List of Florida birds

List of Florida birds

The List of Florida birds lists every wild bird species ever seen in the U.S. state of Florida, as accepted by the Florida Ornithological Society Records Committee (FOSRC) as of October, 2007. The following markings have been used:

* (I) - Introduced: Birds that have been introduced to Florida by the actions of man, either directly or indirectly.
* (i) - Introduced/native: Birds that naturally occur in Florida at certain seasons, or only in parts of the state, but also have populations in Florida that have been introduced by the actions of man, either directly or indirectly.
*(E) - Extinct.
*(e) - Extirpated: A bird that, while it is not extinct, is no longer found in Florida.
*(A) - Accidental: Birds that rarely or accidentally occurs in Florida, and for which the FOSRC requests a full report for verification. Birds listed as accidental should not be expected to be found anywhere in Florida with regularity.

Only birds that are considered to have arrived in Florida without human assistance; or introduced species with established, self-sustaining populations in Florida are included on this list. This means that birds that are probable escapees are not included on this list. The Ringed Turtle-Dove ("Streptopelia risoria") was previously considered to be an established exotic, and, although occasional sightings are reported from residential areas, these birds are probable escapees, and evidence of a true self-sustaining population is lacking. It is, therefore, not included on this list. There are 497 species on the Florida state checklist.

This list includes the Black-hooded Parakeet, a species which is not on the List of North American birds. This species has been accepted as an introduced exotic by the FOSRC, however the American Birding Association has not yet ruled to add the species to the "official" North American list.

This list is presented in taxonomic order and follows "The Check-list of North American Birds" (7th ed., 46th supplement, 2005), published by the American Ornithologists' Union. The table of contents is grouped into passerines (the largest order of birds) and non-passerines. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family accounts. Introduced, casual, accidental, extirpated and extinct species are included in the total species counts for North America and Florida.


Ducks, Geese, and Swans

Order: AnseriformesFamily: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, bills which are flattened to a greater or lesser extent, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to special oils. There are 131 species world wide, 61 North American species, and 42 Florida species.

*Black-bellied Whistling-Duck, "Dendrocygna autumnalis"
*Fulvous Whistling-Duck, "Dendrocygna bicolor"
*Greater White-fronted Goose, "Anser albifrons"
*Snow Goose, "Chen caerulescens"
*Ross's Goose, "Chen rossii" (A)
*Brant, "Branta bernicla"
*Cackling Goose, "Branta hutchinsonii" (A)
*Canada Goose, "Branta canadensis" (i)
*Tundra Swan, "Cygnus columbianus"
*Muscovy Duck, "Cairina moschata" (I)
*Wood Duck, "Aix sponsa"
*Gadwall, "Anas strepera"
*Eurasian Wigeon, "Anas penelope"
*American Wigeon, "Anas americana"
*American Black Duck, "Anas rubripes"
*Mallard, "Anas platyrhynchos" (i)
*Mottled Duck, "Anas fulvigula"
*Blue-winged Teal, "Anas discors"
*Cinnamon Teal, "Anas cyanoptera"
*Northern Shoveler, "Anas clypeata"
*White-cheeked Pintail, "Anas bahamensis" (A)
*Northern Pintail, "Anas acuta"
*Green-winged Teal, "Anas crecca"
*Canvasback, "Aythya valisineria"
*Redhead, "Aythya americana"
*Ring-necked Duck, "Aythya collaris"
*Greater Scaup, "Aythya marila"
*Lesser Scaup, "Aythya affinis"
*King Eider, "Somateria spectabilis" (A)
*Common Eider, "Somateria mollissima"
*Harlequin Duck, "Histrionicus histrionicus"
*Surf Scoter, "Melanitta perspicillata"
*White-winged Scoter, "Melanitta fusca"
*Black Scoter, "Melanitta nigra"
*Long-tailed Duck, "Clangula hyemalis"
*Bufflehead, "Bucephala albeola"
*Common Goldeneye, "Bucephala clangula"
*Hooded Merganser, "Lophodytes cucullatus"
*Common Merganser, "Mergus merganser" (A)
*Red-breasted Merganser, "Mergus serrator"
*Masked Duck, "Nomonyx dominicus" (A)
*Ruddy Duck, "Oxyura jamaicensis"

Partridges, Grouse, Turkeys, and Old World quail

Order: GalliformesFamily: Phasianidae

The Phasianidae is a family of birds which consists of the pheasants and their allies. These are terrestrial species, variable in size but generally plump, with broad relatively short wings. Many species are gamebirds, or have been domesticated as a food source for humans. There are 180 species world wide, 16 North American species, and one Florida species.

*Wild Turkey, "Meleagris gallopavo"

New World quail

Order: GalliformesFamily: Odontophoridae

The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. There are 32 species, world-wide, all found only in the Americas, six North American species, and one Florida species.

*Northern Bobwhite, "Colinus virginianus"


Order: GaviiformesFamily: Gaviidae

Loons are aquatic birds size of a large duck, to which they are unrelated. Their plumage is largely grey or black, they have spear-shaped bills. Loons swim well, and fly adequately, but, because their legs are placed towards the rear of the body, are almost hopeless on land. There are five species world-wide, five North American species, and three Florida species.

*Red-throated Loon, "Gavia stellata"
*Pacific Loon, "Gavia pacifica"
*Common Loon, "Gavia immer"


Order: PodicipediformesFamily: Podicipedidae

Grebes small to medium-large sized freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes, and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species world-wide, seven North American species, and six Florida species.

