Pattaya

Pattaya
Pattaya
พัทยา
Pattaya City, เมืองพัทยา

Seal
Location of Pattaya on the Gulf of Thailand
Pattaya is located in Thailand
Pattaya
Coordinates: 12°55′39″N 100°52′31″E / 12.9275°N 100.87528°E / 12.9275; 100.87528Coordinates: 12°55′39″N 100°52′31″E / 12.9275°N 100.87528°E / 12.9275; 100.87528
Country Thailand
Province Chonburi
Mueang Mueang Pattaya
Government
 – Type Self-administrating municipality
 – Mayor Ittipol Khunplome
Area
 – Total 22.2 km2 (8.6 sq mi)
Population (2007)[1]
 – Total 104,318
 – Density 4,699/km2 (12,170.4/sq mi)
  Registered residents only
Time zone Thailand (UTC+7)
ISO 3166-2 TH-S
Website www.pattaya.go.th

Pattaya (Thai: พัทยา, About this sound พัทยา , RTGS: Phatthaya, Thai pronunciation: [pʰát.tʰā.jāː]) is a city in Thailand, located on the east coast of the Gulf of Thailand, about 165 km southeast of Bangkok located within but not part of Amphoe Bang Lamung (Banglamung) in the province of Chonburi.

The City of Pattaya (Thai: เมืองพัทยา; RTGS: Mueang Phatthaya) is a self governing municipal area which covers the whole tambon Nong Prue and Na Kluea and parts of Huai Yai and Nong Pla Lai. The City is situated in the heavily industrial Eastern Seaboard zone, along with Si Racha, Laem Chabang, and Chonburi. It has a population exceeding 100,000 (2007). Pattaya is also the center of the Pattaya-Chonburi Metropolitan Area, the conurbation in Chonburi Province, with a total population exceeding 1,000,000 (2010).

Contents

History

The name Pattaya evolved from the march of Phraya Tak (later King Taksin) and his army from Ayutthaya to Chanthaburi, which took place before the fall of the former capital to the Burmese invaders in 1767.

When his army arrived at the vicinity of what is now Pattaya, Phraya Tak encountered the troops of Nai Klom, who tried to intercept him. When the two leaders met face to face, Nai Klom was awed by Phraya Tak's dignified manner and his army's strict discipline. He then surrendered without a fight. The place the two armies confronted each other was called Thap Phraya, which means the Army of the Phraya. This was later changed to Phatthaya, which means the wind blowing from the southwest to the northeast at the beginning of the rainy season. Today the city is internationally known as "Pattaya" while the still correct and official transliteration "Phatthaya" is seen on many roadsigns.

For centuries, Pattaya was a small fishing village. But a change occurred on April 26, 1961, when the first group of about 100 American servicemen who were fighting in the Vietnam War arrived in Pattaya for relaxation. From this beginning, Pattaya became a popular beach resort which now attracts over 4 million visitors a year.[2][3] Fishermen's huts along the beach were replaced by resort hotels and retail stores, including Asia's largest beachfront shopping mall,[4] the CentralFestival Pattaya Beach Mall and hotel (Hilton) situated on Beach Rd in central Pattaya.

Demographics

The city (Mueang) had 104,318 registered inhabitants in 2007. As with the Bangkok Metropolitan Region, that figure excludes the large number of people who work in the city but remain registered in their hometowns, and many long-term expatriate visitors. Including non-registered residents, the population numbers around 300,000 at any given time. Other estimates put the figure as high as 500,000.[1]

Most of the officially-registered Pattaya residents are of Thai-Chinese ancestry. Due to the tourist industry, many people from the Northeast (known as Isan, the poorest region of Thailand) have come to work in Pattaya, and are counted for census purposes in their hometown.

There is a fast-growing community of foreign retirees living in Pattaya. Thai immigration has a special visa category for foreigners over age 50 who wish to retire in Thailand. Pattaya is attractive to many retirees from Europe and other Western countries not only because of its climate and exotic, easy lifestyle, but also because living costs are a fraction of those in Europe, a major consideration for people on fixed pensions or incomes.

Physical geography

Mueang Pattaya surrounded by Amphoe Bang Lamung in Chon Buri Province.

Pattaya, located off the Gulf of Thailand, is approximately 145 km south of the city of Bangkok, surrounded by Bang Lamung District.

