- Mobile search
Mobile search is an evolving branch of information retrieval services that is centered around the convergence of mobile platforms and mobile phones and other mobile devices. Web search engine ability in a mobile form allows users to find mobile content on websites which are available to mobile devices on mobile networks. As this happens mobile content shows a media shift toward mobile multimedia. Simply put, mobile search is not just a spatial shift of PC web search to mobile equipment, but is witnessing more of treelike branching into specialized segments of mobile broadband and mobile content, both of which show a fast-paced evolution.
"Competition for the US mobile search market promises to be fierce, thanks to the large US online ad market and strong pushes by portals. By 2011, mobile search will account for around $715 million, or almost 15% of a total mobile advertising market worth nearly $4.7 billion", according to a leading market research firm. Depending on a researcher's particular bias toward telecom, Web or technology factors, the published forecasts for global mobile search vary from $1.5 billion by 2011 (from Informa Telecoms & Media) to over $11 billion by 2008 (according to Piper Jaffray).
Mobile Search is important for the usability of mobile content for the same reasons as internet search engines became important to the usability of internet content. Early internet content was largely provided by portals such as Netscape. As the depth of available content grew, portals were unable to provide total coverage. As a result Internet web search engines such as Google and AltaVista proved popular as a way of allowing users to find the increasingly specialist content they were looking for. In a international journal article,'Exploring the logic of mobile search', Westlund, Gómez-Barroso, Compañó, and Feijóo(2011) outline a through review of research on mobile search usage, and also present an in-depth study of user patterns. They conclude that mobile search has started to change mobile media consumption patters radically. they also emphasize that future developments of mobile search must be sensitive to the mobile logic.
There is a similar situation developing in the mobile content industry. Given early adopter usage of mobile services, there has been a vast increase in the depth of content developed for mobile phones. There are now few large organizations that do not offer a mobile service of some sort. Most of the operators run their own portals that showcase the best available content. However, given the limitations of a mobile phones screen size and general navigability, most of available content that has been written for mobile users is effectively invisible to users. Research from Qpass suggests that less than 36% of an operator's portal is within 30 seconds navigation distance for the user - this being the expected time users expect to find content in.
Beyond navigation is location-aware technology for mobile search. Mobile Local Search is 30% of all digital searches with a surge in growth expected world-wide in 2010. What is Mobile Local Search (MLS)? Are all searches local? What are the component technologies of a powerful MLS application? How can advertisers purchase inventory ad units available within the application structure? Mobile Local Search is the search and discovery of persons, places, and things within an identifiable space defined by distinct parameters. These parameters are evolving. Today they include social networks, individuals, cities, neighborhoods, landmarks, and actions that are relevant to the searcher’s past, current, and future location. These parameters provide structure to vertically deep and horizontally broad data categories that can stand-alone or are combined to comprise searchable directories.
Thus, MLS can occupy several application categories/directories simultaneously. This is a double-edge sword for product designers and developers, analytic engines, financial media analysts, and media planners and buyers needing to evaluate one category with another or one directory with another. The lack of clean comparative analysis based upon application occupancy of an individual category creates a challenge for marketers looking to maximize the value of applications to the supply chain including brand marketers looking to embed advertising within an application.
The early deals are taking place as cell phone operators recognize that mobile Internet search is an inherently different business than its desktop counterpart. Whereas people might use a Web-connected personal computer to search for information about an 18th-century British author, they are more likely to use cell phones to find targeted information like news, weather and sports. Cell phones also offer much less space to enter in search terms and smaller screens to display results. Searcher behaviour on mobiles is markedly different than on desktop machines. Searches can be seen to fall into two categories 1, on the move/commuting where there the context of local and immediate is inherent in the searcher's need and 2, on the couch where mobiles are being used to surf for information in between watching TV and engaging in other mobile communication such as sms or using social networks.