*Least Grebe, "Tachybaptus dominicus" (A)
*Pied-billed Grebe, "Podilymbus podiceps"
*Horned Grebe, "Podiceps auritus"
*Red-necked Grebe, "Podiceps grisegena" (A)
*Eared Grebe, "Podiceps nigricollis"
*Western Grebe, "Aechmorphorus occidentalis" (A)


Order: PhoenicopteriformesFamily: Phoenicopteridae

Flamingoes are gregarious wading birds, usually 3-5 feet in height, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. They are more numerous in the latter. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly-shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume, and are uniquely used upside-down. There are six species world wide, one North American species, and one Florida species.

*American Flamingo, "Phoencopterus ruber"


Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Diomedeidae

The albatrosses are amongst the largest of flying birds, and the great albatrosses from the genus "Diomedea" have the largest wingspans of any extant birds. There are 21 species world wide, eight North American species, and one Florida species.

*Yellow-nosed Albatross, "Thalassarche chlororhynchos" (A)

Petrels and Shearwaters

Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized 'true petrels', characterised by united nostrils with medium septum, and a long outer functional primary. There are 75 species world wide, 24 North American species, and seven Florida species.

*Black-capped Petrel, "Pterodoma hasitata"
*Cory's Shearwater, "Calonectris diomedea"
*Greater Shearwater, "Puffinus gravis"
*Sooty Shearwater, "Puffinus griseus"
*Short-tailed Shearwater, "Puffinus tenuirostris" (A)
*Manx Shearwater, "Puffinus puffinus" (A)
*Audubon's Shearwater, "Puffinus lherminieri"


Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Hydrobatidae

The storm-petrels are the smallest of seabirds, relatives of the petrels, feeding on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species world wide, ten North American species, and three Florida species.

*Wilson's Storm-Petrel, "Oceanites oceanicus"
*Leach's Storm-Petrel, "Oceanodroma leucorhoa"
*Band-rumped Storm-Petrel, "Oceanodroma castro"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Phaethontidae

Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their long wings have black markings, as does the head. There are three species world wide, three North American species, and two Florida species.

*White-tailed Tropicbird, "Phaethon lepturus"
*Red-billed Tropicbird, "Phaeton aethereus" (A)

Gannets and Boobies

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Sulidae

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups are medium-large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish. There are eight species world wide, five North American species, and four Florida species.

*Masked Booby, "Sula dactylatra"
*Brown Booby, "Sula leucogaster"
*Red-footed Booby, "Sula sula"
*Northern Gannet, "Morus bassanus"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are very large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak Like other birds in the order Pelecaniformes, they have four webbed toes. There are eight species world wide, two North American species, and two Florida species.

*American White Pelican, "Pelecanus erythrorhynchos"
*Brown Pelican, "Pelecanus occidentalis"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Phalacrocoracidae

Cormorants are medium-to-large aquatic birds, usually with mainly dark plumage and areas of coloured skin on the face. The bill is long, thin, and sharply hooked. Their feet are four-toed and webbed, a distinguishing feature among the Pelecaniformes order. There are three Florida species.

*Neotropic Cormorant, "Phalacrocorax brasilianus" (A)
*Double-crested Cormorant, "Phalacrocorax auritus"
*Great Cormorant, "Phalacrocorax carbo"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Anhingidae

Darters are cormorant-like water birds with very long necks and long, straight beaks. They often swim with only the neck above water, and are fish-eaters. There are four species world-wide, one North American species, and one Florida species.

*Anhinga, "Anhinga anhinga"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large sea-birds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black or black and white, with long wings and deeply-forked tails. The males have inflatable coloured throat pouches. They do not swim or walk, and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are five species world-wide, three North American species, and one Florida species.

*Magnificent Frigatebird, "Fregata magnificens"

Bitterns, Herons, and Egrets

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the herons, egrets, and bitterns. Herons and Egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more secrative. Unlike other long necked birds such as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species world wide, 17 North American species, and 12 Florida species.

*American Bittern, "Botaurus lentiginosus"
*Least Bittern, "Ixobrychus exilis"
*Great Blue Heron, "Ardea herodias"
*Great Egret, "Ardea alba"
*Snowy Egret, "Egretta thula"
*Little Blue Heron, "Egretta caerulea"
*Tricolored Heron, "Egretta tricolor"
*Reddish Egret, "Egretta rufescens"
*Cattle Egret, "Bubulcus ibis"
*Green Heron, "Butorides virescens"
*Black-crowned Night-Heron, "Nycticorax nycticorax"
*Yellow-crowned Night-Heron, "Nyctanassa violacea"

Ibises and Spoonbills

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Threskiornithidae

The family Threskiornithidae includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings. Their bodies tends to be elongated, the neck more so, with rather long legs. The bill is also long, decurved in the case of the ibises, straight and distinctively flattened in the spoonbills. There are 36 species world wide, five North American species, and five Florida species.

*White Ibis, "Eudocimus albus"
*Scarlet Ibis, "Eudocimus ruber" (A)
*Glossy Ibis, "Plegadis falcinellus"
*White-faced Ibis, "Plegadis chihi" (A)
*Roseate Spoonbill, "Platalea ajaja"


Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, heavy, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with long stout bills and wide wingspans. They lack the powder down that other wading birds such as herons, spoonbills and ibises use to clean off fish slime. Storks lack a pharynx and are mute. There are 19 species world wide, two North American species, and one Florida species.