The city of Pattaya is a special municipal area which covers the whole tambon Nong Prue (Nongprue) and Na Kluea (Naklua) and parts of Huai Yai and Nong Pla Lai. Bang Lamung township which forms the northern border of Pattaya covers parts of the tambon Bang Lamung (Banglamung), Nong Pla Lai and Takhian Tia. Bang Sali is on the southern border of Pattaya.

"Greater Pattaya" occupies most of the coastline of Banglamung (one of the eleven districts that comprise Chonburi Province). It is divided into a larger northern section which spans the areas to the east of Naklua Beach (the most northern beach) and Pattaya Beach (the main beach) plus the Pratamnak Hill (often called "Buddha Hill" because of the temples on top of the hill) headland (immediately south of Pattaya Beach), and a smaller southern section covering the area to the east of Jomtien Beach (which lies directly south of Pratamnak Hill).

Administration

Pattaya city has been administered under a special autonomous system since 1978. It has a status comparable to a municipality and is separately administered by the mayor of Pattaya city who is responsible for making policies, organizing public services and supervising all employees of Pattaya city administration.

Sister City

City Country Year
Shymkent Kazakhstan Kazakhstan



Climate

Pattaya has a tropical wet and dry climate, which is divided into the following seasons: warm and dry (November to February), hot and humid (March to May), and hot and rainy (June to October).

Climate data for Pattaya
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C 30.7 31.0 31.8 32.9 32.4 31.6 31.3 31.1 31.0 30.6 30.4 29.9 31.23
Average low °C 23.0 24.3 25.4 26.4 26.5 26.5 26.0 26.0 25.1 24.2 23.4 22.2 24.92
Precipitation mm 13.7 12.0 52.5 61.6 154.6 149.9 87.0 98.6 217.1 242.6 82.8 6.4 1,178.8
Average high °F 87.3 87.8 89.2 91.2 90.3 88.9 88.3 88.0 87.8 87.1 86.7 85.8 88.21
Average low °F 73.4 75.7 77.7 79.5 79.7 79.7 78.8 78.8 77.2 75.6 74.1 72.0 76.85
Precipitation inches 0.539 0.472 2.067 2.425 6.087 5.902 3.425 3.882 8.547 9.551 3.26 0.252 46.409
Source: World Weather Information Service[5]

Beaches and islands

The Pattaya Bay Area is one of Asia's largest beach resorts and the second most visited city in Thailand, after Bangkok. This panorama overlooks Bali Hai pier and the core of the city.

The main sweep of the bay area is divided into two principal beachfronts. Pattaya Beach is parallel to city centre, and runs from Pattaya Nuea south to Walking Street. Along Beach Road are restaurants, shopping areas, and night attractions.
Jomtien Beach in the southern part of the bay area is divided from Pattaya beach by the promontory of Pratumnak Hill. It consists of high-rise condominiums, beachside hotels, bungalow complexes, shops, bars, and restaurants. On weekends, it becomes increasingly crowded, with many Thai visitors coming from Bangkok. It offers of watersport activities such as jet skis, parasailing and small sail boat hire.

Offshore islands include the "Near Islands", Ko Larn (main island), Ko Sak and Ko Krok located 7 km from the western shores of Pattaya Ko Larn, or "Coral Island", Mu Ko Phai, the "Far Islands", Ko Phai (main island), Ko Man Wichai, Ko Hu Chang and Ko Klung Badan, located offshore further west of the "Near Islands", and Ko Rin, located offshore to the southwest, south of Mu Ko Phai. Some of the islands in the group are accessible by speedboat in less than 15 minutes and by ferry taking about 45 minutes. The names "Near Islands", "Far Islands" and "Coral Island" are used for touristic purposes only and do not correspond to any naming conventions of the island groups and are not shown on maritime charts published by the Hydrographic Service of the Royal Thai Navy. Many of the islands have public beaches and offer scuba diving activities.

