- New York State Route 11B
Route information Auxiliary route of US 11 Maintained by NYSDOT Length: 36.98 mi (59.51 km) Existed: 1930 – present Major junctions West end: US 11 in Potsdam East end: US 11 / NY 30 / NY 37 in Malone Location Counties: St. Lawrence, Franklin Highway system ← NY 11A NY 11C →
New York State Route 11B (NY 11B) is a state highway in northern New York, United States. It provides a parallel, more southerly east–west route to U.S. Route 11 between US 11 in Potsdam and US 11, NY 30, and NY 37 in Malone. NY 11B serves both the Potsdam Municipal Airport and the riverside hamlet of Nicholville, where NY 11 meets NY 458. Aside from the two villages at each end of the route and the hamlet of Nicholville near the midpoint, NY 11B passes through rural, lightly populated areas, as does its parent to the north. In Malone, NY 11B overlaps NY 30 for one block in order to reconnect to US 11.
NY 11B was assigned as part of the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York, but to a completely different routing than it follows today. Initially, it was a connector between then-NY 72 in Nicholville and US 11 in Lawrenceville. The route was extended west to Potsdam by 1931 and rerouted to run from Nicholville to Malone ca. 1938. The latter realignment supplanted New York State Route 187, an east–west highway assigned in 1930 that initially extended from Nicholville to North Bangor but was later realigned to serve Malone.
In 1908, the New York State Legislature created Route 30, an unsigned legislative route extending from Niagara Falls to Rouses Point via Maple View, Potsdam and Lawrenceville. Route 30 followed what is now NY 11B east from Potsdam to Nicholville, where it turned north to follow modern County Routes 55 and 54 to Lawrenceville. When the first set of posted routes in New York were assigned in 1924, NY 2 was assigned to most of legislative Route 30 between Maple View and Rouses Point. The lone exception was from Potsdam to Lawrenceville, where NY 2 followed a more northerly alignment via Winthrop and North Lawrence. The bypassed section of legislative Route 30 between Potsdam and Lawrenceville was designated as NY 2A by 1926.
The Nicholville–Lawrenceville segment of NY 2A was concurrent with NY 56, another route assigned in the mid-1920s that extended from Massena in the northwest to Meacham Lake in the southeast via Winthrop and Saint Regis Falls. When NY 2 was redesignated as U.S. Route 11 in 1927, the NY 2A designation was eliminated and replaced with a realigned NY 56 from Potsdam to Nicholville. NY 56 was truncated to end in Potsdam as part of the change. In the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York, NY 56 was renumbered to NY 72 while NY 11B was assigned to the pre-1927 routing of NY 56 between Nicholville and Lawrenceville. At the same time, a connector between NY 11B in Nicholville and U.S. Route 11 in North Bangor by way of Bangor was designated NY 187. NY 11B was extended westward to Potsdam by the following year, creating a lengthy overlap with NY 72.
Ca. 1937, NY 187 was realigned to continue east from Bangor to Malone. By the following year, NY 11B was rerouted to continue east from Nicholville to Malone, replacing NY 187. The former alignment of NY 11B north of Nicholville became NY 195. In the early 1940s, NY 72 was rerouted west of the Hopkinton hamlet of the same name to follow its current alignment south of NY 11B, eliminating all but 2 miles (3.2 km) of the overlap between NY 11B and NY 72. It was removed entirely ca. 1973 when NY 72 was truncated to its current eastern terminus. On April 1, 1980, ownership and maintenance of NY 11B between Wellington Street and NY 30 was transferred from the village of Malone to the state of New York as part of a highway maintenance swap between the state and Franklin County.
County Location Mile Destinations Notes St. Lawrence Village of Potsdam 0.00 US 11 Hopkinton 13.69 NY 72 Eastern terminus of NY 72 15.87 NY 458 Western terminus of NY 458 Franklin Village of Malone 36.72 NY 30 south Southern terminus of NY 11B / NY 30 overlap 36.98 US 11 / NY 30 north / NY 37 Northern terminus of NY 11B / NY 30 overlap; eastern terminus of NY 37 1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
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