- East African mountains
Location and description
The mountains are related to the Great Rift Valley, and are in two chains, the Western Rift includes the Virunga Mountains, Mitumba Mountains, and the Ruwenzori Range, while the mountains to the east include the largest peaks in Africa: the snow-covered Mount Kilimanjaro (5,895m, 19,340 ft), and Mt Kenya (5,199m, 17,058 ft). Other mountains in the Eastern Rift area include Mount Elgon in Kenya and Uganda.
The weather at the highest elevations is often cold and wet.
The mountains are rich in wildlife, including animals who migrate to higher altitudes during the hot season in the surrounding savanna. The mountains are home to a number of endemic bird species such as Hinde's Pied-babbler which lives only on Mount Kenya.
Threats and preservation
The lower elevations of the mountains have been extensively used for forestry and for growing tea and coffee and much of the original forest has been lost, including the cloud forest that once covered much of Kilimanjaro. Climbing these mountains is a major attraction and Kilimanjaro National Park attracts hundreds of visitors each year, many of whom access the mountain from the coffee-growing town of Moshi.
- ^ The Mountain Club of Kenya Guide to Mount Kenya and Kilimanjaro, Iain Allan. (1998) Mountain Club of Kenya. ISBN 9966-986-0-3
Major African geological formations Tectonic plates Cratons and Shields Shear zonesAswa Dislocation · Broodkop Shear Zone · Central African Shear Zone · Chuan Shear Zones · Foumban Shear Zone · Mwembeshi Shear Zone · Todi Shear Zone · Western Meseta Shear Zone Rifts Sedimentary basinsAngola Basin · Blue Nile Basin · Chad Basin · Congo Basin · Douala Basin · Foreland Karoo Basin · Gabon Basin · Iullemmeden Basin · Kufra Basin · Murzuq Basin · Niger Delta Basin · Ogaden Basin · Orange River basin · Owambo Basin · Reggane Basin · Rio del Rey Basin · Sirte Basin · Somali Coastal Basin · Taoudeni basin · Tanzania Coastal Basin · Tindouf Basin Mountain rangesAïr Mountains · Atlas Mountains · Aurès Mountains · Bambouk Mountains · Blue Mountains · Cameroon line · Central Pangean Mountains · Chaillu Mountains · Drakensberg · Ethiopian highlands · East African mountains · Great Escarpment · Great Karas Mountains · Guinée forestière · Imatong Mountains · Jebel Uweinat · Loma Mountains · Mandara Mountains · Marrah Mountains · Mitumba Mountains · Nuba Mountains · Rwenzori Mountains · Sankwala Mountains · Serra da Leba · Serra da Chela · Teffedest Mountains · Tibesti Mountains This East African location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. This Central African location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.