Transportation

Pattaya Beach at sunset.
Birds Eye View, from Pattaya Park Tower, Pattaya city.
Road
  1. By the Bangkok-Chonburi-Pattaya Motorway (Highway No.7) The motorway is linked with Bangkok’s Outer Ring Road., (Highway No. 9) and there is also another entrance at Si Nakharin and Rama IX Junction.
  2. By Bang Na-Trat Highway (Highway No. 34) From Bang Na, Bang Phli, across the Bang Pakong River to Chonburi there is a Chonburi’s bypass that meets Sukhumvit Road., (Highway No. 3, passing Bang Saen Beach, Bang Phra to Pattaya.
Central city roads
  • Pattaya 1 Road (Beach Road): runs along the beach.
  • Pattaya 2 Road: (Second Road) runs approximately 400 meters parallel to Pattaya 1 Road.
  • Pattaya 3 Road: (Third Road) this is Pattaya’s outer-ring road which connects North, South and Central Pattaya.
  • Pattaya Tai: (South Pattaya Road) runs from Beach Road to Sukhumvit Highway.
  • Pattaya Klang: (Central Pattaya Road) runs from Beach Road to Sukhumvit Highway.
  • Pattaya Nuea: (North Pattaya Road) runs from Beach Road to Sukhumvit Highway.
  • Tappraya Road: connects Pattaya 2 to Jomtien Beach Road.
  • Thepprasit Road: connects Tappraya Road to Sukhumvit Highway.
Rail

A daily service operates between Pattaya and Hualumphong Station in Bangkok.

Bus

Pattaya is served by frequent bus service from Bangkok’s Northern Bus Terminal (Morchit) and the Eastern Bus Terminal (Ekamai). Buses from a terminal on Sukhumvit Highway near Pattaya Klang connect Pattaya with many destination in the Northeast (Isan).
City and suburban services are mainly provided by Songthaew (public passenger pick-up vehicle), popularly nicknamed "baht-buses" or "taxis". A new bus service which connects Pattaya with Suvarnabhumi Airport is located on Tappraya Road near the intersection of Thepprasit Road. It uses modern air-conditioned buses, and takes around 1½ hours to reach the airport.

Taxis

There are some metered taxis, and air-conditioned vans operate for private hire from some hotel car-parks. Popularly nicknamed ‘baht-buses’ in Pattaya, songthaews are the most popular mode of public transportation. The cost is 10 baht for any distance on a regular route, but much higher if asked to go to a designated destination. Motorbike taxis generally operate in the town and suburbs, and are mainly used by locals for short distances. Although taxis must carry meters by law they are, in reality, rarely used.

Air

Pattaya is about 1½ hours, or 120 km by road from Suvarnabhumi Airport, the Bangkok international hub. By road, it is accessed from Sukhumvit Road and Motorway 7 from Bangkok. Pattaya is also served (very limited) through U-Tapao International Airport which is 45 minutes drive from the city.

Main sights

Pattaya Park Tower.
The Wat Khao Phra Bat temple overlooking Pattaya Bay features a Buddha statue more than 18 meters tall.
The Sanctuary of Truth.
Mime entertaining on Walking Street.

Once a fishing town, Pattaya first boomed as an R&R destination during the Vietnam War and developed into a family-orientated[citation needed] seaside destination. Foreign tourism to Thailand as a whole in 2007 amounted to 14.5 million visitors.[6]

Activities include playing golf (21 golf courses within 1 hour of Pattaya,) go-kart racing, and visiting different theme parks and zoos such as the Elephant Village, where demonstrations of training methods and ancient ceremonial re-enactments are performed daily. The private Sri Racha Tiger Zoo features tigers, alligators, and other animals in daily shows. The Vimantaitalay tourist submarine offers 30 minute trips underwater to see corals and marine life just a few kilometers offshore. Nong Nooch Tropical Botanical Garden about 15 kilometers south of Pattaya is a 500-acre (2.0 km2) site of botanical gardens and an orchid nursery where cultural shows with trained chimpanzees and elephants are presented.

Other attractions in Pattaya include The Million Years Stone Park, Pattaya Crocodile Farm, Pattaya Park Beach Resort Water Park, Funny Land Amusement Park, Siriporn Orchid Farm, Silverlake Winery, Underwater World Pattaya (world-class aquarium), the Thai Alangkarn Theater Pattaya (cultural show), Bottle Art Museum, Ripley's Believe It or Not Museum, and Underwater World, an aquarium where there is a collection of marine species in the Gulf of Thailand including sharks and stingrays. Khao Phra Tamnak or Khao Phra Bat is a small hill located between South Pattaya and Jomtien Beach that provides a panoramic view of the city of Pattaya and its crescent bay. The hill is topped by Wat Khao Phra Bat, a temple, and the monument of Kromluang Chomphonkhetudomsak, who is regarded as the “founding father of the modern Thai navy.”

The Sanctuary of Truth is a large wooden structure constructed in 1981 by the sea at Laem Ratchawet, that was conceived from the vision that human civilization has been achieved and nurtured by religious and philosophical truth.