*Wood Stork, "Mycteria americana"

New World vultures

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Cathartidae

The New World vultures are not closely related to Old World vultures, but superficially resemble them because of convergent evolution. Like the Old World vultures, they are scavengers However, unlike Old World vultures, which find carcasses by sight, New World vultures have a good sense of smell with which they located carcasses. There are seven species world wide, all found only in the Americas, three North American species and two Florida species.

*Black Vulture, "Coragyps atratus"
*Turkey Vulture, "Cathartes aura"

Hawks, Kites, and Eagles

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Accipitridae

The family Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have very large powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species world wide, 28 North American species, and 19 Florida species.

*Osprey, "Pandion haliaetus"
*Swallow-tailed Kite, "Elanoides forficatus"
*White-tailed Kite, "Elanus leucurus"
*Snail Kite, "Rostrhamus sociabilis"
*Mississippi Kite, "Ictinia mississippiensis"
*Bald Eagle, "Haliaeetus leucocephalus"
*Northern Harrier, "Circus cyaneus"
*Sharp-shinned Hawk, "Accipiter striatus"
*Cooper's Hawk, "Accipiter cooperii"
*Northern Goshawk, "Accipiter gentilis" (A)
*Red-shouldered Hawk, "Buteo lineatus"
*Broad-winged Hawk, "Buteo platypterus"
*Short-tailed Hawk, "Buteo brachyurus"
*Swainson's Hawk, "Buteo swainsoni"
*Zone-tailed Hawk, "Buteo albonotatus" (A)
*Red-tailed Hawk, "Buteo jamaicensis"
*Ferruginous Hawk, "Buteo regalis" (A)
*Rough-legged Hawk, "Buteo lagopus" (A)
*Golden Eagle, "Aquila chrysaetos"

Caracaras and Falcons

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey, notably the falcons and caracaras. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species world wide, ten North American species, and five Florida species.

*Crested Caracara, "Caracara cheriway"
*Eurasian Kestrel, "Falco tinnunculus" (A)
*American Kestrel, "Falco sparverius"
*Merlin, "Falco columbarius"
*Peregrine Falcon, "Falco peregrinus"

Rails, Gallinules, and Coots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. The most typical family members occupy dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species world wide, 13 North American species, and nine Florida species.

*Yellow Rail, "Coturnicops noveboracensis"
*Black Rail, "Laterallus jamaicensis"
*Clapper Rail, "Rallus longirostris"
*King Rail, "Rallus elegans"
*Virginia Rail, "Rallus limicola"
*Sora, "Porzana carolina"
*Purple Gallinule, "Porphyrio martinica"
*Common Moorhen, "Gallinula chloropus"
*American Coot, "Fulica americana"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Aramidae

The Limpkin is an odd bird that looks like a large rail, but is skeletally closer to the cranes. It is found in marshes with some trees or scrub in the Caribbean, South America and southern Florida. There is one species worldwide, found in Florida.

*Limpkin, "Aramus guarauna"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Gruidae Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". There are 15 species worldwide, three North American species, and two Florida species.

*Sandhill Crane, "Grus canadensis"
*Whooping Crane, "Grus americana" (i)

Lapwings and Plovers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species world-wide, 17 North American species, and nine Florida species.

*Northern Lapwing, "Vanellus vanellus" (A)
*Black-bellied Plover, "Pluvialis squatarola"
*American Golden-Plover, "Pluviali dominicas "
*Lesser Sand-Plover, "Charadrius mongolus" (A)
*Snowy Plover, "Charadrius alexandrinus"
*Wilson's Plover, "Charadrius wilsonia"
*Semipalmated Plover, "Charadrius semipalmatus"
*Piping Plover, "Charadrius melodus"
*Killdeer, "Charadrius vociferus"
*Mountain Plover, "Charadrius montanus" (A)


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Haematopodidae

The oystercatchers are large, obvious and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs. There are 11 species world-wide, two North American species, and one Florida species.

*American Oystercatcher, "Haematopus palliatus"

tilts and Avocets

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are nine species world wide, three North American species, and two Florida species.

*Black-necked Stilt, "Himantopus mexicanus"
*American Avocet, "Recurvirostra americana"

andpipers and Allies

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Scolopacidae

The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the Sandpipers, Curlews, Godwits, Shanks, Tattlers, Woodcocks, Snipes, Dowitchers and Phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Different lengths of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 86 species world wide, 65 North American species, and 36 Florida species.

*Greater Yellowlegs, "Tringa melanoleuca"
*Lesser Yellowlegs, "Tringa flavipes"
*Solitary Sandpiper, "Tringa solitaria"
*Willet, "Catoptrophorus semipalmatus"
*Spotted Sandpiper, "Actitis macularia"
*Upland Sandpiper, "Bartramia longicauda"
*Whimbrel, "Numenius phaeopus"
*Long-billed Curlew, "Numenius americanus"
*Black-tailed Godwit, "Limosa limosa" (A)
*Hudsonian Godwit, "Limosa haemastica"
*Bar-tailed Godwit, "Limosa lapponica" (A)
*Marbled Godwit, "Limosa fedoa"
*Ruddy Turnstone, "Arenaria interpres"
*Surfbird, "Aphriza virgata" (A)
*Red Knot, "Calidris canutus"
*Sanderling, "Calidris alba"
*Semipalmated Sandpiper, "Calidris pusilla"
*Western Sandpiper, "Calidris mauri"
*Least Sandpiper, "Calidris minutilla"
*White-rumped Sandpiper, "Calidris fuscicollis"
*Baird's Sandpiper, "Calidris bairdii"
*Pectoral Sandpiper, "Calidris melanotos"
*Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, "Calidris acuminata" (A)
*Purple Sandpiper, "Calidris maritima"
*Dunlin, "Calidris alpina"
*Curlew Sandpiper, "Calidris ferruginea"
*Stilt Sandpiper, "Calidris himantopus"
*Buff-breasted Sandpiper, "Tryngites subruficollis"
*Ruff, "Philomachus pugnax"
*Short-billed Dowitcher, "Limnodromus griseus"
*Long-billed Dowitcher, "Limnodromus scolopaceus"
*Wilson's Snipe, "Gallinago delicata"
*American Woodcock, "Scolopax minor"
*Wilson's Phalarope, "Phalaropus tricolor"
*Red-necked Phalarope, "Phalaropus lobatus"
*Red Phalarope, "Phalaropus fulicarius"

Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls, terns, kittiwakes and skimmers. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet.

