Thimble

Thimble
A thimble
Der Fingerhueter (Thimblemakers) from Das Ständebuch by Jost Amman, 1568

A thimble is a small hard pitted cup worn for protection on the finger that pushes the needle in sewing.

The earliest known thimble was Roman and was found at Pompeii. Made of bronze, its creation has been dated to the 1st century AD. A second Roman thimble was found at Verulamium, present day St Albans, in the UK and can be viewed in the museum there.

According to the United Kingdom Detector Finds Database,[1] thimbles dating to the 10th century have been found in England, and thimbles were in widespread use there by the 14th century. Although there are isolated examples of thimbles made of precious metals—Elizabeth I is said to have given one of her ladies-in-waiting a thimble set with precious stones—the vast majority of metal thimbles were made of brass. Medieval thimbles were either cast brass or made from hammered sheet. Early centers of thimble production were those places known for brass-working, starting with Nuremberg in the 15th century, and moving to Holland by the 17th.

In 1693, a Dutch thimble manufacturer named John Lofting established a thimble manufactory in Islington, in London, England, expanding British thimble production to new heights. He later moved his mill to Buckinghamshire to take advantage of water-powered production, resulting in a capacity to produce more than two million thimbles per year. By the end of the 18th century, thimble making had moved to Birmingham, and shifted to the "deep drawing" method of manufacture, which alternated hammering of sheet metals with annealing, and produced a thinner-skinned thimble with a taller shape. At the same time, cheaper sources of silver from the Americas made silver thimbles a popular item for the first time.[2]

Thimbles are usually made from metal, leather, rubber, and wood, and even glass or china. Early thimbles were sometimes made from whale bone, horn, or ivory. Natural sources were also utilized such as Connemara marble, bog oak, or mother of pearl. Rarer works from thimble makers utilized diamonds, sapphires, or rubies.

Advanced thimblemakers enhanced thimbles with semi-precious stones to adorn the apex or along the outer rim. Cabochon adornments are sometimes made of cinnabar, agate, moonstone, or amber. Thimble artists would also utilize enameling, or the Guilloché techniques advanced by Peter Carl Fabergé.

Originally, thimbles were used solely for pushing a needle through fabric or leather as it was being sewn. Since then, however, they have gained many other uses. In the 19th century they were used to measure spirits, which brought rise to the phrase "just a thimbleful". Prostitutes used them in the practice of thimble-knocking where they would tap on a window to announce their presence. Thimble-knocking also refers to the practice of Victorian schoolmistresses who would tap on the heads of unruly pupils with dames thimbles.[citation needed]

Before the 18th century the small dimples on the outside of a thimble were made by hand punching, but in the middle of that century, a machine was invented to do the job. If one finds a thimble with an irregular pattern of dimples, it was likely made before the 1850s. Another consequence of the mechanization of thimble production is that the shape and the thickness of the metal changed. Early thimbles tend to be quite thick and to have a pronounced dome on the top. The metal on later ones is thinner and the top is flatter.

Collecting thimbles became popular in the UK when many companies made special thimbles to commemorate the Great Exhibition held in the Crystal Palace in Hyde Park, London.

In the 19th century, many thimbles were made from silver; however, it was found that silver is too soft a metal and can be easily punctured by most needles. Charles Horner solved the problem by creating thimbles consisting of a steel core covered inside and out by silver, so that they retained their aesthetics but were now more practical and durable. He called his thimble the Dorcas, and these are now popular with collectors. There is a small display of his work in Bankfield Museum, Halifax, England.

Early American thimbles made of whale bone or tooth featuring miniature scrimshaw designs are considered valuable collectibles. Such rare thimbles are prominently featured in a number of New England Whaling Museums.

During the First World War, silver thimbles were collected from "those who had nothing to give" by the British government and melted down to buy hospital equipment. In the 1930s and 40s red-topped thimbles were used for advertising. Leaving a sandalwood thimble in a fabric store was a common practice for keeping moths away. Thimbles have also been used as love-tokens and to commemorate important events. A miniature thimble is one of the tokens in the game of Monopoly. People who collect thimbles are known as digitabulists.

Known thimble makers

A 9-foot high sculpture of a giant thimble resting on a stack of buttons, commemorating the garment district in Toronto

Most of these thimble makers are no longer in existence.

  • Avon Fashion Thimbles
  • Wicks (Inventor USA)
  • A Feaù (French)
  • Charles Horner (UK) (1837–1896)
  • Charles Iles (UK)
  • Gabler Bros (German)
  • Henry Griffith (USA)
  • James Fenton (UK)
  • James Swann (UK)
  • Ketcham & McDougall (USA) (Out of Business 1988)
  • Meissen (German)
  • P Lenain (French)
  • Simons Bros Co (USA)[3]
  • Stern Bros & Co (USA)
  • Waite-Thresher (USA)
  • Webster (USA)

Thimblette

Turning pages using a thimblette.

