- El Jadida
Coordinates: Country Morocco Region Doukkala-Abda Province Province of El Jadida Population (2010) - Total 147,549 Time zone WET (UTC+0) - Summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1) Official name: Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida) Type: Cultural Criteria: ii, iv Designated: 2004 (28th session) Reference #: 1058 State Party: Morocco Region: Arab States
El Jadida (Berber: ⵎⴰⵣⵖⴰⵏ Mazghan, Arabic:الجديدة "new") is a port city on the Atlantic coast of Morocco, in the province of El Jadida. It has a population of 144,440 (2004 census). From the sea, El Jadida's old city; has a very "un-Moorish" appearance; it has massive Portuguese walls of hewn stone.
El Jadida, previously known as Mazagan (Portuguese: Mazagão), was seized in 1502 by the Portuguese, and they controlled this city until 1769, when they abandoned Mazagão. Its inhabitants were evacuated to Brazil, where they founded new settlement Nova Mazagão (now in Amapá). El Jadida was then taken over by Sultan Mohammed ben Abdallah.
The Portuguese Fortified City of Mazagan was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004, on the basis of its status as an "outstanding example of the interchange of influences between European and Moroccan cultures" and as an "early example of the realisation of the Renaissance ideals integrated with Portuguese construction technology".
At present, the city's main exports are beans, almonds, maize, chickpeas, wool, hides, wax and eggs. It imports cotton, sugar, tea and rice. The presence of nearby ports and factories is responsible for the pollution of El Jadida's beaches.
The modern city of Essaouira (containing some of the earliest recorded Phoenician settlement history of Morocco: the archaeological ruins of Mogador) connects to El Jadida from the south via the R301 road.
Landmarks of El Jadida/Mazagan
- The Municipal Theater of El Jadida
- The Portuguese Cistern
- The Canons and the Fortress
- The Old Port
- Cheikh Chouaib Doukkali, former minister of Justice and president of the Appellate court
- Driss Chraïbi, author
- Driss Jettou, former Prime Minister
- Abdelkebir Khatibi, author
- Chaibia, painter
- André Elbaz, painter and film-maker
- André Guelfi, racing driver
- ^ Paula Hardy, Heidi Edsall, Mara Vorhees (2005). Morocco. Lonely Planet. ISBN 1740596781. http://books.google.com/books?visbn=1740596781&id=FKxWBLwMBqYC&pg=PP132&lpg=PP132&ots=M6ZmqMQy-f&dq=El+Jadida&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html&sig=aAx9rjDRgDUssro2ZhOhtUOCdBw.
- ^ Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida) - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
- ^ C.Michael Hogan, Mogador: Promontory Fort, The Megalithic Portal, ed. Andy Burnham, November 2, 2007 
- (French) Website Of El Jadida
Doukkala-Abda region Capital: Asfi ProvincesEl Jadida Province · Safi Province CitiesJdida · Sidi Bennour · Azemour · Bir Jdid · Zmamra · Ouled Frej · Karia · Moulay Abdallah · Oualidia · Laaounate · Sidi Smaïl · Oulad Ghadbane · Sidi Ali Ben Hamdouche · Sebt Lamaarif · Oulad Amrane · Sidi Bouzid · Asfi · Youssoufia · Echemaia · Jmaat Shaim · Sebt Gzoula · Sidi Ahmed · Laakarta · Bouguedra · Ighoud · Ahrara World Heritage Sites in Morocco Northern Central Southern
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