- Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551–1608)
Maria Anna of Bavaria Archduchess consort of Austria Tenure 26 August 1571 – 10 July 1590 Spouse Charles II of Austria Issue Anna, Queen of Poland
Maria Christierna, Countess of Tyrol
Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
Margaret, Queen of Spain and Portugal
Leopold V, Archduke of Austria
Constance, Queen of Poland
Maria Magdalena, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
House House of Wittelsbach (by birth)
House of Habsburg(by marriage)
Father Albert V, Duke of Bavaria Mother Anne of Austria Born 21 March 1551
Died 29 April 1608 (aged 57)
Maria Anna of Bavaria (21 March 1551, Munich – 29 April 1608, Graz) was the daughter of Albert V, Duke of Bavaria (1528–1579) and Anna of Austria (1528–1590), and the wife of Archduke Charles II of Austria.
Her paternal grandparents were William IV, Duke of Bavaria (1493–1550) and Maria Jacoba, Margravine of Baden (1507–1580). Her maternal grandparents were Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (1503–1564) and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (1503–1547), daughter of King Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary and his wife Anne de Foix. King Louis XIV of France is her lineal descendant.
Maria Anna was the fourth of seven siblings, only five of the children lived through to adulthood. Maria Anna's siblings included: William V, Duke of Bavaria, Ernest of Bavaria, Ferdinand of Bavaria and her unmarried sister, Maximiliana Maria of Bavaria (who once was appointed to marry king Sebastian of Portugal).
Marriage and children
On 26 August 1571 in Vienna Maria Anna married her maternal uncle, Charles II of Austria (1540–1590). At first the Duke was a suitor of Elizabeth I of England for almost a decade. However, despite long term negotiations the queen refused to marry Charles.
Within nineteen years of marriage, Charles and Maria Anna had fifteen children:
- Ferdinand (b./d. 1572)
- Anna of Austria (1573–1598), married in 1592 Sigismund III Vasa of Poland (1566–1632)
- Maria Christina of Austria (1574–1621), married in 1595 Sigismund Báthory von Siebenburgen (1572–1613)
- Catherine Renata of Austria(1576–1599)
- Elisabeth (1577–1586)
- Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (1578–1637), married in 1600 a younger Maria Anna of Bavaria (1574–1616) and in 1622 Eleonore Gonzaga (1598–1655)
- Karl (1579–1580)
- Gregoria (1581–1597)
- Eleonora (1582–1620)
- Maximilian (1583–1616)
- Margaret of Austria (1584–1611), married in 1599 Philip III of Spain (1578–1621). She was the mother of Anne of Austria, Queen Consort of France
- Leopold V of Austria (1586–1632), married in 1626 Claudia de' Medici (1604–1648)
- Constance of Austria (1588–1631), married in 1605 Sigismund III Vasa of Poland (1566–1632)
- Maria Magdalena (1589–1631), married in 1608 Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1590–1621)
- Karl (1590–1624)
Gallery of Family
Ritratto di Maria Maddalena d'Austria, Tiberio Titi, depositi degli Uffizi.
Ancestors of Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551–1608) Albert III, Duke of Bavaria Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria Anna of Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Einbeck William IV, Duke of Bavaria Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor Kunigunde of Austria Eleanor of Portugal Albert V, Duke of Bavaria Christopher I, Margrave of Baden-Baden Philip I, Margrave of Baden-Sponheim Ottilie von Katzenelnbogen Marie of Baden-Sponheim Philip, Elector Palatine Elisabeth of the Palatinate Margaret of Bavaria Maria Anna of Bavaria Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor Philip I of Castile Mary of Burgundy Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II of Aragon Joanna of Castile Isabella I of Castile Archduchess Eleanor of Austria Casimir IV Jagiellon Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria Anna of Bohemia and Hungary Gaston de Foix, Count of Candale Anna of Foix-Candale Infanta Catherine of Navarre
- HAMANN, Brigitte, Die Habsburger: Ein Biografisches Lexicon (Munich: Piper, 1988).