Some of the advances by the major portals in Internet search, such as Google's famous page-ranking scheme, don't apply in the mobile world since people aren't searching for Web sites as much as answers to specific questions. Alltel's group president of operations, Kevin Beebe, says the Internet search giants aren't yet delivering the kind of results the mobile content industry wants. "What they're trying to do is take that core search capability and just jam it onto the phone," Mr. Beebe said. "That's probably not the right approach."
"Mobile search is a battle to define perhaps the most important new interface with the consumer," says John du Pre Gauntt, eMarketer Senior Analyst and the author of the new report, Mobile Search: Clash of the Titans. "Whoever cracks the consumer and commercial code for delivering and monetizing relevant answers for people on the go will secure a license to print money, at least for a time."
Types of mobile search
Within the broad umbrella of mobile search (the ability to browse for mobile specific content), there are a range of services. Given the relative immaturity of the market, not all of these can be expected to become the industry standards.
Mobile optimized search engines — Most major search engines have implemented a mobile optimized version of their products that take into consideration bandwidth and form factor limitations of the mobile platform. For example, Yahoo has launched a product branded as Yahoo [OneSearch] and Google has launched a mobile friendly version of their search engine as well. The algorithms for mobile search engine results are thought to be evoloving and aspects such as location and predicitive searching will become increasingly important.
Mobile question and answer services — These services allow a user to text a question to a central database and receive a reply using text. A usage example would be a user that wants to know the answer to a very specific question but is not in front of his/her computer. Most mobile 'Q&A' services are powered by human researchers and are therefore a type of organic search engine. An example of such a service in the US is Question Mania , where every question is answered via text message, by a real person. A new approach by AskMeNow and MobileBits is to use Semantic Web technology to automate the process. Some emerging services such as MyHelpa in the UK address the perceived limitations of one-shot, reverse billed SMS messages by using VoIP to connect the Caller directly to the Human search agent.
Mobile directory search — This service is known by different names dependent on country and operator. It can also be known as 'Find My Nearest' or 'Mobile Yellow Pages' services. The basics of the services allow users to find local services in the vicinity of their current location. The services often use location-based technology to pinpoint exactly where the user currently is. An example of usage would be a user looking for a local cab or taxi company after a night out. Services also usually come with a map and directions to help the user. An example is the service offered by Yell in the UK which is powered by MobilePeople's technology. More details can be found in mobile local search.
Mobile discovery services These services offer users recommendations on what they should do next. An example would be recommending a user a similar ringtone to the one that s/he has just browsed for. They operate, in a mobile context, in a similar way to the recommendation engines provided by internet retail shops such as Amazon.com. An example of real usage is the Directory Enquiries (DQ) service operated by Orange in the UK. Callers to the Orange landline DQ service are given the business and residential numbers they have requested verbally by an operator. In addition, Orange sends the information in text format to the users mobile phone. The information contains a text reminder of the requested information as well as links to local businesses, services and other interesting information in the local area that the user has searched on.
Mobile navigation services — These services provide the indexing structure to the portals provided by mobile operators. They index the content already on the operators' portal but also provide users access to mobile specific content that is available outside the confines of the portal.
Dynamic Mobile Selection Interface Services — A new category of mobile search tool that is emerging is one in which a pre-selected set of possible search content is downloaded in advance by a mobile user and then allows for a final internet search step. An example of such search tools is the Worldport Navigator for the iPhone, which provides users with a push-button experience of selecting from thousands of human-screened and categorized Web selections in three or four seconds, without the need for text entry, search, result review, or page-scrolling.