*Black-legged Kittiwake, "Rissa tridactyla"
*Sabine's Gull, "Xema sabini"
*Bonaparte's Gull, "Chroicocephalus philadelphia"
*Gray-hooded Gull, "Chroicocephalus cirrocephhalus" (A)
*Black-headed Gull, "Chroicocephalus ridibundus" (A)
*Little Gull, "Hydrocoleus minutus" (A)
*Laughing Gull, "Leucophaeus atricilla"
*Franklin's Gull, "Leucophaeus pipixcan"
*Belcher's Gull, "Larus belcheri" (A)
*Heermann's Gull, "Larus heermanni" (A)
*Mew Gull, "Larus canus"
*Ring-billed Gull, "Larus delawarensis"
*California Gull, "Larus californicus" (A)
*Herring Gull, "Larus argentatus"
*Thayer's Gull, "Larus thayeri" (A)
*Iceland Gull, "Larus glaucoides" (A)
*Lesser Black-backed Gull, "Larus fuscus"
*Slaty-backed Gull, "Larus schistisagus" (A)
*Glaucous Gull, "Larus hyperboreus"
*Great Black-backed Gull, "Larus marinus"
*Gull-billed Tern, "Gelochelidon nilotica"
*Caspian Tern, "Hydroprogne caspia"
*Royal Tern, "Sterna maxima"
*Elegant Tern, "Sterna elegans" (A)
*Sandwich Tern, "Sterna sandvicensis"
*Roseate Tern, "Sterna dougallii"
*Common Tern, "Sterna hirundo"
*Arctic Tern, "Sterna paradisaea"
*Forster's Tern, "Sterna forsteri"
*Least Tern, "Sternula antillarum"
*Bridled Tern, "Onychoprion anaethetus"
*Sooty Tern, "Onychoprion fuscata"
*Black Tern, "Chlidonias niger"
*Brown Noddy, "Anous stolidus"
*Black Noddy, "Anous minutus"
*Black Skimmer, "Rynchops niger"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Stercorariidae

Skuas are in general medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They have longish bills with a hooked tip, and webbed feet with sharp claws. They look like large dark gulls, but have a fleshy cere above the upper mandible. They are strong, acrobatic fliers.

*South Polar Skua, "Stercorarius maccormicki" (A)
*Pomarine Jaeger, "Stercorarius pomarinus"
*Parasitic Jaeger, "Stercorarius parasiticus"
*Long-tailed Jaeger, "Stercorarius longicaudus"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Alcidae

Alcids are superficially similar to penguins due to their black-and-white colours, their upright posture and some of their habits, however they are not related to the penguins at all, being able to fly. Auks live on the open sea, only deliberately coming ashore to nest. There are 24 species world wide and 22 North American species, none of which are native to Florida.

Pigeons and Doves

Order: ColumbiformesFamily: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. There are 308 species world wide, 18 North American species, and 14 Florida species.

*Rock Pigeon, "Columba livia" (I)
*Scaly-naped Pigeon, "Patagioenas squamosa" (A)
*White-crowned Pigeon, "Patagioenas leucocephala"
*Band-tailed Pigeon, "Patagioenas fasciata" (A)
*European Turtle-Dove, "Streptopelia turtur" (A)
*Eurasian Collared-Dove, "Streptopelia decaocto" (I)
*White-winged Dove, "Zenaida asiatica" (i)
*Zenaida Dove, "Zenaida aurita" (A)
*Mourning Dove, "Zenaida macroura"
*Passenger Pigeon, "Ectopistes migratorius" (E)
*Common Ground-Dove, "Columbina passerina"
*White-tipped Dove, "Leptotila verreauxi" (A)
*Key West Quail-Dove, "Geotrygon chrysia"
*Ruddy Quail-Dove, "Geotrygon montana" (A)


Order: PsittaciformesFamily: Psittacidae Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape. Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and the have a generally erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two back. There are 335 species world wide, eight North American species, and six Florida species.

*Budgerigar, "Melopsittacus undulatus" (I)
*Monk Parakeet, "Myiopsitta monachus" (I)
*Carolina Parakeet, "Conuropsis carolinensis" (E)
*Black-hooded Parakeet, "Nandayus nenday" (I)
*White-winged Parakeet, "Brotogeris versicolurus" (I)

Cuckoos, Roadrunners, and Anis

Order: CuculiformesFamily: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Unlike the cuckoo species of the Old World, North American cuckoos are not brood parasites. There are 138 species world wide, eight North American species, and five Florida species.

*Black-billed Cuckoo, "Coccyzus erythropthalmus"
*Yellow-billed Cuckoo, "Coccyzus americanus"
*Mangrove Cuckoo, "Coccyzus minor"
*Smooth-billed Ani, "Crotophaga ani"
*Groove-billed Ani, "Crotophaga sulcirostris"

Barn owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Tytonidae

Barn owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species world wide, one North American species, and one Florida species.

