- The Jim Henson Company
The Jim Henson Company Type Private Industry Entertainment Founded New York (1958) Headquarters Los Angeles, California; offices and production facilities in New York City and London Key people Brian Henson, Co-Chair & Co-CEO
Lisa Henson, Co-Chair & Co-CEO
The Jim Henson Company, an American entertainment organization, traces its origins to the founding of Muppets, Inc. in 1958 by puppeteer Jim Henson, creator of The Muppets. The Muppets helped the company gain worldwide acclaim in family entertainment for more than four decades. The company's units include Jim Henson's Creature Shop, a renowned animatronics and visual-effects workshop.
Jim Henson and Jane Henson formed Muppets Inc. in 1958, three years after Sam and Friends debuted. Aside from Sam and Friends, the majority of work that the company had until 1969 was creating characters for various commercials, variety show appearances, and a few meeting films for various companies (the company would produce its own meeting films from 1965 to 1996). In 1969, the company started creating characters and more than 20 short films for the popular children's show Sesame Street.
One of the company's first characters to be seen regularly on national television was Rowlf the Dog, who was initially created for Purina Dog Chow commercials and soon became famous when he became a regular character on The Jimmy Dean Show from 1963-1966. During this time, the show's host, Jimmy Dean, was given an opportunity to own forty percent of the company. However, Dean turned the offer down because he didn't feel that he had earned it.
For many years, Jim Henson had tried to sell several different shows to the major networks, all of which turned them down. Some ideas (such as "Tales of The Tinkerdee") were made as unaired pilots, and some (such as "The Zoocus") were never produced. Then, in 1976, Jim Henson was able to produce The Muppet Show for syndication. The success of The Muppet Show led to many movies, specials, videos, and more. The Muppet Show was originally owned by the British company ITC, but Jim Henson later purchased the rights to the show.
In the early 1980s, Jim Henson also formed Jim Henson's Creature Shop, which produced characters for shows such as The Storyteller, Farscape, and Dinosaurs; and movies such as The Dark Crystal and Labyrinth. It was also during the 1980s that Jim Henson produced new television series such as Fraggle Rock and The Jim Henson Hour.
In 1990, Jim Henson was in negotiations to sell the company to the Walt Disney Company, but Jim Henson died during the week that he was supposed to sign the contract, and his family decided to keep the company private. .
In 1999, the Jim Henson Company had partial interests in two cable channels, The Kermit Channel (which was broadcast in Asia) and Odyssey Network (which was broadcast in the USA). Hallmark also co-owned these networks. Both networks were later renamed to the Hallmark Channel.
In 2000, Jim Henson’s children sold the company to the German media company, EM.TV. In early 2001, after EM.TV subsequently experienced major financial problems, the Jim Henson Company was put up for sale. That year, EM.TV sold the company's ownership of the Sesame Street Muppets to Sesame Workshop and sold the company's ownership of the Odyssey Channel and the Kermit Channel. The Walt Disney Company, HIT Entertainment, Saban, Classic Media, Sesame Workshop, and Sony were among the companies who showed interested in owning the company. In December of 2002, a deal was announced in which EM.TV would sell a 49.9% stake in Henson to an investment group led by Dean Valentine, a former executive at Disney and UPN.  However in March 2003, the deal fell through, and it was Henson's children who bought back the company in May 2003.
In 2004, almost one year after ownership of the Henson company was returned to the family’s hands, the Jim Henson Company sold the rights  to the Muppets and and the Bear in the Big Blue House characters to The Walt Disney Company,who control the Muppets through the wholly owned subsidiary The Muppets Studio, LLC (formerly Muppets Holding Company LLC). The Walt Disney Company now owns all Muppet-related trademarks, including the word “Muppet”, which The Jim Henson Company and Sesame Workshop do not own. In the teaser for "Stuffed and Unstrung", the characters of Bobby Vegan and Samson Knight made it clear that they weren't Muppets.
While the company no longer owns any of The Muppets characters, the scenes featuring the fictional "Muppet Studios" in The Muppets were filmed at Jim Henson Studios.
Charles Chaplin built the Chaplin Studios - later the Jim Henson Company Studios in 2000 - at La Brea Avenue in Hollywood in late 1917 and sold them in 1953. The site once housed A&M Records. In 1993 it[clarification needed] got together with Columbia Pictures to form Jim Henson Pictures.
