- United States Hockey League
United States Hockey League Current season or competition:
2010–11 USHL season
Sport Ice Hockey Founded 1947 Commissioner Ellis T. "Skip" Prince No. of teams 16 Country(ies) USA Most recent champion(s) Dubuque Fighting Saints Most titles (overall) Waterloo Black Hawks (9)
(Clark Cup era) Omaha Lancers (7)
Official website www.ushl.com
The United States Hockey League (USHL) is the top junior ice hockey league in the United States. The USHL has 16 member teams located in the Midwestern United States, consisting of players who are 20 years of age and younger. The USHL is strictly amateur, allowing former USHL players to compete in NCAA college hockey.
The Sioux Falls Stampede won the 2006–07 USHL championship in an expanded, 12-team playoff format. The league reverted to an 8-team divisional playoff format for the 2007–08 season.
The Dubuque Fighting Saints took the 2010–2011 Clark Cup Championship in their inaugural season, defeating the defending champions Green Bay Gamblers 3 games to 1. The final game was played in front of a crowd of 3,480, the largest crowd ever to watch a hockey game in the city of Dubuque. The Cedar Rapids RoughRiders won the Anderson Cup that season before losing to Green Bay in the Clark Cup semifinals.
- 1 Teams
- 2 History
- 3 1979 – present
- 4 Awards
- 5 Alumni
- 6 League records
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Eastern Conference Team Founded City Cedar Rapids RoughRiders 1999 Cedar Rapids, Iowa Chicago Steel 2000 Bensenville, Illinois Green Bay Gamblers 1994 Green Bay, Wisconsin Indiana Ice 2004 Indianapolis, Indiana Muskegon Lumberjacks 2010 Muskegon, Michigan USA Hockey National Team Development Program 1996 Ann Arbor, Michigan Waterloo Black Hawks 1962 Waterloo, Iowa Youngstown Phantoms 2003 Youngstown, Ohio Western Conference Team Founded City Des Moines Buccaneers 1980 Urbandale, Iowa Dubuque Fighting Saints 2010 Dubuque, Iowa Fargo Force 2008 Fargo, North Dakota Lincoln Stars 1996 Lincoln, Nebraska Omaha Lancers 1986 Omaha, Nebraska Sioux City Musketeers 1972 Sioux City, Iowa Sioux Falls Stampede 1999 Sioux Falls, South Dakota Tri-City Storm 2000 Kearney, Nebraska
Precursors to this league were:
- American Amateur Hockey League (1947–52)
- Central Hockey League (1952–53)
- Minnesota Hockey League (1953–55)
- Central Hockey League (1955–60)
The American Amateur Hockey League was established in 1947 as the Minnesota-based American Amateur Hockey League with teams in Minneapolis, Rochester and St. Paul. Since its debut, the league has progressed and changed its name several times: In 1952, it became the Central Hockey League; then the next season it became the Minnesota Hockey League; and in 1956 the name was changed again to the Central Hockey League. In 1961, it adopted its present name, the United States Hockey League (USHL), but operated as a minor professional league until 1979.
By the late 1970s, the USHL had fallen on hard times. In the summer of 1977, clubs from the recently folded Midwest Junior Hockey League contacted the USHL. A unique merger was formed, with the three junior teams (Bloomington Junior Stars, Austin Mavericks, St. Paul Vulcans) and three remaining pro teams (Sioux City Musketeers, Waterloo Black Hawks, Green Bay Bobcats) gathered under the USHL banner. League governors decided on a two-division format, with the junior-aged teams in the Midwest Division and the professionals in the U.S. Division. The teams played an interlocking schedule that was, predictably, dominated by the professionals. The USHL's split existence would last just two seasons. The minor-pro wing of the league folded following the 1978–79 season, providing junior hockey operators with the opportunity to redefine the circuit. The 1979–80 season was the league's first as an entirely junior arrangement.
The league's last season as a senior hockey league was 1978–79. During this final season the league comprised seven teams in two conferences. The U.S. Conference (with the Green Bay Bobcats, the Sioux City Musketeers and the Waterloo Black Hawks); while the Midwest Conference (with the Anoka Nordiques, the Austin Mavericks, the Bloomington Junior Stars, and the St. Paul Vulcans. All seven teams were made up with players categorized as "Senior Amateur". Following the 1978–79 season the senior league teams in the U.S. Conference folded and the USHL became an all-junior league the following season.