*Barn Owl, "Tyto alba"

Typical owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Strigidae

Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species world wide, 21 North American species, and nine Florida species.

*Flammulated Owl, "Otus flammeolus" (A)
*Eastern Screech-Owl, "Megascops asio"
*Great Horned Owl, "Bubo virginianus"
*Snowy Owl, "Bubo scandiacus" (A)
*Burrowing Owl, "Athene cunicularia"
*Barred Owl, "Strix varia"
*Long-eared Owl, "Asio otus" (A)
*Short-eared Owl, "Asio flammeus"
*Northern Saw-whet Owl, "Aegolius acadicus" (A)


Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is crypically coloured to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species world wide, nine North American species, and five Florida species.

*Lesser Nighthawk, " Chordeiles acutipennis"
*Common Nighthawk, " Chordeiles minor"
*Antillean Nighthawk, "Chordeiles gundlachii"
*Chuck-will's-widow, " Caprimulgus carolinensis"
*Whip-poor-will, " Caprimulgus vociferus"


Order: ApodiformesFamily: Apodidae

The swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have very lobg swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species world wide, nine North American species, and four Florida species.

*White-collared Swift, "Streptoprocne zonaris" (A)
*Chimney Swift, "Chaetura pelagica"
*Vaux's Swift, "Chaetura vauxi" (A)
*Antillean Palm-Swift, "Tachornis phoenicobia" (A)


Order: ApodiformesFamily: Trochilidae

Hummingbirds are small birds capable of hovering in mid-air due to the rapid flapping of their wings. They are the only birds that can fly backwards. There are 337 species world wide, 23 North American species, and ten Florida species.

*Broad-billed Hummingbird, "Cynanthus latirostris" (A)
*Buff-bellied Hummingbird, "Amazila yucatanensis"
*Bahama Woodstar, "Calliphlox evelynae" (A)
*Ruby-throated Hummingbird, "Archilochus colubris"
*Black-chinned Hummingbird, "Archilochus alexandri"
*Anna's Hummingbird, "Calypte anna" (A)
*Calliope Hummingbird, "Stellula calliope" (A)
*Broad-tailed Hummingbird, "Selasphorus platycercus" (A)
*Rufous Hummingbird, "Selasphorus rufus"
*Allen's Hummingbird, "Selasphorus sasin" (A)


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 94 species world wide, three North American species, and one Florida species.

*Belted Kingfisher, "Ceryle alcyon"

Woodpeckers, Sapsuckers, and Flickers

Order: PiciformesFamily: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium sized birds with chisel like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward, and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. There are 218 species world wide, 26 North Amwerican species, and ten Florida species.

*Red-headed Woodpecker, "Melanerpes erythrocephalus"
*Golden-fronted Woodpecker, "Melanerpes aurifrons" (A)
*Red-bellied Woodpecker, "Melanerpes carolinus"
*Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, "Sphyrapicus varius"
*Downy Woodpecker, "Picoides pubescens"
*Hairy Woodpecker, "Picoides villosus"
*Red-cockaded Woodpecker, "Picoides borealis"
*Northern Flicker, "Colaptes auratus"
*Pileated Woodpecker, "Dryocopus pileatus"
*Ivory-billed Woodpecker, "Campephilus principalis" (e)

Tyrant flycatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Tyrannidae

Tyrant flycatchers are Passerine birds which occur throughout North and South America. They superficially resemble the Old World flycatchers, but are more robust with stronger bills. They do not have the sophisticated vocal capabilities of the songbirds. Most, but not all, are rather plain. As the name implies, most are insectivorous.

*Olive-sided Flycatcher, "Contopus cooperi"
*Western Wood-Pewee, "Contopus sordidulus" (A)
*Eastern Wood-Pewee, "Contopus virens"
*Cuban Pewee, "Contopus cariibaeus" (A)
*Yellow-bellied Flycatcher, "Empidonax flaviventris"
*Acadian Flycatcher, "Empidonax virescens"
*Alder Flycatcher, "Empidonax alnorum"
*Willow Flycatcher, "Empidonax traillii"
*Least Flycatcher, "Empidonax minimus"
*Hammond's Flycatcher, "Empidonax hammondii" (A)
*Black Phoebe, "Sayornis nigricans" (A)
*Eastern Phoebe, "Sayornis phoebe"
*Say's Phoebe, "Sayornis saya" (A)
*Vermilion Flycatcher, "Pyrocephalus rubinus"
*Ash-throated Flycatcher, "Myiarchus cinerascens"
*Great Crested Flycatcher, "Myiarchus crinitus"
*Brown-crested Flycatcher, "Myiarchus tyrannulus"
*La Sagra' s Flycatcher, "Myiarchus sagrae"
*Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher, "Myiodynastes luteiventris" (A)
*Piratic Flycatcher, "Empidonomus leucophaius" (A)
*Tropical Kingbird, "Tyrannus melancholicus" (A)
*Cassin's Kingbird, "Tyrannus vociferans" (A)
*Western Kingbird, "Tyrannus verticalis"
*Eastern Kingbird, "Tyrannus tyrannus"
*Loggerhead Kingbird, "Tyrannus caudifasciatus" (A)
*Gray Kingbird, "Tyrannus dominicensis"
*Scissor-tailed Flycatcher, "Tyrannus forficatus"
*Fork-tailed Flycatcher, "Tyrannus savana"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Laniidae

Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. A typical shrike's beak is hooked, like a bird of prey. There are 31 species world wide, three North American species, and one Florida species.

