Tantilla

Tantilla
Tantilla
Flathead Snake, Tantilla gracilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Subfamily: Colubrinae
Genus: Tantilla
Baird & Girard, 1853

Tantilla is a large genus of harmless colubrid snakes which includes 64 species commonly known as centipede snakes, blackhead snakes, and flathead snakes.

Contents

Description

Tantilla are small snakes, rarely exceeding 8 inches in length. They are generally varying shades of brown, red or black in color. Some species have a brown body with a black head.

Behavior

Tantilla are nocturnal, secretive snakes. They spend most of their time buried in the moist leaf litter of semi-forested regions or under rocks and debris. Their diet consists primarily of invertebrates, including scorpions, centipedes, spiders, and various insects.

Species

  • Barbour's Centipede Snake, Tantilla albiceps (Barbour, 1925) - Panama
  • Boulenger's Centipede Snake, Tantilla alticola (Boulenger, 1903) - Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia
  • Andes Centipede Snake, Tantilla andinista (Wilson & Mena, 1980) - Ecuador
  • Tantilla armillata (Cope, 1876) - Costa Rica, El Salvador
  • Mexican Blackhead Snake, Tantilla atriceps (Günther, 1895) - USA (Arizona, Texas, New Mexico), northern Mexico
  • Baird's Blackhead Snake, Tantilla bairdi (Stuart, 1941) - Guatemala
  • Bocourt's Blackhead Snake, Tantilla bocourti (Günther, 1895) - Mexico
  • Tantilla boipiranga (Sawaya & Sazima, 2003) - Brazil
  • Mertens' Centipede Snake, Tantilla brevicauda (Mertens, 1952) - El Salvador
  • Briggs' Centipede Snake, Tantilla briggsi (Savitzky & Smith, 1971) - Mexico
  • Pacific Coast Centipede Snake, Tantilla calamarina (Cope, 1876) - Mexico
  • Capistrata Centipede Snake, Tantilla capistrata (Cope, 1876) - Peru
  • Michoacán Centipede Snake, Tantilla cascadae (Wilson & Meyer, 1981) - Mexico
  • Tantilla ceboruca Márquez et al., 2007 - Mexico
  • Guerreran Centipede Snake, Tantilla coronadoi (Hartweg, 1944)
  • Southeastern Crowned Snake, Tantilla coronata Baird & Girard, 1853 - southeastern United States
  • Big Bend Blackhead Snake, Tantilla cucullata (Minton, 1956) - USA (Texas), Mexico
  • Wilson's Centipede Snake, Tantilla cuesta (Wilson, 1982) - Guatemala
  • Peten Centipede Snake, Tantilla cuniculator (H.M. Smith, 1939) - south Mexico, Belize, Guatemala
  • Deppe's Centipede Snake, Tantilla deppei (Bocourt) - Mexico
  • Tantilla deviatrix (Barbour, 1916) - Mexico
  • Equator Centipede Snake, Tantilla equatoriana (Wilson & Mena, 1980) - Ecuador
  • Yellow-lined Centipede Snake, Tantilla flavilineata (H.M. Smith & Burger, 1950)
  • Tantilla fraseri (Günther, 1895) - Ecuador, Peru
  • Flathead Snake, Tantilla gracilis (Baird & Girard, 1853) - southwest United States, northern Mexico
  • Peten Centipede Snake, Tantilla hendersoni (Stafford, 2004) - Belize
  • Southwestern Blackhead Snake, Tantilla hobartsmithi Taylor, 1936 - southwestern United States, northern Mexico
  • Tantilla impensa (Campbell, 1998) - Guatemala
  • Mountain Centipede Snake, Tantilla insulamontana (Wilson & Mena, 1980) - Ecuador
  • Jan's Centipede Snake, Tantilla jani (Günther, 1895) - Mexico, Guatemala
  • Tantilla johnsoni (Wilson, Vaughn & Dixon, 1999) - Mexico
  • Mena's Centipede Snake, Tantilla lempira (Wilson & Mena, 1980) - Honduras
  • , Tantilla longifrontalis (Boulenger, 1896) - Colombia, Ecuador
  • Blackhead Snake, Tantilla melanocephala (Linnaeus, 1758) - Mexico, Central and South America.
  • Tantilla mexicana (Günther, 1862) - Mexico, Guatemala
  • Tantilla miyatai (Wilson & Knight, 1987) - Ecuador
  • Blackbelly Centipede Snake, Tantilla moesta (Günther, 1863) - Mexico, Guatemala, Belize
  • Black Centipede Snake, Tantilla nigra (Boulenger, 1914) - Colombia
  • Plains Blackhead Snake, Tantilla nigriceps (Kennicott, 1860) - southwest United States, northern Mexico
  • Oaxacan Centipede Snake, Tantilla oaxacae (Wilson & Meyer, 1971) - Mexico
  • Rim Rock Crowned Snake, Tantilla oolitica (Telford, 1966) - USA (Florida)
  • Peters' Blackhead Snake, Tantilla petersi (Wilson, 1979)
  • Western Blackhead Snake, Tantilla planiceps (Blainville, 1835) - United States (California), northern Mexico
  • Florida Crowned Snake, Tantilla relicta (Telford, 1966)
  • Reticulate Centipede Snake, Tantilla reticulata (Cope, 1860) - Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia
  • Tantilla robusta (Canseco-Márquez Mendelson & Gutiérrez-Mayén) - Mexico
  • Big Bend Blackhead Snake, Tantilla rubra (Cope, 1876) - USA (Texas), Mexico
  • Red Earth Centipede Snake, Tantilla schistosa (Bocourt, 1883) - Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama
  • Ringed Centipede Snake, Tantilla semicincta (Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854) - Panama, Colombia, Venezuela
  • Tantilla sertula (Wilson & Campbell, 2000) - Mexico
  • Potos’ Centipede Snake, Tantilla shawi (Taylor, 1949) - Mexico
  • Slavens' Centipede Snake, Tantilla slavensi (Perez-Higareda, H.M. Smith & Smith, 1985) - Mexico
  • Striped Centipede Snake, Tantilla striata (Dunn, 1928)
  • Banded Centipede Snake, Tantilla supracincta (Peters, 1863) - Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Ecuador
  • Central American Centipede Snake, Tantilla taeniata (Bocourt, 1883) - Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua
  • Volcan Tacana Centipede Snake, Tantilla tayrae (Wilson, 1983) - Mexico
  • Tantilla tecta (Campell & Smith, 1997) - Guatemala
  • Brazilian Three-lined Centipede Snake, Tantilla trilineata (Peters, 1880) - Brazil
  • Mexican Three-lined Centipede Snake, Tantilla triseriata (H.M. Smith & Smith, 1951) - Mexico
  • Three-banded Centipede Snake, Tantilla tritaeniata (H.M. Smith & Williams, 1966) - Honduras
  • Hallowell's Centipede Snake, Tantilla vermiformis (Hallowell, 1861) - Nicaragua, Costa Rica, El Salvator
  • Tantilla vulcani (Campbell, 1998) - Guatemala
  • Chihuahuan Blackhead Snake, Tantilla wilcoxi (Stejneger, 1902) - USA (Arizona), northern Mexico
  • Yaqui Blackhead Snake, Tantilla yaquia (H.M. Smith, 1942) - USA (Arizona, New Mexico), Mexico

References


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