Virunga Mountains

Virunga Mountains
Gahinga (left) and Muhabura (right)

The Virunga Mountains are a chain of volcanoes in East Africa, along the northern border of Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Uganda. The mountain range is a branch of the Albertine Rift, a part of the Great Rift Valley. They are located between Lake Edward and Lake Kivu. The name "Virunga" is an English version of the Kinyarwanda word ibirunga, which means "mountains".

The mountain range consists of eight major volcanoes. Most of them are dormant, except Mount Nyiragongo 3,462 metres (11,358 ft) and Mount Nyamuragira 3,063 metres (10,049 ft), both in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Recent eruptions occurred in 2006, and in January, 2010. Mount Karisimbi at 4,507 metres (14,787 ft), is the highest volcano. The oldest mountain is Mount Sabyinyo which rises 3,634 metres (11,923 ft), above sea level.

The Virunga Mountains are home of the critically endangered mountain gorilla, listed on the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species due to habitat loss, poaching, disease, and war (Butynski et al. 2003). The Karisoke Research Center, founded by Dian Fossey to observe gorillas in their native habitat, is located between Mount Karisimbi and Mount Bisoke.

Contents

List of mountains in the Virunga Mountain Range

Name of mountain Location Elevation in Metres Elevation in Feet
Mount Karisimbi  Rwanda/ DRC 4,507 14,790
Mount Mikeno  Democratic Republic of the Congo 4,437 14,560
Mount Muhabura  Rwanda/ Uganda 4,127 13,540
Mount Bisoke  Rwanda/ DRC 3,711 12,180
Mount Sabyinyo  Rwanda/ Uganda 3,674 12,050
Mount Gahinga  Rwanda/ Uganda 3,474 11,400
Mount Nyiragongo  Democratic Republic of the Congo 3,470 11,400
Mount Nyamuragira  Democratic Republic of the Congo 3,058 10,030

National Parks

In japan

In culture

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 01°25′45″S 29°32′54″E / 1.42917°S 29.54833°E / -1.42917; 29.54833


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Virunga Mountains — Volcanic range, east central Africa. Located north of Lake Kivu, it extends for about 50 mi (80 km) along the borders of Congo (Kinshasa), Rwanda, and Uganda. Of its eight major volcanic peaks, the highest is Karisimbi, while Nyiragongo is at the …   Universalium

  • Virunga — * Virunga Mountains, a chain of volcanoes in East Africa, between Lake Edward and Lake Kivu. * Virunga National Park, in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. * DC Virunga, a Congolese football club based in Goma. * Stade de Virunga, a multi… …   Wikipedia

  • Virunga National Park — Infobox World Heritage Site WHS = Virunga National Park State Party = COD Type = Natural Criteria = vii, viii, x ID = 63 Region = Africa Year = 1979 Session = 3rd Danger = 1994 Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/63Infobox protected area | name …   Wikipedia

  • Virunga National Park — formerly Albert National Park Game preserve and gorilla sanctuary, northeastern Congo (Kinshasa). Established in 1925, it has an area of 3,012 sq mi (7,800 sq km). Its southern tip touches the northern shore of Lake Kivu, and much of its central… …   Universalium

  • Virunga-Nationalpark — 0.7195855745039528.542480468757Koordinaten: 0° 43′ 10,51″ S, 28° 32′ 32,93″ O Dieser Artikel b …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Virunga National Park — 0.7195855745039528.542480468757Koordinaten: 0° 43′ 10,51″ S, 28° 32′ 32,93″ O Dieser Artikel b …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • East African mountains — ▪ mountains, East Africa Introduction  mountain region (eastern Africa) of Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Congo (Kinshasa) (Congo), Rwanda, and Burundi. The mountains are intimately related to the East African …   Universalium

  • East African mountains — The East African mountains are a mountain region in East Africa, within Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, and Burundi. Contents 1 Location and description 2 Fauna 3 Threats and preservation …   Wikipedia

  • Nationalpark Virunga — IUCN Kategorie II …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rwenzori Mountains — Rwenzori Range The Rwenzori Mountains, previously called the Ruwenzori Range (the spelling having been changed in about 1980 to conform more closely with the local name), and sometimes the Mountains of the Moon, is a mountain range of central… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”