- London Gazette
The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, and the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published. The London Gazette claims to be the oldest surviving English newspaper and the oldest continuously published newspaper in the UK, having been first published on 7 November 1665 as the Oxford Gazette. This title is also claimed by the Stamford Mercury and Berrow's Worcester Journal, because the Gazette is not a conventional newspaper offering general news coverage. It does not have a large circulation.
Other official newspapers of the UK government are the Edinburgh and Belfast Gazettes, which, apart from reproducing certain materials of nationwide interest published in the London Gazette, also contain publications specific to Scotland and Northern Ireland, respectively.
In turn, the London Gazette not only carries notices of UK-wide interest, but also those relating specifically to entities or people in England. However, certain notices that are only of specific interest to Scotland or Northern Ireland are also required to be published in the London Gazette.
The London Gazette is published each weekday, except for Bank Holidays. Notices for the following, among others, are published:
- Granting of Royal Assent to bills of the Parliament of the United Kingdom or of the Scottish Parliament
- The issuance of writs of election when a vacancy occurs in the House of Commons
- Appointments to certain public offices
- Commissions in the Armed Forces and subsequent promotion of officers
- Corporate and personal insolvency
- Granting of awards of honours and military medals
- Changes of names or of coats of arms
- Royal Proclamations and other Declarations
Her Majesty's Stationery Office has digitised all issues of the Gazette, and these are available online.
The official Gazettes are published by The Stationery Office.
The London Gazette was first published as the Oxford Gazette on 7 November 1665. Charles II and the Royal Court had moved to Oxford to escape the Great Plague of London, and courtiers were unwilling to touch, let alone read, London newspapers for fear of contagion. The Gazette was "Published by Authority" by Henry Muddiman, and its first publication is noted by Samuel Pepys in his diary. The King returned to London as the plague dissipated, and the Gazette moved too, with the first issue of the London Gazette (labelled No. 24) being published on 5 February 1666. The Gazette was not a newspaper in the modern sense: it was sent by post to subscribers, not printed for sale to the general public.
Her Majesty's Stationery Office took over the publication of the Gazette in 1889. Publication of the Gazette was transferred to the private sector, under government supervision, in the 1990s, when the bulk of HMSO was sold and renamed simply The Stationery Office.
- In time of war, dispatches from the various conflicts are published in the London Gazette. People referred to are said to have been mentioned in despatches. When members of the armed forces are promoted, and these promotions are published here, the person is said to have been “gazetted”.
- Being "gazetted" (or "in the gazette") sometimes also meant having official notice of one's bankruptcy published, as in the classic ten-line poem comparing the stolid yeomen of 1722 to the lavishly spending faux-genteel farmers of 1822
- Man to the plough;
- Wife to the cow;
- Girl to the yarn;
- Boy to the barn;
- And your rent will be netted.
- Man tally-ho;
- Miss piano;
- Wife silk and satin;
- Boy Greek and Latin;
- And you'll all be Gazetted.
The phrase "gazetted fortune hunter" is also probably derived from this. Notices of engagement and marriage were also formerly published in the Gazette.
There are equivalent government gazettes for the following current and former colonies or protectorates. They are available at the National Archives.
- Canada Gazette
- The Gazette of India
- Government Gazette of South Africa
- The New Zealand Gazette
- Hong Kong Government Gazette
- British Bechuanaland
- British Columbia
- British Guiana
- British Honduras
- British New Guinea
- North Borneo|British North Borneo/Sabah
- Cape of Good Hope
- East Africa and Uganda
- Falkland Islands
- Gold Coast
- Griqualand West
- Leeward Islands
- Negri Sembilan
- New Brunswick
- New South Wales
- North-West Territories
- Northern Nigeria
- Orange River Colony
- Prince Edward Island
- Sierra Leone
- South Africa Company
- South Australia
- Sri Lanka
- Southern Nigeria
- St Christopher, Nevis and Anguilla
- St Helena
- St Lucia
- St Vincent
- Straits Settlements
- Sungei Ujong
- Trinidad and Tobago
- Vancouver Island
- Western Australia
- History of British newspapers
- London Gazette Index
- Belfast Gazette in Northern Ireland
- Boletín Oficial del Estado in Spain
- Edinburgh Gazette in Scotland
- Iris Oifigiúil (which replaced the Dublin Gazette) in Ireland
- Official Journal of the European Union
- Diário da República in Portugal
- Federal Register in the United States
- Gazzetta Ufficiale in Italy
- Journal Officiel de la République Française
- Post- och Inrikes Tidningar in Sweden
- The Gazette of India
- The Royal Gazette (Thailand)
- OpenPSI for the OpenPSI project which provides RDF and SPARQL end point of Gazette notice data
- ^ Oxford Gazette: . 7 November 1665. Retrieved 7 January 2009.
- ^ Search the London Gazette Archive
- ^ London Gazette: . 5 February 1666. Retrieved 7 January 2009.
- ^ By William Hone (1827); Published by Hunt and Clarke
- ^ Law Ministry The Gazette of India
- ^ Cyprus Government Gazette Retrieved 7 Nov 2010
- ^ Openpsi.org
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