- Bank of America Plaza (Atlanta)
Bank of America Plaza
Viewed from Emory Crawford Long Hospital
Former names NationsBank Building
C & S Plaza
General information Type Commercial offices Location 600 Peachtree Street NE
Atlanta, Georgia, United States
Coordinates Coordinates: Construction started 1991 Completed 1992 Cost US$150 million Height Antenna spire 317 m (1,040 ft) Roof 311.81 m (1,023.0 ft) Technical details Floor count 55 Floor area 1,253,500 sq ft (116,450 m2) Elevator count 24 Design and construction Owner BentleyForbes Management Cousins Properties Main contractor Beers Construction Architect Kevin Roche, John Dinkeloo and Associates Structural engineer CBM Engineers Inc.
Newcomb & Boyd
Bank of America Plaza is a skyscraper located in the SoNo district of Atlanta, Georgia. At 312 m (1,024 ft) the tower is the 51st-tallest building in the world. When it first opened, it was the 9th tallest building in the world, and 6th tallest building in the United States. It is also the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere outside of Chicago and New York City, Georgia's tallest building, and the tallest building in any U.S. state capital. It has 55 stories of office space and was completed in 1992, when it was called the NationsBank Building. Originally intended to be the headquarters for C&S/Sovran Bank, it became NCNB/NationsBank's property following the 1991 merger of C&S/Sovran and NCNB.
The Bank of America Plaza was the last American skyscraper built to be one of the ten tallest in the world, until the Trump International Hotel and Tower was built in Chicago.
Currently, the largest tenant is the law firm of Troutman Sanders.
Designed in the Postmodern architectural style and built in only 14 months, one of the fastest construction schedules for any 1,000 ft (300 m) building. The Plaza's imposing presence is heightened by the dark color of its exterior. It soars into the sky with vertical lines that reinforce its height while also creating an abundance of revenue-generating corner offices. Located over 3.7 acres (1.5 ha) on Peachtree Street, the tower faces its border streets at a 45-degree angle to maximize the views to the north and south (midtown and downtown).
There is a 90 ft (27 m) obelisk-like spire at the top of the building echoing the shape of the building as a whole. Most of the spire is covered in 23 karat (96 percent) gold leaf. The open-lattice steel pyramid underneath the obelisk glows orange at night due to lighting. At its most basic, this is a modern interpretation of the Art Deco theme seen in the Empire State Building and the Chrysler Building. The inhabited part of the building actually ends abruptly with a flat roof. On top of this is built a pyramid of girders, which are gilded and blaze at night, with the same type of yellow-orange high-pressure sodium (HPS) lighting now used in most street lights. Its design has been characterized as similar to the Messeturm in Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
Some low-power TV stations have shared an antenna at the top of the building: WANN-CA 32, WANN-LD 29, and construction permits for WTBS-LP 26 and WTBS-LD 30. (These are two co-owned stations and their digital companions, all co-owned; the digital ones have moved or applied to move to the North Druid Hills site.) Also on the building was WDTA-LP 53, which moved about a half-mile (800m) south to the SunTrust Plaza, where it switched to digital TV in 2010. In addition, the tower also hosts several amateur radio repeaters.
The building was developed by Cousins Properties and designed by the architectural firm Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo and Associates LLC. According to published reports in Commercial Property News and Commercial Mortgage Alert, the building was recently sold for $436 million – a record price at $348 per square foot ($3746 per square meter) – to BentleyForbes, a Los Angeles real estate investment firm headed by C. Frederick Wehba.
The skyscraper, built at a 45-degree angle to the city's street grid, is set back off its eastern and western street boundaries, Peachtree Street and West Peachtree Street, by over 50 yards (45 m). This setback is filled, variously, by driveways, parking garage entrances, potted plants, granite staircases, and sloping lawns. Though the building directly abuts the sidewalk on North Avenue, its northern boundary, the only access to this street is through a parking garage entrance that has been frequently closed since 2001.
Some urban planners decry the building as a Corbusian "tower in a park", as it actively disengages itself from the urban environment surrounding it, entirely omitting sidewalk-facing retail space. Critics argue that the building encourages its tenants to access it primarily by car and to remain inside the complex during the day. However it is across the street from the MARTA-rail North Avenue station.
In recent years, developers have rumored that the land under the surrounding driveways and lawns may soon be ripe for redevelopment into low- and mid-rise mixed-use buildings with street-fronting uses as the area urbanizes and the value of land in Midtown Atlanta increases.As of fall 2007, present plans include reconfiguring the surrounding streetscape.
Future possibilities The owner of the building was previously in negotiations to convert the lower 16 floors into a 5-star hotel. The 315 hotel guest rooms planned in the conversion would have required Bank of America to relocate its offices out of the building.
- List of tallest buildings in the United States
- List of tallest buildings by U.S. state
- List of tallest buildings in Atlanta
- ^ Bank of America Plaza (Atlanta) at Emporis
- ^ Bank of America Plaza (Atlanta) at Glass Steel and Stone
- ^ Bank of America Plaza (Atlanta) at SkyscraperPage
- ^ Bank of America Plaza (Atlanta) at Structurae
- ^ a b "Bank of America Plaza". Cousins Properties Incorporated. Archived from the original on 2007-07-08. http://web.archive.org/web/20070708211029/http://www.cousinsproperties.com/office/index/boap.cfm. Retrieved 2007-09-28.
- ^ Hayes, Thomas (1991-07-22). "Big Merger Of Banks Called Set". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE5DB113FF931A15754C0A967958260&n=Top%2fReference%2fTimes%20Topics%2fSubjects%2fM%2fMergers%2c%20Acquisitions%20and%20Divestitures. Retrieved 2007-09-28.
- ^ Douglas Sams (5 October 2007). "BofA Plaza to add high-end restaurants". The Atlanta Business Chronicle. http://atlanta.bizjournals.com/atlanta/stories/2007/10/08/newscolumn1.html?b=1191816000^1530294. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
- ^ Duffy, Kevin (2008-09-18). "5-star hotel eyes Midtown Bank of America Building". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. http://www.ajc.com/services/content/business/stories/2008/09/18/hotel_bank_america.html?cxtype=rss&cxsvc=7&cxcat=6. Retrieved 2008-09-18.
Records Preceded by
U.S. Bank Tower
Tallest building in America outside of New York and Chicago
Timeline of the tallest buildings in Atlanta
Equitable Building (1892) · Flatiron Building (c.50 m) (1897) · Empire Building (1901) · Candler Building (1906) · Rhodes-Haverty Building (75 m) (1929) · Fulton National Bank Building (90 m) (1921) · One Park Tower (134 m) (1961) · State of Georgia Building (173 m) (1966) · Westin Peachtree Plaza Hotel (220 m) (1976) · One Atlantic Center (250 m) (1987) · Bank of America Plaza (312 m) (1992)
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FormerSee also Proposed supertall skyscrapers · List of architects of supertall buildings
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