Native element minerals

Native element minerals

Native element minerals are those elements that occur in nature in uncombined form with a distinct mineral structure. The elemental class includes metals and intermetallic elements, semi-metals and non-metals. This group also includes natural alloys, phosphides, silicides, nitrides and carbides.

There are 32 elements (18 metals, 5 nonmetals and gases) that can be found in nature in their elemental form. Metals give a metallic luster on their polished sides, some nonmetal and semimetal minerals too.

Nickel–Strunz Classification -01- Native elements

IMA-CNMNC proposes a new hierarchical scheme (Mills et al., 2009). This list uses the Classification of Nickel–Strunz (10 ed, pending publication).

  • Abbreviations:
    • "*" - discredited (IMA/CNMNC status).
    • "?" - questionable/doubtful (IMA/CNMNC status).
    • "REE" - Rare-earth element (Sc, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu)
    • "PGE" - Platinum-group element (Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, Pt)
    • 03.C Aluminofluorides, 06 Borates, 08 Vanadates (04.H V[5,6] Vanadates), 09 Silicates:
      • Neso: insular (from Greek νησος nēsos, island)
      • Soro: grouping (from Greek σωροῦ sōros, heap, mound (especially of corn))
      • Cyclo: ring
      • Ino: chain (from Greek ις [genitive: ινος inos], fibre)
      • Phyllo: sheet (from Greek φύλλον phyllon, leaf)
      • Tekto: three-dimensional framework
  • Nickel–Strunz code scheme: NN.XY.##x
    • NN: Nickel–Strunz mineral class number
    • X: Nickel–Strunz mineral division letter
    • Y: Nickel–Strunz mineral family letter
    • ##x: Nickel–Strunz mineral/group number, x add-on letter

Class: native elements

  • 01.A Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
    • 01.AA Copper-cupalite family: 05 Native copper, 05 Lead, 05 Native gold, 05 Native silver, 05 Nickel, 05 Aluminum; 10a Auricupride, 10b Tetra-auricupride; 15 Novodneprite, 15 Khatyrkite, 15 Anyuiite; 20 Cupalite, 25 Hunchunite
    • 01.AB Zinc-brass family (Cu-Zn alloys): 05 Cadmium, 05 Zinc, 05 Titanium*, 05 Rhenium*; 10a Brass*, 10a Zhanghengite, 10b Danbaite, 10b Tongxinite*
    • 01.AC Indium-tin family: 05 Indium, 10 Tin; 15 Yuanjiangite, 15 Sorosite
    • 01.AD Mercury-amalgam family: 00 Amalgam*, 05 Mercury; 10 Belendorffite, 10 Kolymite; 15a Paraschachnerite, 15a Schachnerite, 15b Luanheite, 15c Eugenite, 15d Moschellandsbergite; 20a Weishanite, 20b Goldamalgam*; 25 Potarite, 30 Leadamalgam
    • 01.AE Iron-chromium family: 05 Kamacite?, 05 Iron, 05 Chromium; 10 Antitaenite*, 10 Taenite, 10 Tetrataenite; 15 Chromferide, 15 Wairauite, 15 Ferchromide; 20 Awaruite, 25 Jedwabite
    • 01.AF Platinum-group elements: 05 Osmium, 05 Rutheniridosmine, 05 Ruthenium; 10 Palladium, 10 Iridium, 10 Rhodium, 10 Platinum
    • 01.AG PGE-metal alloys: 05 IMA2008-055, 05 Hexaferrum; 10 Atokite, 10 Zvyagintsevite, 10 Rustenburgite; 15 Taimyrite, 15 Tatyanaite; 20 Paolovite; 25 Plumbopalladinite, 25 Stannopalladinite; 30 Cabriite; 35 Chengdeite, 35 Isoferroplatinum; 40 Ferronickelplatinum, 40 Tetraferroplatinum, 40 Tulameenite; 45 Hongshiite*, 45 Skaergaardite; 50 Yixunite, 55 Damiaoite, 60 Niggliite, 65 Bortnikovite, 70 Nielsenite
  • 01.B Metallic Carbides, Silicides, Nitrides and Phosphides
    • 01.BA Carbides: 05 Cohenite; 10 Isovite, 10 Haxonite; 15 Tongbaite; 20 Khamrabaevite, 20 Niobocarbide, 20 Tantalcarbide; 25 Qusongite, 30 Yarlongite
    • 01.BB Silicides: IMA2007-036; 05 Mavlyanovite, 05 Suessite; 10 Perryite, 15 Fersilicite*, 20 Ferdisilicite*, 25 Luobusaite, 30 Gupeiite, 35 Hapkeite, 40 Xifengite
    • 01.BC Nitrides: 05 Roaldite, 10 Siderazot, 15 Carlsbergite, 15 Osbornite
    • 01.BD Phosphides: 05 Schreibersite, 05 Nickelphosphide; 10 Barringerite, 10 Monipite; 15 Allabogdanite, 15 Florenskyite, 15 Andreyivanovite; 20 Melliniite
  • 01.C Metalloids and Nonmetals
  • 01.D Nonmetallic Carbides and Nitrides
    • 01.DA Nonmetallic carbides: 05 Moissanite
    • 01.DB Nonmetallic nitrides: 05 Nierite, 10 Sinoite
  • 01.X Unclassified Strunz Elements (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)


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