Team City Years Anoka Nordiques Anoka, Minnesota 1978–1979 Austin Mavericks Austin, Minnesota 1977–1979 Bloomington Junior Stars Bloomington, Minnesota 1977–1979 Calumet-Houghton Chiefs Calumet Township, Michigan 1972–1973 Central Wisconsin Flyers Stevens Point, Wisconsin 1974–1976 Chicago Warriors Chicago, Illinois 1972–1975 Copper-Country Chiefs Calumet, Michigan 1974–1976 Copper-Country Islanders Calumet, Michigan 1973–1974 Des Moines Oak Leafs Urbandale, Iowa 1968–1969 Duluth Port Stars Duluth, Minnesota 1968–1969 (Duluth dropped out of league on December 30, 1968) Fox Valley Astros Dundee, Illinois 1965–1966 Grand-Rapids Blades Grand Rapids, Michigan 1976–1977 Grand-Rapids Bruins Grand Rapids, Minnesota 1968–1969 Green Bay Bobcats Green Bay, Wisconsin 1961–1979 Madison Blues Madison, Wisconsin 1973–1974 (transferred to CHL) Marquette Iron Rangers Marquette, Michigan 1964–1976 Milwaukee Admirals Milwaukee, Wisconsin 1973–1977 (transferred to IHL) Milwaukee Metros Milwaukee, Wisconsin 1961–1962 (Milwaukee folded Jan 16, 1962 due to financial trouble) Minneapolis Rebels Minneapolis, Minnesota 1961–1962 Minnesota Nationals Saint Paul, Minnesota 1967–1968 (U.S. 1968 Olympic team) Rochester Mustangs Rochester, Minnesota 1961–1970 Sault Ste. Marie Canadians Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario 1968–1972 Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario 1972–1973 Sioux City Musketeers Sioux City, Iowa 1972–1979 St. Paul Steers Saint Paul, Minnesota 1962–1966 Thunder Bay Twins Thunder Bay, Ontario 1970–1975 (transferred to OHA) Traverse City Bays Traverse City, Michigan 1975–1977 U.S. Nationals Saint Paul, Minnesota 1966–1967 Waterloo Black Hawks Waterloo, Iowa 1962–1969, 1970–79
1979 – present
Defunct Junior Teams
Team City Years Austin Mavericks Austin, Minnesota 1977–1985 Danville Wings Danville, Illinois 2003–2004 Dubuque Fighting Saints Dubuque, Iowa 1980–2001 Fargo-Moorhead Bears Fargo, North Dakota 1995–1996 Fargo-Moorhead Ice Sharks Fargo, North Dakota 1996–2000 Green Bay Bobcats Green Bay, Wisconsin 1958–1981 Hennepin Nordiques Minneapolis, Minnesota 1979–1980 Minneapolis Stars Minneapolis/Bloomington, Minnesota 1977–1985 North Iowa Huskies Mason City, Iowa 1983–1999 Ohio Junior Blue Jackets Columbus, Ohio 2006–2008 Rochester Mustangs Rochester, Minnesota 1985–2002 St. Louis Heartland Eagles Chesterfield, Missouri 2003–2004 Twin Cities/St. Paul Vulcans St. Paul/Bloomington, Minnesota 1977–2000 Thunder Bay Flyers Thunder Bay, Ontario 1984–2000 Topeka ScareCrows Topeka, Kansas 2001–2003 Tulsa Crude Tulsa, Oklahoma 2001–2002 Madison/Wisconsin Capitols Madison, Wisconsin 1984–1995
Timeline of junior league teams
- 1979–80 The USHL becomes an all-junior league with seven teams in two divisions. North Division: Hennepin Nordiques, Bloomington Jr. Stars, Green Bay Bobcats, and St. Paul Vulcans. South Division: Austin Mavericks, Sioux City Musketeers, and Waterloo Black Hawks.
- 1980–81 Des Moines Buccaneers enter the league. Waterloo Black Hawks move to Dubuque and become the Fighting Saints. Hennepin Nordiques move to Waterloo and become the Black Hawks. North Division: Austin, Bloomington, Green Bay, and St. Paul. South Division: Des Moines, Dubuque, Sioux City, and Waterloo.
- 1981–82 Green Bay folds. The remaining seven teams merge into one division.
- 1983–84 North Iowa Huskies enter league.
- 1984–85 Madison Capitols and Thunder Bay Flyers enter league. Bloomington changes name to Minneapolis Stars.
- 1985–86 Minneapolis folds. Austin relocates to Rochester and renamed Mustangs.
- 1986–87 Omaha Lancers enter league.
- 1991–92 Madison changes name to Wisconsin Capitols.
- 1994–95 Green Bay Gamblers enter league.
- 1995–96 Wisconsin folds. Fargo-Moorhead Bears enter league. St. Paul changes name to Twin Cities Vulcans.
- 1996–97 Fargo-Moorhead Bears disband. Fargo-Moorhead Ice Sharks enter league. Lincoln Stars enter league. League returns to divisional play. North Division: Fargo-Moorhead, Green Bay, North Iowa, Rochester, Thunder Bay, Twin Cities. South Division: Des Moines, Dubuque, Lincoln, Omaha, Sioux City, Waterloo.
- 1997–98 USA Hockey National Team Development Program plays 24-game schedule in the USHL.
- 1998–99 USHL agrees to play full-season schedule with the USA Hockey National Team Development Program as part of a two-year agreement. League moves to three-division format. East Division: Dubuque, Green Bay, Team USA, and Waterloo. Central Division: Des Moines, North Iowa, Rochester, Thunder Bay, and Twin Cities. West Division: Fargo-Moorhead, Lincoln, Omaha, and Sioux City.