Mini Siam is a miniature model village which celebrates the heritages of Thailand with replicas of the most famous monuments and historical sites including the Temple of the Emerald Buddha, Democracy Monument, Bridge over the River Kwai, and Prasat Hin Phimai. Models of the Tower Bridge of London, Eiffel Tower, the Statue of Liberty and Trevi Fountain are also displayed in the section called “mini world".

Wat Yanasangwararam Woramahawihan is a temple constructed in 1976 for Somdet Phra Yanasangwon, the present Supreme Patriarch and later supported by His Majesty the King. Within the compound of the temple are a replica of the Buddha’s footprint, and a large Chedi containing the relics of the Lord Buddha.

Festivals and events

  • Pattaya International Bed Race (varies from late January to early February) A huge fun and charity event organized by the Pattaya City Hall and the Rotary Club of Pattaya. Last event had more than 30,000 people in attendance, www.pattayabedrace.com.
  • Chinese New Year (varies from late January to early February) is celebrated by Pattaya's large Thai-Chinese community with dragon parades, lion dances and fireworks.
  • Burapa Pattaya Bike Week is Thailand's, and one of Southeast Asia's, biggest motorcycle event held in Pattaya each February, drawing motorcycle enthusiast from all over Southeast Asia and further abroad. The 2010 event was held over two days with local and international live music acts.[7]
  • Pattaya International Music Festival is held annually in the month of March. It attracts huge crowds to the different stages along Beach Road and Bali Hai Pier, and presents several styles of music performed by Thai and international artists.
  • The Pattaya Songkran festival, locally called Wan Lai, takes place each year in mid April. It differs from most other Songkran festivals of Thailand in several aspects. It last several days longer and, besides the water throwing, the event includes beauty pageants, musical performances, cultural shows, fireworks, and water sports competition.
  • Top of the Gulf Regatta is a week long sailing event held at the end of April and beginning of May.[8]
  • The Miss Tiffany Universe beauty pageant is held mid-May each year. During the 4 day pageant, Thailand's most beautiful transgender persons and transsexuals vie for first place with the final evening broadcast live on Thai TV for an audience of, on average, 15 million.[9][10][11][12]
  • Pattaya Marathon, featuring several race categories, is held each year in July.[13]
  • Pattaya Classical Guitar Festival, held annually on the last weekend of October by the Thailand Guitar Society.[14]
  • Loi Krathong, a light festival held during the full moon of the twelfth month in the traditional Thai lunar calendar and which usually falls in November, is celebrated in Pattaya, as in the rest of the country, that evening with people floating krathongs (small, candle-lit floats made from elaborately folded banana leaves) on the waters, as well as releasing khom loi (candle-fired hot air balloons) in to the night sky.
  • Every November Pattaya hosts the Miss International Queen election, a yearly international pageant for transgender persons and transsexuals. In 2007 the event drew an estimated 25 million viewers on national TV.[15][16]
  • Pattaya Pride, Pattaya's Gay Pride festival, is held each year at the end of November with a series of parties and events, culminating with a float parade on December 1, on World Aids Day. All proceeds go to HIV/AIDS related charities.[17][18]

Besides these, Pattaya regularly stages other music events such as a dance party with world-renowned DJ Tiesto, held in February 2010.[19] The fourth Bangsaen Speedfestival, a street circuit race at Hat Bang Saen approximately 50 km north of Pattaya, was held on November 10–14, 2010.[20]

Arts

International creative arts include several art galleries. The center of the modern-art scene on the Eastern Seaboard is Liam’s Gallery, which features original artworks by Thai and Western artists.[21]

Pattaya Players, a troupe of amateur thespians, produces a variety of theatrical productions.

Nightlife

Pattaya has derived part of its reputation as a tourist destination due to the sex industry[22][23] and the resulting nightlife, and in many ways the city has become what it is now because of this.[24] Prostitution in Thailand is technically illegal but reality shows that it is tolerated as is the case for Pattaya[25] where it is found in certain areas with vast numbers of host bars, gogo bars, massage parlours, saunas, and hourly hotels, serving foreign tourists as well as locals. This is prevalent in the Walking Street as well as other areas around the city.[26] Efforts have of late been made to clean up the city's image.[27]

Pattaya also has Asia's largest gay scene[28] based around Boyztown and Sunee Plaza.

