also aviationshows, another national craze. The speedway was closed in 1924 and the site was later subdivided for housing and businesses.Fact|date=May 2008
In 1923, annexation to the city of Los Angeles was proposed, but faced opposition. Residents Mary Pickford, Will Rogers and others mobilized local voters against the plan.Fact|date=May 2008 Those for annexation argued that Los Angeles would provide an adequate supply of better quality water for growth. Workers left bottles of sulfur-smelling water on the doorsteps of every home in Beverly Hills with a label that read: "Warning. Drink sparingly of this water as it has laxative qualities." Despite the campaign tactics, annexation was defeated 507 to 337.Fact|date=May 2008 The following year, the city voted $400,000 in bonds to purchase the water system from the Beverly Hills Utilities Company and drill additional wells.
This fight for an independent city was arguably the first union of show business and politics in the United States. Fact|date=May 2008 When Will Rogers became involved in the local city government the community received international advertising. In 1925, Rogers was given the title "Honorary Mayor of Beverly Hills," becoming the first and (to date) only person so honored as such. The same year, the citizens of the city voted a $100,000 bond issue to purchase with Los Angeles, Santa Monica and Venice convert|385|acre|ha|1 for the building of UCLA. There were convert|96|mi|km|1 of paved streets in the city limits by 1927. In 1928, the
Beverly-Wilshire Hotelon Wilshire Boulevard between El Camino and Rodeo Drives, part of the old Beverly Hills Speedway, was completed. That same year, Greystone Mansionwas completed by Edward L. Doheny, Jr., the only son and heir of wealthy oil man Edward L. Doheny. And in 1930, horses were banned in the City of Beverly Hills.
In the early 1930s, Santa Monica Park was renamed Beverly Gardens and was extended to span the entire two mile (3 km) length of Santa Monica Boulevard through the city. At its Santa Monica and Wilshire corner, the
Electric Fountain, a constant symphony of form and color at night, was installed, with a small sculpture at the top of a Tongvakneeling in prayer, homage to the heritage of Beverly Hills as a wellspring of fertility and abundance.
In April 1931 the new
Italian Renaissancestyle City Hall was opened. [Wanamaker, Marc. Beverly Hills: 1930-2005. p9 ISBN 0095299717441999]
By 1933, the effects of the Depression were being felt in Beverly Hills. The city and school board cut salaries to save funds. In February, some 161 parcels of land were advertised for sale for delinquent lighting assessments. The Chamber of Commerce established an employment bureau and the mayor requested a branch welfare office from the County of Los Angeles.Fact|date=May 2008 By 1937, the city had weathered the storm of the Depression and was riding the crest of a wave of retail sales that reached more than $20,000,000 and bank deposits topped the $25,000,000 figure.Fact|date=May 2008 Property values of that year showed a 30% increase over the previous year.Fact|date=May 2008
By the 1950s, small vacant lots remained and developers cropped whole mountains to ease the housing shortage. The stables and trails of the unusually large Doheny family estate, Greystone Mansion was bought by Paul Trousdale. The Trousdale Estates area was eventually annexed and an expensive housing development began to take shape in the hills above the city.
Beverly Hills marketed itself as one of the most glamorous places in the world to shop.Fact|date=May 2008 The Golden Triangle, with
Rodeo Driveat its center, was marketed as the apex of chic shopping and fashion.Fact|date=May 2008
The Via Rodeo, the first new street in Beverly Hills in seventy-six years, was completed in 1990. The Spanish
cobblestonestreet leads to 2 Rodeo Drive, a "mini-mall" with upscale shops and restaurants. In 1992, the Beverly Hills Civic Center was opened. Designed by architect Charles Moore, it links the new public library, fire and police departments with the historic City Hall.
Beverly Hills Unified School District, included four K-8 schools and Beverly Hills High School.
The city's image has been enhanced by being featured in
televisionshows and movies set in Beverly Hills, including the " The Jack Benny Program" (1950 to 1954), " The Beverly Hillbillies" (1962 to 1971), the " Beverly Hills Cop" movies, " Beverly Hills 90210" (1990 to 2000), and " 90210" (2008 - ). There's a worldwide hit animation series " Totally Spies" based in Beverly Hills, as three teen girls attend fictional Beverly High School are part-time undercover spies.
Rodeo Drive, Beverly and Canon Drives all recently underwent construction to widen the sidewalks and beautify the streets. New construction has also just been completed that added more parking for visitors to the famed shopping area.
90210is a ZIP codein Beverly Hills, made famous by the television series " Beverly Hills, 90210" and because of the celebrity residents that reside in the area. Beverly Hills also has two additional ZIP codes based on the general area. These ZIP codes are 90211 and 90212. In 1983, the local weekly magazine " Beverly Hills 213" debuted as the city's first color ultra-luxury magazine.