*Loggerhead Shrike, "Lanius ludovicianus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Vireonidae

The vireos are a group of small to medium sized passerine birds restricted to the New World. They are typically greenish in colour and resemble wood warblers apart from their heavier bills. There are 52 species world wide, 16 North American species, and ten Florida species

*White-eyed Vireo, "Vireo griseus"
*Thick-billed Vireo, "Vireo crassirostris" (A)
*Bell's Vireo, "Vireo bellii"
*Yellow-throated Vireo, "Vireo flavifrons"
*Blue-headed Vireo, "Vireo solitarius"
*Warbling Vireo, "Vireo gilvus"
*Philadelphia Vireo, "Vireo philadelphicus"
*Red-eyed Vireo, "Vireo olivaceus"
*Yellow-green Vireo, "Vireo flavoviridis" (A)
*Black-whiskered Vireo, "Vireo altiloquus"

Jays, Crows, Magpies, and Ravens

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Corvidae

The Corvidae family includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size for the bird order Passeriformes. Some of the larger species show levels of learned behavior of a high degree. There are 120 species world wide, 21 North American speicies, and four Florida species.

*Blue Jay, "Cyanocitta cristata"
*Florida Scrub-Jay, "Aphelocoma coerulescens"
*American Crow, "Corvus brachyrhynchos"
*Fish Crow, "Corvus ossifragus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Alaudidae

Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Their food is insects and seeds. There are 91 species world wide, two North American species, and one Florida species.

*Horned Lark, "Eremophila alpestris"

wallows and Martins

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Hirundinidae

The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterised by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species world wide, 14 North American species, and ten Florida species.

*Purple Martin, "Progne subis"
*Cuban Martin, "Progne cryptoleuca" (A)
*Southern Martin, "Progne elegans" (A)
*Tree Swallow, "Tachycineta bicolor"
*Mangrove Swallow, "Tachycineta albilinea" (A)
*Bahama Swallow, "Tachycineta cyaneovirdis" (A)
*Northern Rough-winged Swallow, "Stelgidopteryx serripennis"
*Bank Swallow, "Riparia riparia"
*Cliff Swallow, "Petrochelidon pyrrhonota"
*Cave Swallow, "Petrochelidon fulva"
*Barn Swallow, "Hirundo rustica"

Chickadees and Titmice

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Paridae

The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Some have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. There are 59 species world wide, 12 North American species and two Florida species.

*Carolina Chickadee, "Poecile carolinensis"
*Tufted Titmouse, "Baeolophus bicolor"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sittidae

Nuthatches are small woodland birds. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike other birds which can only go upwards. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails and powerful bills and feet. There are 24 species world wide, four North American species, and three Florida species.

*Red-breasted Nuthatch, "Sitta canadensis"
*White-breasted Nuthatch, "Sitta carolinensis"
*Brown-headed Nuthatch, "Sitta pusilla"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Certhiidae

Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark. They have stiff tail feathers, like woodpeckers, which they use to support themselves on vertical trees. There are six species world wide, one North American species , and one Florida species.

*Brown Creeper, "Certhia americana"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Troglodytidae

Wrens are small and inconspicuous birds, except for their loud songs. They have short wings and a thin down-turned bill. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous. There are 79 species world wide, nine North American species, and seven Florida species.

*Rock Wren, "Salpinctes obsoletus" (A)
*Carolina Wren, "Thryothorus ludovicianus"
*Bewick's Wren, "Thryomanes bewickii" (A)
*House Wren, "Troglodytes aedon"
*Winter Wren, "Troglodytes troglodytes"
*Sedge Wren, "Cistothorus platensis"
*Marsh Wren, "Cistothorus palustris"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Pycnonotidae

The bulbuls are a family of medium-sized passerine songbirds native to Africa and tropical Asia. These are noisy and gregarious birds with often beautiful striking songs. There are 130 species world wide, one North American species, and one Florida species.

*Red-whiskered Bulbul, "Pycnonotus jocosus" (I)


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Regulidae

The kinglets are a small family of birds which resemble the titmice. They are very small insectivorous birds in the genus Regulus. The adults have coloured crowns, giving rise to their name. There are five species world wide, two North American species, and two Florida species.

*Golden-crowned Kinglet, "Regulus satrapa"
*Ruby-crowned Kinglet, "Regulus calendula"

Old World warblers and Gnatcatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sylviidae

The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. The Sylviidae mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs. There are about 300 species world wide, 12 North American Species and one Florida species.

*Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, "Polioptila caerulea"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Turdidae

The Thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly but not exclusively in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species world wide, 28 North American species, and ten Florida species.

*Northern Wheatear, "Oenanthe oenanthe" (A)
*Eastern Bluebird, "Sialia sialis"
*Mountain Bluebird, "Sialia currucoides" (A)
*Veery, "Catharus fuscescens"
*Gray-cheeked Thrush, "Catharus minimus"
*Swainson's Thrush, "Catharus ustulatus"
*Hermit Thrush, "Catharus guttatus"
*Wood Thrush, "Hylocichla mustelina"
*American Robin, "Turdus migratorius"
*Varied Thrush, "Ixoreus naevius" (A)


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Mimidae

The Mimids are a family of passerine birds that includes thrashers, mockingbirds, tremblers, and the New World catbirds. These birds are notable for their vocalization, especially their remarkable ability to mimic a wide variety of birds and other sounds heard outdoors. The species tend towards dull grays and browns in their appearance. There are 35 species world wide, 13 North American species, and six Florida.