The city is also famous for its flamboyant kathoey cabaret shows where transsexuals and transvestites perform to packed houses.[29]

Property

Driven by its popularity as both a holiday destination, and a location for foreign expatriates, Pattaya is an area of extensive property development, including hotels, condominiums, and housing estates. Steadily rising prices of land and buildings have also led to investment and speculation contributing to the growth in the town's economy. While foreigners are not permitted to own land, they are permitted to hold title to condominium units. Many new condominiums sell out the allotted 49% for foreigners while the buildings are being constructed.

Health care

Large hospitals in the area include Bangkok Pattaya Hospital, Pattaya International Hospital, Banglamung Hospital, and Pattaya Memorial Hospital. Many foreign tourists have dental and medical care in Pattaya, though Bangkok is far more popular as a medical tourist destination.

Media and communications

Several local foreign language newspapers and magazines are published either weekly or monthly, especially in English and German. The English newspapers include the Pattaya People Weekly, Pattaya Mail, Pattaya Today, and Pattaya Times. Landline telephones, satellite phones, mobile phone systems, internet access (via ADSL), post offices and parcel services are all available in the city.

Local cable TV services provided by Sophon Cable, Banglamung TV, and Baan Suan.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Pattaya population statistic according to residents registration 1997-2007 (Thai only)". Pattaya City Registrar Office. http://www.pattaya.go.th/app/thai/webportal/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=117&Itemid=51. Retrieved 2007-11-29. 
  2. ^ http://www.tatnews.org/tat_inter/detail_inter.asp?id=4570
  3. ^ http://www.euromonitor.com/Articles.aspx?folder=Euromonitor_Internationals_Top_City_Destination_Ranking&print=true
  4. ^ http://www.retailasiaonline.com/magazine/archive/2009/mag2009-03_story09.html
  5. ^ "World Weather Information Service Pattaya". Thai Meteorological Department. http://www.worldweather.org/089/c00575.htm. 
  6. ^ http://www2.tat.or.th/stat/web/static_download.php?Rpt=ita
  7. ^ Pattaya Daily News: PATTAYA BIKE WEEK 2010- Driving for Peace
  8. ^ Top of the Gulf Regatta (official website)
  9. ^ Miss Tiffany's Universe (official website)
  10. ^ http://www.misstiffanyuniverse.com/eng_main.php
  11. ^ Asia News, May 21-June 3, 2010: Mistaken Identity (p. 34-35)
  12. ^ Miss Tiffany Universe Pageant
  13. ^ Pattaya Marathon (official website)
  14. ^ http://www.thailandguitarsociety.com/pattayaclassicguitar/
  15. ^ UNHCR: Thailand: Situation and treatment of homosexuals, transsexuals and transgender persons; whether the government updated the constitution to provide rights to homosexuals, transsexuals and transgender persons (2005-2007)
  16. ^ Miss International Queen (official website)
  17. ^ Pattaya Pride (official website)
  18. ^ CNN-Go: Scenic, cultural, fun-loving and gay-friendly
  19. ^ Pattaya Daily News: Pattaya Host DJ Tiësto at Massive Dance Party Event
  20. ^ [1]
  21. ^ http://www.nationmultimedia.com/2008/02/22/entertainment/entertainment_30066149.php
  22. ^ http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSBKK8192720061215 Reuters, Children lured into Thai sex industry in Pattaya, 2006
  23. ^ http://www.time.com/time/asia/2005/journey/pattaya2.html Time (magazine), 2006
  24. ^ Encyclopedia of Prostitution and Sex Work volume 2, 2006, page 454, Greenwood Press releases, ISBN 0-313-32968-0
  25. ^ http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-04192006-101020/unrestricted/ytepanon_etd.pdf Exploring the Minds of Sex Tourists: The Psychological Motivation of Liminal People by Yodmanee Tepanon, 2006
  26. ^ Frommer's Thailand, 7th edition, 2006, page 170, Wiley Publishing, Inc.
  27. ^ "A Thai City of Sleaze Tries to Clean Up". New York Times. 2010. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/16/world/asia/16iht-pattaya.html?. Retrieved 2010-10-13. 
  28. ^ http://www.time.com/time/asia/2005/journey/pattaya.html Time (magazine), 2006
  29. ^ "Nightlife in Pattaya at Frommer's". Frommer's. 2010. http://www.frommers.com/destinations/pattaya/2996010030.html. Retrieved 2010-10-03. 

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