Name & Mobile URL SMS# C. Description Launch 199QUERY 19978379AUS
AU Founded by Seb Maslin. 199QUERY is the premier Australian and New Zealand Text service that answers any question sent to it by SMS using a mix of human experts and intelligent organic search engine. Unique in that SMS messages are then broadcast on TV. April 2006 4info 44636 4Info.com Any Question Answered 63336UK
UK IE Founded by ex-Symbian and Psion CEO Colly Myers, AQA uses human researchers to provide answers to any free form search queries or customer questions. It was the first company to provide such a service using only a premium short code and not a mix of shortcode and keyword. 2004 Ask Any Question 66666UK UK Uses real humans to answer any questions sent to the shortcode 66666, no keyword needed; questions may range from settling pub quizzes to standard directory enquiries. AskDroid Desktop Search Widget askdroid.sadko.mobi US Widget app for Android-based smartphones allowing one-button access to any of 260 search engines. October 2010 Answerly.com answerly.com US ... Free service where real people research questions and deliver answers, typically in minutes. October 2008 AskMeNow askmenow.com 27563
US CA Gives users the option of searching for information using an SMS short code, a WAP 2.0 site m.askmenow.com, or mobile applications. Uses natural language search that allows users to ask a question and receive an answer. AskMeNow has a carrier deals with Rogers Wireless and Bell Mobility in Canada and Alltel Wireless in the United States. 2005 ChaCha www.chacha.com Text 242 242 or voice 800-2ChaCha US An SMS and voice natural language-based question answering service by ChaCha (search engine), allows users on any carrier network to ask any question on any subject and the answer is provided by a human "guide", innovative because it enables Internet users (only with a US work permit) to earn money by finding answers. 2008-01-03 DOTGO dotgo.com DOTCOM (368266)
US DOTGO is an extension of the internet to cell phone text messaging. 2008 Fabasoft Mindbreeze mindbreeze.com AT Mindbreeze takes care of mobile information access to all enterprise ressources including content conversion to fit all kinds of mobile devices. 2005 Google m.google.com 466453 US Offers Google SMS which allows users to obtain information by texting in structured syntax to an SMS shortcode. Limited to the categorical information they offer. Google has carrier deals with Britain's Vodafone, China Mobile, and KDDI Corp. in Japan but not specifically for the SMS product. ? GTIP and other co-branded customer implementations 61199UK
UK IE DE Launched by AlienPants initially as a generalised service but later deliberately limited to computer game cheats, the service is made available to multiple customers under each customer's own brand, such as T-Mobile as the 'T-Mobile Cheat Service', or as GuruGold in support of the on-screen 'Games Guru' on Sky One's primetime computer games program 'Gamezville'; first in-print co-branded service, in association with GamePlayer magazine, appeared in the magazine in May, 2004. January 2003 Infospace ? ? Provider of meta-search, a technology by which they search the search engines and allow users the ability to search Google, Yahoo, Ask and Microsoft at the same time. Infospace also provides local search services and offers many of these serivces to mobile carriers, in a white labeled approach. ? Interchan www.55155.com.tw 55155 Taiwan Totally free mobile search which also enables free connect function. Designed for all mobile devices. May 2009 Jumptap ? ? JumpTap offers white-label mobile search. ? Microsoft Live Search for Mobile (also Bing Mobile) 1 800 CALL 411
(dial-in, not an SMS#)
US? Users have the option of searching from their mobile browsers (homepage), download client applications specifically designed for Windows Mobile and BlackBerry devices (download), and search by voice, from any phone, by calling a toll-free number. 2006-11 mInfo wap.minfo.com
China mInfo is a mobile search provider based in China. They offer services on SMS, WAP and on-phone applet. Available on all three mobile carriers. Has an exclusive deal with China Telecom to power its Omni-search platform. 2005-11 mshd.net Question Answering Serive