*Gray Catbird, "Dumetella carolinensis"
*Northern Mockingbird, "Mimus polyglottos" See picture at top of article.
*Bahama Mockingbird, "Mimus gundlachii"
*Sage Thrasher, "Oreoscoptes montanus" (A)
*Brown Thrasher, "Toxostoma rufum"
*Curve-billed Thrasher, "Toxostoma curvirostre" (A)


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sturnidae

Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They are medium-sized passerines with strong feet. Their flight is strong and direct, and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country, and they eat insects and fruit. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. There are 125 species world wide, three North American species, and one Florida species.

*European Starling, "Sturnus vulgaris" (I)


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Motacillidae

The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are three Florida.

*White Wagtail, "Motacilla alba" (A)
*American Pipit, "Anthus rubescens"
*Sprague's Pipit, "Anthus spragueii"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Bombycillidae

The waxwings are a group of passerine birds characterised by soft silky plumage and unique red tips to some of the wing feathers. In the Bohemian and Cedar Waxwings, these tips look like sealing wax, and give the group its name. These are arboreal birds of northern forests. They live on insects in summer and berries in winter. There are three species world wide, two North American species, and one Florida species.

*Cedar Waxwing, "Bombycilla cedrorum"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Parulidae

The Wood Warblers are a group of small often colourful passerine birds restricted to the New World. Most are arboreal, but some like are more terrestrial. Most members of this family are insectivores. There are 119 species world wide, 57 North American species, and 43 Florida species.

*Bachman's Warbler, "Vermivora bachmannii" (E)
*Blue-winged Warbler, "Vermivora pinus"
*Golden-winged Warbler, "Vermivora chrysoptera"
*Tennessee Warbler, "Vermivora peregrina"
*Orange-crowned Warbler, "Vermivora celata"
*Nashville Warbler, "Vermivora ruficapilla"
*Northern Parula, "Parula americana"
*Yellow Warbler, "Dendroica petechia"
*Chestnut-sided Warbler, "Dendroica pensylvanica"
*Magnolia Warbler, "Dendroica magnolia"
*Cape May Warbler, "Dendroica tigrina"
*Black-throated Blue Warbler, "Dendroica caerulescens"
*Yellow-rumped Warbler, "Dendroica coronata"
*Black-throated Gray Warbler, "Dendroica nigrescens"
*Golden-cheeked Warbler, "Dendroica chrysoparia" (A)
*Black-throated Green Warbler, "Dendroica virens"
*Townsend's Warbler, "Dendroica townsendi"
*Blackburnian Warbler, "Dendroica fusca"
*Yellow-throated Warbler, "Dendroica dominica"
*Pine Warbler, "Dendroica pinus"
*Kirtland's Warbler, "Dendroica kirtlandii" (A)
*Prairie Warbler, "Dendroica discolor"
*Palm Warbler, "Dendroica palmarum"
*Bay-breasted Warbler, "Dendroica castanea"
*Blackpoll Warbler, "Dendroica striata"
*Cerulean Warbler, "Dendroica cerulea"
*Black-and-white Warbler, "Mniotilta varia"
*American Redstart, "Setophaga ruticilla"
*Prothonotary Warbler, "Protonotaria citrea"
*Worm-eating Warbler, "Helmitheros vermivorus"
*Swainson's Warbler, "Limnothlypis swainsonii"
*Ovenbird, "Seiurus aurocapilla"
*Northern Waterthrush, "Seiurus noveboracensis"
*Louisiana Waterthrush, "Seiurus motacilla"
*Kentucky Warbler, "Oporornis formosus"
*Connecticut Warbler, "Oporornis agilis"
*Mourning Warbler, "Oporornis philadelphia"
*MacGillivray's Warbler, "Oporornis tolmiei" (A)
*Common Yellowthroat, "Geothlypis trichas"
*Hooded Warbler, "Wilsonia citrina"
*Wilson's Warbler, "Wilsonia pusilla"
*Canada Warbler, "Wilsonia canadensis"
*Yellow-breasted Chat, "Icteria virens"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Coerebidae or Genus "Coereba" "Incertae sedis"

The Bananaquit is a small passerine bird. It has a slender, curved bill, adapted to taking nectar from flowers and is the only member of the genus Coereba (Vieillot, 1809) and is normally placed within the family Coerebidae, although there is uncertainty whether that placement is correct (hence the assignment Genus: "Coereba" "Incertae sedis").

*Bananaquit, "Coereba flaveola"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Thraupidae

The tanagers are a large group of small to medium-sized passerine birds restricted to the New World, mainly in the tropics. Many species are brightly coloured. They are seedeaters, but their preference tends towards fruit and nectar. Most have short, rounded wings. There are 256 species world wide, six North American Species, and four Florida species.

*Summer Tanager, "Piranga rubra"
*Scarlet Tanager, "Piranga olivacea"
*Western Tanager, "Piranga ludoviciana"
*Western Spindalis, "Spindalis zena"

American sparrows, Towhees, Juncos, and Longspurs

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Emberizidae

The Emberizidae are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill. In Europe, most species are named as buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are species 275 world wide, 60 North American species and 33 Florida species.

