In a woven fabric, the selvage (or selvedge) is the uncut edge of the fabric which is on the right- and left-hand edges as it comes out of the loom. As such it is 'finished' and will not fray because the weft threads double back on themselves. The term also refers to the unfinished but structurally sound edges of flat knitted textiles.

Very often fabric near the selvage is not usable as it may have a different weave pattern, or may lack pile or prints that are present on the rest of the fabric requiring that the selvage fabric be cut off or hidden in a hem. In handknitting, the selvage may be considered finished; it may also be used in seaming garments, or finished and reinforced using crochet or other techniques.

Selvage also can refer to the excess area of a printed or perforated sheet of any material, such as the white border area on a sheet of stamps.


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, (forming an edge)

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  • Selvage — Sel vage, Selvedge Sel vedge, n. [Self + edge, i. e., its own proper edge; cf. OD. selfegge.] 1. The edge of cloth which is woven in such a manner as to prevent raveling. [1913 Webster] 2. The edge plate of a lock, through which the bolt passes.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • selvage — mid 15c., edge of web or cloth so finished as to prevent raveling, apparently lit. its own edge, a corruption of self + edge, on analogy of M.Flem. selvegge (Cf. also Low Ger. sulfegge; Du. zelfkant, from kant border; M.H.G. selbende, Ger.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • selvage — The nonpostage strip or strips on the edge of a pane of postage stamps that show the plate number(s), notice of copyright, and other markings or inscriptions. (Compare withplate block) …   Glossary of postal terms

  • selvage — or selvedge [sel′vij] n. [< SELF + EDGE, infl. by MDu selfegge] 1. a specially woven edge that prevents cloth from raveling 2. any specially defined edge of fabric or paper, esp. such an edge that is to be trimmed off or covered 3. Rare the… …   English World dictionary

  • selvage — (Class Ostracoda): In closing apparatus of valve, ridge like elevation along inner margin; fits into groove (selvage groove) of opposite valve. If margin is simple, selvage represents only ridge; if margin is complex (i.e., inner lamella with… …   Crustacea glossary

  • selvage — or selvedge noun Etymology: Middle English selfegge, selvage, from self self + egge edge (after Middle Dutch selfegghe) Date: 15th century 1. a. the edge on either side of a woven or flat knitted fabric so finished as to prevent raveling;… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • selvage — selvaged, adj. /sel vij/, n. 1. the edge of woven fabric finished so as to prevent raveling, often in a narrow tape effect, different from the body of the fabric. 2. any similar strip or part of surplus material, as at the side of wallpaper. 3.… …   Universalium

  • Selvage (knitting) — The selvage of a knitted fabric consists the stitch(es) that end each row ( course ) of knitting. Also called selvedge, the term derives from self edge . The selvage may be considered finished; it may also be used in seaming garments, or finished …   Wikipedia

  • selvage groove — (Class Ostracoda): In closing apparatus of valve, groove like depression along inner margin. Separates major ridge (selvage) from minor ridge (list) [Stachowitsch, 1992] …   Crustacea glossary

  • selvage — n. [A.S. self; edge, its own proper edge] (ARTHROPODA: Crustacea) In Ostracoda, the principal ridge of the contact margin sealing the valves closed …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

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