- SÁNCHEZ, Magdalena, (2000) A Woman's Influence: Archduchess Maria of Bavaria and the Spanish Habsburgs. In C. Kent, T.K. Wolber, C.M.K. Hewitt (Eds.) The lion and the eagle: interdisciplinary essays on German-Spanish relations over the centuries (pp. 91–107). New York: Berghahn Books.
Duchesses of Bavaria by birth 1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generationMaria Anna, Archduchess of Austria · Duchess Maximiliana Maria 4th generation 5th generationDuchess Marie Renate 6th generation 7th generationDuchess Maria Anna Karoline 8th generation *also Princess of Bavaria 1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generationInfanta Isabella of Portugal · Anne of Bohemia and Hungary 4th generation 5th generation 6th generation 7th generationArchduchess Margaret Theresa of Austria^ · Archduchess Claudia Felicitas of Austria^ · Countess Palatine Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg 8th generationPrincess Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg · Princess Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 9th generationnone 10th generation 11th generationDuchess Elisabeth of Württemberg** · Princess Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily** · Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily** · Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg** · Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia** · Princess Hermine of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym** · Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg** · Princess Elisabeth of Savoy** · Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy*** 12th generation 13th generationPrincess Charlotte of Belgium · Princess Margaretha of Saxony · Princess Maria Annunciata of the Two Sicilies · Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal · Princess Anna of Saxony** · Princess Alice of Parma** · Princess Maria Immaculata of the Two Sicilies** · Princess Isabella of Croÿ · Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria^ · Princess Auguste Maria of Bavaria 14th generation 15th generationPrincess Zita of Parma · Princess Franziska of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst · Princess Dorothea of Bavaria** · Countess Marie Valerie of Waldburg-Zeil-Hohenems** · Princess Ileana of Romania** · Princess Rosemary of Salm-Salm** · Countess Maria Theresa of Waldburg-Zeil** · Princess Maria of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg · Princess Christina of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg 16th generationPrincess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen · Princess Margherita of Savoy · Princess Anne Eugénie of Arenberg · Princess Yolande of Ligne · Countess Xenia Czernicheva-Besobrasova · Princess Anna Gabriele of Wrede · Countess Helena of Toerring-Jettenbach · Countess Ludmilla of Gallen · Princess Laetitia of Arenberg** · Countess Margaret Kálnoky von Köröspatak** · Maria Espinosa de los Monteros^^** · Countess Valerie of Podstatzky-Lichtenstein** · Freiin Eva Antonia von Hofmann** · Princess Anna Amelie of Schönburg-Waldenburg** · Countess Hedwig of Lichem-Löwenburg** · Freiin Edith von Sternbach** · Princess Margaret of Hohenberg · Countess Marie Christine of Hatzfeldt-Dönhoff · Eugenia de Calonge^^ · Freiin Maria Theresia von Gudenus 17th generationFreiin Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza de Kászon et Impérfalva · Duchess Eilika of Oldenburg · Princess Astrid of Belgium*** · Princess Katharina of Isenburg-Birstein*** · Bettine Götz^^ · Paola de Temesváry^^ · Baroness Marie Hélène de Villenfagne de Vogelsanck · Princess Marie Astrid of Luxembourg · Princess Alexandra of Wrede · Princess María of the Two Sicilies · Sara Maya Al-Askari^^ · Mayasuni Heath^^ · Countess Katharina of Hardenberg · Ashmita Goswami^^ · Elyssa Edmonstone^^** · Countess Marie Gabrielle of Waldstein** 18th generationEstelle de Saint-Romain^^ *also an infanta of Spain by marriage
**also a princess of Tuscany by marriage
***also a princess of Modena by marriage
^also an archduchess of Austria in her own right
^^did not have a royal or noble title by birth
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