- 1999-00 Sioux Falls Stampede enters league. North Iowa relocates to Cedar Rapids and renamed the RoughRiders. League moves to two-division format. West Division: Des Moines, Fargo-Moorhead, Lincoln, Omaha, Sioux City, Sioux Falls, Twin Cities. East Division: Cedar Rapids, Dubuque, Green Bay, Rochester, Thunder Bay, USA Development, Waterloo.
- 2000–01 Thunder Bay ceases operations. Fargo-Moorhead moves to Bensenville, IL and becomes the Chicago Steel. Twin Cities relocates to Kearney, NE and is renamed the Tri-City Storm. Team USA plays 34-game league schedule.
- 2001–02 Dubuque Fighting Saints relocate to Tulsa, Oklahoma and become the Tulsa Crude. Topeka, KS gains an expansion team called the Topeka ScareCrows.
- 2002–03 Rochester ceases operations. Tulsa ceases operations. Omaha relocates to Council Bluffs, Ia., and changes its name to the River City Lancers.
- 2003–04 Danville Wings enter the league. Topeka moves to St. Louis and becomes the Heartland Eagles.
- 2004–05 Danville moves to Indianapolis and becomes the Indiana Ice. St. Louis granted one-year suspension of operations.
- 2005–06 River City Lancers change name back to Omaha Lancers.
- 2006–07 Ohio Jr. Blue Jackets join the league after purchasing the membership of the former Thunder Bay Flyers.
- 2007–08 Ohio Jr. Blue Jackets cease operations at the conclusion of the season.
- 2008–09 Fargo Force will begin operations.
- 2009–10 United States National Development Team (Team USA) will re-join league as fully competitive member. Youngstown Phantoms expansion team added.Omaha Lancers relocate back to Omaha, Ne.
- 2010–11 Dubuque Fighting Saints rejoin league and Muskegon Lumberjacks join league as expansion teams.
- Most points in a season – 97 by Des Moines Buccaneers in 1998–99 season.
- Most wins in a season – 48 by Des Moines Buccaneers in 1998–99 season.
- Most losses in a season – 48 by Omaha Lancers in 1986–87 season.
- Longest winning streak – 19 by Des Moines Buccaneers between November 1, 1998 and January 6, 1999.
- Most points in a season – 135 by Tim Ferguson of Sioux City Musketeers in 1985–86 season.
- Most goals in a season – 67 by Rod Taylor of Sioux City Musketeers in 1985–86 season.
- Most assists in a season – 79 by Tim Ferguson of Sioux City Musketeers in 1985–86 season.
- Most PIMs in a season – 316 by Chad Stauffacher of Green Bay Gamblers in 1996–97 season.
- List of ice hockey leagues
- Sports league attendances
- ^ 1947–48 American Amateur Hockey League [AAHL] standings at. Hockeydb.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
- ^ Marquette Iron Rnagers: History. Marquetteironrangers.com (June 1, 1964). Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
- ^ United States Hockey League [USHL] seasons at. Hockeydb.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
- ^ www.marquetteironrangers.com. www.marquetteironrangers.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
- ^ [dead link]
- ^ Sioux City Musketeers hockey team of the USHL at. Hockeydb.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
- ^ Green Bay Bobcats hockey team of the USHL at. Hockeydb.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
- ^ Anoka Nordiques hockey team of the USHL at. Hockeydb.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
- ^ Waterloo Black Hawks hockey team of the USHL at. Hockeydb.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
- ^ Austin Mavericks hockey team of the USHL at. Hockeydb.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
- ^ Bloomington Junior Stars hockey team of the USHL at. Hockeydb.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
- ^ St. Paul Vulcans hockey team of the USHL at. Hockeydb.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
- ^ 1978–79 United States Hockey League [USHL] standings at. Hockeydb.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
- ^ 1968–69 United States Hockey League [USHL] standings at. Hockeydb.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
- ^ Santa's Village by Phillip L. Wenz, Published by Arcadia Publishing, 2007 ISBN 0738541494, 9780738541495
- ^ 1961–62 United States Hockey League [USHL] standings at. Hockeydb.com (January 16, 1962). Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
- ^ http://www.murraywilliamson.org/Pages/1968.aspx
- ^ St Paul Vulcans Hockey History. Vintageminnesotahockey.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
- USHL 2006–07 Media Guide
- USHL website
- Maps to USHL arenas
- Semi-Pro season standings 1947–1960
- Semi-Pro season standings 1961–1979
- Amateur season standings 1979–2007
- USHL Team Logos 1961–1979
- History of former USHL member Green Bay Bobcats
- History of former USHL member Marquette Iron Rangers
- History of former USHL member St. Paul/Twin City Vulcans
- History of former USHL member Rochester Mustangs
- List of USHL (junior league) alumni who are playing in the NHL or currently under NHL contract
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