Cabaret is a form of entertainment featuring comedy, song, dance, and theatre, distinguished mainly by the performance venue — a restaurant or nightclub with a stage for performances and the audience sitting at tables (often dining or drinking) watching the performance being introduced by a master of ceremonies, or MC.

Cabaret also refers to a Mediterranean-style brothel — a bar with tables and women who mingle with and entertain the clientele. Traditionally these establishments can also feature some form of stage entertainment: often singers & dancers.

French cabaret

The first cabaret was opened in 1881 in Montmartre, Paris: Rodolphe Salís' "cabaret artistique." Shortly after it was founded, it was renamed Le Chat Noir (The Black Cat). It became a locale in which up-and-coming cabaret artists could try their new acts.

The "Moulin Rouge", built in 1889 in the red-light district of Pigalle near Montmartre, is famous for the large red imitation windmill on its roof.

The "Folies-Bergère" continued to attract a large number of people even though it was more expensive than other cabarets. People felt comfortable at the cabaret: They did not have to take off their hat, could talk, eat, and smoke when they wanted to, etc. They did not have to stick to the usual rules of society.

At the "Folies-Bergère", as in many "cafés-concerts", there were a variety of acts: singers, dancers, jugglers, and clowns.

"Le Lido", on the Champs-Elysées has been a venue of the finest shows with the most famous names since 1946 including Laurel & Hardy, Shirley MacLaine, Elton John, Marlene Dietrich, and Noel Coward among them.

American Cabaret

In the United States, cabaret diverged into several different styles of performance mostly due to the influence of Jazz Music. Chicago cabaret focused intensely on the larger band ensembles and reached its peak in the speakeasies, and steakhouses (like The Palm) of the Prohibition Era.

New York cabaret never developed to feature a great deal of social commentary. When New York cabarets featured jazz, they tended to focus on famous vocalists like Eartha Kitt and Hildegarde rather than instrumental musicians.

Cabaret in the United States began to disappear in the sixties, due to the rising popularity of rock concert shows and television variety shows. The art form still survives in two popular entertainment formats: Stand-up comedy and in the drag show performances.

Cabaret is currently undergoing a renaissance of sorts in the United States, particularly in New Orleans and Portland, as new generations of performers reinterpret the old forms in both music and theatre.

In early 2005 a group of New York City-based musicians and performers, launched a series of cabaret performances under the name The Citizens Band. Performing in Manhattan and in Los Angeles, they describe themselves as "a sexy, raucous collaborative cabaret troupe." [] The Citizens Band received media coverage from the likes of The New Yorker and The New York Times as well as many fashion magazines who trumpeted the return of "cabaret cool" in lush photo spreads. []

In 2000, the cabaret variety show, [Le Scandal Cabaret] opened at the Cutting Room. The show mixes burlesque, live music, circus acts, and cabaret singers. New York Magazine called Le Scandal, "the rock star of the NY burlesque scene."

Famous cabarets

* The Butterfly Club in Melbourne, Australia
* Le Lido, Moulin Rouge and Lapin Agile in Paris, France
* Cabaret Voltaire in Zürich
* Tropicana in Havana, Cuba
* The Blue Angel in New York, New York
* Can-Can in Seattle, Washington
* Bistro by the Sea in Matunuck, Rhode Island

ee also

*Café Society
*Cabaret Paradis
*Strip tease

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  • cabaret — [ kabarɛ ] n. m. • kabaret fin XIIIe; néerl. cabret, du picard camberete « petite chambre »; cf. chambrette 1 ♦ Vieilli Établissement où l on sert des boissons. ⇒ bistrot, café, 1. débit (de boissons), estaminet. « on irait boire une pinte de vin …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • cabaret — 1. (ka ba rè ; le t ne se lie pas dans la conversation ; au pluriel l s se lie : des ka ba rè z achalandés ; cabarets rime avec traits, jamais, succès) s. m. 1°   Sorte d auberge d un rang inférieur où l on vend du vin en détail et où l on donne… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • cabaret — CABARÉT, cabarete, s.n. Local de petrecere, cu băuturi, dans, program de varietăţi etc.; bar3 (2). – Din fr. cabaret. Trimis de ana zecheru, 03.03.2005. Sursa: DEX 98  cabarét s. n., pl. cabaréte Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar… …   Dicționar Român

  • cabaret — CABARET. s. m. Taverne, maison où l on donne à boire & à manger à toutes sortes de personnes en payant. Bon cabaret. ne bouger du cabaret. aimer le cabaret. hanter le cabaret. vin de cabaret. il est homme de cabaret. On appelle, Cabaret borgne,… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Cabaret — wird international und historisch oft gleichbedeutend mit Revue verwendet. Im deutschsprachigen Bereich entwickelte sich daraus die (Klein )Kunstform Kabarett. Cabaret ist der Name eines Musicals, siehe Cabaret (Musical) eines Spielfilms, siehe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cabaret OT.TO — is a Polish musical cabaret group. It is perhaps the most popular cabaret group in Poland, with a wide base of fans. The group has gained three gold CDs, for sales of more than 100,000 CDs and cassettes.Cabaret OT.TO have issued eight CDs and… …   Wikipedia

  • Cabaret — Fréquent dans la Sarthe, le nom se rencontre aussi en Picardie. D origine néerlandaise, le mot cabaret a d abord désigné une petite auberge. Il a ensuite pris le sens de lieu où l on se rassemble pour boire et jouer . Le premier sens semble… …   Noms de famille

  • Cabaret — Cab a*ret (k[a^]b [.a]*r[e^]t; 277), n. [F.] 1. A tavern; a house where liquors are retailed. [Obs. as an English word.] [1913 Webster] 2. A type of restaurant where liquor and dinner is served, and entertainment is provided, as by musicians,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cabaret —    Comédie musicale de Bob Fosse, avec Liza Minnelli (Sally Bowles), Michael York (Brian Roberts), Helmut Griem (Max), Joel Grey (le meneur de jeu), Marisa Berenson (Natalia), Fritz Wepper (Fritz).   Scénario: Jay Presson Allen, d après la… …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • Cabaret on 4 — was a short lived radio programme that aired from December 2000 January 2001. There were 4 half hour episodes and it was broadcast on BBC Radio 4. It starred Simon Bligh. Notes and References Lavalie, John. Cabaret on 4. EpGuides. 21 Jul 2005. 29 …   Wikipedia

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