Thimblettes (also known as rubber finger, rubber thimbles and finger cones) are soft thimbles, made predominately of rubber, used primarily for leafing through or counting documents, bank notes, tickets or forms. They also protect against paper cuts as a secondary function. Unlike thimbles, the softer thimblettes become worn over time. They are considered disposable and sold in boxes. The surface is dimpled with the dimples inverted to provide better grip. Thimblettes are sized from 00 through to 3.

Cultural References

In the Parker Brothers board game Monopoly, first created in 1904, the thimble is one of the eight traditional metal game pieces used to mark a player's position on the game board.

Thimbles are given as gifts in Peter Pan, who thinks thimbles are kisses.

The popular TV show and comic strip "Popeye" was originally called "Thimble Theatre Starring Popeye." The strip became wildly popular an went on to become a television show and movie as well as birthing the iconic characters.

Video montages and series of clips are often called "thimble collections."

Auction records

On December 3, 1979, a London dealer bid the sum of $18,000 USD for a dentil shaped Meissen porcelain thimble, circa 1740, at Christie's auction in Geneva, Switzerland. The thimble, just over a half inch high, was painted in a rare lemon-yellow color about the band. It also had tiny harbor scene hand painted within gold-trimmed cartouches. The rim was scalloped with fired gold on its bottom edge. The thimble now belongs to a Meissen collector in Canada who wanted it for its lemon-yellow color.[citation needed]

During November 1994, Sirthey's saleroom yielded a one of a kind Meissen thimble bearing an armorial coat of arms at the price of GBP 26,000.

On 13 June 1995, Sotheby's sold a Meissen thimble adorned with two pugs for GBP 10,350.

References

  1. ^ United Kingdom Detector Finds Database, Thimbles page, retrieved April 24, 2010.[1]
  2. ^ UK Detector Finds Database, http://www.ukdfd.co.uk/pages/thimble.html, retrieved April 24, 2010.
  3. ^ Simons Bros. Co. website

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thimble — Thim ble, n. [OE. thimbil, AS. ??mel, fr. ??ma a thumb. [root]56. See {Thumb}.] 1. A kind of cap or cover, or sometimes a broad ring, for the end of the finger, used in sewing to protect the finger when pushing the needle through the material. It …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • thimble — O.E. þymel sheath or covering for the thumb, from thuma (see THUMB (Cf. thumb)) + el, suffix used in forming names of instruments (Cf. HANDLE (Cf. handle)). Excrescent b began mid 15c. (Cf. HUMBLE (Cf. humble), NIMBLE (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • thimble — ► NOUN ▪ a metal or plastic cap with a closed end, worn to protect the finger and push the needle in sewing. ORIGIN Old English, related to THUMB(Cf. ↑thumb) …   English terms dictionary

  • thimble — [thim′bəl] n. [ME thimbel (with unhistoric b ) < OE thymel, thumbstall < thuma,THUMB + el, dim. suffix] 1. a small cap of metal, plastic, etc. worn as a protection on the finger that pushes the needle in sewing 2. anything like this; esp.,… …   English World dictionary

  • thimble — thimblelike, adj. /thim beuhl/, n. 1. a small cap, usually of metal, worn over the fingertip to protect it when pushing a needle through cloth in sewing. 2. Mech. any of various similar devices or attachments. 3. Naut. a metal ring with a concave …   Universalium

  • thimble — UK [ˈθɪmb(ə)l] / US noun [countable] Word forms thimble : singular thimble plural thimbles a small metal or plastic cup that you wear on your finger to protect it when you are sewing …   English dictionary

  • thimble — Bushing Bush ing, n. [See 4th {Bush}.] 1. The operation of fitting bushes, or linings, into holes or places where wear is to be received, or friction diminished, as pivot holes, etc. [1913 Webster] 2. (Mech.) A bush or lining; sometimes called a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • thimble — [OE] A thimble is etymologically a ‘thumb implement’. The word goes back to Old English thymel, a derivative of thūma ‘thumb’. In Old English (where it is recorded only once) it was used for a ‘finger stall’. By the time it reappears in the 15th… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • thimble — [[t]θɪ̱mb(ə)l[/t]] thimbles N COUNT A thimble is a small metal or plastic object which you use to protect your finger when you are sewing …   English dictionary

  • thimble — [OE] A thimble is etymologically a ‘thumb implement’. The word goes back to Old English thymel, a derivative of thūma ‘thumb’. In Old English (where it is recorded only once) it was used for a ‘finger stall’. By the time it reappears in the 15th… …   Word origins

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