Beverly Hills is surrounded by the city of Los Angeles, albeit the small Northeast corner shares the boundary along Doheny Boulevard with West Hollywood, another city known for the "Sunset Strip" that includes Beverly Hills on the famous Sunset Boulevard.
Main thoroughfares include
Wilshire Boulevard, Santa Monica Boulevard, and Sunset Boulevard. Shopping streets include Beverly Drive and Rodeo Drive. Coldwater Canyon Drive is the main road through Beverly Hills into the San Fernando Valley.
In spite of the city's name, most residents live in the "flats" of Beverly Hills, a relatively flat land that includes all of Beverly Hills south of Sunset Blvd. The homes in the hills north of Sunset Boulevard have a much higher value than average homes in the rest of Beverly Hills, and the most expensive homes in Beverly Hills are all in the hills. Wilshire Boulevard divides the "flats" into two areas, locally know as "North or South of the tracks," referring to the train tracks that were once used by the old Redline stockcar that traversed Beverly Hills along Wilshire Blvd. Homes south of Wilshire have more urban square and retangular lots, generally smaller than those to the north. There are also more apartment buildings south of Wilshire Blvd than anywhere else in Beverly Hills, and the average home value south of Wilshire is the lowest in Beverly Hills.
Except for the
Beverly Hills Hoteland the "Beverly Hilton Hotel", all businesses and government offices in Beverly Hills are located south of Santa Monica Blvd. Nearby the Beverly Hills city limits is the famous Los Angeles Country Club, with its two golf courses, where golfers tee up beside celebrities.
As of the 2000
censusGR|2, there were 33,784 people. The racial makeup of the city was 85.1% White, 1.80% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 7.10% Asian, 1.50% from other races, and 4.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Like the rest of Los Angeles County, Beverly Hills is home to a large Iranian-American community. There has been a recent estimate that Iranians represent as much as 30% of the city's population and 40% of the students in public schools. [ [http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5459468 Living in Tehrangeles: L.A.'s Iranian Community - NPR] ] This estimate is not immediately evident in Census Bureau data as the Census Bureau defines the "White" race category as "people having origins in any of the original peoples of .. the Middle East .." [ [http://www.census.gov/prod/2001pubs/c2kbr01-1.pdf Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin - United States Census Bureau, March 2001. (Document C2KBR/01-1, pp 2)] ] In the city the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age for the city was 41 years old.
There were 15,035 households out of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 3.02.
The median income for a household in the city was $70,945, which is typical for an upper-middle class suburb and close to the median household income of
San Jose, California. Yet, the median price for an owner-occupied house exceeds $1,000,000. This is because of an unusually large proportion of renters in the city. There are so many renters in Beverly Hills that homeowners are not the majority. Renter-occupied housing units comprise 56.6 percent of the city's housing stock and the median household income for renter-occupied housing units in the city is $48,179, which is just slightly above average for the entire United States.
The median income for a family is $102,611. Males had a median income of $72,004 versus $46,217 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $65,507. 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, most of those were 65 and older Senior citizens.
The median household income for an owner-occupied housing unit is $125,707.
Despite its reputation, 90210 is not the wealthiest ZIP Code in the United States or even California (the wealthiest ZIP Code in California is 94027, generally located in
Atherton, California; the wealthiest ZIP Code in the United States is 10022, which is located in New York City).Fact|date=September 2008 In fact, Beverly Hills has the lowest median household income of any city with both a population over 10,000 and a median housing price over $1,000,000. Other places in the area that are generally considered to be very wealthy, such as Newport Beachand Laguna Beach, display the same characteristics.Fact|date=September 2008
Government and politics
Mayor of Beverly Hills"
Of the 21,426 registered voters in Beverly Hills; approximately 50.3% are Democrats and 25.9% are Republicans. The remaining 23.8% are Independents or are registered with one of the many smaller political parties, like the Green Party or the Libertarian Party.
The heavy Democratic advantage makes Beverly Hills one of the more liberal cities in Southern California. In 2004,
John Kerrywon 62% of the vote compared to 37% for George W. Bush. In the 2006 state governor election, Arnold Schwarzeneggergot nearly 45% of the vote but won a second term by a state-wide majority, while Democratic opponent Phil Angelideshad just over 54%.
Beverly Hills is a general law city governed by a five-member
City Councilincluding the mayorand vice mayor. City Council hires a city managerto carry out policies and serve as executive officer. Every odd-numbered year either two or three members are elected by the people to serve a four-year term. Each March the City Council meets and chooses one of its members as mayor and one as vice-mayor.
Barry Brucker is mayor and Frank Fenton is vice mayor. Roderick J. Wood is city manager. The other three city council members are
Linda J. Briskman, Jimmy Delshad[ [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/03/31/AR2007033100969.html Iran Native Becomes Mayor of Beverly Hills - washingtonpost.com ] ] and Nancy Krasne. In city council meetings, a few celebrities showed up to speak on local political issues.The Beverly Hills Police Departmenthas its stake to claim in serving the city in law enforcement, included run-ins with celebrities in its history. The police department was featured on the 1986 comedy movie " Down and Out in Beverly Hills" and another comedy, " Beverly Hills Cop".