US Free Question answering service 2010 Roboo http://roboo.com (WAP) http://www.roboo.com China Roboo is a mobile search provider based in China. They focus on entertainment resources, including ring, theme, image, music, video etc. 2006-11 Mosio m.mosio.com sms to email@example.com US Mosio is a mobile community based "question & answer" / search service. It's similar to ChaCha except the answers are provided by the community as opposed to paid searchers. Mosio won the best mobile app award at SXSW in 2008. 2008 MobilePeople A/S Leading provider of Local search and advertising solution for mobiles ? DK[clarification needed] mobilePeople is a private independent global leader in local mobile search and advertising solutions for directory publishers and directory assistance providers. The company builds mobile presence, distribution and advertising utilising its award winning liquid Mobile Platform. It caters for any handset including iPhone, Blackberry, Nokia, HTC, SonyEricsson, Motorola, LG and Samsung. Global customers include; Yell (UK), Gouden Gids (NL), Promedia (BE), Golden Pages (IE), Páginas Amarelas (PT), Schibsted (NO), Schibsted (SE), Sensis (AUS), Eniro (DK), Eniro (NO), EDC (DK), Yellow Pages Group (NZ) and Local Matters (USA). mobilePeople is headquartered in Copenhagen (DK) and has regional offices in London (UK), Denver (US) and Melbourne (AUS). 2002-01 Picollator http://picollator.mobi ? ? Users upload an image from their mobile phones and search for relevant resources. Designed for Windows Mobile and Nokia devices. January 2008 Taptu taptu.com US UK Mobile specific, built from the bottom up for mobile uses. It's differentiated from Google's and Yahoo's mobile search in that it only returns mobile results whereas the others may return links to non-mobile websites which may not render properly on a mobile phone; also offers refined searches for images, music, videos. 2008 Texperts
(formerly Re5ult and 82ASK)
66000 UK SMS-based service that uses a mix of human experts and sophisticated algorithms to provide bespoke answers to any customer query; founded by Thomas Roberts, Sarah McVittie. 2003-06 or 08? Towza m.towza.com US & Intl Aggregates results from multiple search engines, which include restaurant guides, Google, Yahoo, Wikipedia, and price comparison shopping tools; also has a directory listing of the mobile specific versions of popular websites. 2008 www.worldport.net Worldport Navigator US & Intl Developed by Incandescent, Inc.; a unique mix of data access engine and mobile search abilities, its graphical user interface (GUI) includes an unusual hexagonal ring structure to enable faster selection of options than with conventional mobile search systems. By providing a mix of extensive cached pre-selected common data search options (so that direct access to the internet is only needed for the final search option selected) plus a more intuitive GUI, Worldport Navigator users can access data up to 50 times faster than with other search engines, according to the developer's most recent 2009 test results. It is currently available for the iPhone. 2009 Yahoo! oneSearch  92466US
UK US ... A mobile local search that is offered via mobile applications. Yahoo! has a search deal with British carrier Hutchison 3G UK Ltd. ? www.frompo.com/ Mobile Phone Search Engine US & Intl Frompo.com provides a comprehensive search engine for Iphones, Blackberrys and cellular phones. Search and navigate results specifically designed for mobile cellular phones. 2010
- ^ eMarketer - Mobile Search in the US.
- ^ eMarketer - The Search Wars Are Going Mobile
- ^ (Westlund, Gomez-Barroso, Compano & Feijo, 2011).
- ^ Mobile Local Search Saturates Profit over LBS Vendors, Advertisers, and Search Application Developers
- ^ Mobile Local Search Saturates Profit over LBS Vendors, Advertisers, and Search Application Developers
- ^ "Question Answer SMS Service Launched in Australia". 199QUERY Pty. Ltd.. 2006-04-01. http://199query.com/news.php?release=1. Retrieved 2008-02-10.
- ^ https://market.android.com/details?id=com.sadko.askdroid
- ^ www.answerly.com
- ^ Answerly.com review on KillerStartups.com
- ^ 
- ^ http://www.alienpants.com/news/prevreleases/21-05-04-gameplayer.php
- ^ http://www.alienpants.com/news/prevreleases/06-01-03-smscheats.php
- ^ Yahoo! oneSearch. Get answers with search designed for mobile
- Forrester research on Western European Mobile internet usage
- Mobile Search in the US
- Mobile Local Search 2010
- Westlund, Oscar , Gómez-Barroso, José-Luis , Compañó, Ramón and Feijóo, Claudio (2011) 'Exploring the logic of mobile search', Behaviour & Information Technology' 'http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all~content=a927256739~frm=abslink
- Prospects of mobile search, 2010
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.