List of shows, commercials and movies
- Pajanimals: The Series (2011, with 4Kids Entertainment and Sixteen South)
- The Power of the Dark Crystal (2011)
- MAD ("VeggieTales From The Crypt" segment) (2011)
- Late Night Liars (2010)
- Dinosaur Train (2009-)
- The Sam Plenty Cavalcade of Action Show Plus Singing! (2008)
- Sid the Science Kid (2008-)
- Unstable Fables (2008–2009)
- Jim Henson's Pajanimals (2008, with 4Kids Entertainment)
- The Skrumps (2007, with Yahoo! Kids)
- Frances (2006)
- The Muppets' Wizard of Oz (2005)
- MirrorMask (2005)
- Farscape: The Peacekeeper Wars (2004)
- Animal Jam (2003–2004)
- It's a Very Merry Muppet Christmas Movie (2002)
- Kermit's Swamp Years (2002)
- Telling Stories with Tomie dePaola (2001)
- The Hoobs (2000–2002)
- Rat (2000, with Universal)
- Donna's Day (1999-2002)
- Construction Site (1999–2002)
- Farscape (1999–2003)
- Mopatop's Shop (1999–2002)
- The Adventures of Elmo in Grouchland (1999, with Columbia Pictures)
- Muppets from Space (1999)
- Brats of the Lost Nebula (1998)
- MTV promo (1997)
- Buddy (1997; co-production with American Zoetrope and Columbia Pictures)
- Bear in the Big Blue House (1997–1999, 2002-2006)
- Muppets Tonight (1996–1998)
- Muppet Treasure Island (1996) (with Walt Disney Pictures)
- The Wubbulous World of Dr. Seuss (1996–1998)
- Secret Life of Toys (1994)
- Jim Henson's Animal Show (1993–1997)
- CityKids (1993–1994)
- Dog City (1992–1994)
- The Muppet Christmas Carol (1992) (with Walt Disney Pictures)
- Dinosaurs (1991–1993) (with Michael Jacobs Productions and Walt Disney Television)
- Handmade Video (1990)
- The Witches (1990) (with Warner Bros. and Lorimar Film Entertainment)
- The Ghost of Faffner Hall (1989)
- The Jim Henson Hour (1989-1990)
- Jim Henson's Mother Goose Stories (1987-1990)
- A Muppet Family Christmas (1987)
- Puppetman (1987)
- The Storyteller (1987)
- The Christmas Toy (1986)
- Labyrinth (1986; co-production with Lucasfilm)
- The Tale of the Bunny Picnic (1986)
- Sesame Street Presents Follow That Bird (1985) (with Warner Bros.)
- Jim Henson's Little Muppet Monsters (1985)
- Jim Henson's Muppet Babies (1984–1991)
- The Muppets Take Manhattan (1984) (with TriStar Pictures)
- Fraggle Rock (1983–1987)
- The Dark Crystal (1982)
- The Great Muppet Caper (1981)
- The Muppet Movie (1979)
- The Muppet Show (1976–1981)
- Saturday Night Live (1975) ("Land of Gorch" segments)
- Sesame Street (1-2-3-4-5, 1975)
- Sesame Street (11 Cheer, 1973)
- Sesame Street (Number 3 Ball Film, 1972)
- Sesame Street (Operatic Orange, 1971)
- Sesame Street (Nobody Counts To 10, 1971)
- Sesame Street (The Queen of 6, 1971)
- Sesame Street (The King of 8, 1971)
- Sesame Street (Doll House, 1970)
- Sesame Street (Number Songs 1-10, 1969)
- Sesame Street (Sam the Snake, 1969)
- Sesame Street (intro for Episode 1, 1969)
- Sesame Street (1969–)
- The Cube (1969)
- Munchos commercials (1969)
- Kenner Easy-Bake Oven commercial (1968)
- Linit Fabric Finish commercial (1967)
- Wheels, Crowns & Flutes commercial (1966)
- Wilson's Meats commercials (1966-1968)
- La Choy commercials (1965-1968)
- Kerns Bread commercials (1965-1967)
- Time Piece (1965)
- Claussen's Bakery commercials (1964)
- Cat and Mouse (1963)
- Purina Dog Chow commercials (1962)
- Faygo commercials (1958-1959)
- Wilkins Coffee commercials (1957-1962)
- Sam and Friends (1955–1961)
This list excludes pre-2001 Sesame Street co-productions outside the United States.
From 1969 to 2001, Jim Henson Productions contracted to create and provide Muppet characters for Sesame Street. With the exception of occasional appearances in The Muppets franchise, the characters were used exclusively for Sesame Workshop, but The Jim Henson Company technically owned the characters they created. In 2001 Sesame Workshop bought the rights to all Muppets used on Sesame Street, except Kermit the Frog. After Jim Henson's death, Kermit rarely featured. Because Henson had not created Kermit for the exclusive use of Sesame Workshop and Kermit was the main character of Muppets as well, his case would have required a special agreement. Sesame Workshop owns all footage of Kermit on Sesame Street, and new and previous episodes of Sesame Street can continue to use that footage. This deal ended any affiliation between the Jim Henson Company and Sesame Street. The deal also ended any direct affiliation between The Muppets and Sesame Street with two exceptions: using many of the same puppeteers, and the agreement that Sesame Street may still use the term "Muppet" from The Walt Disney Company. Also, The Jim Henson Company can continue to design and build newer Muppet characters for Sesame Street.
- ^ "Muppets Cut Deal With Sony Pictures". The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1995-07-21/business/fi-26458_1_sony-pictures-entertainment. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- ^ "Jim Henson's Children Put Together a String of Big Deals to Keep Alive". The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1992-07-26/business/fi-5359_1_jim-henson. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- ^ "The Next Muppetmeister?". The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1990-08-19/entertainment/ca-3047_1_jim-henson-s-line. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- ^ "Sony Nears Deal With Jim Henson Productions". The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1995-05-12/business/fi-65465_1_jim-henson-productions/2. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- ^ "Henson Heirs Allege Disney Is Illegally Using Muppets". The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1991-04-18/news/mn-172_1_jim-henson. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- ^ "Miss Piggy and Friends Won't Get Together With Mickey and Minnie". The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1990-12-14/business/fi-6567_1_jim-henson. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- ^ "German Firm to Buy Henson for $680 Million". The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2000/feb/22/business/fi-1256. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- ^ "Muppets Returning to Hensons' Hands". The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2003/may/08/business/fi-muppets8. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- ^ http://corporate.disney.go.com/news/corporate/2004/2004_0217_kermit.html
- ^ Muppets
- ^ "Kermit Is Now Part of Magic Kingdom". The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2004/feb/18/business/fi-muppets18. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
Major works Founded
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.