State and Federal
In the state legislature Beverly Hills is located in the 23rd Senate District, represented by Democrat
Sheila Kuehl, and in the 42nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Mike Feuer. Federally, Beverly Hills is located in California's 30th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +20 [cite web | title = Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest? | publisher = Campaign Legal Center Blog | url=http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html | accessdate = 2008-02-10] and is represented by Democrat Henry Waxman.
In addition the Los Angeles-area offices of
Aeroflotare in Beverly Hills. [" [http://usa.aeroflot.aero/eng/contacts.asp Contacts] ." " AeroflotNew York Office". Accessed September 10, 2008.]
Beverly Hills is served by
Beverly Hills Unified School District; the district's sole high school is Beverly Hills High School.
Los Angeles neighborhoods near Beverly Hills are served by
Los Angeles Unified School District.
Beverly Hills also has several private schools.
[http://www.goodshepherdbeverlyhills.com/ Good Shepherd School] , a PreK-8 school in Beverly Hills, is a part of the
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles.
Other Beverly Hills private schools include
Harkham Hillel Hebrew Academy, Emanuel Academy of Beverly Hills, and Page Private School. Marymount High Schoolin nearby Westwood, across from the University of California Los Angeles(UCLA), is in close proximity to Beverly Hills.
Beverly Hills is served by the following newspapers: "
Canyon News", " Beverly Hills Courier", " Beverly Hills Weekly", and " Beverly Hills 213 Magazine". The " Beverly Hills Post" used to be one of the main newspapers, but it went out of business. Due to its location, it is also served by all Los Angeles TV, radio, and newspaper media.
Beverly Hills also has its own
Televisionchannel, KBEV. Run by the students of Beverly Hills High School, it airs on channel 6 (on cable) to the residents of Beverly Hills.
Beverly Gardens Park
Beverly Hills High School
Beverly Hills Hotel
Burton Way- named for Richard Burton, city co-founder.
La Cienega Park
Beverly Hills Police Department
Will Rogers Memorial Park
Beverly Hills City Hall
* Via Rodeo and Spanish Steps
The Peninsula Hotel Beverly Hills
The name "Beverly Hills" has often been employed as a nickname for a fashionable, affluent area. For example, Ladera Heights, an
unincorporated areain southwestern Los Angeles County, has been dubbed the "Black Beverly Hills" [ [http://www.latimes.com/classified/realestate/printedition/la-re-guide12mar12,1,5642123.story An upscale enclave close to landings and sea - Los Angeles Times ] ] . Also, the city of Hacienda Heights in East Los Angeles has been referred to as the "Asian Beverly Hills." Similarly, the city of Scottsdale has been given the nickname "Beverly Hills of Arizona" for its upscale shops, stately homes, and high household incomeFact|date=September 2007. Calabasas, Californialocated in the San Fernando Valleyis considered the Beverly Hills of the valley.
Famous residents past and present
Lucille Balland Desi Arnaz
Thomas Bangalter(of Daft Punkfame)
* Chris Barnes
David Beckhamand Victoria Beckham
J. Lee Thompson
Heidi Klumand Seal
Gwen Stefaniand Gavin Rossdale
Jeff Rosenstockand Ben Folds
Louis B. Mayer
Los Angeles, California
Tehrangeles- largest ethnic Iranian community outside of Iran
*Beverly Hills: 1930-2005 By Marc Wanamaker ISBN 0095299717441999
*Beverly Hills: An Illustrated History by Genevieve Davis ISBN 9780897812382
*Beverly Hills: Inside the Golden Ghetto By Walter WagnerPublished 1976
*"History of Beverly Hills." BY Pierce E. Bendict. Published 1934.
* [http://www.beverlyhills.org/presence/connect/CoBH/Homepage Official Website of Beverly Hills]
* [http://www.beverlyhillsbehere.com/index.asp Beverly Hills Conference & Visitors Bureau]
* [http://www.beverlyhillsphoto.net Beverly Hills City Photographs]
* [http://www.bhll.net/home/default.asp Beverly Hills Little League]
* [http://rodeodrive-bh.com Official Rodeo Drive Website]
* [http://www.latimes.com/classified/realestate/news/communities/la-re-guide8jan08,1,3089698.story?page=2 Beverly Hills profile] from
Los Angeles Times
* [http://www.beverlyhills.org/presence/connect/CoBH/Homepage/For+Visitors/Facts+and+Figures/History+of+Beverly+Hills/ History of Beverly Hills]
* [http://www.beverleyhills.co.uk beverleyhills.co.uk:]
* [http://jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1173173960825&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull Iranian Jew poised to become mayor of Beverly Hills]
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