*Yellow-faced Grassquit, "Tiaris olivacea" (A)
*Black-faced Grassquit, "Tiaris bicolor" (A)
*Green-tailed Towhee, "Pipilo chlorurus" (A)
*Spotted Towhee, "Pipilo maculatus" (A)
*Eastern Towhee, "Pipilo erythrophthalmus"
*Bachman's Sparrow, "Aimophila aestivalis"
*American Tree Sparrow, "Spizella arborea" (A)
*Chipping Sparrow, "Spizella passerina"
*Clay-colored Sparrow, "Spizella pallida"
*Field Sparrow, "Spizella pusilla"
*Vesper Sparrow, "Pooecetes gramineus"
*Lark Sparrow, "Chondestes grammacus"
*Black-throated Sparrow, "Amphispiza bilineata" (A)
*Lark Bunting, "Calamospiza melanocorys" (A)
*Savannah Sparrow, "Passerculus sandwichensis"
*Grasshopper Sparrow, "Ammodramus savannarum"
*Henslow's Sparrow, "Ammodramus henslowii"
*Le Conte's Sparrow, "Ammodramus leconteii"
*Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow, "Ammodramus nelsoni"
*Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow, "Ammodramus caudactus"
*Seaside Sparrow, "Ammodramus maritimus"
*Fox Sparrow, "Passerella iliaca"
*Song Sparrow, "Melospiza melodia"
*Lincoln's Sparrow, "Melospiza lincolnii"
*Swamp Sparrow, "Melospiza georgiana"
*White-throated Sparrow, "Zonotrichia albicollis"
*Harris's Sparrow, "Zonotrichia querula" (A)
*White-crowned Sparrow, "Zonotrichia leucophrys"
*Golden-crowned Sparrow, "Zonotrichia atricapilla" (A)
*Dark-eyed Junco, "Junco hyemalis"
*Lapland Longspur, "Calcarius lapponicus"
*Chestnut-collared Longspur, "Calcarius ornatus" (A)
*Snow Bunting, "Plectrophenax nivalis"

Cardinals, Saltators, and Grosbeaks

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cardinalidae

The Cardinals are a family of passerine birds that are robust, seed-eating birds, with strong bills. They are typically associated with open woodland. The sexes usually have distinct plumages. There are 43 species world wide, 13 North American species and eight Florida species.

*Northern Cardinal, "Cardinalis cardinalis"
*Rose-breasted Grosbeak, "Pheucticus ludovicianus"
*Black-headed Grosbeak, "Pheucticus melanocephalus"
*Blue Grosbeak, "Passerina caerulea"
*Lazuli Bunting, "Passerina amoena" (A)
*Varied Bunting, "Passerina versicolor" (A)
*Indigo Bunting, "Passerina cyanea"
*Painted Bunting, "Passerina ciris"
*Dickcissel, "Spiza americana"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Icteridae

The Icterids are a group of small to medium, often colourful passerine birds restricted to the New World and include the grackles, New World blackbirds, and New World orioles. Most species have black as a predominant plumage colour, often enlivened by yellow, orange or red. There are 98 species world wide, 25 North American Species, and 18 Florida species.

*Bobolink, "Dolichonyx oryzivorus"
*Red-winged Blackbird, "Agelaius phoeniceus"
*Tawny-shouldered Blackbird, "Agelaius umeralis" (A)
*Eastern Meadowlark, "Sturnella magna"
*Western Meadowlark, "Sturnella neglecta" (A)
*Yellow-headed Blackbird, "Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus"
*Rusty Blackbird, "Euphagus carolinus"
*Brewer's Blackbird, "Euphagus cyanocephalus"
*Common Grackle, "Quiscalus quiscula"
*Boat-tailed Grackle, "Quiscalus major"
*Shiny Cowbird, "Molothrus bonariensis"
*Bronzed Cowbird, "Molothrus aeneus"
*Brown-headed Cowbird, "Molothrus ater"
*Orchard Oriole, "Icterus spurius"
*Hooded Oriole, "Icterus cucullatus" (A)
*Bullock's Oriole, "Icterus bullockii" (A)
*Spot-breasted Oriole, "Icterus pectoralis" (I)
*Baltimore Oriole, "Icterus galbula"

Fringilline Finches, Cardueline Finches, and Allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Fringillidae

Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and nine primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There are 137 species world wide, 23 North American species, and six Florida species.

*Purple Finch, "Carpodacus purpureus"
*House Finch, "Carpodacus mexicanus" (I)
*Red Crossbill, "Loxia curvirostra" (A)
*Pine Siskin, "Carduelis pinus"
*American Goldfinch, "Carduelis tristis"
*Evening Grosbeak, "Coccothraustes vespertinus"

Old World sparrows

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Passeridae

Old World sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small plump brownish or greyish birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed-eaters, and they also consume small insects. There are 35 species world wide, two North American species, and one Florida species.

*House Sparrow, "Passer domesticus (I)"


The following species are either pending acceptance by the FOSRC, or are introduced species well on their way to becoming established.

*Common Peafowl, "Pavo cristatus" (I)
*Purple Swamphen, "Porphyrio porphyrio" (I)
*Common Myna, "Acridotheres tristis" (I)

ee also

*List of North American birds


* [ Official State List of the Birds of Florida] , Florida Ornithological Society Records Committee; Lake Placid, FL, 2005.
* [ Official Species Review List of the Birds of Florida] , Florida Ornithological Society Records Committee; Lake Placid, FL, 2005.
* [ The A.O.U. Check-list of North American birds] , American Ornithologists' Union, 7th edition, 46th supplement (the official source on the taxonomy of birds found in North and Middle America).
*"Splitting headaches? Recent taxonomic changes affecting the British and Western Palaearctic lists" - Martin Collinson, British Birds vol 99 (June 2006), 306-323

External links

* [ Florida Ornithological Society]

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